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a big headache 令人头痛的事情 above all 首先,尤其是 absent from 不在,缺席 abundant in 富于
according to 根据 act upon each other 相互作用 accept as 承认是;接受为

accuse sb. of sth.控告

account for 解释;说明 achieve one's aim 实现目 adapt oneself to 使自己适应…… adapt to 适应 add ... to ... 把…加入

add to 增加 add…in… 把…加进去;包括
add up to 合计达 address oneself to 向…讲话;与…通信

a fraction of 一部分 after all 毕竟,究竟
a few (表示肯定)有些,几个

after all 毕竟,终究

agree with 同意
a great quantity of (接可数或不可数)大量 a good deal of (接不可数名词)许多,大量 ahead of 在…前面,先于

ahead of time / schedule 提前
all but 几乎,差一点;除了…都 all of a sudden 忽然 all over 到处,遍及;全部结束。 all right 令人满意的;(健康)良好的;好,行,可以 all the same 仍然,照样地; all the time 一直,始终

alien to 与...相反 all at once 突然,同时 all over again 再一次,重新
a large amount of (接不可数名词)大量 a little (表示肯定)一些,一点点 a lot of (接可数、不可数名词) 大量的,许多

a matter of concern 焦点
amount to 总共达到;实际上是 answer for 对……负责任

angry with sb. at/about sth.生气,愤怒

anxious about/for 忧虑,担心 anything but 根本不
a number of (接可数名词)若干,许多 and so on 等等

appeal to 吸引,申诉,请求 applicable to 适用于 apply to 适用
apply oneself to 致力于

appropriate for/to 适当,合适 approximate to 近似,接近 apt at 聪明,善于 apt to 易于
apart from 除…之外(别无);除…之外(尚有) a plenty of 许多,大量 approve of 赞同;赞许 argue with sb. about sth. 因……和某人争执

around the clock 夜以继日
assist in doing sth. 协助某人做…… associate … with … 使发生联系;使联合 assure sb. of sth. 使(某人)确信(某事)

as a matter of fact 实际上 as a result(of) 因此,由于

as a rule 通常,照例 as far as ...be concerned 就...而言 as far as 远至,到...程度 as follows 如下 as for 至于,关于 ask for the moon 异想天开 ask for leave 请假 ask for 请求,要求 as if 好像,防腐 as regards 关于,至于 as to 至于,关于 as usual 照例,像平常一样as well as 除…之外(也),既…又 as well 同样,也,还 ashamed of 羞愧,害臊 aside from 除...外(还有)

a series of 一系列,一连串
as…as… 像,如同,与…一样 as long as 只要,如果;既然,由于 as soon as 一…就,刚…便 as good as 和...几乎一样 as though 好像,仿佛

at a time 一次,每次 at a loss 困惑不解,茫然不知所措 at all times 随时,总是 at all (用于否定句)丝毫(不),一点(不) at all costs 不惜任何代价,无论如何 at all events 不管怎样,无论如何 at any rate 无论如何,至少 at best 充其量,至多 at ease 舒适(地),安逸(地) at first sight 乍一看,初看起来 at first 最初,起先 at hand 在手边,在附近 at heart 内心里,本质上 at home 在家,在国内 at intervals 不时,每隔... at large 大多数,未被捕获的 at last 终于 at least 至少 at length 最终,终于 at most 至多,不超过 at no time 从不,决不 at one time 曾经,一度;同时

at once 马上,立刻;同时,一起 at present 目前,现在 at someone's disposal 任...处理 at the rate 照此速度 at the cost of 以...为代价

at the mercy of 任凭...摆布 at the moment 此刻,目前 at times 有时,间或 attach importance to 认为重要 at the same time 同时;然而,不过 at the sight of 一看见…就 aware of 意识到

back and forth 来回地,反复地 back of 在...后面 back up 后备,支援, 支持;倒退 bare of 几乎没有,缺乏 be absorbed in 专心于,精神贯注于 be able to do 能够 be around 差不多 be available to sb.可用,可供

