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高考英语形容词和副词


高考英语短文改错考点解析:形容词与副词
一、考点规律分析 短文改错对形容词与副词的考查主要涉及形容词和副词比较等级的误用 (尤其是在本身 已是比较级的词前误加 more)、形容词与副词的混用(如修饰动词时误用形容词或修饰名 词时误用副词) 等, 另外, 用作表语时该用形容词的却误用了名词、 简短副词 (如 in, down 等)的误加与漏用、涉及形容词搭配的 as…as

结构、how 与 what 的混用等也是常考的考 点。 二、真题单句归纳 (1) After an hour or so we began to feel very frightening. (frightening 改为 frightened, 因它表示某人感到害怕,而不是令人害怕) (全国卷) (2) Charles said, “As soon as I see a realy tall building, I want to climb it. (realy 改 为 really 或 real,若改为 really,则修饰 tall;若改为 real,则修饰 building) (全国卷) (3) Last Sunday, police cars hurry to the taller building in New York. (taller 改为 tallest,因从含义上看此处应是最高级) (全国卷)w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (4) As a result, people in the modern world generally live much more longer than people in the past. (去掉 more,因为 longer 本身已是比较级,不能再受 more 修饰) (全国卷) (5) Therefore, there are still some countries where people have shorter lives. (Therefore 改为 However,因此处语意转折) (全国卷) (6) People in industrial countries can expect to live for twice so long as people who lived a few hundred years ago. (so long as 改为 as long as,其意为“与……一样长”) (全国卷) (7) In some places you may borrow many books as you want. (many 之前加 as,因 as …… as 结构不完整) (全国卷) (8) I told Mother, Father, Sister and all my friends here that a great time I had. (that 改为 what) (全国卷) (9) I never knew a ride down a river could be so much exciting. (去掉 much,因 much 不能用来修饰形容词的原级,尽管它可用来修饰比较级和最高级) (全国卷) (10) I?m sure we?ll have a wonderfully time together. (wonderfully 改为 wonderful, 因它是放在名词前作定语) (全国卷)w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m

(11) First, let me tell you something more about myself. (去掉 more, 因从上下文看, 这是第一次给对方写信,不存在谈谈“更多情况”的问题) (全国卷) (12) I used to play ping-pong a lot in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football. (interesting 改为 interested,be interested in 意为“对……感兴趣”) (全国卷) (13) Also, the sport teaches us the important of obedience. (important 改为 importance,teach 后可接名词或代词作宾语,但不接形容词作宾语) (全国卷) (14) Unfortunate, there are too many people in my family. (Unfortunate 改为 Unfortunately,因此处要求用副词作状语) (全国卷) (15) I think I liked those classes because I felt that they helped me understand what the world works. (what 改为 how,how 在此表示方式) (北京春季卷) (16) After learning the basics of the subject, nothing else seemed very practically to me. (practically 改为 practical,此处用形容词作表语) (北京春季卷) (17) Whenever I see them I will often think of my English teacher. (去掉 often,因句 中的 whenever 与 often 意义重复) (全国卷)w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (18) What things are in other homes, I wonder. (What 改为 How,句意为“不知其 他家庭的情况是怎样的”) (全国卷) (19) For instance, one night he played strong and loudly music till four o?clock in the morning. (loudly 改为 loud,与 strong 并列作定语,修饰 music) (北京春季卷) (20) But he is difference now. (difference 改为 different,即用形容词作表语) (北 京春季卷) (21) The time passes quickly. Evening came down. (去掉 down,要表示“夜幕来临”, 直接说 Evening came 即可) (全国卷) (22) …although radios can be very noise. (noise 改为 noisy, 即用形容词作表语) (北 京春季卷) (23) …all planned and written by grown-ups to make children want things that they don?t real need. (real 改为 really,修饰动词要用副词) (北京春季卷) (24) But one of the best players in our team told me just then that he wouldn?t play basketball any more. (then 改为 now,just now 为习语,意为“刚才”) (安徽春季卷)

(25) But one of the best players in our team told me just now that he wouldn?t play basketball once more. (once 改为 any,not … any more 为习语,意为“不再”) (安徽春季 卷)w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (26) I would describe myself as shy and quietly. (quietly 改为 quiet,and 连接并列成 分 quite 和 shy) (全国卷) (27) Finding information on the Net is easily. (easily 改为 easy,作表语要用形容词) (年广西卷) (28) Yes, a concert can be very excited. (excited 改为 exciting,表示某事物是“令人 兴奋的”用 exciting;表示某人“感到兴奋”才用 excited) (四川卷) (30) Nowadays millions of people of all age take pleasure in a hobby which is both interested and fun. (interested 改为 interesting,指某事物是“令人有趣的”,用 interesting, 表示某人“对…感兴趣”时,用 interested) (浙江卷) (31) She called 119 immediate. (immediate 改为 immediately,用作状语,要用副词) (福建卷) (32) However, we seldom felt lonely or helplessly. (helplessly 改为 helpless,在系 动词 felt 后作表语,要用形容词) (年天津卷) 三、模拟单句演练 (1) I?ll try to be more carefully next time. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (2) China is much more bigger than the United States. (3) There are few boys than girls in our class. (4) He says that skiing is much exciting than skating. (5) The more money you make, the most you spend. (6) He found someone was following her, so she felt frightening. (7) It was real very dangerous. You might have injured yourself. (8) In fact, we finished the work without any difficult. (9) Look at the asleep boy. How lovely! (10) The fish tastes well; why not have a try? (11) Last week was very rain. I didn?t go out the whole week. (12) The sun rises in the east and sets down in the west. (13) I promise to return back before 10.

(14) The book contains much use information. It?s well worth reading. (15) This is quite far the mostly expensive bicycle in the shop. (16) The workers warm welcomed us at their offices. (17) Oh, it?s simply wonderfully to see you here!w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (18) She is in more health now than she was last year. 「参考答案」 (1) carefully 改为 careful,用形容词作表语。 (2) 去掉 more,more 不能修饰比较级。 (3) few 改为 fewer,注意句中的 than. (4) 将 much 改为 more,或在 much 后加 more,此句涉及 skiing 与 skating 的比 较。 (5) most 改为 more,the more…the more… 意为“越……越……”。 (6) frightening 改为 frightened,frightening 表示“令人害怕的”、“恐怖的”;frightened 表示“感到害怕的”。 w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (7) real 改为 really,修饰形容词用 really,不用 real. (8) difficult 改为 difficulty,用名词形式作介词 without 的宾语。 (9) asleep 改为 sleeping, asleep 为表语形容词,不用于名词前作定语。 (10) well 改为 good, nice 等,taste 在此为连系动词,后接形容词作表语。 (11) rain 改为 rainy,此处用形容词作表语。 (12) 去掉 down,因 set 相当于 go down,本身就包括了 down. (13) 去掉 back, 或将 return 改为 come / be.因 return 相当于 come back 或 be back. (14) use 改为 useful,用形容词作定语修饰名词。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (15) mostly 改为 most,most 在此用于构成最高级。 (16) warm 改为 warmly,修饰动词要用副词,不用形容词。 (17) wonderfully 改为 wonderful,用形容词作表语。 (18) more 改为 better,为 in good health 的比较级形式


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