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【成才之路】2014-2015学年高中英语(人教版 十二省区,必修1)课后强化作业:Unit 2 section 4 Word版含答案]


Unit 2

English around the world Unit Revision

SectionⅣ

Ⅰ.阅读理解 A American and British people both speak English of course. But sometimes it does not seem like

the same language. In fact, there are some important differences between British English and American English. First of all, they sound very different. Often, Americans don't say each word separately. They say several words together. Americans may say “I dunno” instead of “I don't know”. However, the British are more careful on their speech. They usually say all the words and keep them separate. Also, some letters have different sounds. For example, the Americans say the “a” in half like the “a” in cat. But the British say the “a” in half like the “o” in soft. Sound is not the only difference between British English and American English. Words sometimes have different meanings too. Some American words are never used in England. The same thing is true of some British words in America. For example, the vocabulary for cars and driving is very different. Americans drive trucks, but in England they drive lorries. Many expressions are also different in the two countries. In England, if you are going to telephone friends, you “ring them up”. In America you “give them a call”. There are also sometimes differences in grammar. For example, Americans usually use the helping verb “do” when they ask a question. They say “Do you have class today?”But the British often leave out the helping verb. They say “Have you class today?” All these differences can be confusing if you are learning English. But most languages are like this. Languages change over time. When people live in separate places, the languages change in different ways. This is what happened to English. It can also happen to other languages, such as French. Many people in Canada speak French but their French is very different from the French of France. 文章大意:本文介绍了美式英语与英式英语的不同点。 1.Compared to the British, Americans are usually________. A.more careful about saying words B.less careful about saying words C.easier to understand D.slower speakers

答案:B 细节判断题。由文章第二段的第二句“Often, Americans don't say each word separately.”可以直接得出答案为 B 项。 2.Some letters in English________. A.always sound the same B.have different sounds in the US and England C.don't change D.have an unusual sound 答案:B 细节判断题。由第三段首句可得出正确答案为 B 项。 3.The vocabulary for cars and driving is________. A.an example of British English B.different in the US and England C.an example of modern technology D.the same in the US and England 答案:B 细节判断题。由文章第四段的最后两句可知。 B (2014· 邯郸市高一期末) Sometimes it is difficult to talk to taxi drivers. They must give all their attention to the road as they work out the shortest way to the place where you are going. However, passengers from Wangfujing were in surprise when they took a taxi. The driver just would not stop talking—in English. Organized by the Cultural and Education Section of the British Embassy, “Dare to Speak” examines if Chinese people will speak English in “reallife” situations. Matthew Knowles, an acting student from South Carolina at Beijing Film Academy, acted the part as the “driver”. He collected six passengers on Saturday morning, most of whom were female whitecollar (白领)workers. “Of course they were surprised at first, wondering why I'm driving a taxi, and wondering whether this is a real taxi, but then most of them were pretty willing to speak, ” he said. Knowles said he was also surprised by his “passengers”. “Apart from my first ‘passenger’, who could speak very little English, all the rest spoke English very well, and it was fun to communicate with them,” he said, adding that some “passengers” were quite talkative. The “foreign taxi driver” project was just one of the “Dare to Speak” activities, which have been going on since the end of October. Other projects included a foreign store owner near a high school in Beijing, a cook in a Shanghai university canteen. They were testing the willingness of Chinese people, especially students and whitecollar workers, to speak to foreigners in English. Rong Xin, senior manager of IELTS (雅思) with the British Embassy, said they hoped to let IELTS takers in China know that communication is the ultimate goal of IELTS.