bear. .in mind 记住(某事) beat around the bush 拐弯没角 beat the crowd 避开人群 be accustomed to 习惯于 be addicted to 沉溺于;使吸毒成瘾 be bound to 一定 be beneficial to 有利于;有益于 be better off 境况富裕;更富有 be bound to 一定会……;必然…… be burdened with … 使负重担 be capable of 有做出(某事)倾向的 be careful with 对……小心/认真 be caught in (a rain; a traffic jam; the earthquake) 偶然遇上(雨、堵 塞、地震等) be composed of 由……组成 be concerned with 关心;挂念;从事于 be crazy about 对……着迷 be cross with sb. at sth. 因某事和……发脾气 be curious about 对……感到好奇 be capable of doing 能够 because of 因为,由于 be described as 被描写成

be dying to 渴望 be deaf to sth. 对……充耳不闻 be determined to do sth. 决意/决心做某 be eager for sth. 渴求某事物 be fed up with 受够了 before long 不久以后 be fed up with 对……感到厌烦;腻了 behind schedule 误点 be in season 上市的/in peak season 旺季 be in the mood to do sth. 想做 be in favor of 支持 be jealous of sb. 嫉妒某人 be keen on 喜爱;渴望 be located in 位于……,坐落在…… be marked with 被标上……记号 be made up of 由…组成,由…构成 bent on sth. 下定决心做… be occupied in 忙于……;正从事…… be pressed for time 时间不够 beside point 离题的,不相干的 be strict with sb. / in sth. 对……要求严格 be short of 缺少,不足;未达到

be tired of be in hospital 住院 be tied up with 忙于 be through with / be finished with bring about 使…发生 be under the weather 身体不好 be worth doing sth 值得做某事 beyond (the) question 毫无疑问,确定无疑 beyond one's ability 超越某人的能力 both. . .and. . 既…又…,不但…而且 book on reserve 须留的图书 booked up 订完了 bound for 开往 break down 损坏,抛锚 break in 破门(窗)而入;打断,插嘴 break into 强行闯进 break off -中断,中止 break one's leave ;超假 break out (战争等)爆发;使逃脱,使逃走 break through 突破,突围 break up 打碎;终止,结束 break up with 和某人分手, 驱散;学校的放学 bring someone up to date 帮某人赶上 bring about 带来,引起,导致

bring forward 提出(建议等) bring in to effect 使生效,实行 bring in to operation …实施;使运行 bring out 使…显示出来;出版 bring up 教育,培养 build up 逐步建立、增强,增进 but for 倘没有,要不是 burst into tears 突然哭起来 by all means 尽一切办法,务必 by and by 不久,迟早 by accident 偶然 by air 通过航空途径;用无线电 by all means 尽一切办法,务必 by chance 偶然,碰巧 by far …得多,最(修饰比较级和最高级) by hand 用手,用体力 by itself 自动地,独自地 by means of 用,依靠 by mistake 错误地,无意中(做了某件错事) by no means 决不,并没有 by oneself 单独地,独自地

by reason of 由于 by the way 顺便地,附带地说说 by virtue of 借助,由于 by way of 经过,经由;通过…的方法

call on 号召,邀请,点某人的名,拜访 call for 要求,需要;邀请 call off 取消(计划、比赛) call up 打电话;召集 cannot help doing 禁不住,忍不住 cannot. .too. .越…越好,再…也不过分 capable of 有…能力(或技能)的;能…的 careful of/about/with 小心,注意 care for 照顾,照料;喜欢 carry forward 发扬;进行 carry off 拿走,夺去…的生命 carry / do / make an experiment 做实验 carry on 继续;坚持下去;从事;经营 carry out 进行到底;贯彻执行 catch sight of 发现;看到;突然看见 catch up with 赶上

