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marketing standard for apples of EU


20.1.2004

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 13/3

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 85/2004 of 15 January 2004 laying down the marketing stand

ard for apples
THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES, (4)

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

More work being needed for the precise definition of these new criteria, taking into account the varietal characteristics as to the size of apples, the implementation of the reduction of the minimum size should be delayed until 1 August 2005 and provisional measures concerning sizing should be laid down until then

Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 2200/96 of 28 October 1996 on the common organisation of the market in fruit and vegetables (1), and in particular Article 2(2),

(5)

Application of these new standards should remove products of unsatisfactory quality from the market, bring production into line with consumer requirements and facilitate trade based on fair competition, thereby helping to improve profitability.

Whereas:
(6)

(1)

Apples are among the products listed in Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 2200/96 for which standards must be adopted. Commission Regulation (EC) No 1619/2001 of 6 August 2001, laying down the marketing standard for apples and pears and amending Regulation (EEC) No 920/89 (2), lays down a marketing standard common to apples and pears.
(7)

The standards are applicable at all marketing stages. Long-distance transport, storage over a certain period and the various processes the products undergo may cause some degree of deterioration owing to the biological development of the products or their perishable nature. Account should be taken of such deterioration when applying the standard at the marketing stages following dispatch.

(2)

In the interest of clarity, the Working Party on standardisation of perishable produce and quality development of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) decided that the rules on apples should be separated from those on pears. In addition, it decided to update the UN/ECE standard FFV-50 concerning marketing and commercial quality control of apples with regards to the provisions concerning quality and sizing. In the interest of preserving transparency on the world market, Regulation (EC) No 1619/2001 should be repealed and two new marketing standards for apples and pears respectively, should be adopted accordingly.

As products in the ‘Extra’ class have to be particularly carefully sorted and packaged, only lack of freshness and turgidity is to be taken into account in their case.

(8)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Management Committee for Fresh Fruit and Vegetables,

(3)

The main maturity criteria laid down by Regulation (EC) No 1619/2001 is the definition of a minimum size for apples. In view of the recent technical developments concerning methods for measuring firmness and sugar contents as well as emerging new markets for smallsized mature apples, the minimum size for apples applicable in the Community should be reduced, new maturity criteria such as sugar content and firmness ensuring that such a reduction of the minimum size does not imply fruits insufficiently mature and/or developed are placed on the market.

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

The marketing standard for apples, falling within CN code ex 0808 10, shall be as set out in the Annex.

(1) OJ L 297, 21.11.1996, p. 1. Regulation as last amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No 47/2003 (OJ L 7, 11.1.2003, p. 64). (2) OJ L 215, 9.8.2001, p. 3. Regulation amended by Regulation (EC) No 46/2003 (OJ L 7, 11.1.2003, p. 61).

The standard shall apply at all marketing stages under the conditions laid down in Regulation (EC) No 2200/96.

L 13/4

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

20.1.2004

However, at stages following dispatch, products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard: — a slight lack of freshness and turgidity, — for products graded in classes other than the ‘Extra’ class, slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish. Article 2 Until 31 July 2005, the following provisions apply with regards to sizing: (a) when size is determined by diameter, a minimum diameter is required in all classes as follows:
Extra I II

(b) when size is determined by weight, a minimum weight is required in all classes as follows:
Extra I II

Large fruited varieties (1) Other varieties

140 g 90 g

110 g 80 g

110 g 80 g

(1) The non-exhaustive list of large fruited varieties is given in the appendix to the Annex.

Article 3 Regulation (EEC) No 1619/2001 is deleted. Article 4 This Regulation shall enter into force on the 20th day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union. The second and third subparagraph of point III of the Annex only apply as from 1 August 2005.

Large fruited varieties (1) Other varieties

70 mm 60 mm

65 mm 55 mm

65 mm 55 mm

(1) The non-exhaustive list of large fruited varieties is given in the appendix to the Annex.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States. Done at Brussels, 15 January 2004. For the Commission
Franz FISCHLER

