扬州市 2014-2015 学年度高三期中质量检测
英 语 试 卷
本试卷分五部分。满分 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。
第Ⅰ 卷（共 85 分）
第一部分： 听力 (共两节，满分 20 分) 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1
分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What do we know from the conversation? A. The woman didn’t sleep well last night. B. The man didn’t get enough sleep last night. C. The man didn’t give useful advice to the woman. 2. What time is it now? A. It’s 9:30. B. It’s 10:00. C. It’s 10:30. 3. How did Ida get the figures at the meeting? A. She added the money spent on advertising. B. She examined how much was increased. C. She compared the figures of last year. 4. What does the woman mean? A. She never lends Tom anything. B. The man shouldn’t have lent his favorite record out. C. Tom is dishonest. 5. Where does this conversation take place? A. In the street. B. At a coffee shop. C. At a restaurant. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题， 每小题 5 秒钟； 听完后， 各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。 每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What do we know about the woman? A. She has got a beach umbrella. B. She likes her sun hat very much. C. She likes shopping online. 7. What will the woman do? A. Go shopping. B. Buy an umbrella. C. Start to wear sun hat. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. When should Mr. Brown arrive at the airport? A. At least before 10:30. B. At least before 9:30. C. At least before 8:30. 9. What does the woman promise to do?
A. Give Mr. Brown the message.
B. Call the man back.
C. Go fetch the ticket.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What did Mr. Miller watch on TV last night? A. A play. B. A basketball match. C. A football match. 11. How does Mr. Miller usually go to work? A. By car. B. By train. C. By bus. 12. What happened to Mr. Miller? A. He was fined. B. He was warned. C. He was fired. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What does the man want to do? A. Join a basketball team. B. Get in shape and compete in a cycling race. C. Enjoy a TV game with his wife. 14. What seems to be the woman’s major concern? A. Her husband’s spending too much time away from home. B. Her husband’s diet habits. C. Her husband’s health condition. 15. What is the woman’s first suggestion to her husband? A. He should see a doctor. B. He should abandon the idea. C. He should lose some weight. 16. What can we know about the man from the conversation? A. He has a fairly healthful diet habit. B. He has a loving and caring wife. C. He has been exercising under a fitness instructor’s guidance. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Why was Cleveland given a name of Forest City according to the passage? A. People there did business on trees. B. Because there were no trees in the city. C. No one knows the origin for sure. 18. Why did Cleveland become famous in 1969? A. A local man made a huge mistake in business. B. A river caught on fire on its surface. C. A shopping mall caught on fire. 19. Which one of the nicknames is Cleveland most proud of? A. The Rock and Roll Capital of the World. B. Forest City. C. The Mistake on the Lake. 20. What do nicknames of cities NOT do? A. Spread pride among the citizens. B. Help establish the identity of the city. C. Make the city popular. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分）
请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. — Good afternoon, Dr. Smith’s office. — Hello, this is Denial. Could you please tell Dr. Smith our appointment ______? My car ______ start. A. will be delayed; won’t B. is delayed; can’t C. has been delayed; can’t D. was delayed; won’t 22. “Here are the first five volumes of the well-known novelist’s works, the sixth one ______ next month.” The narrator introduced. A. comes out B. is coming out C. to come out D. is to come out 23. We do not want to be so ______ because we think all of these things are old and especially in China we need some big changes. A. environmental B. conventional C. fundamental D. multicultural 24. The White House postponed moving forward with its immigration plan, partly out of ______ that it might hurt Democratic candidates in November. A. curiosity B. dilemma C. politics D. concern 25. I always enjoyed English at school, but the advanced courses in literature ______ me ______. A. turn ... off B. turn ... down C. turn ... out D. turn ... away 26. Since I started going to the gym almost a year ago, I’ve gradually worked myself up to the point ______ I can cover ten rounds within 15 minutes. A. when B. which C. why D. where 27. ______ being asked to pay for their degrees, more and more students who go abroad for study are now sponsored by the state or companies. A. More than B. Other than C. Rather than D. Less than 28. It is thrilling to Apple CEO Tim Cook that the iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus ______ better than any other iPhone model since their appearance on Chinese market. A. are sold B. have been selling C. are selling D. will be sold 29. He took a book __________ off the shelf and then pretended to read. A. at present B. at ease C. at random D. at heart 30. — How is Jackson doing in your class? He needs to improve his physics. — How can he expect to learn anything ______ he never listens? A. where B. when C. until D. unless 31. Inevitably you should buy something to ______ the bitter opponent. I want you to be the perfect loving person. A. make up with B. come up with C. catch up with D. end up with 32. The Arabian Nights ______ well known all over the world, in which many a story ______ interesting and instructive. A. is; are B. are; is C. are: are D. is; is 33. The Romany spread into many countries and developed their own language, ______ there are now approximately sixty varieties. A. of which B. during which C. in which D. for which 34. — Have you seen my bag? — How ______I know where you’ve left your bag? I came in just now. A. must B. need C. should D. shall
35. — Last week my son lied to his teacher, which made him angry. —______ As far as I know, he is always honest. A. So what? B. What then? C. Why not?