certain of /about 确信,肯定 chair a meeting 主持会议 charge sb. with sth.控告 check in 办理登记手续,报到 check out 结账后离开,办妥手续离开 cheer up 高兴起来,振作起来 clear up 清理;使变清;放晴 clear of 没有,不接触 clever at 善于 close to 接近,亲近 clear up 解释;澄清;整理;收拾;天气变晴 come in contact with 与…取得联系 come out of sth. alive 大难不死 come up (with)提出,拿出 come up 出现,走上前来 come across 偶然发现;偶然遇到 come into effect 开始生效;开始实行 come into operation 施行生效;开始工作 come by 收到,得到;(为看望某人)作短暂拜访 come out 出现;显露;出版;发表;结果是 come around 苏醒;顺便来访 come in handy for sth 某物迟早有用

come on (表劝说,鼓励等)来吧,走吧;开始 come through 经历…仍活着 come to 苏醒;共计,达到 come to an end 结束 come true 实现 count on 依靠;指望 count down 倒计时 count one's chickens before they are hatched 过于乐观 count the day 期待 count for little 轻视 counter to 与...相反 cross out 删去;取消 comparable to/with 比作/比较 comment on 评论;批评;解释 compete for 为……而竞争 congratulate sb. on sth. 祝贺某人 contribute to 有助于……;促成 consequent on 随之而来 considerate towards 体谅,体贴 contemporary with 与...同时代 content with 满足于 contrary to 违反

conscious of 察觉到,意识到 cost someone an arm and a leg 代价很大 crazy about 热衷,着迷 critical of 挑剔,批评 cry in one's beer 借酒消愁 cry on one's shoulder 依靠 curious about 好奇,想知道 cut down on 减少 cut down 削减 cut in 插入 cut off 切断 cut out 切除 cut (someone) short 打断 cut through 抄近路 cut up 切碎

deliver a speech 发表(演说等) devote oneself to 献身于……;致力于…… deal with 做买卖;处理;论述,涉及 decide on 考虑后选定或决定 die down 变弱,逐渐消失

die out 消失,灭绝 distinct from 种类(风格)不同 dispose of 除掉;干掉;卖掉 do away with 废除,去掉 do the laundry 洗衣服 doubtful of /about 怀疑 do. .a favour 帮助某人 draw in (火车、汽车)进站 draw up 起草,制订 dream of 梦到;梦想,向往 dress up 穿上盛装,精心打扮 drop by / in 顺便(非正式)访问 drop out 退学,退出 due to 由于,因为

each other 互相(多用作宾语) each other 互相 easier said than done 说起来容易做起来难 east of 在...东面 either. . .or 或…或,不是…就是… employ oneself in 使忙于……;使从事于……

end up 结束,告终 equal to 相等,胜任 equivalent to 等于,相当于 essential to/for 必不可少 ever so 非常,极其 even if/though 即使,虽然 every now and then 时而,偶尔 every other 每隔一个 except for 除了…外 expert at/in/on 善于

face to face 面对面(的)地;对立地 face up to 大胆面向 faculty members 教职员工 faithful to 忠实于 fall flat 平躺在地上 fail to do.. 没能做… familiar to sb 为...所熟悉 familiar with sth 熟悉,通晓 far from 远非,远离 fatal to 致命的

favorable to 支持,赞成 feel like doing sth. 觉得想做…… feel at home 熟悉 feel blue 心情不好 feel free to 随便 fearful of 惧怕 figure out 计算出;估计;理解 fit for 适于 flat tire 轮胎没气 forgive sb. for sth. 原谅某人(做了)某事 (be)fond of 喜欢 for ever 永远 for good 永久地 for the better 好转 for the moment 暂时,目前 for the present 暂时,目前 for the sake of 为了,为了...的利益 for the time being 暂时,眼下 foreign to 非...所原有 free of /from 未受...;免费 free with 康慨,大方 from time to time 有时,不时