Member of the Commission

20.1.2004

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 13/5

ANNEX STANDARD FOR APPLES I. DEFINITION OF PRODUCE This standard applies to apples of varieties (cultivars) grown from Malus domestica Borkh., to be supplied fresh to the consumer, apples for industrial processing being excluded. II. PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements of apples, after preparation and packaging. A. Minimum requirements In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, apples must be: — intact, — sound, produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded, — clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter, — practically free from pests, — practically free from damage caused by pests, — free of abnormal external moisture, — free of any foreign smell and/or taste. In addition, they must have been carefully picked. The development and condition of the apples must be such as to enable them: — to continue their maturing process and to reach the degree of maturity required in relation to the varietal characteristics (1) (2), — to withstand transport and handling, and — to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination. B. Classification Apples are classified in three classes defined below. (i) ‘Extra’ class Apples in this class must be of superior quality. In shape, size and colouring, they must be characteristic of the variety (3) and with the stalk which must be intact. The flesh must be perfectly sound. They must be free from defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package. (ii) Class I Apples in this class must be of good quality. In shape, size and colouring, they must be characteristic of the variety (3). The flesh must be perfectly sound. The following slight defects, however, may be allowed provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package: — a slight defect in shape, — a slight defect in development,
(1) Due to varietal characteristics of the Fuji variety and its mutants concerning maturity at harvest, radial watercore is permitted provided it is contained within the vascular bundles of each fruit. (2) To that end, they must show satisfactory soluble solids content and degree of firmness. 3 ( ) The criteria for colouring and russetting are given in the appendix to this standard, as well as a non-exhaustive list of the varieties concerned by each criteria.

L 13/6

EN

Official Journal of the European Union
— a slight defect in colouring, — slight skin defects which must not extend over more than: — 2 cm in length for defects of elongated shape, — 1 cm2 of total surface area for other defects, with the exception of scab (Venturia inaequalis), which must not extend over more than 0,25 cm2 of total surface area, — slight bruising not exceeding 1 cm2 of total surface area and not discoloured. The stalk may be missing, provided the break is clean and the adjacent skin is not damaged.

20.1.2004

(iii) Class II This class includes apples which do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above (1). The flesh must be free from major defects. The following defects are allowed provided the fruit retains its essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation: — defects in shape, — defects in development, — defects in colouring, — skin defects which must not extend over more than: — 4 cm in length for defects of elongated shape, — 2,5 cm2 of total surface area for other defects, with the exception of scab (Venturia inaequalis), which must not extend over more than 1 cm2 of total surface area, — slight bruising not exceeding 1,5 cm2 of total surface area which may be slightly discoloured.

III. PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING Size is determined either by maximum diameter of the equatorial section or by weight. When size is determined by diameter, the minimum diameter required for each class is as follows:
Extra Class I Class II

Large fruited varieties (1) Other varieties

65 mm 60 mm

60 mm 55 mm

60 mm 50 mm

(1) The non-exhaustive list of large fruited varieties is given in the appendix to this standard.

When size is determined by weight, the minimum weight required for each class is as follows:
Extra Class I Class II

Large fruited varieties (1) Other varieties

110 g 90 g

90 g 80 g

90 g 70 g

(1) The non-exhaustive list of large fruited varieties is given in the appendix to this standard.

To ensure there is uniformity of size within a package: — for fruit sized according to diameter, the difference in diameter between fruit in the same package shall be limited to: — 5 mm for ‘Extra’ class fruit and for Class I and II fruit packed in rows and layers (2), — 10 mm for Class I fruit packed loose in the package or sales package (3);
(1) The criteria for colouring and russetting are given in the appendix to this standard, as well as a non-exhaustive list of the varieties concerned by each criteria. (2) However, for apples of the varieties Bramley's Seedling (Bramley, Triomphe de Kiel) and Horneburger, the difference in diameter may amount to 10 mm. (3) However, for apples of the varieties Bramley's Seedling (Bramley, Triomphe de Kiel) and Horneburger, the difference in diameter may amount to 20 mm.

