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高一英语期末考试试题


高一英语试题
命题人:王艳芹

本试题分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)考试结束后,将本试卷 和答题卡一并交回。
第Ⅰ卷

第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上

将该涂黑。 1.The story of Li Tianyi, the son of ________ famous military singer, driving a BMW without a license and attacking a couple on the road has drawn the attention of ________ public. A.the; the B./; the C.a; an D.a; the 2.The time he has devoted in the past 10 years________ the disabled is now considered________ of great value. A.to help;being B.to helping;to be C.to help;to be D.helping;being 3. With two more professional hands________ you with the work later on,scarcely will you have trouble________ your task ahead of time. A.helping;completing B.help;to complete C.will help;completed D.to help;completing 4.Only when I left my parents for Italy________ how much I loved them. A.I realized B.I had realized C.had I realized D.did I realize 5.This is the hotel ________ last month. A.which they stayed B.at that they stayed C.where they stayed at D.where they stayed 6.—________ you write so well? —By reading and keeping diaries every day. A.How is it that B.Is it how that C.How it is that D.What is it that 7.—Have you seen the film before? —No. This is the first time that I________ it. A.see B.saw C.have seen D.had seen 8.________ you have the drug habit, you'll find it hard to get rid of. A.Unless B.Once C.Though D.Before 9.We can't have lunch at the restaurant, because ________. A.all of us don't have money B.not all of us have money C.everyone of us don't have money D.none of us have money 10.—Hi,Maria! I got the first place in the exam. —________! Everyone knows you cheated and you just copied Tony's paper.

A.Congratulations B.Come on C.Good luck D.Cheer up 11.—How do you find the new book by Mary? —________. I think reading it is a complete waste of time. A.Very good B.By accident C.In the library D.Very boring 12.The first decade in the 21st century is the one ________ many significant advances are made in China. A.that B.in which C.which D.where 13 . Let me congratulate ________ you ________ the birth of your daughter. A.to; for B./; on C.on; for D./; for 14 . The sports meeting of our school will be held next month. Which________ are you going to enter for? A.affairs B.events C.matters D.programs 15. I like getting up very early in summer. The morning air is so good ________. A.to be breathed B.to breathe C.breathing D.being breathed 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑

A long time ago there lived a poor slave whose name was Aesop. He was a _16__ man with a large head and bright big eyes. When Aesop was about 20,his master _17_ a great deal of money and was forced to sell his slaves. To do this, he 18 to take them to a large 19 where there was a slave market. The city was far away, and the slaves must 20 the whole distance and there were a number of bundles(行李) for them to carry. " 21 your bundles, boys," said the master. "There is one for each of you." Aesop at once chose the 22 one. The other slaves laughed at him and said he was 23 . But he threw it upon his shoulders and seemed very 24 . The next day, the laugh was the other way. For the bundle Aesop had chosen had contained the 25 for the whole party. After all had eaten three meals from it, it was very much lighter. And before the end of the journey Aesop had nothing to carry 26 the other slaves were suffering under their heavy loads. "Aesop is a 27 fellow," said his master. "The man who will buy him must pay a 28 price." A very rich man, whose name was Xanthus, 29 Aesop and took him to his home in Samos. Soon the little slave became known for his 30 . He often told some funny stories that taught some great truth to 31 his master and his master's friends. They 32 how Aesop could have thought of them.

His master was so much 33 with him that he gave him 34 . Aesop was no longer a slave. Many great men were glad to call him their friend, and 35 kings asked his advice and were amused by his stories. 16. A. small B. strong C. tall D. weak 17. A. spared B. borrowed C. spent D. lost 18. A. happened B. decided C. agreed D. hoped 19. A. community B. country C. city D. village 20. A. cover B. calculate C. finish D. walk 21. A. Find B. Choose C. Check D. Prepare 22. A. largest B. most useful C. most valuable D. lightest 23. A. strange B. careless C. foolish D. selfish 24. A. worried B. uncomfortable C. annoyed D. confident 25. A. goods B. food C. water D. clothes 26. A. while B. although C. until D. because 27. A. unique B. reliable C. wise D. dishonest 28. A. low B. fair C. reasonable D. high 29. A. saved B. bought C. accepted D. knew 30. A. cleverness B. bravery C. work D. skills 31. A. encourage B. amuse C. change D. help 32. A. ignored B. imagined C. wondered D. guessed 33. A. bored B. impatient C. strict D. pleased 34. A. freedom B. attention C. praised D. recognition 35. A. yet B. ever C. even D. still 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A
The English are often described as unfriendly people who don’t talk to strangers (陌生人) 。 But not London taxi drivers. I once asked one cabby to describe his life to me and he didn’t stop talking until I arrived home half an hour later. He told me many interesting stories and this is one of them.“Some strange things happen late at night. The other day I was taking a woman home from a party. She had her little dog with her. When we got to her house, she found that she’d lost her key. So, I waited in the cab with her dog while she climbed in through the window.” “I waited and waited. After half an hour of ringing the bell I decided to find out what was going on. I tied the dog to a tree and started to climb in through the window. The next thing I knew was that the police came. They thought I was to rob the house ! Luckily , the woman came downstairs. She’d gone to sleep and forgotten about me and the dog. I was in such a hurry to get away that I forgot to ask her for the fare.” 36 . What does the writer think of the London taxi driver?