full up 客满

gain/have an advantage 胜过,开始(做某事) get in a word 插话 get in 到达;收割 get into the habit of 养成……的习惯 get into 对…发生兴趣;卷入;进入 get through 接通电话;完成;通过(如考试);花光金钱等;克服困难; 解决问题 get across 使通过;使被理解 get along (with) 过活;相处;进展 get down 从…下来;着手进行;写下 get off (从…)下来;逃脱惩罚 get on 骑上(马、自行车等),登上(车、船、飞机等);有进展 get on with 与…友好相处;继续干 get out 离去,退出(组织等);(消息等) 泄漏 get over 克服(困难等);从(疾病、失望、震惊等)中恢复过来 get rid of 处理掉;摆脱 get up 起床;起立 get used to 习惯于 get a bargain 买到便宜货

get nowhere with 毫无进展 give in 屈服;让步 give off 发出或放出(蒸气等) give out 分发;发出(气味等) give up 放弃;投降 give way to 让位于;给…让路 give rise to 引起;导致 give someone a big hand 为某人鼓掌 give someone a hand 帮忙 go all out to do sth. 全力以赴去做某事 go about sth. 开始做… go after 追逐,追求;设法得到 go ahead 开始,进行;前进,领先 go along with 赞同,附合,支持 go around (消息)流传;足够分配 go by 遵守 go down 下去;(船等)下沉;下降 go for 去请,去取;赞成 go in for 从事于;酷爱;追求 go into 进入;调查;从事 go into action 开始行动 go into effect 实施,生效

go on 继续下去,进行 go out 熄灭,停止运转;过时 , 外出 go off 出发 go over 复习,从头到尾检查一遍 go round/around 足够分配 go sightseeing 去观光 go steady with 和某人确定关系 go through 遭受,经历;检查,审查 ,从头到尾 go up 上升,(物价等)上涨;被炸毁,被烧毁 go wrong 出错;发生故障,出毛病 go without 单独 grow up 成熟;成年;发展 guilty of 有...罪的

have a good knowledge of 对……很熟悉 have access to 接近(或进入)的方法 have a gift for music 有音乐天分 have an advantage over 胜于,优于 had better 应该,还是…好 have difficulty / trouble in doing sth. 做某事有困难 have high hope for sb. 对某人抱很大希望

have in mind 记在心里;考虑到,想到 have no mercy on sb. 对……一点儿也不怜悯 have nothing to do with 和…毫无关系 have one's hands full 忙得不可开交,手头事情应接不暇;离不开手儿 have the final say 有决定权 have (something)to do with 和…(有点)关系 hand in hand 手拉手 ,密切关联 hand in 交上;递上 hand out 分发,散发 hand over 交出,移交 hang on 抓紧不放;坚持下去;(电话不挂) 等一会儿 hang up 把…挂起来;挂断(电话) had rather. . .than 宁愿…(而不是) head for 朝…方向走去 head on 迎面地,正面的 heart and soul 全心全意地 help oneself 自取所需(食物等) hold out for sth. 坚持要求 hold up 坚持 , 举起;耽搁;延迟 hold water 站得住脚 hold back 踌躇,退缩不前;阻止 hold sth back from sb 向某人隐瞒某事

hold on 握住不放;坚持;(打电话用语) 等一会儿 hold on to 紧紧抓住;控制,克制 how about ...怎么样 how come 怎么会 hungry for 渴望 hurry up (使)赶快;匆匆完成 hurt one's feelings 伤害某人感情

ignorant of 不知道 impatient at sth.不耐烦 impatient for 急切,渴望 impatient of 无法容忍 in a hurry 匆忙,急于 in a moment 立刻,一会儿 in a sense 从某种意义上说 in a way 在某种程度上 in a word 简言之,总之 in accordance with 与...一致,按照 in addition to 除...之外(还) in addition 另外,加之 in advance 预先,事先

