2015 年普通高中学生学业水平模拟考试 英 语
（本试卷分第 I 卷和第 II 卷，考试时间 90 分钟，满分 100 分） 第 I 卷（选择题 满分 60 分） 第一部分 阅读理解（共 20 小题； 每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、 B、C 和 D）中， 选出最佳选项。 A On Tuesday, Apple’ CEO, T
im Cook, announced the Apple Watch. It is like a normal watch, but it can do all the things a mobile phone does — and more. At US $349, the Apple Watch is expensive. Some people doubt that they will become as successful as smartphones. However, it seems that it will open another door for the use of computers. The watch taps you whenever a new message comes in. It prepares answers to questions you receive from friends. It checks your health. “It’s the most personal product we’ve ever made, ” Cook said. If the Apple Watch becomes popular, it will change the way the world communicates with computers. “It might not only be a change for Apple, but for the whole industry, ” says technology expert, Daniel Ives. How does it work? The Apple Watch has a speaker that users can both hear and feel. You can press the side button to communicate with people quickly and easily. The Apple Watch also introduces health and fitness apps(应用 程序)that can help people lead healthier lives. You can try it. According to Matt Vella, a writer for TIME magazine, the watch is “the most thrilling product since the iPad. ” After actually trying the watch, he says: “ There’s a lot we don’t know about the Apple Watch. How long will its battery last? How exactly will it connect with the iPhone? But wearing the watch answers some other questions. It is very comfortable. You can easily forget you are wearing the Apple Watch. ” 1. What does the underlined sentence probably mean? A. The Apple Watch will be successful as the smartphone. B. Contrary to popular belief, many people dis like the Apple Watch. C. Some people don’t think the Apple Watch will be as popular as smartphones. D. Some people think the Apple Watch will be more popular than smartphones. 2. Who is Tim Cook according to the passage? A. An officer . B. An editor. C. A writer. D. A teacher. 3. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage? A.The Apple Watch has a speaker. B. The Apple Watch can check your health. C.You can send messages with the Apple Watch. D.The Apple Watch doesn’t need a battery. 4. What does Matt Vella think about the Apple Watch? A. Beautiful. B. Exciting. C. normal D. Expensive. 5. This passage is about ________. A. how to choose the Apple Watch
B. why people buy the Apple Watch C.a new product D.a new method B A couple of years ago on a hot summer day in south Florida, a little boy decided to go for a swim in the old swimming hole behind his house. In a hurry to dive into the cool water, he ran out of the back door, leaving behind shoes, socks, and shirt as he went. He flew into the water, not realizing that as he swam toward the middle of the lake, an alligator (短吻鳄) was swimming toward the shoe. His mother in the house was looking out of the window and saw the two as they got closer and closer together. In great fear, she ran toward the water, shouting to her son as loudly as she could. Hearing her voice, the little boy became worried and made a return to swim to his mother. It was too late. Just as he reached her, the alligator reached him. From the bank. the mother caught her little boy by the arms just as the alligator snatched his legs. That began a tug-of-war (拔河) between the two. The alligator was much stronger than the mother, but the mother was much too determined to let go. A farmer happened to drive by, heard her screams, raced from his truck, took aim and shot the alligator. After weeks and weeks in hospital, the little boy survived. His legs were extremely scarred (留下伤疤) by the attack of the animal and on his arms were deep scratches where his mother ’s fingernails dug into his flesh in her effort to hang on to the son she loved. The newspaper reporter, who interviewed the boy after the injury, asked if he would show him his scars. The boy lifted his pants legs. And then, with obvious pride, he said to the reporter. “But look at my arms. I have great scars on my arms, too. I have them because my mom wouldn ’t let go. 6. The boy’s legs were scarred by_______. A. his mother B. an alligator C. a farmer D. a reporter 7. What does the underlined word “snatched” probably mean? A. Kicked. B. Touched. 8. Why did the farmer help the mother? C. Bit. D. Knocked.
