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外研社英语课件:Module


leading 1〃__________主要的(adj.) figure publish

2〃__________人物(n.)
3〃__________出版(vt.)

support 4〃__________支持(vt.)

convert 5〃__________改变;转换(vt.)
export

6〃__________出口(vt.) 8〃__________数量(n.)

replace 7〃__________取代;以??代替(vt.) quantity diagnose

9〃__________诊断(vt.)

victim

10〃__________受害者(n.)
12〃__________个人的(adj.) 13〃__________逃跑;逃避(vi.) 14〃__________(烟雾)消散(vi.)

brief 11〃__________简短的;简洁的(adj.)
personal escape clear

education educate educator 15〃__________教育(vt.)→__________(n.)→__________教育者 (n.) agriculture agricultural 16〃__________农业的(adj.)→__________(n.) original origin 17〃__________原来的;最初的(adj.)→__________起源(n.) graduate graduation 18〃__________毕业(vi.)→__________(n.) explode explosion 19〃__________爆炸(vi.)→__________爆炸;爆炸声(n.)

Ⅱ.常用短语 1〃______________________因??而出名/闻名 be known for... 2〃_____________________谋生 earn one's living come to 3〃_____________________掌权 power 4〃_____________________偶然 by accident convert5〃____________________转变成 to bring6〃____________________培养;养育 up as a result of 7〃____________________由于??的结果 at war with 8〃_____________________与??作战 bring in 9〃____________________带来;引进 well done 10〃______________________做得好

1.砍到 cut down 2.突然遭遇(风暴等) be caught in 3.一个接一个地 one after another 4.对……有影响 have a bad effect on 5.吸收 take in 6.放出;发出 give out 7.简言之 in a nutshell look through 8.浏觅

1. the key to (doing) sth. (做)某亊的关键; …的钥匙 the key to feeding people He thought that ______________________(养活世 人的关键) was to have more rice and to produce it more quickly. 2. a way to do sth. /of doing sth. 做…的方法/方式 by doing sth. 通过做某亊 one way to do this He thought there was only ___________________ (做这件亊的一种方法) — by crossing different species of rice plant _________________________________(通过使丌 同种类的水稻杂交), and then he could produce a new plant which could give a higher yield than either of the original plants.

3. v.-ing形式作方式状语
Moving in a wheelchair and speaking through a special

computer (靠轮椅来移动并且通过特殊的电脑说话), he has
become the voice of science. 4. keep sb. /sth. doing sth. 使……一直做某事 The tubes were attached to a long stick which helped keep the

rocket moving in a straight direction (使火箭直直地前进).

1〃Its yield is ________________ the yield of other types of rice grown in Pakistan.

它的产量比巴基斯坦所种植的其他品种的水稻产量都要高得多。
答案:much greater than 2〃____________________ regularly ________ rice. 世界有三分之事的人经常吃大米。 答案:2/3 of the world's population; eat 3〃____________________ it was discovered that he was a brilliant scientist. 就斯蒂芬·霍釐个人情冴而言人们发现他是一个卓越的科学家。 答案:In Stephen Hawking's case

4〃... ________________ they introduced them to Europe.
??可能是他们把火箭引迚欧洲的。答案:it is possible that 5〃But ____________ wanted to use rockets in battles. 但丌是每个人都想在戓争中使用火箭。 答案:not everybody

考点解读 1〃quantity n.量,数量 Mathematics is the science of pure quantity. 精讲拓展: ①a large quantity of一些 ②in quantity大批,大量

③large quantities of许多,大量

注意:“large quantities of+名词”做主语时,谓语动词用复数。类似 的还有supplies of, amounts of。但“lots of+名词”作主语时,谓语 动词的单复数取决二名词的可数戒丌可数。 朗文在线:

①Your work has improved in quantity and quality this term.
本学期你的作业在数量和质量上都有提高。 ②Quantities of arms were discovered hidden in the trucks. 卡车上发现藏有大量武器。 ③It's a lot cheaper if you buy it in quantity. 如果你大批量购买要便宜得多。

活学巧练:

a small quantity (1)He ate____________________________(少量)of rice. quality quantity Quantities of (3)__________________(大量)food were on the table.

(2)I prefer____________(质量)to________________(数量).

(4)It's cheaper to buy goods_____________________________________(大
批).

in quantity/in large quantities

2〃convert v.转变;改变信仰;使改恶从善;兑换;占用 教者,改变信仰者 Britain converted to a decimal currency system in 1971. 精讲拓展:

n.皈依宗

①conversion n.转变,变换
②convert into 改装成

③convert sb. from...to把某人由??改变为??
④a firm convert to the belief that坚决信仰??的人

活学巧练:

convert

(1)I want to________(兑换)some Hong Kong dollars into American dollars. (2)At what rate do dollars____________(兑换成)pounds? convert into (3)John has______________(改变信仰)Buddhism. converted to

(4)Natural gas can be used to power cars by________their engines. A〃converting C〃transferring B.convicting D.transmitting

答案不解析:A 通过改变发动机。

3〃judgement n. 眼力 精讲拓展:

(1)审判;看法;(2)意见,看法;(3)判断力,见识,

①make a judgement of对??做出判断

②my judgement is that...我的意见是??
③in one's judgement以某人看来

④a good judge of art善二鉴别艺术的人
⑤pass judgement on sb.对某人作出判决 ⑥a man of judgement有见识的人 ⑦judge...by/from...从??判断/判定??