in all 总共,合计 in any case 无论如何 in any event 无论如何 in brief 简单地说 in case of 假如,防备 in charge of 负责,总管 in common 共用的,共有的 in consequence(of) 因此;由于 in debt 欠债,欠情 in detail 详细地 in difficulty 处境困难 in effect 实际上,事实上 in favor of 支持,赞成 in front of 面对,在...前 in general 一般来说,大体上 in half 成两半 in hand 在进行中,待办理 in honor of 为庆祝,为纪念 in itself 本质上,就其本身而言 in line with 与...一致 in memory of 纪念 in no case 决不

in no time 立即,马上 in no way 决不 in order 按顺序,按次序 in other words 换句话说 in part 部分地 in particular 特别,尤其 . in person 亲自,本人 in place of 代替,取代,交换 in place 在合适的位置 in practice 在实践中,实际上 in proportion to 与...成比例 in public 公开地,当众 in quantity 大量 in question 正在谈论的 in regard to 关于,至于 in relation to 关于,涉及 in return for 作为对...报答 in return 作为报答/回报/交换 in short 简言之,总之 in sight 被见到;在望 in spite of 尽管 in step with 与...一致/协调

in tears 流着泪,在哭着 in terms of 依据;按照;在…方面;以…措词 in (the)light of 鉴于,由于 in the company / wake of 随着 in the course of 在...期间/过程中 in the distance 在远处 in the end 最后,终于 in the event of 如果...发生,万一 in the face of 即使;在...面前 in the first place 首先 in the future 在未来 in the heat of the day 一天中最热的时候 in the least 丝毫,一点 in the long run 长期 in the way 挡道 in the world 究竟,到底 in time 及时 in touch 联系,接触 in turn 依次,轮流;转而 in vain 徒劳,白费力 indifferent to 无兴趣,不关心 indignant with sb.愤慨

inferior to 级别低于,不如 innocent of 无...罪,无辜 instead of 代替,而不是 intent on 专心于 invisible to 不可见的 in fact 事实上,其实 in one's mind eye 在…看来 in order 按顺序;整齐 if only 只要;要是…就好

jealous of 嫉妒 just now 刚才,才不久;现在,眼下 join in 参加,加入;和…在一起

K keep an eye on 照看留意 keep company with 和……交往 keep in touch 保持联系 keep in mind 记住 keep in touch with 与…保持联系 keep it up 坚持

keep on 继续进行,反复地做 keep one's eyes on 关注 keep one's word 守信用 keep sth. in one's mind 牢记某事 keep to 坚持;固守(习惯等) keep track of 记录;掌握……的线索;保持对……的联系 keep up with 跟上,不落后 knock into sb. 撞到某人身上;偶然遇到 knock out 击倒;击昏 knock down 撞倒;击倒 kind of / sort of 有点

lay off 下岗 laugh at 因…而发笑;嘲笑 lay aside 把…搁置一旁;留存,储存 lay down 放下;铺设(铁路);制定(计划等) lay down one's life for 为……献出生命 lay emphasis on sth. 强调 lay out 布置,安排,设计;摆出,展开 learn by heart 记住,背诵 learn from 学习,向…学习

leave behind 丢弃;留下;忘记携带 leave off (使)停止,停下来 leave behind 丢弃;留下;忘记携带 leave out 忽略,遗漏;省略 leave alone 别说 lead to 通向;导致,引起 1et alone 更别提;不打扰 let off 排放;放(炮),开(枪) let out 放掉(水等),发出 let the cat out of the bag 泄露秘密 lie in 在于 line up 排队,使排成一行 live up to 无愧于;做到;符合 little by little 一点一点地,逐渐地 live on 靠…生活;以…为食 live through 经历过;度过;经受住 liable for 对...有责任 liable to 易于 little by little 逐渐地 look for / hunt for 找工作 look down on / upon sb. 轻视某人