D. How come?
第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
As a young man, Al was a skilled artist, a potter with a wife and two fine sons. One night, his older son developed a that night. Knowing the death could have been situation, he always felt he was situations were more than Al could an alcoholic. As the alcoholism Finally Al 45 44 , AL began to lose everything he possessed -- his land, house, etc. 46 ! " 47 . I knew Al’s now adult son, 49 . to ask 53 50 51 alone in a small bar. Hearing of Al’s passing away, I thought, "What a totally 39 if he had only realized the seriousness of the 41 left him a short 42 son. The hurt and pain of the two 40 . To make matters worse, his 43 36 stomachache. Thinking it was only some 38 37 intestinal（肠 的）disorder, neither Al nor his wife took the condition very . But the boy died suddenly
time later, leaving him alone with his six-year-old
, and he turned to alcohol for help. In time Al became
wasted life! What a complete Ernie. He is one of the
As time went by, I began to revalue my earlier rough
48 , most caring, most loving men I have ever known. I saw the
between Ernie and his children, thinking that kindness and caring had to come from I hadn’t heard Ernie talked much about his father. One day, I worked up my
him what on earth his father had done so that he became such a special person. Ernie said 52 , "As a child until I left home at 18, Al came into my room every night, gave me a and said, "love you, son." Tears came to my eyes as I realized what a(n) had not left any material his best love. 36. A. mildest 37. A. common 38. A. seriously 39. A. escaped 40. A. upset 41. A. child 42. A. oldest 43. A. relieve 44. A. withdrew 45. A. died 46. A. abuser 47. A. decision 48. A. nicest 49. A. love B. severe B. famed B. importantly B. fled B. foolish B. daughter B. younger B. help B. retreated B. drank B. failure B. perspective B. kindest B. care
I had been to judge Al as a failure. He
behind. But he had been a kind loving father, and left behind C. medium C. scarce C. terribly C. prevented C. guilty C. son C. youngest C. stand C. advanced C. stayed C. fool C. judgment C. friendliest C. relation D. sensitive D. rare D. carefully D. avoided D. absurd D. wife D. older D. recover D. progressed D. departed D. company D. conclusion D. warmest D. closeness
50. A. anywhere 51. A. confidence 52. A. awkwardly 53. A. lift 54. A. fool 55. A. earnings
B. nowhere B. strength B. silently B. kiss B. coward B. wealths
C. somewhere C. courage C. contently C. lesson C. example C. fortunes
D. whereas D. energy D. quietly D. hand D. idol D. possessions
第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Student Cub Notes Free and Low Cost Gyms, Health Clubs and Pools
NYC Department of Parks Recreation Centers
Recreation Centers: The NYC Department of Parks has many Recreation Centers throughout New York City. Recreation Centers offer a wide range of free and membership programs and services. Some have indoor swimming pools. Almost all have weight rooms, basketball courts, dance studios, boxing rings, art studios, game rooms, etc. All Recreation Centers offer a wide range of programs such as aerobics, dance, tai chi, fencing, computer classes, and art. Many programs are free and open to the general public but many require membership. You do not need to be a New York City resident to use a Recreation Center. You may use your annual membership at any and all Centers. Use one near the Spanish-American Institute and then use one near your home. Costs: Free and membership programs. Standard annual membership is $50 for Recreation Centers and $75 for Recreation Centers with pools. (Do you know anyone 55 and older? The senior membership is only $10 a year.) Standard membership provides scheduled access to the gym, pool, and other facilities. Instructor-led courses such as aerobics, martial arts, music, or yoga may require an additional fee. Membership and Program Information: Go to the www.nycgovparks.org home page. On the “Facilities” menu, click on “Recreation Centers.” On the “Recreation Centers” page, you will find information about membership and fees. You will also see links to Recreation Facilities by borough (Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island.) On the “Facilities” menu, you may also want to check out other NYC Department of Parks facilities such as beaches, ice skating rinks, nature centers, running tracks, soccer fields, etc.