20.1.2004

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 13/7

— for fruit sized according to weight, the difference in weight between fruit in the same package shall be limited to: — 20 % of the average individual fruit weight in the package for ‘Extra’ class fruit and for Class I and II fruit packed in rows and layers, — 25 % of the average individual fruit weight in the package for Class I fruit packed loose in the package or sales package. There is no sizing uniformity limit for Class II fruit packed loose in the package or sales package. IV. PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES Tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each package for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated. A. Quality tolerances (i) ‘Extra’ class 5 % by number or weight of apples not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class I or, exceptionally, coming within the tolerances of that class. (ii) Class I 10 % by number or weight of apples not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class II, or exceptionally, coming within the tolerances of that class. (iii) Class II 10 % by number or weight of apples satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements, with the exception of produce affected by rotting or any other deterioration rendering it unfit for consumption. Within this tolerance, a maximum of 2 % number or weight of fruit is allowed which shows the following defects: — serious attacks of cork (bitter pit) or water-core, — slight damage or unhealed cracks, — very slight traces of rot, — presence of internal feeding pests and/or damage to the flesh caused by pests. B. Size tolerances For all classes: 10 % by number or weight of fruit not corresponding to the size immediately above or below that marked on the package, with, for fruit classified in the smallest grade allowed a maximum variation of: — 5 mm below the minimum diameter when size is determined by diameter, — 10 g below the minimum weight when size is determined by weight. V. PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION A. Uniformity The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only apples of the same origin, variety, quality and size (if sized) and the same degree of ripeness. In the case of the ‘Extra’ class, uniformity also applies to colouring. Sales packages of a net weight not exceeding 5 kg may contain mixtures of apples of different varieties, provided they are uniform in quality and, for each variety concerned, in origin, size (if sized) and degree of ripeness. Notwithstanding the preceding provisions in this point, products covered by this Regulation may be mixed, in sales packages of a net weight of three kilograms or less, with different types of fresh fruit and vegetables on the conditions laid down by Commission Regulation (EC) No 48/2003 (1). The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.
(1) OJ L 7, 11.1.2003, p. 65.

L 13/8

EN B. Packaging

Official Journal of the European Union

20.1.2004

The apples must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly. In particular, sales packages of a net weight exceeding 3 kg shall be sufficiently rigid to ensure proper protection of the produce. The materials used inside the package must be new, clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue. Packages must be free of all foreign matter. C. Presentation For ‘Extra’ class, fruit must be packed in layers. VI. PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING Each package must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside. A. Identification Packer and/or dispatcher, name and address or officially issued or accepted code mark. However, in the case where a code mark is used, the reference ‘packer and/or dispatcher (or equivalent abbreviations)’ has to be indicated in close connection with the code mark. B. Nature of produce — ‘Apples’ if the contents are not visible from the outside — Name of the variety or varieties where appropriate. — In the case of sales packages containing a mixture of apples of different varieties, names of each of the different varieties in the package. C. Origin of produce Country of origin and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name — In the case of sales packages containing a mixture of varieties of apples of different origins, the indication of each country of origin shall appear next to the name of the variety concerned. D. Commercial specifications — Class — Size or, for fruit packed in layers, number of units. If identification is by the size, this should be expressed: (a) for produce subject to the uniformity rules, as minimum and maximum diameters or minimum and maximum weight; (b) for produce not subject to the uniformity rules, the diameter or the weight of the smallest fruit in the package followed by ‘and over’ or ‘+’ or equivalent denomination or, where applicable, followed by the diameter or weight of the largest fruit. E. Official control mark (optional)

20.1.2004

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 13/9

Appendix

1. Colouring criteria, colouring groups and codes

A (Red varieties) Colouring group Total surface area of red colouring characteristic of the variety

B (Mixed red colouring varieties) Total surface area of mixed red colouring characteristic of the variety

C (Striped slightly coloured varieties) Total surface area of slightly red coloured, blushed or striped characteristic of the variety D (Other varieties)

Extra class Class I Class II

3/4 1/2 1/4

1/2 1/3 1/10

1/3 1/10 — No requirement as to red colouring

2. Russeting criteria — Group R: Varieties for which russeting is a characteristic of the skin and is not a defect if it corresponds to the typical appearance of the variety. — For varieties not marked with an ‘R’ in the list below, russeting is allowed within the following limits:

‘Extra’ class

Class I

Class II

Tolerance for Class II

(i) Brown patches

— not outside the stem cavity

— may go slightly beyond the stem or pistil cavities

— may go beyond the stem or pistil cavities

— fruit not seriously detracting from the appearance and condition of the package

— not rough (ii) Russeting — thin net-like russeting (not contrasting strongly with the general colouring of the fruit) — slight and isolated traces of russeting not altering the general appearance of the fruit or of the package — none

— not rough

— slightly rough

Maximum surface area of the fruit permitted 1/5 1/2 — fruit not seriously detracting from the appearance and condition of the package

— heavy

1/20

1/3

— fruit not seriously detracting from the appearance and condition of the package — fruit not seriously detracting from the appearance and condition of the package

— cumulative defects (with the exception of the brown patches which are excluded from these cumulative defects). In no case may thin russeting and heavy russeting taken together exceed a maximum of:



1/5

1/2

L 13/10

EN 3. Size criteria:

Official Journal of the European Union

20.1.2004

Group L: large fruited apple varieties mentioned in the second subparagraph of title III of the present standard.

