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2013军考英语模拟试卷五


2013年军考英语模拟考试(五)
注意:1.试题共五大题,满分为 100 分,考试时间为 120 分钟; 2.请将答案写在答题纸上,答案填写在试卷上一律无效,考试结束后,试卷和答题 纸一并收回。

一、单项选择填空(共 15 分,每小题 1 分)
1. His first speech as a president made a stron

g ___ on his audience. A. will B. findings C. shock D. impression

2. You looked for it twice, but you haven’t it. Why not try ____ ? A. three times B. a third time C. the third time D. once

3. He paid ____ attention to his spelling, so he almost made no mistakes in the exam. A. much B. little C. many D. few

4. ____ good health you have! A. How a B. What C. How D. What a

5. When climbing the hill John was knocked unconscious by an ____ rolling stone. A. untouched B. unexpected C. unfamiliar D. unbelievable

6. Most people found it hard to believe that such a ____ teacher should have done that bad thing. A. respectable B. respectful C. respecting D. respective

7. It is always difficult being in foreign country, ____ if you can’t speak the language. A. extremely B. naturally C. basically D. especially

8. Some people choose jobs for other reasons ____ money these days. A. for B. expect C. besides D. with

9. ____ the open-door policy, our economy has developed so rapidly. A. But for B. Because C. Thanks to D. According to

10. If my parents ____ free tomorrow, we ____ for a picnic. A. are; go B. are; will go C. will be; will go D. will be; go

11. ____ in that small flat, she feels boxed in. A. To live B. Living C. Lived D. Live

12. ____ we will go there tomorrow or not depends on the weather. A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where

13. She realized that work was the only thing ____ can help people heal. A. who B. whom C. that D. which

14. It would be impossible for him to leave hospital tomorrow if he ____ first aid when the accident happened. A. hadn’t been given C. shouldn’t be given B. wasn’t D. wouldn’t be given

15. Not only ____ difficult to light, but it smelled of oil.

A. was the cigarette C. did the cigarette made

B. the cigarette made D. the cigarette was

二、阅读理解(共 40 分,每小题 2 分)
Passage 1 Long long ago, a man, named Tom, wanted to build a house, so he went into his garden. He climbed up a big tree and began to saw(锯)a branch from it. While he was doing his business, a stranger passed his garden. The stranger found that Tom was sitting on the branch, and the place he sawed was just between himself and the trunk(主干) of the tree. So he told Tom that if he continued to cut that branch like that, he would fall down. Tom turned his back on the stranger. He continued sawing the branch without saying anything. He thought how silly the stranger was! He was just that person who had no work to do and went about telling other people what to do and what not to do. After giving the advice, the stranger continued on his way. Certainly, after a few minutes, the branch fell and Tom fell down with the branch. At this moment, Tom thought that this stranger could tell what would happen in the future. So he ran after him as soon as possible and wanted to ask him how long he would live. But the stranger had already disappeared. 16.According to the passage, why did Tom saw a branch from a big tree? A.He made his living by sawing branches. B.He wanted to build a house. C.He wanted to shear his garden. D.A stranger asked him to do so. 17.When Tom was cutting the branch, a stranger_____________________ A.asked something from him B.told him to stop working C.passed his garden D.asked him the reason why he sawed the branch 18.Why did Tom turn his back on the stranger? A.He thought the stranger was a liar. B.He thought the stranger was a foolish man. C.He thought the stranger was a beggar. D.He was too busy to talk with the stranger. 19.What happened to Tom after a few minutes? A.Tom was hurt by the saw. B.The branch fell. C.Tom fell to the ground. .

D.Both B and C. 20.Which of the following is Not true? A.The stranger was clever. B.Tom was stupid. C.The stranger could tell future. D.The stranger gave a good advice to Tom.