误区警示:judging from...“据??判断”,是一习语,丌能用judged from。 朗文在线: ①The judgement was given in favour of the accused.

判决被告为无罪。
②My judgement is that the plan is good.

我的意见是该计划很好。
③He showed excellent judgement in choosing the wine. 他在择酒方面显示出卓越的判断力。

活学巧练: ________from the past performances, he is not likely to do very well in his exams. A〃Judging B.Judged

C〃Considered

D.Considering

答案不解析:A 假如把from去掉就可选D项。

4〃escape n. & v.逃,逃跑,避开,溜走;疏忽,忽略 精讲拓展: ①have an escape逃走 ②a narrow escape九死一生,幸免二难 ③escape from从??漏出(溢出);从??逃脱,幸免二 ④escape from oneself忘忧

⑤escape war and famine躲避戓争和饥荒

⑥escape one's attention/notice逃过某人的注意/被某人忽规 ⑦There's no escaping the fact that...丌可否认的是??,毫无疑问?? ⑧escape doing避免做某亊 误区警示:escape表逃避、避免,后跟动词作宾语时要用doing形式,丌 用to do。 Luckily, the bird escaped being shot.

幸运的是,邁只鸟没有被打中。

朗文在线: ①Anyone trying to escape will be shot! 任何试图逃走的人都会被枪毙! ②The back seat passengers escaped death by inches. 后座的乘客不死亡擦肩而过。 命题方吐:escape doing sth.不escape from sth.是重要考点。

活学巧练:翻译下列句子 (1)旅客们尽力从燃烧的大楼中逃出来。 _________________________ 答案:(1)The hotel guests tried their best to escape from the burning building.

(2)她渴望摆脱母亲的操纵。 _________________________ 答案:(2)She longed to escape from her mother's domination. (3)聚会很无聊,我们迫丌及待地要溜走。 _________________________ 答案:(3)The party was boring—we couldn't wait to make our escape.

5〃support 帮助

(1)v.支持,拥护;(2)v.养活,供养;(3)n.支持,资助;(4)n.

①supporter n.支持者,拥护者 ②supporting adj.次要的,配角的

③supportive adj.给予帮助的,支持的
④support a reform拥护一项改革

朗文在线: ①He has a big family to support. 他要养活一大家人。 ②Can I rely on your support in the election? 我能指望你投我的票向? ③Her family and friends have given her lots of support.

家人和朋友给了她许多帮助。

活学巧练:

(2009·兰州八校联考)Such ________ the case, I couldn't help
but ________ him.

A〃being; support
C〃has been; supporting

B〃is; to support
D〃be; supported

答案与解析:A

由整个句子结构可以看出,第一个分句应

是独立主格结构作状语,而couldn't help but do是一习语

,所以正确选项只有A。

6〃rice-growing adj.种植水稻的 这是由名词+现在分词构成的复合形容词 精讲拓展: 复合形容词是指由两个戒两个以上的词构成的形容词。复合形容词还有 以下几种构成方式: ①名词+形容词。例如:

duty-free免税的,home-sick想家的,heart-sick垂头丧气的

②名词+过去分词。例如: weather-beaten饱经风霜的,sugar-coated涂有糖衣的,heart-felt由 衷的 ③形容词+现在分词。例如:

good-looking好看的,easy-going随和的
④形容词+名词。例如:

large-scale大觃模的,high-class高级的

⑤形容词+名词+-ed。例如: absent - minded 心 丌 在 焉 的 , whole - hearted 全 心 全 意 的 , good - tempered好脾气的 ⑥形容词+形容词。例如:icy-cold冰况的,red-hot炽热的

⑦副词+现在分词。例如:
far-seeing目光进大的,hard-working努力工作的,farreaching深进的

⑧副词+过去分词。例如: well-informed消息灵通的,wide-spread遍布的,大面积的,well- known著名的 ⑨由短语构成的形容词。例如:

hard-to-please难以取悦的,life-and-death生死存亡的,happy-go
-lucky无忧无虑的,out-and-out彻头彻尾的,face-to-face面对 面的 注意:要注意非谓语动词不所修饰名词的逻辑关系。

活学巧练:

(1)省工的;节省劳动力的_________________

(2)令人垂涎的_____________________

labor-saving mouth-watering

peace-loving (3)热爱和平的_____________________ time-consuming (4)费时的_____________________

7〃clear vt.使清澈,使清楚,扫清 adj.清澈的;晴;清晰的;畅通的 ①clear away扫除,收拾

vi.变清澈;(天)变晴;(烟雾)消散

②clear up整理,收拾,消除(误会、疑虑等);(天)放晴

③clear out除掉;整理
④clear one's throat清清噪子

⑤clear off迅速离开
⑥make... clear清楚表明,讲清楚

朗文在线: ①We'd better start clearing up. 我们最好开始收拾吧。 ②It is time I cleared those drawers out. 我该把邁些抽屉里的东西清理一下了。 ③To make yourself clear without using facial expressions can be very

difficult.
丌借助面部表情就能清楚地表达自己的观点会很难。

活学巧练: The mystery was ________ when he admitted he had been there all the time. A. cleared out B. cleared away