“We hope that more and more IELTS takers in China can realize the importance of communicating in English in real life, instead of just getting high test scores,” she said. 文章大意:本文是一篇小品文,主要介绍了英国驻华大使馆所举行的一个活动:敢于说 英语。 4.Why did Matthew Knowles drive a taxi? A.He took part in the project “Dear to speak”. B.He played the role of a taxi driver in a film. C.He enjoyed chatting with people in English. D.He wanted to improve his Chinese while driving. 答案:A 推理判断题。根据第二段和第三段的整体理解,可推知 Matthew Knowles 开 出租是因为他参与了这项“敢开口说英语”的活动,故答案 A 符合文意。 5. The Chinese may meet and talk to ________ in “Dear to speak” projects. A. a whitecollar worker C. a restaurant manager B. a foreign store owner D. a high school student

答案: B 推理判断题。 根据第二段: “Dare to Speak” examines if Chinese people will speak English in “reallife” situations.可推知,在这项活动中中国人会遇到外国人,从而有机会说 英语,故答案 B 符合文意。 6. The underlined word “ultimate” is closest in meaning to ________. A. most difficult C. most famous B. most common D. most important

答案:D 词义猜测题。根据最后一段的整体理解并结合生活常识可知,学习语言的最 终目的是为了交流,无论是书面的还是口头,而不是所谓的考试,考试只是一种检验语言掌 握水平的方式而已,由此可推知答案 D 符合文意。 7. The purpose of the project “Dear to Speak” is to ________. A. attract more foreigners to start business in China B. draw Chinese people's attention to IELT C. remind language learners of the goal of learning D. give more chances for English learners in China 答案: C 目的意图题。 根据第二段: “Dare to Speak” examines if Chinese people will speak English in “reallife” situations.这个活动的主旨和最后一段的呼应,可推知答案 C 符合文 意。 Ⅱ.完形填空 (2014· 福州八县市一中期中联考) A year ago, I paid no attention to English idioms, though my teacher emphasized (强调) the importance again and again. But soon, the importance of English idioms was shown __1__ an

amusing experience. One day, I __2__ to meet an Englishman on the road, and soon we began to talk. As I __3__ about how I was studying English, the foreigner seemed to be surprised. Gently __4__ his head, and shrugging (耸肩) his shoulders, he said, “You don't say!” “You don't say!” I was puzzled. I thought, perhaps this is not an appropriate topic( 适当的话题 ). “Well, I'd __5__ change the topic. ”So I said to him. “Well,__6__ we talk about the Great Wall? __7__ the way, have you ever __8__ there?” “Certainly, everyone back home will laugh at me if I leave China without seeing __9__. It was magnificent. ”He was __10__ in thought when I began to talk __11__ a tourist guide. “The Great Wall is one of the wonders in the world. We are very __12__ of it.”Soon I was interrupted again by his words: “You don't say!” I couldn't help asking, “Why do you ask me __13__ about it ?” “Well, I didn't request you to do

__14__, ” he answered, greatly __15__. I said, “Didn't you say‘you don't say’?” __16__ this , the Englishman laughed to tears. He began to __17__, ‘You don't say’ actually means ‘really ? ’ It is an __18__ of surprise. Perhaps you don't pay attention to English idioms.”__19__ then did I know I had made a fool of __20__. Since then I have been more careful with idiomatic expressions. Remember: what the English teachers said is always right to us students. 文章大意:本文向我们讲述了作者因为不明白 “you don't say”英语习语的确切含义而发 生的一场笑话。 1.A.in C.by B.for D.to

答案:A 在一次有趣的经历中,用 in。 2.A.came C.seemed B.happened D.wanted

答案:B happen to do sth.“碰巧……”。 3.A.would talk C.was to talk B.had talked D.was talking

答案:D 强调过去正在谈论如何学英语,所以用过去进行时。 4.A.nodding C.shaking B.packing D.attacking

答案:C 这名英国人很吃惊,所以应该是“摇头耸肩”。shake one's head“摇头”。 5.A.to C.not 答案:B I'd better do sth. 最好做某事。 B.better D.like

6.A.Shall C.Must 答案:A shall 用于征求对方意见。 7.A.On C.All 答案:D by the way“顺便问一下”。 8.A.gone C.seen 答案:D

B.Will D.Do

B.In D.By

B.visited D.been have been 表示已去过了,而 A 选项表示还未回来。B、C 两项均为及物动词,

不能接副词 there。 9.A.it C.anything 答案:A it 指代 the Great Wall。 10.A.high C.deep B.highly D.deeply B.Them D.something