Passage 2 Two years ago, a lot of Londoners heard alarms all over the town. The Emergency services, the Fire Departments, the Police, hospitals, and ambulances stood by, ready to go into action. In railway underground stations, people read notices and maps that told them where to go and what to do in the emergency. This was Exercise Flood Call to prepare people for a flood emergency. London wasn’t flooded yet, but it is possible that it would be. In 1236 and in 1663, London was badly flooded. In 1928, people living in Westminster, the heart of London, drowned in floods. And in 1953, one hundred people, living on the eastern edge of the London suburbs were killed, again, in the floods. At last, Greater Council took actions to prevent this disaster from happening again. Though a flood wall was built in the 1960s, Londoners still must be prepared for the possible disaster. If it happens, 50 underground stations will be under water. Electricity, gas and phone services will be out of action. Roads will be drowned. It will be impossible to cross any of the bridges between north and south London. Imagine: London will look like the famous Italian city, Venice. But this Exercise Flood Call didn’t cause panic among Londoners. Most people knew it was just a warning. One lady said, “It’s a flood warning, isn’t it? The water doesn’t look high to me.” 21.What’s the main idea of the passage? A.The passage is mainly about possible damages caused by Floods. B.The passage is mainly about flood emergency in London. C.The passage is mainly about emergency exercise in London. D.The passage is mainly about London Floods in History. 22.According to the passage, in 1960s, what action was taken to fight against floods in London? A.In order to fight against floods, 50 underground stations were made waterproof. B.In order to fight against floods, rescue teams were formed. C.In order to fight against floods, a flood wall was built. D.In order to fight against floods, an alarm system was set up. 23.“But this Exercise Flood Call didn’t cause panic among Londoners.” What does the underlined word “panic” here mean? A.Excitement.

B.Tirelessness. C.Fear. D.Happiness. 24.According to the passage, if there is a flood disaster in London, which statement is Not true? A.50 underground stations will be under water. B.Electricity, gas and phone services will be out of action. C.Roads will be drowned. D.It will be possible to cross any of the bridges between north and south London. 25.What can you learn from the woman’s statement? A.She described how frightened most of the Londoners were. B.She argued that it was impossible to prevent floods in London. C.She wanted to say that the Exercise Flood Call did cause a lot of trouble to Londoners. D.She wanted to say that most Londoners took Exercise Flood Call calmly.

Passage 3 Africa lies to the southwest of Asia. the west, faces the Atlantic Ocean and on the east, On it it faces the Indian Ocean. the northeast it neighbors on Asia through the Suez Canal and the Red On Sea. Across the Mediterranean to the north it faces Europe. has an area of more than thirty million It square kilometers,being the second largest continent in the world,next only to Asia. The Nile(尼罗河)which is 6,450 kilometers in length(长度)is the second longest river in the world.It has two tributaries(支流)in its upper reaches,of which one is the White Nile rising on the East African Plateau,and the other is the Blue Nile rising on the Ethiopian Plateau.The two tributaries having joined in the Central Sudan(苏丹) the Nile flows through Egypt into the , Mediterranean. The Sahara Desert 撒哈拉沙漠) which is one of the largest deserts, ( , divides Africa into two parts.Arabs live north of the Desert and the black people live south of it.The white people from Europe,small in number,live mainly in the southern area of Africa.Africa is rich in natural resources(自然资源)such as oil,gold,copper and diamond.It is also famous for its fine cotton.People there are brave and hard-working.They fought bravely for their independence(独 立)and freedom.Now nearly all the African countries have won their independence.They,like China, developing countries. are The people of China and Africa have always supported each other in m any ways. 26.Africa lies _________________________ A. in the southeast of Asia C. to the southeast of China .

B. to the northeast of Europe D. to the northeast of China

27.The Suez Canal and the Red Sea ______________________________ A. separate Africa from Europe C. separate Africa from Asia B. were dug by the people in Asia D. are in the west of Africa

.

28.Which of the following is NOT true? A. Africa is the second largest continent in the world. B. Some African countries are independent. C. The Nile has two tributaries, both of which rise on plateaus(高原). D. The Nile is the longest river in Africa. 29.Where do the black people live in Africa? A. In the northern part of Africa. C. In all parts of Africa. B. In the south of the Sahara Desert. D. All of the above. .