Recreation Centers: There are several Parks Department Recreation Centers in each borough. After you go to the “Recreation Centers” page and click on a borough, you will find a list of the centers in that borough with their addresses, phone numbers, and web links. The list will look like that for Manhattan below. Click on the link for a particular Center to learn more about its services, schedules, and programs. 56. What privilege can an annual member of recreation centers enjoy? A. Having access to all recreation centers all year. B. Experiencing all programs and services free. C. Swimming, playing basketball etc in all centers. D. Using only the center near your home free. 57. If your parents and grandparents (both over sixty) want to get the memberships, how much will they pay? A. At least $20. B. At least $120. C. At least $180. D. At least $220. 58. You will probably fail to find ______ on the www.nycgovparks.org home page. A. the cost for various memberships B. the locations of recreations centers C. the staff and provided services D. the facilities, phones and web links B In The Birth Order Book: Why You Are the Way You Are (2004), Dr. Kevin Leman notes that 21 of the first 23 Americans in space were first-born males or only children. More than half of United States presidents have been first-borns or first-born boys. It’s a pretty significant finding historically, because families used to be bigger than they are today. In addition to being high achievers, older children also generally have higher IQs than younger ones. Researchers have noted that the more kids a family has, the lower each child’s individual IQ tends to be. They give a few reasons for this. Parents only have so much time, attention, and money. The more kids they have, the more these things are divided. First-born initially get the entire parental time. What’s more, the ration （配给量）of grown-ups to kids decreases with each new baby. So the younger ones are surrounded by more children’s language on average than the older kids. Some researchers think parental attention is the key to personality birth-order differences. In his book Born to Rebel, psychologist Frank Sulloway says competition for Mom and Dad’s attention is the thing that really shapes our personalities as part of our strategy to seek favor from Mom and Dad. Younger siblings (兄弟姐妹) tend to become rebels. Sulloway studied political activists and found that later-born activists were more radical than their first-born peers. The conclusion of his book is that sibling competition for parental attention can affect society as a whole in times of revolution. Thomas Jefferson, Karl Marx, and Fidel Castro were all younger siblings, for example. As compelling as this all is, it’s also something we should probably take with caution. There are other things that happen to us in life besides the addition of siblings to our families. A parent can die: a hurricane can leave us homeless; we can catch a life-threatening disease. Any one of these things will probably have more of an effect on our personalities than the presence of siblings. A 2002 study bore this out. After interviewing 535 undergraduates, researchers concluded that personality differences related to birth order were “folklore”, although IQ and achievement
differences were widely supported by research. 59. What is implied by “the younger ones are surrounded by more children’s language on average than the older kids”? A. Younger children need parental attention rather than siblings. B. Younger children’s language mostly is taught by the older ones. C. Younger children feel uncomfortable with more siblings. D. Younger children have less chance to talk with their parents. 60. According to the passage, Frank Sulloway supports the idea that ______. A. competition for parental attention is key to one’s personality formation B. people’s personalities are the critical factors affecting our society as a whole C. the time parents spend with kids decreases with each new baby’s birth D. later-born children are more likely to become the political activists 61. Frank Sulloway mentions Thomas Jefferson in his book in order to tell people that ______. A. Thomas Jefferson is not the first-born child B. not all the famous people are the first-born children C. the idea that most of famous people are the first-born children is wrong D. the later-born children are more radical than the first-born children C Ours is a time when advances in science and technology have changed our understanding of the universe and our place within it. It is easy for some people to dismiss the discipline of philosophy as irrelevant. Renowned physicist Stephen Hawking, for one, boldly announced that philosophy is dead at Google’s Zeitgeist Conference in 2011. But Rebecca Newberger Goldstein, a US philosopher and novelist, doesn’t agree. In her new book Plato at the Goolgeplex: Why Philosophy Won’t Go Away, she argues that in philosophy, unlike in other areas of study, an ancient historical figure like Plato is just as relevant today. Goldstein says that the growth in scientific knowledge presents new philosophical issues. For example, physics is blowing us away with the hypothesized multiverse — the idea that there exists more than one universe. According to Goldstein, the question of what the