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2016高考英语完形填空和阅读理解一轮选练(8)


四川省广安市 2016 高考英语完形填空和阅读理解一轮选练(8)
【2014 中原名校联盟一模】 完形填空。阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,D)中,选出可以填入 空白处的最佳选项。 For centuries, magicians have used various ways to shock the audience. We all have s

een how a 36 performer carefully steps 38 37 a bed of burning coals --

barefoot. Then he walks across

a single burn on his feet. Is it mind over matter, __39 , walking on burning coals isn’t that 41__ you, but if you walk quickly

or is it just physics? As it turns hot as

40 . “The coals are hot enough to 42

across them you

being burned.” says Jonathan Hall, a physician at Penn State

University in Eric Pennsylvania. That’s because some coals are made 44__ 43 burning wood chips. Wood has two

properties(特性)for fire-walking, explains Hall. First, wood is an insulator __45 heat very well. “It 46 _ time for heat to travel

(绝缘体)--it doesn’t 47

the wood to your feet.” Hall says. If the performer walked across red-hot metal 49 , because metal conducts, or transmits, heat very burn a performer’s feet. 51 its

48 , that would truly be well. The metal would 50

Second, wood has a low specific heat-- it doesn’t take much heat to temperature. Heat is a form of degrees. So 54 52 . Temperature is a 53

of heat, in units of

the coals are hot, the value(数值)of heat energy they contain 55 such an amazing result.

is low. Thus, a well-trained performer can

Still, you don’t want to walk on burning coals, do you? 36. A. daring 37. A. at 38. A. with 39. A. out 40. A. imagine 41. A. fire 42. A. prevent B. dare B. over B. within B. on B. imagined B. burn B. keep C. rough C. on C. without C. off C. imagining C. light C. ignore D. fearful D. above D. over D. in D. to imagine D. flame D. avoid

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43. A. off 44. A. ideal 45. A. transmit 46. A. gathers 47. A. through 48. A. unhappy 49. A. charming 50. A. instantly 51. A. produce 52. A. power 53. A. measure 54. A. what if 55. A. achieve 【参考答案】完型: 36-45 、ACCAB

B. from B. classic B. communicate B. takes B. into B. unharmed B. magical B. constantly B. raise B. source B. rank B. however B. arrive

C. of C. favorite C. bring C. gains C. over C. unhealthy C. tricky C. frequently C. construct C. energy C. estimate C. as if C. draw

D. in D. standard D. send D. stands D. pass D. unprepared D. fashionable D. lately D. create D. strength D. rate D. even though D. take

BDBAA

46-55 、BABBA

BCADA

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A.B.C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 “Dr. Papaderos, what is the meaning of life?” The usual laughter followed, and people stirred to go. Papaderos held up his hand and stilled the room and looked at me for a long time, asking with his eyes if I was serious and seeing from my eyes that I was. “I will answer your question.” Taking his wallet out of his hip pocket, he fished into a leather billfold and brought out a very small round mirror, about the size of a quarter. And what he said went like this: “When I was a small child, during the war, we were very poor and we lived in a remote village. One day, on the road, I found the broken pieces of a mirror. A German motorcycle had been wrecked in that place. I tried to find all the pieces and put them together, but it was not possible, so I kept only the largest piece. This one, and, by scratching it on a stone, I made
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it round. I began to play with it as a toy and became fascinated by the fact that I could reflect light into dark places where the sun would never shine—in deep holes and crevices(裂缝)and dark closets. It became a game for me to get light into the most inaccessible places I could find. I kept the little mirror, and, as I went about my growing up, I would take it out in idle moments and continue the challenge of the game. As I became a man, I grew to understand that this was not just a child’s game but a metaphor for what I might do with my life. I came to understand that I am not the light or the source of light. But light—truth, understanding, knowledge—is there, and it will shine in many dark places only if I reflect it. I am a fragment(碎片)of a mirror whose whole design and shape I do not know. Nevertheless, with what I have I can reflect light into the dark places of this world—into the black places in the hearts of men—and change some things in some people. Perhaps others may see and do likewise. This is what I am about. This is the meaning of my life.” 1. On hearing the author’s question, Dr. Papaderos __________ at first. A. laughed at his foolishness C. doubted his seriousness B. wasn’t sure of the answer D. wasn’t interested at all