A. He didn’t want to see the alligator killing the boy. B. She was much too determined to let go of the boy. C. Her nails dug into the boy’s flesh to hang on to the boy. D. The boy lifted his pants legs to show his scars. 9. What did the boy think of the scars on his arms? A. fearful. A. A Brave Boy C. A Helpful Farmer C A new Australian research indicates that children with a stutter (结巴) do not suffer disadvantages at school, More than ten percent of children have a stutter by the age of four but they score just as high as other
C. worried. B. The scars of Love
10. What is the best title of the passage? D. A Mother and An Alligator
children on tests designed to judge their language, thinking skills and character. Professor Reilly’s team studied over 1600 children from Melbourne, Australia. Their mothers had been filling out regular questionnaires since their babies were eight months old and the children were judged by a range of language and behaviour tests when they reached the age of four. Reilly and her colleagues asked the parents to call the study group if their children started showing signs of stuttering. Diagnoses were confirmed by a researcher, who then visited the homes of children with a stutter every month to check on their progress. By the age of four, 181 of the children studied had been diagnosed with a stutter. Follow-up visits to the 181 children who were judged after diagnoses showed just nine no longer had a stutter one year later. Stuttering children scored 5. 5 points higher than that of their non-stuttering children on language tests and 2. 6 points higher on the test of non-verbal intelligence. The researchers said it was possible that stuttering could improve language skills, or that stuttering could result from very fast language development among some children. The research suggests parents of children who stutter are usually advised to wait a year before looking for treatment —which can be expensive — to see if the stutter goes away by itself, unless the children become very unhappy or stop talking. 11. Children with a stutter at school _______. A. are poor in their lessons C. work much harder than others B. have normal language skills D. are looked down upon by others
12. According to Reilly, parents should make a telephone to the study members when ______. A. they wanted to turn in the questionnaires B. their children were rude to other people C. they wanted to seek some practical advice D. their children had a symptom of stuttering 13. The author shows the result of the research by _______. A. presenting some statistics B. offering some good examples C. telling some interesting stories D. performing some operations 14. Some children may stutter probably because_______. A. they become angry very easily B. their intelligence is very poor C. they don’t have any patience at all D. their language develops very quickly 15. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that _______. A. it costs quite a lot to treat children with a stutter B. it is hard for stuttering children to speak normally C. children with a stutter should be treated in a proper way D. stuttering children can’t be any worse off than they are already D About five to seven million people who lived in England spoke English at the end of the 16th century. Later in the next century, people from England overcame other parts of the world and because
of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries. Today, more people speak English as their first, second or a foreign language than ever before. Look at this example: British Betty: Would you like to see my flat? American Amy: Yes. I’d like to come up to your apartment. So why has English changed over time? All languages change and develop when cultures meet. At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. Then between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like German because those who ruled England spoke first Danish and later French. These new settlers improved the English language and especially its vocabulary. So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. Finally by the 19th century the language was settled. At that time two big changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of the English Language. The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling. English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia. For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. During that time English became the language for government and education. Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. 16. When did English begin to be spoken in many other counrties? th A. In 16 century. B. In 17 century. C. In 18th century. D. In 19th century. 17.Shakespeare could use a wider vocabulary than ever before because English_______. A. developed when new settlers came to Britian B. was based on Germany during the 5 century C. became the language for government and education D. was spoken wide all over the world 18. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. British settlers moved to America in the 18 th . B. It’s easy for Chinese people speak fluent English. C. English once became the official language in India. D. English was influenced by Danish invaders in AD 450 . 19. What showed the differences of American English spelling? A. Samuel Johnson’s dictionary B. Shakespeare’s books C. French ruler ’s language D. Noah Webster ’s dictionary 20. For what purpose does the author write the passage? A. To settle English in many countries. B. To understand English-speaking people. C. To describe the development of English. D. To tell people changes of American English.