4. Non-exhaustive list of apple varieties classified according to their colouring, russeting and size criteria: Fruits of varieties that are not part of the list must be graded according to their varietal characteristics. Some of the varieties listed in the following may be marketed under trade names for which trademark protection has been sought or obtained in one or more countries. The first and second column of the table hereunder do not intend to include such trade names. References to known trademarks have been included in the third column for information only.
Colour group

Variety

Synonyms

Tradenames

Russeting

Size

African Red Akane Alborz Seedling Aldas Alice Alkmene Alwa Angold Apollo Arkcharm Beauty of Blackmoor Arkansas No 18 A 18 Early Windsor Tohoku 3

African Carmine? Primerouge?

B B C B B C B C C C L L L L

Arlet Aroma Red coloured mutants of Aroma, for example Aroma Amorosa Auksis Belfort Belle de Boskoop and mutants Belle fleur double Berlepsch Berlepsch rouge Freiherr von Berlepsch Red Berlepsch Roter Berlepsch Pella

B C B

R

B B D R L

D C B

L

Blushed Golden Bohemia Boskoop rouge Red Boskoop Roter Boskoop B B R

L L L

20.1.2004

EN

Official Journal of the European Union
Colour group

L 13/11

Variety

Synonyms

Tradenames

Russeting

Size

Braeburn Red coloured mutants of Braeburn, for example: Hidala Joburn Hilwell? Aurora? Red Braeburn? Southern Rose? Redfield? Eve? Red Braeburn? Southern Rose? Red Braeburn? Southern Rose? Bramley Triomphe de Kiel

B A

L L

Lochbuie Red Braeburn Mahana Red Mariri Red Redfield Royal Braeburn Bramley's Seedling

D

L

Brettacher S?mling Calville (group of…) Cardinal Carola Caudle Charden Charles Ross Civni Coromandel Red Cortland Cox's orange pippin and mutants Red coloured mutants of Cox's Orange Pippin for example: Cherry Cox Crimson Bramley Cripps Pink Cripps Red Dalili Dalinbel Delblush Delcorf and mutants, for example: Dalili Monidel Ambassy? Tentation? Delbarestivale? Pink Lady? Sundowner? Ambassy? Cox Orange Corodel Rubens? Kalco Cameo?

D D B C B D D B A B C B R R

L L

L

L L

L

L C C (1) C B D C L L L

L 13/12

EN

Official Journal of the European Union
Colour group

20.1.2004

Variety

Synonyms

Tradenames

Russeting

Size

Delgollune Delicious ordinaire Deljeni Delikates Delor Discovery Dunn's Seedling Dykmanns Zoet Egremont Russet Elan Elise Ellison's orange Elstar and mutants, for example Daliter Elshof Elstar Armhold Elstar Reinhardt Red coloured mutants of Elstar, for example: Bel-El Daliest Goedhof Red Elstar Valstar Empire Falstaff Fiesta Florina Fortune Fuji and mutants Gala Red coloured mutants of Gala, for example: Annaglo Baigent Galaxy Mitchgala Obrogala Regala Regal Prince Tenroy Garcia Ginger Gold Red Pippin Red Delight Ellison Ordinary Delicious

Delbard Jubilé?

B B

L

Primgold?

D B C C D C D D R R

L

L

L L L

Roblos?

A C C

Elton?

B Red Elswout? Elista? Elnica?

A C C Querina? B D B C A R L L

Brookfield? Mondial Gala?

Gala Must? Royal Gala? D D L L

20.1.2004

EN

Official Journal of the European Union
Colour group

L 13/13

Variety

Synonyms

Tradenames

Russeting

Size

Gloster Goldbohemia Golden Delicious mutants Golden Russet Golden Supreme Gradigold Golden Extreme Coop 38 and

B D D

L L L

D D

R L

Goldrush Goldstar Granny Smith Gravenstein rouge

D D D

L L L L

Red Gravenstein Roter Gravensteiner Gravenstein

B

Gravensteiner Greensleeves Holsteiner mutants Cox and

D D

L L R

Holstein

D

Holstein rouge

Red Holstein Roter Holsteiner Cox Honeycrunch?