universe is and where we are in the universe is a scientific as well as philosophical one. With the tremendous growth in cognitive science (认知科学) and neuroscience (神经科学), scientists are exploring the idea of uploading our brains into the cloud. Are we discovering what our consciousness really is? Are we solving the problem of free will? These are pressing philosophical questions as well. Even for those who are not philosophy students, philosophy is always a good thing to know, says Goldstein. Studying philosophy challenges your point of view. She goes on, “Also, you need to be a citizen in this world. You need to know your responsibilities. You’re going to have many moral choices every day of your life. And it enriches your inner life. You have lots of frameworks to apply to problems, and so many ways to interpret things. It makes life so much more interesting. It’s us at our most human. And it helps us increase our humanity. No matter what you do, that’s an asset.” At a more practical level, knowledge and training in philosophy can also benefit your career. Critical and logical thinking translates well to a life outside of academia. Zachary Ernst, a software engineer at Narrative Science, a data analysis company, tells The Atlantic, “As a professional philosopher, if you haven’t gotten over-specialized and narrow, then you’ve got really good
analytical and communication skills. So you’ve got the ability to learn quickly and efficiently. You’re also in the habit of being very critical of all sorts of ideas and approaches to a variety of problems. Those skills are very rare in almost any workforce, and they’re extremely valuable.” 62. What does Goldstein’s new book mainly talk about? A. The latest development of Plato’s theory in the scientific world. B. The existence of more than one universe is a philosophical issue. C. Scientists like Stephen Hawking need to learn some philosophy. D. The significance of philosophy study at present times. 63. Which of the statements is included in the benefit of philosophy learning? A. It helps people understand the daily morals. B. It offers various problem-solving guidelines. C. It stresses the challenges of being a human. D. It contributes to the all-round development. 64. The words by Zarchary Ernst indicate that ______. A. more science workers are getting trained in philosophy B. philosophers are bound to succeed in the business world C. lack of philosophy knowledge results in professional failure D. mastery of philosophy wins you an edge in your field 65. The best title for this passage could be ______. A. Philosophy Continues B. Philosophy vs. Science C. Plato and Philosophy D. Philosophy and work D Students and all employees (including administrative staff) who have concerns, dissatisfactions, or complaints are encouraged to bring them to the Institute’s attention as promptly as possible. Problems involving classroom matters should first be discussed directly with the faculty member involved. Questions about administrative policies should be discussed with a Faculty Student-Services Associate. Concerns unresolved with a Faculty Student-Services Associate may be discussed with the Dean of Students. Dissatisfactions unresolved with the Dean of Students should be presented to the President. Remaining issues may be submitted in writing to the Board of Directors. The submission should describe the problem in detail, include any available documentation, and be signed by the student or employee. The Board will make appropriate inquiries and recommend a resolution within thirty (30) days of receiving the written concern and will notify the student or employee of those findings. At no time shall a final determination be made by a person or persons directly involved in the complaint itself. Students and employees are assured that no negative action will be taken against anyone expressing a concern through this mechanism. A student or employee who is not satisfied with the Institute’s complaint resolution and who has reason to believe that the institution has acted contrary to its published standards or that conditions at the institution appear to jeopardize (损害) the quality of the instructional programs or the general welfare of its students may file a written complaint with the New York State Education Department. Any person who believes he or she has been unfairly treated by the
institution may file a written complaint with the Department within two years of the clearly stated incident, as follows: The person should first try to resolve the complaint directly with the institution by following the internal complaint procedures described above. Copies of all documents and correspondence should be kept. If a person is unable to resolve the complaint with the institution or believes that the institution has not properly addressed the concerns, he or she may request a complaint form by telephoning the Postsecondary Complaint Registry or writing to the New York Education Department, Postsecondary Complaint Registry, 116 West 32 Street, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10001, 212-643-4760 / Fax: 212-643-4765. The Postsecondary Complaint Registry Form should be completed, signed and sent to the above address. The completed form should indicate the resolution being sought and any efforts