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 21—40 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最 佳选项。 Jack and his 11-year-old son, Tony, love basketball very much. On Tony ’s birthday, Jack decided to drive him 21 Chicago, more than two hours ’ distance, for the first game of the World Championships. They had no 22 but hoped to buy two from other people. After arriving in Chicago, they 23 in the streets for two hours carrying a need two tickets ”. 25 the cheapest ticket was $175 and they could not 26 leave when a man 27 them. He pulled out two tickets and 28 want?” “ 29 ! No money is needed! ” said the man. When asked, the man 30 , “I am working for Joe, who hasn’t 24 which said, “We it. They were about to
them to Jack. “How much do you 31 a World Championships for
16 years. But he is ill and can’t make it this time. So he told me to give the two tickets away. The only 32 he set is to give the tickets to people I think will be deserving. A lot of people looked as if they might just take the tickets and 33 them right away. Then I saw you. You seemed very 34 and you made me 35 my Dad and myself when I was a child. I 36 wanted to go to see a World Championships game with my father at that time. But I never got the 37 …” How important and worth 40 38 the game was to Jack and his son! Here is 39 Jack said, “It’s the most thing that happened to us. My boy and I must have turned to each other 30 times during the C. through C. passes C. walked C. magazine C. Or C. keep C. stopped C. left C. Terrible C. examined C. lost C. rule C. tear C. smart C. give up C. well C. chance C. disappointing C. that C. remembering
game. I can’t forget that night. ” 21. A. in B. to 22. A. tickets B. cards 23. A. rode 24. A. book 25. A. But 26. A. offer 27. A. invited 28. A. handed 29. A. Cheap 30. A. agreed 31. A. delayed 32. A. record 33. A. lend 34. A. boring 35. A. think of 36. A. really 37. A. ability 38. A. unpleasant 39. A. which 40. A. hating B. ran B. photo B. And B. afford B. asked B. sent B. Expensive B. explained B. won B. time B. sell B. interesting B. care for B. very B. right B. funny B. what B. discussing
D. for D. money D. cried D. sign D. So D. hold D. beat D. threw D. Free D. appeared D. missed D. point D. make D. anxious D. belong to D. nearly D. dream D. unforgettable D. how D. playing
第 II 卷（非选择题 满分 40 分）
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第二节 （共 10 小题； 每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 A: Well, what do you think? McDonad’s is going to build 41 new restaurant in our hometown. B: 42 (certain)not! I hate all that expensive, 43 (taste) food. Where are they going to build it? A: Over there where that old restaurant is. B: But where are we going to eat our local dishes? I love to eat 44 there. It’s so friendly. Why are they closing? A: McDonad’s offered that old restaurant a lot of money, so they wanted to sell. I think we will all benefit. An old part of town 45 (improve) and we shall have 46 (many) jobs. B: Don’t you believe it ! I 47 (read) read about these kinds of restaurants. They provide a terrible diet for young children. How does McDonad’s know that we want their restaurant here? Nobody has asked our opinions. A: Well, since you are against it, why not take part in a meeting to vote 48 whether we want (build) . I will give
McDonad’s 49 not? You may give the reasons why you don’t want it 50 the reasons for building it. B: That seems a very good idea. Let’s do that.
第三部分 书面表达（共 1 小题；满分 25 分） 假定你是新华中学的学生李华，得知某英文报招聘兼职记者，你有意应聘，请按以下要点给报 社写一封自荐信。 要点：1. 表示感兴趣； 2. 说明优势：知识面、英语水平、合作精神、相关经历； 3. 希望得到回复。 注意：1. 可以适当增加细节； 2. 开头与结尾已写好，不计入总词数；
3. 词数 100左右。
Dear Sir or Madam, ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Yours faithfully, Li Hua
参考答案（三） 一、参考答案 第I卷 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. B 5.C 6.B 7. C 8. A 9. D 10. B 11. B 12. D 13.A 14.D 15. C 16. B 17. A 18. C 19. D 20. C 21.B 22.A 23.C 24. D 25.A 26.B 27. C 28. A 29. D 30. B 31. D 32. C 33. B 34. D 35. A 36. A 37. C 38. D 39. B 40.C 第 II 卷 41. a 42. Certainly 43.tasteless 44. them 45. will be improved 47. have read 48. on/about 49. or 50. to be built 书面表达： Dear Sir or Madam, I’m a student from Xinhua Middle School and glad to learn that you want a few part-time English reporters. I ’m interested in this chance. I believe I’m qualified for the job. As a student, I ’ve read a lot and have a wide knowledge in many fields. Above all, I like English and do well in both speaking and writing. Bes ides, I ’m easy to get along with and enjoy working with others. I once worked as a reporter for my school broadcasting station, so I ’m sure I can do the job well if I get the position. I’m looking forward to your reply. Yours faithfully, Li Hua 46.more