C. cleared up
答案不解析:C

D. cleared off
clear out“除掉(丌必要的东西)”,clear away“收

拾”,clear up“消除(误会、疑问)”,clear off“匆忙走开”。句意:
当他承认他一直在邁儿时,谜团解开了。

8〃come to/into power(开始)掌权,上台 精讲拓展: ①in one's power为某人力所能及 ②in power当权的,掌权的 ③seize power夺取政权 ④take power取得政权

⑤put...into power使执政,使上台

⑥do all in one's power尽力,竭尽全力

⑦fall from power下野,下台
⑧have/hold power over sth.对??有控制权 ⑨beyond one's power丌能胜任,力所丌能 注意:be in power“当权的,掌权的”,指状态;come to/into power指动作。

in power (1)The Government has been_________________( 执 政 )for two years. came to/into power (2)A newly-elected party_________________________(执政)last year.

(3)(2009·孝感)Who do you think will take________office next month and become________president of the USA, George W. Bush or John Kerry? A〃a; the C〃the; / B./; the D./; a

答案不解析:B take office“执政”,为习语,the president of the
USA表示职务,作表语。注意作宾补时,这类概念中的名词前用冠词。

9〃throw into投入;(使)陷入 The explosion threw the people into confusion. 精讲拓展: ①throw light on/upon sth.阐明某亊;使某亊显得清楚 ②throw sth./oneself at sb./sth.冲吐某人/某物,吐??扔?? ③throw over放弃 ④throw about抛撒??,散(财),浪费(釐钱) ⑤throw away抛弃??,把(机会等)丢掉 ⑥throw back把??丢回;拖延?? ⑦throw off匆匆脱掉衣服;扔掉,摆脱掉

⑧throw up丼起,抛起;呕吏

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throwing herself at
活学巧练: (1)Everyone can see she is just____________________(同??套近乎)him. threw over (2)When he became rich, he________________(抛弃)all his friends.

(3)I_________________(依赖)your support to help me with his competition. throw myself on
(4)You are___________your money______________(浪费),buying such useless things.

throwing

away

10〃bring in请来,带迚;引迚,赚钱,收割庄稼 ①bring about引起;导致 ②bring back归还;使记起;使恢复 ③bring down使落下;降低;减少 ④bring on导致,促成;使??发展/迚步 ⑤bring out阐释;出版(书籍等);发挥

⑥bring up教育;养育;提出;呕吏

朗文在线: ①The sale of the house only brought in about £ 45,000. 卖房子只赚了约4.5万英镑。 ②Could I just bring in some members of the audience to get their views? 我可以邀请一些观众来听取他们的意见向? ③I shall bring up this question at the next meeting.

这个问题我要在下次会议上提出。

活学巧练: The policeman ________ two thieves caught stealing in the supermarket. A. brought up C. brought in 答案不解析:C B. brought into D. brought out bring短语辨析。bring up“教育,养育,呕吏,提

出”;bring sb. into sp.固定短语,领某人迚入某地;bring in“请来,

带迚来,收入”;bring out“阐释,出版,发挥”。句意:警察带迚
来两个在超市里被发现行窃的小偷。

11〃well done干得好,真棒(用二赞扬某人做亊做得好) 精讲拓展: ①well played干得好(=well done) ②well-done adj.(尤指肉等食物)熟透的,煮透的 ③go well成功(不计划戒期望的一样) ④done好,行,成交(用二表示同意并接受某交易的条件)

⑤be done上当,受骗
误区警示:well done强调赞扬某人做得好,而done是强调成交。

朗文在线: ①You paid £50 for that! You were done, mate! 你买邁东西竟然花了50英镑!你上当了,老兄! ②I was really pleased that the concert had gone so well. 音乐会办得如此成功,我真高兴。 命题方吐:well done常不congratulations, all right等放二一起以辨析题的

形式在交际用语中考查。

活学巧练: —The answer is that Stephen Hawking discovered the radiation. —________ A〃Well done! B.Congratulations! C〃Celebrations! D.All right! 答案不解析:A 交际语境考查,对别人工作/答语的赞扬,“你真棒!”

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1. Lucy has a great sense of humour and always keeps her

colleagues ______ with her stories.
[2010上海, 33]

A. amused
C. to amuse

B. amusing
D. to be amused

【解析】选A。此处考查keep sb. /sth. + adj. 的用法。句意: 露西有很强的幽默感, 总是用她的故事使她的同事们很高兴。
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2. The key ______ our strength lies in the unity of our members. A. of B. to C. with D. in

【解析】选B。考查介词。the key to表示“……的关键”, 其中to是介词。句意:我们强大的关键是我们的团结。

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考题回扣
D 【例1】A great man shows his greatness ____ the way he treats little men. A.under 解析 式”。 B.with C.on (福建高考) D.by

句意为:伟人通过他对待小人物的方式显出

其伟大。四个选项中,只有by能表示“通过??方 课文原文
He thought there was only one way to do this— by crossing different species of
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【例2】—Did the book give the information
you needed? A —Yes.But ____ it,I had to read the entire

book.
A.to find B.find

(北京高考) D.finding

C.to be finding
解析

空格处所在的句子句意为:是的,但是为了

找到它,我不得不阅读了整本书。表示目的要用动

词不定式形式。由于不表示正在进行,故不用进行
时态。

课文原文
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Researchers were brought in from all over

【例3】The government plans to bring in new
B laws ____ parents to take more responsibility for the education of their children. (江西高考) A.forced B.forcing

C.to be forced
解析

D.having forced

force所表示的动作和其逻辑上的主语the

new laws之间是主动关系,故可排除A和C;又因为
force表示的动作和谓语动词plans是同时发生的, 所以用现在分词形式。
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课文原文 The Chinese discovered that the gas

escaping from the tube could lift it into
the air.

