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TECHNICAL GUIDELINES-技术准则


TECHNICAL GUIDELINES FOR QUALITY OF THE WORK OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE CH&W 技术准则--CH&W 设计部
GENERAL 概述 ? All work files, provisional and final, will be stored on the new s

erver of the CH&W studio. ? 所有的文档,包括临时的和最终版,都要储存在 CH&W 工作室新服务器中。 ? For each contract we will create a folder identified by an alphanumeric code and a text that briefly describes the project (location and/or function of the building). The text will be as short as possible and in two languages (Chinese and English). ? 对于每一份合同,我们都将建立一个文件,并且添加字母数字代码和对项目概述的文 件名(项目地或建筑功能)。概述文件名应尽可能的简短,并用两种语言完成(中文 和英文)。 ? All work files will be identified by an alphanumeric code of the job and a text that briefly describes the content of drawings (plans, sections, elevations, etc.). The text will be as short as possible and in two languages (Chinese and English). ? 所有的工作文档的区分,都将通过字母数字代码和概述文件名完成,文字会描述图纸 内容(平面图,剖面图,立面图等等)。概述文件名尽可能的简短,并用两种语言完 成(中文和英文)。 ? Inside the folder will be created other five sub-folders so named: ? 打开文件后,里面会有五个子文件,分别命名为: 1 – COMMUNICATIONS Here we will save all the emails and service communications with the client and internal communications. 1- 通讯 在这个文件中,我们要保存我们与客户,以及内部通讯的所有邮件和服务通讯资料。 2 – INPUT Here we will save all the incoming data from external sources (customer, technical information downloaded from the internet, images and texts, etc.) 2- 输入

在这个文件中,我们要保存所有从外面收到的数据(客户、网上下载的技术信息、图 片和文章等等) 3 – PHOTO Here we will save in other sub-folders pictures taken during the visits to project areas and during the execution of the work. Of course, we will give to the sub-folders number and date. 3- 照片 在这个文件中,我们要有其他子文件,保存我们到项目现场采集的照片和项目实施中 的照片。当然,我们也要给这些子文件编号和日期标注。 4 – PROJECT Here we will save all the work files organized in subfolders. 4- 项目 在此文件中,我们要保存从子文件中整理好的文件。 5 – OUTPUT Here we will save all the files printed and delivered to customers. The files will be organized into numbered and dated sub-folders. 5-输出 在此文件中,我们要保存所有需要打印或传送给客户的资料。同样通过编号和日期标 注整理好这些子文件。 The aim is to make the work more intuitively accessible and available to all other members of the CH&W Studio. 这样做的目的在于让我们所有成员的工作更加的直观可行、有效。 No one else, if not the project leader, will change the organization of data inside the folders. 除了项目负责人,其他人员都不可随意改变文件中的数据组织规范方式。 ? We will work only on files stored on the server. ? 我们的操作都要在服务器里面的文件资料中。 We cannot work locally on files saved on computer terminal. This arrangement is useful and necessary to prevent errors and loss of time in the work of each. In fact, if we work in the local file, the latest changes is found exclusively within a single computer terminal. If the other members of the project team wish to open and work the latest version of the working file, obviously cannot do it. We will look for the file on the server. The file will be obviously obsolete and the user, at worst, will waste valuable time, working the wrong file.

我们不能在自己电脑终端上的文件中进行操作。在服务器里面操作有助于避免每个人 的错误发生和时间的浪费,这是很必要的。实际上,如果我们在自己的文件上操作, 最后的版本就只能在这个人的电脑上才能找到。如果设计组的其他成员想要打开最后 的工作文件,显然不会去别人的电脑里找,而是在服务器里找。这样就会导致最终版 的遗失,最糟的是,还会导致后来的使用者吧时间浪费在一个错误的文档上。 ? All technical changes must be agreed with the project team. ? 所有的技术改变都要经过项目组的同意。 The organization of work and files will always be respected a rule dictated by common sense. The rule is that each member of the CH&W studio should at any time be able to work on the latest versions of files created by others. And the files has to be found easily. For this reason, the data will be sorted and organized with logical criteria, in accordance with the project leaders. 工作和文档的整理应该作为常规,大家都须遵循。我们应该遵循的是:我们的所有成 员无论任何时候都能在其他人完成的最终版文件中进行操作。并且,保证容易找到最 终的文档。 USE OF CAD AND RENDERING SOFTWARE (Autocad, 3DStudio, Sketch Up etc) 关于 CAD 和绘图软件的使用(Autocad, 3DStudio, Sketch Up etc) ? For all work files produced by the CH&W studio, the following settings will be unified: ? 对于 CH&W 的所有工作文档,应形成以下统一设置: 1 – NAMES AND COLORS OF LAYER, DIMENSION AND TEXT STYLE (a DWG file, with all the settings, is saved in the folder SETTINGS inside the server) 2 – THE SAME PRINT FILE (ctb file) FOR ALL PROJECTS (The file to use is CHW.ctb and it’s saved in the folder SETTINGS inside the server). 1- 图层、规格和文字格式的命名和颜色(一个 DWG 文件及其所有的设置都要保存在 服务器里的"SETTING"文件中)。 2- 所有项目的打印文件( ctb 文件)(要用的文件为 CHW. Ctb ,保存在服务器里的 "SETTING"文件中) ? All files will be saved in the DWG AUTOCAD version 2007 or earlier. This is to allow those who use earlier versions of the software to be able to open and edit work files. ? 所有的文件要保存在 2007 年版或是更早的 DWG AUTOCAD 中。这样是为了方便那些老 版本的使用者,让他们可以打开或编辑文件。