A. They are unfriendly. B. They like to talk to strangers. C. They talk too much. D. They are not English. 37. . What does “cabby” mean? A. Taxi. B. Stranger. C. Taxi driver. D. Londoner. 38.Why did the taxi driver wait for the woman? A. Because she had left her dog with him. B. Because she had not paid him. C. Because she wanted to go out again. D. Both A and B. 39. Why do you think the woman didn’t go out of the house again? A. Because she didn’t want to pay the taxi driver. B. Because she was so tired that she had forgotten about the taxi driver. C. Because she wanted to keep the taxi driver waiting. D. Because she wanted to go to sleep first.

B
When you walk along a street in a big city in the United States, you may see clocks in most stores. Radio announcers give the correct time during the day. People there think that it is important to know the time. Most Americans have watches. They want to do certain things at certain times. They do not want to be late. Not all people all over the world value time. Suppose you visit a certain country in South America. You would find that people living there do not like to rush. If you had an appointment (约会)with someone, he would probably be late. He would not care for arriving on time. In some countries in South America, even the radio programs may not begin right on time, nor do the radio announcers think it important to announce the right time. Many people regard a clock as a machine. It seems to them that a person who does everything on time is controlled(控制)by a machine. They do not want a clock or any machine to have that much power over their lives. 40.There are clocks in most stores in the US cities because ______. A. people in the stores want to sell these clocks B. bosses want to make their stores beautiful C. people think it important to know the time D. they needn't wear watches when they are away from home 41 . The underlined word “rush” in the passage most probably means ______. A. “run” B. “race” C. “hurry” D. “move” 42.If you had an appointment with someone in some place in South America, he might not arrive on time, and this is because ______. A. he didn't have a watch with him B. he forgot to have a look at a watch or a clock

C. he didn't think it important to arrive on time D. he didn't like an appointment with someone 43. In some countries in South America ______. A. the radio announcers do think it important to announce the exact time B. the radio programs many start a bit early or late C. many people think a clock has much power D. most people do not want to be controlled by others

C
What do you want to be when you grow up? A teacher? A doctor? How about an ice-cream taster? Yes, there really is a job where you can get paid to taste ice cream. Just ask John Harrison an “Official Taste Tester” for the past 21 years. Testing helps manufacturers (制造商) to be sure of a product’s quality. During his career Harrison has been responsible for approving large quantities of the sweet ice cream—as well as for developing over 75 flavors (口味). Some people think that it would be easy to do this job; after all, you just have to like ice cream, right? No—there’s more to the job than that, says Harrison, who has a degree in chemistry. He points out that a dairy or food-science degree would be very useful to someone wanting a career in this “cool” field. In a typical morning on the job, Harrison tastes and assesses 60 ice cream samples. He lets the ice cream warm up to about 12℉. Harrison explains: “You get more flavor from warmer ice cream, which is why some kids like to stir (搅拌) it, creating i ce-cream soup.” While the ice cream warms up, Harrison looks over the samples and grades each one its appearance. “Tasting begins with the eyes,” he explains. He checks to see if the ice cream is attractive and asks himself, “Dose the product have the color expected from that flavor?” Next it’s time to taste! Continuing to think up new ideas, try out new flavors, and test samples from so many kinds of ice cream each day keeps Harrison busy but happy---working at one cool job. 44. What is John Harrison’s job? A. An official. B. An ice-cream taster. C. A chemist. D. An ice-cream manufacturer. 45.According to John Harrison, to be qualified(合格的) in the “cool field”, it is helpful to ________. A. keep a diary of work B. have a degree in related subjects C. have new ideas every day D. find out new flavor each day

46. What does Harrison do first when testing ice cream? A. He stirs the ice cream. B. He examines the color of the ice cream. C. He tastes the flavor of the ice cream. D. He lets the ice cream warm up. 47.Which of the following is probably the best title of the passage? A. Tasting with Eyes B. Flavors of Ice Cream C. John Harrison’s Life D. One Cool Job