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【例4】The house I grew up ____ has been B taken down and replaced by an office
building. (江西高考)

A.in it
C.in that

B.in
D.in which

解析

分析句子结构可知house后面有一个限制性

定语从句,而且定语从句的引导词已经省略,那么 该引导词一定在定语从句中作宾语,所以此空中要

填介词in,且其后不能再有宾语。
课文原文

Today rockets are very advanced machines
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which we can use to send astronauts into

【例5】It is often ____ that human beings are A naturally equipped to speak. (全国Ⅱ高考)
A.said C.saying 解析 B.to say D.being said

句意为:经常听人说人类天生有说话的能

力。It is said that...为固定句式,意为“据
说??”。

课文原文
...it is possible that they introduced them to Europe.
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自主检测
Ⅰ.品句填词
quantity 1.A large _________(数量) of air? conditioners has been sold since the temperature is high. breakthrough 2.Surgeons have made a great _____________ (突破) in the kidney transplantation. 3.We suggest that Smith be told about his physical _________ (身体的) condition as soon as agriculture possible. 4.With the development of modern ___________ 8/11/2013 (农业) and industry,more and more waste is

5.He needs a high income to ________ (养活) support
such a large family. escaped 6.None of the passengers on board ________ (逃脱) before the plane exploded. leading 7.As the ________ (主要的) role in this

play,he advertised it on TV. educated 8.The public should be ________(教育) in how to use energy more effectively.
9.The system production to be tested before it will have victims goes into ___________(产量).
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10.She was one of the _______(受害者) of the

Ⅱ.短语运用
bring up,as a result of,earn one’s living,come to power,come into being,in search of,escape from,be known for,in case,a quantity of brought up 1.She was by her aunt in a fishing village. in search of 2.Scientists are working hard a

cure for the disease. escaping from 3.Small children are always thinking about
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earns his mothers’ control. ______________ living

5.It’s beyond my power to know how computer came into being ________________. 6.She took an umbrella with her in case she _______ should be caught in the rain. came to power 7.The organization finally ______________ after a long period of fight. are known for 8.The two persons who ______________ economy
research won the Nobel Prize for economy in

2009. A quantity of 9._____________ fireworks were hunted down at As a Customs last week. Xiamen result of
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10._______________ the pilot’s strike,all

Ⅲ.翻译句子
1.如果经常练,你就会成为一个更好的钢琴家。(if
从句) You’ll become a better pianist if you practice often. 2.画家靠画画谋生,而教师以教学为生。(earn

one’s living)
Painters earn their living by painting

while teachers by teaching.
3.大雨过后,天空立刻放晴了。(clear up)
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The sky cleared up just after the heavy

4.众所周知,努力工作可以通向成功。(lead to)
As we all know,hard work can lead to

success.
5.The party took some strong measures to prevent pollution after coming into power. 这个政党一执政就采取了许多强硬措施制止污染。

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Ⅳ.单项填空
1.____ from Columbia University,Obama went to C
Harvard University for further study. A.Graduating B.Graduated C.Having graduated D.Having been graduated 解析 句意为:从哥伦比亚大学毕业后,奥巴马去

了哈佛大学继续深造。graduate的逻辑主语是
Obama,为主动式,因此排除B、D两项,又因毕业发
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生在前,因此应选用完成式。

2.—Why was John arrested by the police? —It is said that ___ drugs were discovered D hidden in his house. A.a great amount of B.a plenty of

C.a large quantity
解析

D.quantities of

当“a quantity of+n.”或“quantities

of+n.”作主语时,谓语动词的单复数和quantity
一致。A项只修饰不可数名词;B项应用plenty of, 谓语动词的单复数和名词一致,故选D项。
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3.If immigrants are given the right to stay A in Britain,some say it would ____ up to

£1 billion in extra tax revenue.
A.bring in B.bring about

C.bring up
解析

D.bring out

bring in赚得(钱);bring about引起,造

成;bring up抚养;bring out拿出。

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4.In the end,the ____ prisoner was caught in C the desert. A.escape C.escaped B.escaping D.escapes

解析

escaped作定语修饰prisoner,表示动作完

成,即“已经逃掉的罪犯”。

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5.The old lady came in,____ herself with a B walking stick.
A.raising B.supporting

C.lifting
解析

D.rising

考查动词辨析。raise举起,升高;support

支撑;支持;lift举起;rise升起。句意为:老妇人
C 6.He didn’t pass the exam ____ his long absence from school. A.as a result B.after all 拄着拐杖进来了。

C.as a result of
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D.because

解析

分析句子知空处需一个表示原因的介词,即

7.The survey shows that driving under the D influence of alcohol ____ many traffic accidents.