look into sth. 调查、了解某事;浏览(书报) look up to sb. 尊敬某人 look after 目送;照料,照顾 look at 看;看待 look back 回头看;回顾 look for 寻找,寻求;指望,期待 look forward to 盼望,期待;预期,预料 look on 旁观;观看 look out 留神,注意 look over 仔细检查,细看;察看,巡视 look through (从头至尾)浏览;详尽核查;温习 lost the point 弄错 lots of 许多 long before 在…以前很久 long for 渴望 lose heart 泄气;灰心 lose one's temper 发怒;发脾气

mad about/on 狂热迷恋 mad at/with sb.生气,愤怒 mad with 因...发狂

make (both) ends meet 收支平衡 make a living 谋生 make a difference 有影响;有关系 make a good impression on sb. 给某人留下好印象 make a / the difference 有影响;很重要 make a fire 生火 make an announcement 通知 make certain 弄清楚 make contact with sb. 与某人联络 make efforts to do sth. 努力做某事 make ends meet 量入而出;使收支相抵 make for 走向,向…前进;导致,促成 make use of 利用;使用 make full/good use of 充分利用 make the best/most use of 充分利用 make better use of 更好的利用 make little use of 不充分的利用 make fun of 嘲笑;开…玩笑 make it 成功 make one's way 去,前进,前往 make out 写出,开列;看出,辨认出 make sense 讲得通,有意义,言之有理

make sure 查明,务必要做到 make the best / most of 充分利用 meet the demands 满足要求 make up for 补偿;弥补 make up one's mind 决定;下决心 make up 组成,构成;编造,虚构;化妆 make use of 使用,利用 make wonders 创造奇迹 many a 许多 mark the papers 批改考卷 mayor / minor in 市长/副修 meet one's needs 满足要求 might as well 不妨 mistake a for b 认错 mix up 拌和;混淆 more or less 或多或少,有点 my treat 我请客

narrow escape 九死一生 necessary to /for 必要的 next door 隔壁的,在隔壁

neither. . .nor. . . 既不…也不… next to 下一个,其次 no doubt 无疑地 no less than 不少于...;不亚于 no longer 不再 no more than 仅仅,只有 no more 不再 none other than 不是别的,正是 not only. . .but also 不但…而且 now and then 时而,偶尔 now that 既然,由于 no sooner. . .than 一…就 nothing but 只有,只不过

off and on 断断续续,间歇地 off duty 下班 on(an/the) average 平均,通常 on a large/small scale 大/小规模地 on account of 由于 on behalf of 代表 on board 在船(车/飞机)上

on business 因公 on condition that 如果 on duty 上班,值班 on earth 究竟,到底 on fire 起火着火 on foot 步行 on guard 站岗,值班 on hand 在场,在手边 on loan to 借给 on occasion(s) 有时,间或 on one's guard 警惕,提防 on one's own 独立,独自 . on purpose 故意地 on sale 出售,廉价出售 on schedule 按时间表,准时 on second thoughts 经重新考虑 on the contrary 正相反 on the grounds of 根据,以...为由 on the other hand 另一方面 on the point of 即将...的时刻 on the road 在旅途中 on the side 作为兼职/副 业

on the spot 在场;马 on (the) one hand 一方面 上 on the whole 总的来说,大体上 on time 准时 one another 相互 one's cup of tea 喜欢的人/物 open to 不限制,开放的 opposite to 在对面 or else 否则,要不然 or so 大约,左右 other than 非;除了 out of breath 喘不过气来 out of control 失去控制 out of date 过时的 out of doors 在户外 out of order 出故障的 out of place 不适当的 out of practice 久不练习,荒疏 out of sight 看不见,在视野外 out of the question 毫无可能的 out of touch 不联系,不接触 out of 从...中;由于;缺乏

over and over (again) 一再地,再三地 of course 当然,自然 once (and) for all 一劳永逸地 once again 再一次 once in a while 偶尔 once more 再一次 once upon a time 从前