that have been made to resolve the complaint through the institution’s internal complaint processes. Copies of all relevant documents should be included. The Department will make every effort to address and resolve complaints within ninety days from receipt of the complaint form. 66. When a student violated class rules, you, as a teacher, would most probably turn to ______. A. the faculty member involved B. a Faculty Student-Services Associate C. the Dean of Students D. the Board of Directors 67. The President is responsible for _________ of the institute unless someone can deal with it. A. poor attendance of certain lectures B. discipline complaints from teachers C. complaints about poor teaching D. concerns about the management 68. The submission of an issue to the Board of Directors excludes ______. A. the detailed description of the problem B. signature of the student or employee C. the recommendation of a resolution D. any obtained useful documentation 69. What do the underlined parts in paragraph five mean? A. The published standards allow people to make any complaints. B. Everyone must follow the published standards whatever he does. C. One must refer to the published standards when he complains. D. A written complaint must be filed following published standards. 70. What message does the writer of the passage try to convey to his target readers? A. No one shall make a final determination above the mechanism. B. The mechanism of solving concerns or complaints is reasonable. C. Concerns or complaints should be solved following a procedure. D. It’s no surprise that students or employees sometimes complain.
第Ⅱ 卷（共 35 分）
第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只写一个单词。 A growing body of research has shown that each of us has a “willpower budget” for everything we do. As this willpower budget drains, we are more likely to give in to temptations. If you use all your willpower to keep on a diet, you may not have any left to stop you from other indulgences (放纵).
The brain’s store of willpower is used up when people control their thoughts, feelings or impulses, or when they work hard in pursuit of goals. US psychologist Roy Baumeister and others have found that people who successfully accomplish one task requiring self-control are less persistent on a second, seemingly unrelated task. Activities that reduce willpower include resisting food or drink, keeping down emotional responses, taking exams and trying to impress someone. Task persistence is also reduced when people are stressed or lack of sleep. Some researchers have suggested that it is blood sugar that affects willpower. Brain cells use sugar as their main energy source and cannot do without it for even a few minutes. Most cognitive (认知的) functions are unaffected by minor blood sugar changes over the course of a day, but planning and self-control are sensitive to them. Applying self-control lowers blood sugar, which reduces the capacity for further self-control. However we can increase our willpower through practice. In the short term, you should spend your limited willpower budget wisely. Concentrating your effort on one or at most a few goals at a time increases the chance of success. Focusing on success is important because willpower can grow in the long term. Like a muscle, willpower seems to become stronger with use. In military boot camps, new soldiers are trained to overcome one challenge after another to exercise and increase their willpower. But you don’t need to go to a military camp to train your willpower; even something as simple as using your non-dominant hand to brush your teeth for two weeks can increase willpower capacity. People who stick to an exercise program for two months report reducing their impulsive spending, junk food intake, alcohol use and smoking. They also study more, watch less television and do more housework
第五部分：读写任务（满分 25 分） What would you say when you are under work pressure, “stressed out and desperate” or “challenged and energized”? There is very little physiological difference between the two, says a growing team of experts who claim work stress has an upside. These experts believe that stress can strengthen you or tear you down. In most cases, you can choose. Give stress a good name. Why resent work stress- it’s an indicator that your career is advancing. Think of a heavy work load as an exciting opportunity to push yourself, learn new skills and show your courage. Complaining burns out your energy. Instead, greet an overloaded day with optimism. Tell yourself, “This is a challenge I am capable of handling.”
Spend time with your friends. During high-pressure periods, don’t lock yourself in a room with your work. Socializing with friends and colleagues, getting together with people who make you laugh and change your perspective, will revitalize and inspire you. You want positive social support, so offer your friends progress reports and ask them for feedback, solution and encouragement ....... [写作内容] 1.用约 30 个单词写出上文概要； 2.用约 120 词发表你的观点，内容包括： （1）作为学生，你是否经常面对压力，面对压力时，你有何种反应； （2）请你提出至少两种化解压力的有效方法。 [写作要求] 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构故事，但必须提供化解压力的方法； 2.阐述观点或提供论据时，不得直接引用原文语句； 3.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 4.不必写标题。 [评分标准] 内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当。