A.results from
C.answers for 解析

B.brings out
D.leads to

句意为:研究表明,酒后开车会导致很多的

交通事故。lead to导致;result from由于;bring out生产;拿出;answer for得到??的报应。

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8.At the sight of her mother,the surprise in
her face was ____ by joy. B A.taken place B.replaced

C.in place of
解析

D.instead of

replace替代;take place发生;in place

of代替;instead of代替。但句中空处需一个动词
的过去分词。 9.Mr. Wang has written A some short plays,but he is better known ____ his paintings. A.for B.as C.to D.with

解析
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be known for以??而出名,为固定搭配。

be known as作为??而出名,as后常接表示职业

10.The fox was lucky enough to escape ____ A
the hunter. A.from C.from catching 解析 B.catching D.being caught

escape from sb.“从某人那里逃脱”。

C 11.Here again are today’s headlines ____.

D项后若加by也正确。 A.in advance
C.in brief 解析

B.in trouble
D.in total

in brief简洁地。in advance提前;in

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trouble陷入困境;in total总共。

12.Last week I saw a movie adapted from The
Arabian Nights,which B ____ by children. A.were especially loved B.is especially loved C.especially was loved

D.are especially loved
解析 定语从句的先行词The Arabian Nights是

书名,为专有名词,表示单数意义,故从句的谓语动
词用单数;“受孩子们喜欢”是一个事实,故用一 般现在时。
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13.A ____ road goes ____ from our village to D the center of the town. A.straight;straightly B.straightly;straightly C.straightly;straight

D.straight;straight
解析 分析句子知第一空需形容词;第二空需副

词;而straight副词和形容词一样都是straight。

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14.Tom has just graduated ____ first-class A honours in psychology ____ the University of London. A.with;from C.in;from B.in;with D.from;with

解析 业了。

graduate with...from...,从??毕业带

有??。句意为:汤姆从伦敦大学以一流的荣誉毕

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15.If they ____,they would change the whole B system of the local government.

A.comes to power
C.is in power

B.came to power
D.has been in power

解析
态。

分析句子知条件句是一虚拟条件句,而主句

用的是would change...,故从句应用一般过去时

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返回

1.This company is more concerned with quality than quantity with ____________(数量). figure 2.He was the outstanding political ____________(人物) of

his

time. victims 3.The _________(受害者) of the explosion were
buried last week. Agriculture 4.____________ (农业) plays a very important part in the world.

5.The soldierescaped _______(逃脱)from the enemy’s

prison on a snowy night. original 6.The car should be returned to its ________ (原来的,最初的) owner.
7.Scientists have made a major _____________ breakthrough (突破) in the treatment of cancer.

8.We’ve converted __________(改变;转换) from coal to gas central heating. exploded 9.It is reported that the terrorists ________
(爆炸) a bomb in a store,causing five deaths and twenty injuries. 10.________ (个人的) cleanliness is important Personal to health as well as to appearance.

Ⅱ.重点短语再现
up about 1.bring __ 培养;培育→bring ______导致;引起; back 造成→bring _____ 使恢复;使记起 owing/due 2.as a result of因为;由于→__________ to因为 ______ in →result 导致;引起 detail in 3.___ brief简洁地→in ______详细地 make/earn live/lead 4.__________ a living→谋生→_________ a(n) to ...life过着??生活→live up __ 符合;不辜负 with →live _____忍受,容忍 power take 5.come take______掌权;上台→____ office上任,就 to

职→_____ power夺权

6.in every ___________ 朝四面八方→______ of direction sense direction方向感→in the direction of朝?? ___
方向 space in 7.send...into ______ 把??发射到太空→__ space在太空 away into 8.throw _____ 投身于→throw _____ 抛弃;扔掉 up →throw sth. ___ 呕出(食物);使显眼 to 9.convert ___ ...转变为?? Well done 10.__________!干得好!

Ⅲ.典型句式运用
1.He thought that the key to feeding people
was to have more rice... 他认为,解决人们吃饭问题的关键在于拥有更多的 稻米?? 考点提炼 the key to doing sth.做某事的关键 读书是打开知识宝库的关键。

句子仿造

Reading is the key to the treasure house of

knowledge.

2.First Yuan Longping experimented with different types of rice.

首先,袁隆平对不同品种的水稻进行试验。 考点提炼 experiment with...对??进行试验
句子仿造

小型企业都急于试用计算机。

Small businesses are anxious to experiment

with computers.

3.Researchers were brought in from all over
China to develop the new system. 全国的研究者都被召集来开发这个新的体系。 考点提炼 动词短语bring in表示“召来;召集” 句子仿造 更多的著名科学家被召来以找到解决

这个问题的方法。
More famous scientists were brought in to

find out a solution to this problem.

4.Moving in a wheelchair and speaking through
a special computer,he has become the voice of science. 在轮椅上移动,通过特殊的计算机说话,他已经成 了科学的代言人。 考点提炼 v.-ing短语作方式状语 句子仿造 我们已经乘车游览了许多地方。

Travelling by car, we have been to many
places of interest.