parallel to 与...平等,类似 particular about 挑剔,讲究 patient with 有耐心 peculiar to 独特的,独有的 pick out 选出,挑出;辨认出,分辨出 pick up 捡起;(车等)中途搭人;学会 play a joke on sb. 开玩笑 play a trick on sb. 给某人恶作剧 play by ear 见机行事 play apart (in) (在…中)扮演角色;(在…中) 起作用 play fire ,玩火 popular with 受...喜爱,爱戴 prior to 在...之前

pull one's leg 拿某人开玩笑 pull in (车)进站;(船)到岸 pull into (车等)进入,驶入 pull out 拔出,抽出;(车、船等)驶出 put someone on put someone up 给某人提供住宿 put away 放下;收起来;把……放在原位;存钱 put in order 使……整齐;秩序井然 put one's heart into 全心全意投入 put through 接通电话 put up with 容忍;忍受 put down 记下;放下;镇压 put forward 提出(要求、事实等) put into practice 实行,实施 put off 推迟,拖延 put on 穿上;上演 put one’s heart into…专心于;致力于 put out 熄灭;关(灯);公布,出版 put to use 使用 – put aside 储存,保留 put up 举起;建造;张贴 pass away 去世 pass on 把…传给别人

pay back 偿还;回报;向……报复 pay off 还清债;给清工资后遣散;得到好结果;取得成功 pay attention to 注意 pay for 付款;偿还 point out 指出,指明 persuade sb. to do sth.=persuade sb. into doing sth.说服某人做某事 persuade sb. not to do sth.=persuade sb.out of doing sth.说服某人不 做某事 persuade sb.of sth.=persuade sb. that… 使某人相信某事

quite a few 相当多,不少

rain cats and dogs 瓢泼大雨 rather than 不是...(而是) reach agreement 达成协议 reach an agreement 达成一致 regardless of 不顾,不惜 relative to 与...有关 remove from 从…除去 representative of 代表...的

resign one's post 辞职 responsible for 负责,是...原因 result from 由于 remain in one's memory 留在某人的记忆中 remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 remind sb of sth 提醒某人某事 refer to. . .as 把…称作;把…当作 result from 是(由)…造成 result in 起,导致;结果是 run a risk of = at the risk of 冒……险 run for 竞选 run short 用完;耗尽;不足;不够 run into 偶然碰见;遇到(困难等);共计 run to (of) 用完,耗尽 run over (跑)过去、撞倒;溢出 run through 跑着穿过;刺穿;贯穿 run out of 用完 rush hours 上下班高峰 right away 立即,马上 ring off 挂断电话;停止讲话 ring sb. up 打电话给… rich in 富于

rob sb of. . . 抢劫某人… rely on/upon 依赖,依靠,信任

sensible of 觉查到 sensitive to 对...敏感 set another date 改期 set one's mind on doing 决定 set about doing 开始;着手 set an example for 为某人树立榜样 set aside 流出;宣布……无效;不顾 set fire to 使燃烧;点燃 set afire to… 给…烧把火 set apart 使分离;使显得突出 set back 推迟,延缓,阻碍;使花费 set down . 制订…;放下… set free 释放 set off 出发,起程;激起,引起 set out 动身,起程;开始 set up 创立,建立,为…作好准备; 竖起,建造 settle down 定居;安下心来

see. . .off 为某人送行 see. . .through. 看破、看穿 see to 负责,注意,照料 see to it that =make sure that 确保 send for 派人去请;召唤;索取 send off 寄出;为…送行;解雇 set about doing sth. 着手做某事 settle down 定居;过安定生活 short of 缺少 show off 炫耀;卖弄 show up 来到,露面 sick of 厌恶,厌倦 side by side 肩并肩,一起 similar to 相似 slip one's mind 忘记 slow down/up 放慢速度;减速 so far 迄今为止 so. . .as to 如此…以至于 so/as far as. . .(be) concerned 就…而言 so long as 只要,如果;既然,由于 somewhere around 大约 some…others. . . 一些..其余的…