D
As I was leaving to meet Lynne,my roommate told me that I’d better take some money,but I didn’t listen to him. I thought that Lynne would pay because she had invited me. I arrived at the restaurant exactly on time. I’d been told that Americans expect you to be on time. Lynne and I sat at a table in the corner of the restaurant and a waitress came and took our order. The dinner was a great success. I talked a lot about Saudi Arabia and Lynne told me all about herself. After two hours the waitress finally came and asked if we wanted one check or two. Lynne said two. We went to the cashier and Lynne paid her check. I was embarrassed (尴尬) when the cashier gave me my bill. I had no money to pay for my meal. Then I had an idea. I pretended to look for something in my pockets and said,“Oh!I forgot my money! Can I call my roommate,please?” The cashier showed me where the phone was and I quickly called my roommate. In a few minutes he arrived with some money,but he couldn’t hide how he felt. He laughed all the way home. Now, I think it’s funny too. But at the time I was terribly embarrassed. I thought that an invitation to have dinner meant the same thing in the United States as in my country. I guess you have to understand that your customs(习俗) are only your customs. When you visit a foreign country, you have to learn about their customs,too. 48 . Customs can be ________in different countries according to this passage. A. entirely different B. close to each other C. quite the same D. very similar 49.The writer’s roommate advised the writer to take some money with him to________. A. invite Lynne to dinner B. pay for the table C. pay for the restaurant D. share the cost of the meal 50.Why didn’t Lynne pay the check for the writer? A. Because she didn’t have the meal. B. Because she thought it was natural for people to pay their own check. C. Because she wanted to embarrass the writer. D. Because she didn’t have enough money with her.

第二节(共 5 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项· 选项中有两项为多余选项。
根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。

Learning begins early Parents, even more than care centers and good schools, help children develop skills. Here are some measures you can take: 51 They grow well when they have parents or other caregivers who are loving and dependable. Small children need attention, encouragement and hugs. Children who feel loved are more likely to be confident(自信 的). 52. Children imitate(模仿) what they see others do and what they hear and say. When parents exercise and eat nourishing food, children are more likely to do so. When parents treat others with respect, their children probably will, too. If parents share things, their children will learn to be thoughtful of others’ feelings. Have a positive(积极的) attitude toward learning and toward school. 53 Parents need to encourage this curiosity if children are to keep it. Showing interest in what children do helps to make them proud of their achievements. Children also become excited about school when their parents show excitement. As your child approaches kindergarten, talk to him about school. Talk about the exciting activities in kindergarten, such as going on field trips and making fun art projects. Be positive and encouraging. 54. Smiles and encouragement go much further to shape good behavior than punishment. 55. Young children need to be closely watched. But they learn to be independent and to develop confidence by doing tasks such as dressing themselves and putting their toys away. It’s also important to let them make choices, rather than deciding everything for them. Remember to give them a choice only when there really is one. A. Set a good example. B. Provide opportunities for repetition. C. Praise your child for a job well done. D. Show that you care about your children. E. Talk to your children, beginning at birth. F. Let children do many things by themselves. G. Children come into this world with a powerful need to discover and explore. 第Ⅱ卷 注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌中间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的

增加、删除或修改。 增加:把缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 There was a time when Zhang Yi and I was good friends, but now we are like stranger. On his first day in our class two years ago, he had no one to talk. I was the first one to say hello to her, so we became friends. Zhang Yi did well in math or he was always ready to helping me with it. One day last month, I told him about that I would be away from school for two days to see a friend. But he told my father about it and that made me angrily. Now, I know I was wrong. I decide to say sorry for him, because I don’t want to lose so a good friend. 第二节.书面表达(共 25 分)假如你是 Jay,你的好友 Jack 因两次考试成绩不 理想而烦恼, 发来 e-mail 向你倾诉。请根据下列内容写一封 e-mail 作为答复。 1.不必沮丧,认真分析(analyze)失败原因。 2.增强自信心,避免犯同样的错误。 3.失败是成功之母,只要努力而不放弃,迟早会成功的。 要求:1.适当增加细节 2.不要逐字翻译。3. 字数 120 左右。 Dear Jack, I’ve received your e-mail and know that you are in a bad mood now.

参考答案: 单选: 1-5 DBADD 6-10. ACBDB 11-15. DBBBB 完 形 填 空 : 16-20 ADBCD 21-25. BACDB 26-30. ACDBA 31-35. BCDAC 阅读理解:36-39 BCDB 40-43 CCCB 44-47. BBDD 48-50. ADB 七选五: DAGCF 改错: 1. was →were 2. stranger →strangers 3.talk 后加 with。 4. her →him 5. or→ and 6. helping→ help 7.去掉 about 8.angrily→ angry 9. for →to 10.so →such。 作文: One possible version: Dear Jack, I’ve received your e-mail and know that you are in bad mood now. However, I don’t think it’s necessary for you to be so disappointed for failing twice. You see, we will face many more exams in the future even

if we leave school! So try the follow: Collect the mistakes you made in the exams or in the exercises you did before, and analyse them carefully. Try to avoid making them again in the next exam. Make good preparations and be confident. As is known to us all, failure is the mother of success. Let every failure be your stepping stone. If you try your best and never give up, you are sure to succeed in time. Yours,


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