30.African countries and China _________________________________ A. are developing countries C. are of the same continent B. belong to the developed countries D. None of the above

Passage 4 While watching film, we are always attracted by such scene that two actors are fighting each other hard. At the beginning, we can see that they just fight with their fists, or kick with their feet. But as the film goes on, they hit each other with desks, chairs or sticks. Sometimes, we can see blood flowing all over one’s face, but the fighting continues until one actor is threw out of a window of a high building and falls to the ground or into a lake. Then he died. As we all know that the actor isn’t really dead, and even isn’t hurt. Do you know the reason? Actually the actors who fall out of high windows or ski over the edge of a cliff, are professionals. They make their living by doing such things. And these actors are named stuntmen. That is to say, they show tricks. To these actors, actually, there are two aspects to their work. What we are seeing on the screen is most of the things they do. For example, they jump from a fast-moving train. However, they fall on to cardboard boxes not to a hard ground, and those cardboard boxes are empty and covered with a mattress. Besides, when they hit one another with desks, the desks are made of soft wood and when they are threw out of windows, the glass is made of sugar! Their work also needs a very high degree of skill and training though it depends on such trick. Actually, careful timing is the key to a stuntman’s success. For instance, when he is “blow up” in a battle scene, he has to jump out of the way of the explosion just at the right moment. Generally because their lives are dangerous, the stuntmen always get a high salary. They are

often hurt seriously, and sometimes even killed. A Chinese stuntman, for example, was killed when he jumped from a fast-moving train on a rainy day. 31.What does the underlined word “attracted” mean in the first paragraph? A.Fought. B.Captured. C.Found. D.Put. 32.What is the author of this passage attempting to do? A.The author wants to explain that stuntman’s life is very dangerous. B.The author wants to explain that stuntmen earn a lot. C.The author wants to explain that stuntmen are professionals. D.The author wants to explain stuntmen’s dirty trick. 33.How do the stuntmen make their living? A.They make their living by selling their special skills in a film. B.They make their living by jumping out of windows of a high building. C.They make their living by showing their dirty tricks. D.They make their living by fighting others. 34.According to the passage, for a stuntman, which of the following is the key to a successful performance? A.Skill. B.Courage. C.Exactness. D.Training. 35.This passage is a(an) _____________________ A.note B.letter C.explanation D.advertisement .

三、完形填空(共 15 分,每小题 1 分)
Sleep is something we generally associate with living creatures. Of course, it is true that a lot of animals sleep, but zoologists are certain that ( 36 ) forms of animal life, ( 37) worms and snails, never really sleep. On the other hand , animals such as bears sleep for 4 ( 38 ) 5 months every year. The ( 39) of sleep a human being needs depends on age, the individual and possible ( 40 ) . For example, doctors think that pre school children need between 10 and 12 hours a night, school children between 9 and 11 hours, and ( 41 ) between 7 and 8 hours. There are exceptional

cases of old people ( 42 ) only sleep between 2 and 3 hours a day and ( 43) to be active and healthy. The sleep ( 44 ) of different ( 45 ) also appear to be (46 ) . Japanese people for example, sleep ( 47 ) hours than Europeans. ( 48 ) is not known for certain whether mental activity ( 49 ) when a person is asleep. However, it is certainly true that some people can wake ( 50 ) at a specific, pre-determined time. 36 . A original B primitive C preceding D former 37 . A as B such C so D like 38 . A or B after C and D from 39 . A degree B length C amount D number 40 . A kind B sort C race D type 41 . A adults B workers C doctors D teachers 42 . A what B who C where D which 43 . A continuing B continued C continue D continues 44 . A inquiry B requirements C necessity D movements 45 . A colors B races C groups D types 46 . A different B alike C same D indifferent 47 . A fewer B little C less D few 48 . A It B This C That D Which 49 . A offers B observes C operates D occurs 50 . A on B to C in D up

四、翻译(共 20 分,汉译英每题 3 分,英译汉每题 2 分)
51.瑜伽起源于印度哲学,在印度已经发展了数千年。 52 如果说我看得比其他人远,那是因为我站在巨人的肩膀上。 53.学得成功的人都不是坐等机会来了才去使用这种语言。他们主动寻找使用这种语言 的机会。 54.令我惊奇的是他对音乐不感兴趣;相反地他很喜欢电脑游戏。 55. An object that is moving continues to move at an unchanging speed, so long as no outside force influences it. 56. Recent decades have seen yoga gain widespread acceptance as a method of staying in shape, as well as a way of handling stress. 57. Since the Civil War, Harvard had carefully nurtured its pipeline to the nation’s capital. 58. Wuhan is located in the province of Hubei in central China.

五、书面写作(10 分)
Title: Advantages of Five-Day week (五天工作日的优点) Words: not less than 100 words in English.


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