sooner or later 迟早,早晚 sore throat / foot 嗓子哑/腿酸 stay up late 熬夜 step by step 逐步地 stick to 坚持;忠于;信守 stand for 代表;意味着;主张;支持 stand out 引人注目;杰出,出色 stand up 起立;(论点、证据等)站得住脚 subject to 受制于,易于 such as 例如,诸如 sufficient for 足够的 suitable for/to 适合于 superior to 优于,级别高于 sure of /about 对...有信心,确信 suspicious of 怀疑 sum up 总结,概括 skilled at /in 善于 switch off/on .(用开关)关掉/开启 schedule sth. for 安排;为…安排时间;预定

take a leave 请假 take a seat / be seated 入席/就座

take a correct attitude towards sth. 对……抱正确的态度 take advantage of 趁……之机;利用 take after 与……相象 take apart 拆卸,拆开 take away 拿走;减去 take a chance 碰运气 take back one's words 收回(刚讲的话) take charge of 负责 take down 取下;记下;拆卸 take. . .for 把…认为是,把…看成是 take for 把…认为是,把…看作是 take for granted 认为—.—理所当然;(因视作当然而) 对…不予以重 视 take in 欺骗;领会,理解 take into account 把…考虑进去 take into consideration 考虑到;顾及 take one's place 取代 take one's time 慢慢来 take on a new look 呈现一片新面貌 take off 脱下(衣帽等);起飞 take on 承担,呈现(面貌) take one's time 不着急,不慌忙

take out 扣除 take over 接受,接管;借用,承袭 take pains to do 努力做某事 take pleasure in doing sth. 喜欢做某事 take pride in = be proud of 引以为豪 take part in 参加,参与 take the place of 代替,取代 take sth. seriously 认真对待 take the place of 代替,取代 take turns 依次,轮流 – take up 开始从事;占去,占据 take turns 轮流 take up 占据 tell. . .from 辨别,分辨 that is (to say) 就是说,即 thanks to 由于,多亏 think of 想到,记得;想一想,考虑,关心 think of. . .as 把…看作是,以为…是 think over 仔细考虑 turn over 倾覆 turn down 拒绝;关小,调低 turn in 上床睡觉;交还,上交

turn. . .into 使变成,使成为 turn off 关(水源等);拐弯 turn on 开,旋开(电灯等) turn one's back on 不理睬 turn out 关掉(收音机等);生产,制造;驱逐;结果是 turn to 变成;求助于,借助于 turn up 出现,来到;开大,调大 to a certain degree/extent 某种程度 to the point 切中要害,切题 try on 试穿 try one's best 尽力,努力 try out 试用,试验 the moment (that) 一…(就) the reverse is also true 反之亦然 tired of 对...不在感兴趣 typical of 是典型的,特有的 throw away 扔掉,抛弃 touch on 谈及,提及

uncertain of /about 不确知 under control 处于控制之下

under the circumstances 这种情况下 undergo experiences 经历,体验 up in the air 没有确定 up to (数量上)多达;(时间上)直到; 取决于 up to date 现代化的,切合目前情况的 use up 用完,耗尽

V vital to 对...关系重大 void of 没有,缺乏

what about 怎么样 what if 切合目前情况的 what's up / new?发生了什么事? whether. . .or 是…还是…,不管…还是 wait for 等候,等待 wait on 服侍(某人) warm up (使)暖起来;(使)变热 wash up 洗餐具;洗手洗脸 watch out for 密切注意;戒备,提防

wear out 穿破,用坏;(使)疲乏,(使)耗尽 wipe out 彻底摧毁,消灭 within reach 伸手可及 with regard to 关于,至于 with respect to 如果...将怎么样 with the exception of 除...之外 without any trace 没有踪迹 without fail 一向如此 without question 毫无疑问 wolf down 狼吞虎咽 word for word 逐字的 work out 算出;想出,制定出 would rather(…than) 宁可,宁愿(…则不愿)

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