2. How did Dr. Papaderos get the small round mirror when he was a child? A. He found it on the road and made it round. B. A dying German soldier gave him as a present. C. He chanced to find it in the street while playing. D. He put the broken pieces together and made it. 3. Why did Dr. Papaderos like the small round mirror so much as a child? A. Because he was too poor to afford other toys. B. Because it could shine the places where the sun couldn’t reach. C. Because he believed it would bring good luck to him. D. Because it told him a lot about what life really meant to him. 4. The underlined “metaphor” in the 7th paragraph most probably means A. symbol D. purpose 5. Which of the following might be the best title for the passage? A. A Special Game in the Childhood C. Dr. Papaderos’ Experience B. A Broken Piece of Mirror D. The Meaning of Life
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_____ .

B. source

C. light

【参考答案】1—5、CABAD。

阅读理解。 Redheaded birthday boy Jake Balcom, newly 11, walked into the principal’s office at Centennial Lane Elementary School in Ellicott City ready for his big surprise. His name had been announced over the loudspeaker moments earlier. Today was going to be special. Back in the day—like, before fifth grade —Jake’s parents would bring cupcakes to school in his honor. But this year, for the first time, his Howard County school has forbidden parents from bringing “edible treats” for students’ birthdays. That means no more cupcakes, brownies, chocolate chip cookies, birthday cake, ice cream, Rice Krispies treats or pizza. Instead, Jake got a handshake from Principal Robert Bruce and a colorful pencil and a card. “We hope that you have a terrific birthday,” the card read. Jake just smiled, and went back to class. Centennial Lane is part of a movement across the Washington area and the country to take the battle against childhood obesity to one of education’s most beloved functions: the school party. But some are worried that the fight is going one step too far— and taking some of the fun out of being a kid. Schools, where many children eat two of their day’s meals, are being pushed to the front lines of the battle against kiddy bulge. A federal law requires schools to create wellness policies that encourage students to be more active and eat more healthfully. Some schools in Virginia have started exercise clubs. In Maryland, schools are cracking down on vending-machine junk food. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP), the proportion of overweight children ages 6 to 11 has skyrocketed in recent decades, from 7 percent in 1980 to 16 percent in 2002. Among 12 to 19-year-olds, the rate of obesity more than tripled, from 5 percent to 16 percent. Health officials have called obesity a pandemic (流行病).
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At Centennial Lane, the principal said some parents have complained about the school’s new policy, and others have adapted by bringing in nonfood treats—such as rulers or erasers. Jake Balcom said he missed bringing treats to school. But he wasn’t too bothered by their absence because he had celebrated his birthday with friends. They went to see the movie “Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit” and shared his birthday cake at his house.

1. What is Jake Balcom’s reaction to his gifts for his 11-year-old birthday from his school ? A. He felt puzzled by the gifts quite different from the former ones. B. He almost felt the same as before because he had celebrated his birthday with friends. C. He preferred chocolate chip cookies, birthday cake, ice cream than pencils and cards. D. He would rather have a birthday party than a handshake from the principal. 答案解析:答案为 B。本题为细节推理题。由第四段 “Jake just smiled, and went back to class.”和最后一段 “But he wasn’t too bothered by their absence because he had celebrated his birthday with friends.” 可知,答案为 B。

2. The underlined phrase “kiddy bulge” (in Paragraph 6 ) means “______”. A. parents’ gifts C. kids’ overweight B. childrne’s parties D. children’s exercises

答案解析:答案为 C。本题为词义推测题。结合该词所在的下文 “?that encourage students to be more active and eat more healthfully. Some schools in Virginia have started exercise clubs. In Maryland, schools are cracking down on vending-machine junk food.” 和下一段的首句 “?the proportion of overweight children ages 6 to 11 ?.” 可知,答案为 C。