答案:C be deep in thought“陷入沉思”。 11.A.as C.with B.to D.like

答案:D 作“如,像”讲时,A 选项中的 as 是连词,应接从句;like 是介词,后接名 词。 12.A.willing C.proud B.satisfied D.familiar

答案:C be proud of“因……而自豪”。 13.A.not talk C.not to talk B.to not talk D.not talking

答案:C ask sb. not to do sth.“请某人不做某事”。 14.A.this C.anything B.so D.me a favor

答案:B so 指代上文谈论长城那件事。 15.A.encouraged C.pleased B.frightened D.surprised

答案:D 根据上文,此英国人对我说的话感到很“吃惊”。 16.A.Heard C.Hearing B.To hear D.Listening

答案:C hearing 为非谓语动词,在此作伴随状语。 17.A.explain C.prove B.shout D.say

答案:A 从后面的话语可知,此英国人开始“解释”“you don't say”英语习语的确切含 义。 18.A.experience C.explanation B.expression D.example

答案:B “you don't say”是“吃惊”的表达。expression“表达”;experience“经历, 经验”;explanation“解释”;example“例子”。 19.A.From C.By B.Since D.Only

答案:D since then“自从那时”;by then“直到那时”;它们所引导的句子均为陈述 语序。而 only 放在句首时,后面的句子则采用部分倒装,因此答案选 D。 20.A.me C.mine B.myself D.somebody

答案:B make a fool of sb.“愚弄某人”。 Ⅲ. 语法填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 There are various reasons __1__ people write poetry. Some poems tell __2__ story or describe something in a way __3__ will give the reader a strong impression. __4__ try to convey certain emotions. Poets use many different forms of poems __5__(express) themselves. In this text, however, we will look at a few __6__ the simpler forms. Some of the first poetry a young child __7__(learn) in English is nursery rhymes. These rhymes like the one on the right are still a common type of children's poetry. The language is concrete(实在的) but imaginative, and they delight small children __8__ they rhyme, have strong rhythm and a lot of __9__(repeat). The poems may not make sense and even seem contradictory, but they are easy to learn and recite. By __10__(play)with the words in nursery rhymes, children learn about language. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答 案 : 1.why 2.a 3.that 4.Others 5.to express 6.of 7.learns 8.because

9.repetition 10.playing 【辽宁卷题型】 Sun Yao meets a tourist outside a hotel in Beijing.

Sun Yao:It's a bit windy, isn't it? Tourist:Yes, it is. __1__(hope)tomorrow will turn out fine. Sun Yao:Are you on a visit here? Tourist: That's right. I'm travelling round the country. I've China, and now my dream has come true. Sun Yao:How do you manage __3__ your wheelchair? Tourist:I seldom have any difficulties. Sometimes we aren't able to get __4__ every building __5__ there are too many steps. But I'm __6__(determine) to enjoy myself as much as possible,__7__ though I can't see everything. Sun Yao:Where are you going tomorrow? You said that you hoped it would be fine. Tourist:We are going out to the Summer Palace. Sun Yao:So __8__ as I know you shouldn't have any problem there. I know that one of the towers is on the top of a hill ,but the rest of the buildings are easy __9__(get)to. Tourist:I hope so. Thank you. Sun Yao:It's __10__ pleasure. What time is it by your watch, please? Tourist:A quarter to eight. Sun Yao:Oh, dear! I must go.Have a good day! 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答案: 1.Hopefully hopefully 在此用来修饰全句,意思是“但愿”。再如:Hopefully we will be there by six. 但愿我们能在六点之前赶到那儿。 2.of dream of“梦想”。 3.in in wheelchairs“坐轮椅”。 always dreamed __2__ coming to

4.into get into“进入”。 5.because 前后句是因果关系。 6.determined be determined to do“下定决心做”。 7.even even though“即使,尽管”。 8. far so far as I know“据我所知”, 相当于 as far as I know 或 as far as I am concerned。 9.to get 形容词后接不定式的主动式表被动。 10.a It's a pleasure 回答别人的感谢,“那是我应该做的(不用谢)”。


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