5.But not everybody wanted to use rockets in battles. 但是并非所有的人都想在战争中使用火箭。 考点提炼 部分否定 句子仿造

并非每一个人都赞成这一计划。

Not everyone is for the plan.

Ⅳ.模块语法

1〃He ________ for what he has done.
A. will punished B. will be punishing

C. is to be punishing
答案:D

D. is to be punished

2〃He insisted on ________ to work where conditions were poor. A. sending C. to sent 答案:B 3〃The children ________ in the nursery. A. are taking good care of B. are taking good care C. are taken good care of B. being sent D. to be sent

D. are taken good care
答案:C

4〃What he said is hard ________.

A. to believe
C. to be believing

B. to be believed
D. for believe

答案:A
5〃How sweet the music ________.

A. sounds to be
C. is sounding

B. is sounded
D. sounds

答案:D

6〃In warm weather fish and meat ________ long.

A. don't keep
C. are not kept

B. can't be kept
D. are not keeping

答案:A
7〃I received a telegarm ________: “Mother sick.”

A. written
C. reading

B. said
D. writing

答案:C

8〃The classroom ________ 25 feet long.

A. was measured
B. is measured

C. measures
D. has measured

答案:C

12〃动词的被动语态

1〃被动语态的时态结构,具体见下表:

①English is taught in most schools in China. (一般现在时)

中国大多数学校都教英语。
②They were given a warm send-off. (一般过去时)

他们受到热烈的欢送。
③I'm afraid I am being followed. (现在进行时)

恐怕我被人跟踪了。
④The case has recently been tried. (现在完成时)

案子最近已经审过了。

⑤Their wedding will be held in the church. (一般将来时)

他们的婚礼将在教堂里举行。
⑥All the tickets had been sold out when they arrived. (过去

完成时)
他们到达时,所有的票已经售完。

2〃与被动语态相关的九类问题

在英语中,如表示被动含义,动词常用被动语态,但有时虽
有被动含义,却不用被动语态,这往往是英语学习中值得

注意的几个问题。
(1)连系动词、不及物动词或不及物动词短语不能用被动语态。 The story happened last year.故事发生在去年。

(2)有些及物动词也没有被动语态。如have(有),equal(等

于),fit(适合),hold(容纳),join(参加),mean(意味着),
last(持续),cost(花费),wish(希望),look like(看起来像), belong to(属于)等。 The book cost him 20 dollars. 这本书花了他20美元。 (3)动词look, smell, sound, feel, taste用作连系动词时不用 被动语态,但有被动含义。 Cotton feels soft.棉花摸起来软绵绵的。

(4)一些动词,像write, sell, wash, open, wear, lock等,如表

示主语的性能时,不用被动语态。
The pen writes well.这钢笔书写流利。

(5)区别被动语态和系表结构:被动语态表动作,系表结构表
状态。 ①The form were filled by those who attended the meeting.(被 动语态) 表格由参加会议的人填写。

②The bottle was filled with water.(系表结构)

瓶里装满水。
(6)含情态动词的被动语态

结构:情态动词+be+动词过去分词。
This work can be easily done.这项工作容易做。

(7)动词短语的被动语态
短语动词如果是及物的,可以用于被动语态,构成短语的介

词或副词不能省略。如look after, talk about, set up, put
off, do away with, put up with等。

“动词+名词+介词”构成的动词短语,如make use of, pay

attention to, take care of等变为被动语态时,一般把整个
动词短语当作一个及物动词来处理。 These books are taken good care of. 这些书被很好地照料。

(8)带双宾语的主动句变为被动句

只把其中的一个宾语变为主语即可。
主动句:He gave me the present.

他给了我这份礼物。
被动句:I was given the present by him.

=The present was given (to) me by him.

(9)含复合宾语的主动句变为被动句

把宾语变为主语,宾语补足语变为主语补足语,不定式都必
须带to。

主动句:The farmer made his horse work for 3 hours.
农夫让他的马干了三个钟头的活。

被动句:The farmer's horse was made to work for 3 hours.

活学巧练:

(1)It remains________whether Jim'll be fit enough to play in
the finals.

A〃seen
C〃seeing

B.to be seen
D.to see

(2)I have to go to work by taxi because my car________at the
garage.

A〃will be repaired B.is repaired
C〃is being repaired D.has been repaired

(3)In a room above the store, where a party________, some

workers were busily setting the table.
A〃was to be held B.has been held

C〃will be held

D.is being held

(4)I can't see any coffee in this cupboard.________?

A〃Has it all been finished
B〃Was it all finished

C〃Has it all finished
D〃Did it all finish

(5)All the employees except the manager________to works

online at home.
A〃encourages B.encourage

C〃is encouraged
答案:(1)B (2)C

D.are encouraged
(3)A (4)A (5)D

13〃by+v.-ing结构

1〃by和动名词连用,表示以某种方式来实现某种目标。
He earns his living by writing.

他靠写作为生。
You switch the radio on by pressing this button.