3. Which of the following is TURE according to the passage?
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A. Parents all agree that the fight against childhood obesity is going too far. B.According to CDCP, the proportion of overweight children has had a tendency of increasing. C. For this year’s Halloween party, kids can enjoy what they like as usual. D. Jake Balcom is a primary school pupil in fourth grade. 答案解析:答案为 B。本题为细节题。由倒数第三段的数据 “?from 7 percent in 1980 to 16 percent in 2002. Among 12 to 19-year-olds, the rate of obesity more than tripled, from 5 percent to 16 percent...” 可知,肥胖儿童的比例已经呈现增长趋势,故答案 B 正 确。 由第五段 “? to take the battle against childhood obesity to one of education’s most beloved functions: the school party. But some are worried that the fight is going one step too far—and taking some of the fun out of being a kid.” 可知,选项 A 错误。 由第二段 “That means no more cupcakes, brownies, chocolate chip cookies, birthday cake, ice cream, Rice Krispies treats or pizza. Instead, Jake got a handshake from Principal Robert Bruce and a colorful pencil and a card.” 可知,选项 C 错误。由第 二段首句 “Back in the day—like, before fifth grade —Jake’s parents would bring cupcakes to school in his honor.” 可推理,五年级之前的四年级,父母会带 cupcakes 到 学校,可见 Jake Balcom 现在应该是五年级的学生了。故选项 D 错误。

4. Which of the following is the measure taken by the Centennial Lane Elementary School? A. Starting exercise clubs. B. Cracking down on vending-machine junk food. C. Forbidding parents from taking the food to the school. D. Taking all the fun out of being a kid. 答案解析:答案为 C。本题为细节题。题干对 Centennial Lane Elementary School 所采取 的措施提问。由第二段 “?has forbidden parents from bringing “edible treats” for students’ birthdays.” 和第五段 “Centennial Lane is part of a movement ?”可知, C 选项正确。 由第六段 “Some schools in Virginia have started exercise clubs. In Maryland, schools are cracking down on vending-machine junk food.” 可知,选项 A,B 错误。第 五段最后一句话提到 “But some are worried that the fight is going one step too far
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—and taking some of the fun out of being a kid.” ,故选项 D 错误。

【2015 高考复习】阅读理解 One of the most debated issues about alcohol consumption has been the consistent finding that those who don't drink tend to die sooner than those who do.The standard Alcoholics Anonymous explanation for this finding is this:many of those who give up alcohol are actually former hard?core drunks who had already brought health problems associated with drinking. But a new paper suggests that abstaining(戒除)from alcohol does tend to increase one's risk of dying,even when you leave former problem drinkers out.The most shocking part—abstainers'(禁酒者)mortality rates(死亡率)are higher than those of heavy drinkers. Moderate(适度的)drinking,which is defined as one to three drinks per day,is associated with the lowest mortality rates.Moderate alcohol use is thought to improve heart health,circulation and sociability,which can be important because people who are cut off don't have as many family members and friends who can notice and help treat health problems. But why would abstaining from alcohol lead to a shorter life?It's true that those who abstain from alcohol tend to be from lower socioeconomic classes,since drinking can be expensive.And people of lower socioeconomic status have more life stressors(压 力因素). Though heavy drinking is associated with higher risk for many diseases, heavy_drinkers_are_less_likely_to_die_than_don't_drink.One important reason is that alcohol strengthens social interactions,and social interactions are vital for maintaining mental and physical health.Nondrinkers show greater signs of depression. The authors of the new paper are careful to note that even if drinking is associated with a longer life,it can be dangerous:it can affect your memory severely and it can lead to falls and other troubles that can affect your life.There's also the dependency issue:if you become addicted to alcohol,you may spend a long time trying to get off the bottle. 16.What can we know from the Alcoholics Anonymous explanation and the new paper? A.The former finds that abstainers can live longer than heavy drinkers. B.The former finds that nondrinkers can live longer than heavy drinkers.
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C.The latter finds that healthy abstainers can live shorter than heavy drinkers. D.The latter finds that nondrinkers can live shorter than heavy drinkers. 答案 C [细节推理题。由文章第二段的第一句话“即使不算那些之前喝酒后来戒酒的人,不