C

R

Honeycrisp Honeygold Horneburger Howgate Wonder Idared Ingrid Marie Isbranica Jacob Fisher Jacques Lebel Jamba James Grieve mutants James Grieve rouge Jarka Jerseymac Jester and Izbranica Manga

C D D D B B C D D C D R

L L L L L

L L L L

Red James Grieve

B C B D

L L

L

L 13/14

EN

Official Journal of the European Union
Colour group

20.1.2004

Variety

Synonyms

Tradenames

Russeting

Size

Jonagold (2) and mutants, for example: Crowngold Daligo Daliguy Dalijean Jonagold 2000 Jonabel Jonabres King Jonagold New Jonagold Novajo Schneica Wilmuta Jonagored and mutants, for example: Decosta Jomured Jonagold Boerekamp Jomar Jonagored Supra Jonaveld Primo Romagold Rubinstar Red Jonaprince Jonalord Jonathan Julia Jupiter Karmijn de Sonnaville Katy Kent Kidd's orange red Kim Koit Krameri Tuvioun Kukikovskoje Lady Williams Lane's Prince Albert Laxton's Superb Ligol Lobo Lodel Lord Lambourne Laxtons Superb Katja Van de Poel Early Queen? Marnica? First Red?

C

L

Jonasty Jonamel Excel

Fukushima Veulemanns Jonica

A

L

Surkijn

Wilton's? Red Prince? C B B D C B D C B C B B B D C B B A C R L L L L R R R L L

20.1.2004

EN

Official Journal of the European Union
Colour group

L 13/15

Variety

Synonyms

Tradenames

Russeting

Size

Maigold Mc Intosh Meelis Melba Melodie Melrose Meridian Moonglo Morgenduft Mutsu Normanda Nueva Europa Nueva Orleans Odin Ontario Orlovskoje Polosatoje Ozark Gold Paula Red Pero de Cirio Piglos Pikant Pikkolo Pilot Pimona Pinova Pirella Piros Rafzubex Rafzubin Rajka Rambour d'hiver Rambour Franc Reanda Rebella Rubinette? Rosso Rubinette? Corail? Pirol? Imperatore Crispin?

B B B B B C C C B D C C B B B C D B D B B C C C C B C A C B D B B C L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L

L 13/16

EN

Official Journal of the European Union
Colour group

20.1.2004

Variety

Synonyms

Tradenames

Russeting

Size

Red Delicious and mutants, for example: Erovan Fortuna Delicious Oregon Otago Red Chief Red King Red Spur Red York Richared Royal Red Shotwell Delicious Stark Delicious Starking Starkrimson Strakspur Topred Well Spur Red Dougherty Red Rome Redkroft Regal Regina Reglindis Reine des Reinettes Reineta Encarnada Reinette Canada Rouge du Goldparm?ne Gold Parmoné Early Red One Oregon Spur Delicious

A

L

A A A A B C C B B D du Reinette du Canada Canada Blanc Kanadarenette D R L L L L L

Reinette d'Orléans Reinette Canada Blanche

Reinette de France Reinette de Landsberg Reinette grise du Canada Relinda Remo Renora Resi Resista Retina Rewena Graue Kanadarenette

D D D C B B B D B B R

L L L

L

L L L

20.1.2004

EN

Official Journal of the European Union
Colour group

L 13/17

Variety

Synonyms

Tradenames

Russeting

Size

Roja de Benejama

Verruga Roja del Valle Clavelina Belle de Rome Rome Berner Rosenapfel

A

Rome Beauty

B

Rosana Royal Beaut Rubin Rubinola Sciearly Scifresh Sciglo Sciray Scired Sciros Selena Shampion Sidrunkollane Talioun Sinap Orlovskij Snygold Sommerregent Spartan Splendour St. Edmunds Pippin Stark's Earliest ?taris Sturmer Pippin Sügisdessert Sügisjoonik Summerred Sunrise Sunset Suntan Sweet Caroline Talvenauding

B A C B Pacific Beauty? Jazz? Southern Snap? A B A A Pacific Queen? Pacific Rose? A A B B D R

L L L L

GS48

L L L L L L

Orlovski Sinap Earlygold

D D C A A D C R

Staris

A D C C B A D D C B R R L L R L L

L 13/18

EN

Official Journal of the European Union
Colour group

20.1.2004

Variety

Synonyms

Tradenames

Russeting

Size

Tellisaare Tiina Topaz Tydeman's Early Worcester Veteran Vista Bella Wealthy Worcester Pearmain York Bellavista Tydeman's Early

B B B B B B B B B L L

(1) With minimum 20 % for Class I and Class II. (2) However, for the Jonagold variety at least one-tenth of the surface of the fruit in Class II must be striped with red colouring.


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