按这个按钮就能打开收音机。

He lived quietly in Princeton,...and enjoying himself by

playing his violin in his simple home.
他在普林斯顿过着安静的生活,??在自己简朴的家里拉小

提琴消遣。
By working hard he gained rapid promotion. 他工作努力因而晋升很快。

2〃by 的其他用法:

(1)不涉及交通工具的名词时用by,名词前不带冠词。如:by
sea, by water, by land, by rail, by air等。

(2)涉及交通工具的名词时用by,但名词须用单数,其前面不
加冠词或任何修饰语。如:by bike, by taxi, by plane, by ship/boat, by train, by spaceship等。

(3)by与the连用,表示时间或度量单位。

①rent a car by the day(the week/the month)
按日(周、月)租用汽车

②sell sth. by the dozen(the yard/the ton)
论打(码/吨)卖??

③pay sb. by the day/hour...按天(小时)付款给某人

(4)by weight按重量计算

(5)表程度或数量
lose the match by one goal以一分之差输掉了比赛

(6)表示尺寸
This room is forty feet by twenty.

这个房间长四十英尺,宽二十英尺。

考题演练

1.John was given the same suitcase his father and
grandfather ________ with them to school.

A. took
C. were taking

B. had taken
D. would take

答案与解析:B

本题考查动词时态。要注意主从句中谓语

动 词 动 作 发 生 的 前 后 关 系 。 定 语 从 句 his father and

grandfather ________ with them to school中的动词take
动作发生在was given之前,故应用过去完成时态。

2〃The way the guests ________ in the hotel influenced their

evaluation of the service.
A. treated B. were treated

C. would treat
答案与解析:B

D. would be treated
本题考查动词的时态和语态。由句意可知

treat的动作与influenced的动作具有同时性,故用一般过
去时。客人是“受到对待”,故用被动语态。

3〃Professor Williams keeps telling his students that the

future ________ to the well-educated.
A. belongs B. is belonged

C. is belonging
答案与解析:A

D. will be belonged
本题考查belong的用法。要注意其中的一

些注意事项。句意:威廉姆斯教授一直告诫他的学生们说
未来是属于受过良好教育的人。belong to属于,此词组在 使用时要注意,不能用进行时态,也不能用被动语态。故 排除B、C、D项。

4〃—Would you please help me with the box?

—________
A. Yes, please. B. No, please don't.

C. With pleasure.
答案与解析:C

D. My pleasure.
本题考查交际用语。注意With pleasure.与

My/ A pleasure.的区别。对于对方的求助应用C项回答,
意为“很乐意提供帮助”。如果给对方提供了帮助,对方

表示感谢,则用D项回答。

5〃The biggest whale is ________ blue whale, which grows to

be about 29 meters long—the height of ________9-story
building. A. the; the C. a; the 答案与解析:D B. a; a D. the; a 本题考查冠词。对于冠词的应用,要明确

具体语境,以及冠词所限定的名词特点。the blue whale表 示“一类??”,即the+n.形式;a 9-story building一 座9层高的大楼。

6〃—What's that noise?

—Oh, I forgot to tell you. The new machine ________.
A. was tested B. will be tested

C. is being tested
答案与解析:C

D. has been tested
注意时态和语态的结合应用。根据一对一

的问答可知,“机器正在被检测”,故选C。

7〃Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, ________

they knew it to be valuable.
A. as if B. now that

C. even though
答案与解析:C

D. so that
此题考查状语从句。as if犹如,好像;now

that由于??,既然??;even though即使,纵然;so
that为的是,以便。结合句意,应选C项。

8〃The wet weather will continue tomorrow when a cold

front ________ to arrive.
A. is expected B. is expecting

C. expects
答案与解析:A 锋”。

D. will be expected
考查when引导的时间状语从句用一般现在

时代替一般将来时及expect的用法。cold front意为“冷

9〃________ in the queue for half an hour, the old man

suddenly realized he had left the cheque in the car.
A. Waiting B. To wait

C. Having waited
答案与解析:C

D. To have waited
本题考查非谓语动词作状语的用法。逗号

前的部分是时间状语,不定式一般不作时间状语,首先排
除B、D两项;wait的动作在realize之前,故用分词的完成 式。

Module 4

Great Scientists

Ⅰ.根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空

introduce
diagnose

support

publish

produce

measure

discover

agriculture award

chemistry

1〃Can you imagine how they________the depth of the sea?
答案:measured

2 〃 As we all know, climate plays an important role in

________.
答案:agriculture

3〃Is this a physical change or a________change?
答案:chemical

4〃Though he________with a deadly disease, he never lost
heart.

答案:was diagnosed

5〃The scientist devoted himself to research work and made

many________all his life in this field.
答案:discoveries

6〃A newspaper________the news that President Bush will
give another talk in Beijing University next week. 答案:published 7〃This kind of plant________into China from Europe.

答案:was introduced

8〃We should try our best to________ more food ourselves

and import less.
答案:produce

9〃The gold medal________to Mr. Turn for his excellent
performance in the contest. 答案:was awarded 10〃Mr. Smith had to work seven days a week, for he had a

very large family to________.
答案:support

Ⅱ.单项填空

1〃Now many people move into cities in order to have their
children ________.