? Before starting any draw everyone will have to ask about the final use of the draw. For example, the file produced by Wanda for Wushan 3D is not usable because it is probably too defined. The level curves probably consist of too many points. ? 任何一个人在开始绘图前,都要问清绘图的最终用途。例如,之前汪芯竹做的巫山 3D 模型我们最后都没有用,因为太过精细了。可能是由于等位曲线的组成点过多。 The number of points would probably be much more rarely. Maybe (but I don’t think so) would have decreased the definition of the design, but at least the file would be usable. What is not permissible is to waste our time. 组成点可以少一点。可能这样会降低设计的清晰度(但我不这样认为),可至少这样 的文件是可用的。 我们最不允许的就是浪费时间。

USE OF EDITING SOFTWARE (Photoshop) 剪辑软件的使用(Photoshop) ? For all PSD (Photoshop) files we will create groups of layers where we will put the layers logically organized. ? 对于 PSD 文件(Photoshop),我们会建立许多图层组,在这些组里我们会依序放置各 个图层。 For this we don’t give prescriptions. But the organization of the work must always respect a rule dictated by common sense. The rule is that each member of the CH&W studio should at any time be able to work easily on the latest versions of files created by others. 对此我们不会给出明确规定,但工作和文档的整理应该作为常规,大家都须遵循。我 们应该遵循的是:我们的所有成员无论任何时候都能在其他人完成的最终版文件中进 行操作。并且,保证容易找到最终的文档。 For this it’s important the data will be sorted and organized with logical criteria. 如此的话,我们就可以更有逻辑顺利的储存和管理重要的数据。 ? Before start working everyone will have to ask about the final use of the images, in order to define the best quality of this image (dpi). A resolution of 300 dpi for a file that will be seen on the screen is obviously an exaggeration that determines long delays for people who want see these images. In fact, the video resolution is only 72 dpi. ? 在开始工作前,任何人都要问清楚绘图的最终用途,这样是为了确定图片所需要的质 量高低(分辨率)。在屏幕上放一张分辨率为 300 的图片就有些过大,需要等待很长 时间才能打开。事实上,屏幕解析度只需要 72 的分辨率就足够了。

The following are the recommended resolutions for the various uses of image files (TIF, JPEG, PSD, etc.): 下面是对不同用途的图片文件的建议取值(TIF, JPEG, PSD,等等) 72 dpi for files that will be seen or projected on the screen. 在屏幕上观看或设计的文件为 72 dpi。 150-200 dpi for files that will be printed in good quality with laser or ink jet printers (higher resolutions make unnecessarily heavy files, since most printers are not able to appreciate resolutions higher than 200 dpi. If we need a good print quality it will be more important to use a special high-quality paper). 150-200 dpi 的文件是用于需要高质量的激光或是喷墨打印(更高的分辨率只会不 必要的加大文件,然而大多数的打印机不能承载超过 200 dpi 的文件。如果我们需 要高质量的打印,我们可以选择质量更好的纸张。) 300 dpi for print with typographic quality; 300 dpi 的文件可达印刷质量。 Higher resolutions are useless, with very few exceptions. 更高的分辨率只有极少数的情况会用到。

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PRINT OUT OF THE DRAWINGS 图纸打印 For draft printing we recommend to print out with low print quality, allowing to speed up printing and save printing ink. 我们建议草稿打印只需要低质量,既可加快打印速度,也可节约打印油墨。 THIS LIST IS OPEN TO MANY OTHER SUGGESTIONS FROM THE PEOPLE OF THE ARCHITECTURE DEPARTMENT 欢迎设计部其他成员提供添加更多意见。


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