喝酒也确实会导致死亡率升高”可知,C 项正确。] 17.Which of the following is the benefit of moderate drinking? A.It helps blood circulation. B.It helps remove people's life stressors. C.It reduces people's association with friends. D.It can save a lot of money. 答案 A [细节理解题。 根据文章第三段第二句中的“improve heart health, circulation and

sociability”可知,A 项正确。] 18.What does the underlined sentence (in Para.5)mean? A.Heavy drinkers can live longer if they give up drinking. B.Heavy drinkers can live longer even if they don't give up drinking. C.The mortality rate of heavy drinkers is lower if they don't give up drinking. D.The mortality rate of heavy drinkers will be lower if they give up drinking. 答案 C [句意理解题。该句前面说“尽管重度酗酒者犯很多病的几率很大”,该句接下来的

两句是对画线句子的解释,“最重要的原因是饮酒可以加强社交联系,这有助于人们的身心健 康。 因此不喝酒的人更易抑郁。 ”由此可推断本句的意思是“重度饮酒者不戒酒时死亡率低。 ” 故选 C。] 19.It can be learned from the last paragraph that ________. A.the authors of the new paper support drinking B.people should start drinking if wanting to live longer C.many people doubt whether drinking is good for health or not D.drinking can do harm to people's life 答案 D [推理判断题。文章最后一段提到尽管喝酒能够让人长寿,但是喝酒也会给人带来一

些危害,“it can be dangerous”是中心词,因此 D 项正确。]

【2015 高考复习】阅读理解 A mother was devastated,crying,yelling all she can in that dark corner.There was nobody to hear her yell and not a soul to calm her,because outside her house is a long winding lonely road.The wind was at rest and the leaves didn't rustle,silence
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filling cry!

the air.Loneliness was already killing her,but no one knows what made her

Losing something you love with all your heart isn't really the pain you can ever overcome.Radha lost her baby,her only means to live.She saw her child getting killed and the accident was

terrible.One lonely night,she was walking down the street to get a breath of fresh air with her child hugged tight in her arms. The whole time she walked with her child in her arms,the only thing that worried her was Aryan's future.She was imagining and feeling every day of the child's growth, and figuring what she would have in store for him.But who knows what's in store for us tomorrow,life can change in a second. On that deserted road,were a few streetlights barely enough?It was this light that could be seen from a disktance,but as it came closer it got brighter and brighter.That light changed Radha's life into darkness forever.A speeding car came down that road.The driver came at a speed of 110 kmph throwing beer bottles out of his half open window.He was definitely drunk,and the speed took everything in its path.Just then,there was a loud cry,and silence set in again. But the mother wasn't hurt.She opened her eyes,unable to focus her eyes,and didn't see Aryan.After a few minutes when her sight cleared up she looked all over in a panic for her baby,but alas...The child hadn't even seen life. Simply,don't drink and drive.You_could_take_a_life,but_kill_a_number_of_people. 【语篇导读】 一位司机酒后驾车发生事故,夺去了一个充满活力的孩子的生命和一位母亲的 全部希望?? 16.The underlined word“devastated”in Paragraph 1 would probably mean“_____”. A.worried C.heart?broken 答案 C B.scared D.weather?beaten

[词义猜测题。从该词所在句的“crying,yelling all she can...”可知,这位母

亲伤心欲绝,所以 devastated 语义同 heart?broken,选 C 项。] 17.Which of the following statements is TRUE of Radha? A.She had expected much of Aryan. B.She got her eyes injured in the accident. C.She was hit by one bottle on the arm. D.She had everything ready for Aryan's future. 答案 A [推理判断题。 从第三段的前两句可知, 这位母亲对孩子的期望很高, 故答案选 A 项。 ]
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18.The underlined sentence implies that________. A.drunk driving is absolutely forbidden B.drunk driving is certain to kill a lot of people C.the driver killed Aryan and his mother D.there is more than one victim in a car accident 答案 D [推理判断题。从文章中这位母亲撕心裂肺的哭喊及常识可推知,酒后驾车的受害者

不止一个,答案选 D 项。] 19.What would be the best title for the passage? A.The Death of a Miserable Child. B.A Sad Mother on a Windy Night. C.The Price for Another Man's Mistake. D.Speeding from Drunk Driving. 答案 C [主旨大意题。文章主要讲述了一位司机酒后驾车发生事故导致一个孩子死亡,孩子

的母亲伤心绝望的故事, 所以 C 项“另一个人的错误的代价”能较好地概括全文, 答案选 C 项。 ]

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