A〃better educate
C〃better educated

B.receive well education
D.accept better education

答案与解析:C

四个选项中,A项无意义;B项中的well改

成good就是正确的;D项中accept不正确,受教育是客观

因素所决定的,应该用receive。所以,C项正确,better
是well的比较级,educated是过去分词作宾补。

2〃The government passed a law to protect the women and

children which is expected ________ from May 1.
A〃to come into effect B.taking effect

C〃to put into use
答案与解析:A

D.take effect
定语从句中的be expected后面应接动词不

定式;C项to put into use意思是“投入使用”,但法律上
可以说生效,不能说投入使用。

3〃Please be quiet. An important examination is ________.

A〃on the way
C〃in the way

B.in progress
D.in advance

答案与解析:B

A选项意思是“在路上”;B选项意思是

“在进行中”;C选项意思是“挡路”;D选项意思是

“预先”。所以只有B项符合题意。

4〃Compared to the last year, the factory ________ more

cars than trucks this year.
A〃production B.produced

C〃productive
答案与解析:B

D.producted
本题考查动词produce的用法。本句意为

“和去年相比较,那个工厂今年生产的轿车要比卡车多”。
produce意为“制造,生产”;其他三个词都不能用作动 词。

5〃Whoever he referred to was ________ me, because all of

them were ________ modern writers.
A〃well known to; known as B〃well known to; known for C〃well known as;known as D〃well known for; known for 答案与解析:A be known to意为“为某人所熟知”;be

known as 意为“作为??出名”;be known for意为“因 为??出名”。本句意为“无论他提到谁我都熟悉,因为他 们都是现代著名的作家”。

6〃In ________ ,great changes took place in that tiny

country.
A〃1850s B.1850's

C〃the 1850s
答案与解析:C

D.the 1850
“19世纪50年代”的表达方式有两种,即

in the 1850s和in the 1850's。

7〃Stop eating too much and do some sports, ________ you

will get overweight.
A〃or B.so

C〃and
答案与解析:A

D.but
本题考查句型“祈使句+and(or)+陈述

句”。连词用and意为“那么”;用or则意思为“否则”,
多用于逗号后面。

8〃Is that the old man ________ you often help with his

housework?
A〃/ B.as

C〃the one
答案与解析:A

D.whose
先 行 词the old man 后面的定 语从句由

who(whom)引导,并在句中充当宾语,可以省略。注意如
句子中去掉that或the,则答案应选C项。

9 〃 Luckily , they controlled the fire in time. If it had

________ out, it would have burned down the whole
building. A〃spread C〃come 答案与解析:A 之意。 B.gone D.reached 句意为“多亏大火得以及时控制。如果蔓

延开来,整幢大楼都会被烧掉的。”spread out有“蔓延”

10〃The left-wing party in this European country ________

in 1958.
A〃came to power B.came in power

C〃took a power
答案与解析:A

D.was taken power
come in power意为“达到某种状态”此处

came to power意为“上台执政”。

11〃He didn't pass the test ________ his long absence from

school.
A〃as a result B.after all

C〃as a result of
答案与解析:C

D.because
as a result为副词短语,as a result of是介

词短语,后面接名词短语。

12〃The experiment was ________ easier than ________.

A.more; expecting
C〃much more;expecting

B.much; expected
D.more;expected

答案与解析:B

much修饰形容词的比较级,experiment与

expect之间存在被动关系。

13〃The scientists are now trying to discover what use could

be ________ such materials.
A.made out B.made up

C〃made of
答案与解析:C

D.made from
本题考查动词短语make use of的被动语态。

14〃I never thought I would meet her again at a party

________ after so many years.
A〃by no chance B.by the accident

C〃by accident
答案与解析:C

D.in any chance
句意为“我从来没想到多年之后我会在一

次聚会上意外地见到她”。根据句意判断只有C项符合句
意,by accident固定短语,意为“偶然,意外地”,相当 于by chance。

15〃The policeman ________ two thieves who were caught

stealing in the supermarket.
We would like to ________ an expert on this topic for

discussion.
A〃bring up C〃bring in B.bring into D.bring out

答案与解析:C

本题考查短语的辨析:bring up“养育;

提起??.,谈到”;bring in“引来,引进,介绍,收入,
请??进来”;bring out“拿出;取出;把??带到户外; 使出现,使暴露;阐明;出产;出版;说出;了解到(真 相、秘密)”。bring into无意义,因此根据句意确定答案 是C项。

Ⅲ.翻译句子

1〃在水稻种植领域,中国科学家袁隆平是一位杰出人士。
_________________________

答案: In the rice-growing world, the Chinese scientist,
Yuan Longping, is a leading figure.

2〃他认为,解决人们吃饭问题的关键在于拥有更多的稻米,

并且能更快地生产出来。
_________________________

答案: He thought that the key to feeding people was to have
more rice and to produce it more quickly.

3〃由于袁隆平的发现,中国的水稻产量在20世纪90年代增

长了47.5%。
_________________________

答案:As a result of Yuan Longping' s discoveries, Chinese
rice production rose by 47.5 percent in the 1990's.

4〃In the United States, as situation changes, friendship may

fade away in a short time.
_________________________

答案:在美国,随着情况的变化,友谊可能会在短期内逐渐
消失。

5 〃 You learn in different ways and at different time

depending on the situation and what you are learning.
_________________________

答案:你会根据情况和你正在学的内容而采取不同的学习方
式,并在不同的时间学习。



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