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10. 2013年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语(广东卷)


10. 2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语(广东卷)
本试卷共 12 页,三大题,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 I 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Number sense is not the ability to count. It is the ability to recognize a Human beings are born with this ability. 2 1 in number.

, experiments show that many animals are, too. For

example, many birds have good number sense. If a nest has four eggs and you remove one, the bird will not bird knows the 3 . However, if you remove two, the bird 5 between two and three. 6 number sense. A man was trying to 4 leaves. This means that the

Another interesting experiment showed a bird’s

take a photo of a crow (乌鸦) that had a nest in a tower, but the crow always left when she saw him coming. The bird did not 7 until the man left the tower. The man had an 8 . He 9

took another man with him to the tower. One man left and the other stayed, but they did not the bird. The crow stayed away until the second man left, too. The experiment was 10

with

three men and then with four men. But the crow did not return to the nest until all the men were 11 . It was not until five men went into the tower and only four left that they were to fool the crow. How good is a human’s number sense? It’s not very good. For example, babies about fourteen months old almost always notice if something is taken away from a when the number goes beyond three or four, the children are 14 fooled. 13 group. But 12 able

It seems that number sense is something we have in common with many animals in this world, and that our human C1. A. rise B2. A. Importantly D3. A. survive AC4. A. generally 15 is not much better than a crow’s. C. change C. Disappointedly C. hatch C. casually D. trend D. Fortunately D. notice D. Deliberately

B. pattern B. Surprisingly B. care B. sincerely

“通常” “真诚地” “无意地” “故意地”

C5. A. distance A6. A. amazing D7. A. relax C8. A. appointment A9. A. fool B10. A. reported B11. A. confused D12. A. gradually B13. A. single D14. A. seldom C15. A. sight

B. range B. annoying B. recover B. excuse B. hurt B. repeated B. gone B. luckily B. small B. temporarily B. nature

C. difference C. satisfying C. react C. idea C. catch C. designed C. tired C. strangely C. local C. merely C. ability

D. interval D. disturbing D. return D. explanation D. kill D. approved D. drunk D. finally D. new D. often D. belief

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 16. found 17. nor 18. why 19. reasonable 20. who21. at 22.for 23.possibl24. a 25. thinking One day, Nick invited his friends to supper. He was cooking some delicious food in the kitchen. Suddenly, he 16found (find) that he had run out of salt. So Nick called to his son, 17Nor too

“Go to the village and buy some salt, but pay a fair price for it: neither too much little.”

His son looked surprised. “I can understand why I shouldn’t pay too much, Father, but if I can pay less, 18why not save a bit of money?” 19 reasonable (reason) thing to do in a big city, but it could

“That would be a very

destroy a small village like ours,” Nick said. Nick’s guests, 20who had heard their conversation, asked why they should not buy salt 21is at a

more cheaply if they could. Nick replied, “The only reason a man would sell salt

lower price would be because he was desperate for money. And anyone who took advantage of that situation would be showing a lack of respect for 22 show respect for

the sweat and struggle of the man who worked very hard to produce it.”

“But such a small thing couldn’t “In the beginning, there was only but everyone added a little, always

23 possibly (possible) destroy a village.” 24 a very small amount of unfairness in the world, (think) that it was only small and not very

25thinking

important, and look where we have ended up today.” Ⅱ 阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A Imagination and fantasy can play an important role in achieving the things we fear. Children know this very well. Fred Epstein, in his book If I Make It to Five, tells a story he heard from one of friends about Tom, a four-year-old boy with a cancer in his back bone. He came through several operations and a lot of pain by mastering his imagination. Tom loved to pretend, and he particularly loved to play superheroes. Dr. Epstein explained that it was actually a brilliant way for his young mind to handle the terrifying and painful life he led. The day before his third trip to the operating room, Tom was terribly afraid. “Maybe I could go as Superman,” he whispered to his mom. Hearing this, the mother hesitated for a while. She had avoided buying the expensive costume (戏装), but finally she agreed. The next day Tom appeared as the powerful Superman, showing off through the hospital halls and coolly waving his hand to the people greeting him along the way. And Tom, with the strength of his fantasy, successfully made it through the operation. The power of imagination need not be reserved for children only. we all have the power to use our fantasies to attempt things we never thought possible, to go through those things that seem impossible, and to achieve what we never believed we could. Just as Dr. Epstein puts it, “If you can dream it, you can do it.” It doesn’t mean that you should dress as a superhero for your next job interview. But, next time you are tested in a way that seems impossible, imagine what it would take to overcome it. Become the person you need to become to win over your challenge and do it in your mind first. So, let your imagination run wild, and dare to dream. A26. What do we know about Tom? A. He was seriously ill B. He was a dishonest boy. C. He was crazy about magic. D. He was Dr. Epstein’s patient. DA27. What can be inferred about Tom’s mother? A. She was a rich lady. B. She refused Tom’s request. C. She wanted Tom to be a superhero. D. She wanted to get Tom through the pain. B28. When Tom went for the third operation, he ______. A. pretended to be painful B. acted like a superhero C. appeared in poor spirits D. argued with his mother

C29. In the last paragraph, you are advised ______. A. to go through some difficult tests B. to wake up from your wild dreams C. to become a powerful person in your mind D. to wear expensive clothes for job interviews D30. What is the purpose of the passage? A. To tell us an interesting story. B. To help us make right decisions. C. To advise us to care about children. D. To encourage us to use our imagination. B Some people think that success is only for those with talent or those who grow up in the right family, and others believe that success mostly comes down to luck. I’m not going to say luck, talent, and circumstances don’t come into play because they do. Some people are born into the right family while others are born with great intelligence, and that’s just the reality of how life is. However, to succeed in life, one first needs to set a goal and then gradually make it more practical. And, in addition to that, in order to get really good at something, one needs to spend at least 10,000 hours studying and practicing. To become great at certain things, it’ll require even more time, time that most people won’t put in. This is a big reason why many successful people advise you to do something you love. If you don’t enjoy what you do, it is going to feel like unbearable pain and will likely make you quit well before you ever become good at it. When you see people exhibiting some great skills or having achieved great success, you know that they have put in a huge part of their life to get there at a huge cost. It’s sometimes easy to think they got lucky or they were born with some rare talent, but thinking that way does you no good, and there’s a huge chance that you’re wrong anyway. Whatever you do, if you want to become great at it, you need to work day in and day out, almost to the point of addiction, and over a long period of time. If you’re not willing to put in the time and work, don’t expect to receive any rewards. Consistent, hard work won’t guarantee you the level of success you may want, but it will guarantee that you will become really good at whatever it is you put all that work into. AC31. Paragraph 1 mainly talks about ______. A. the reasons for success B. the meaning of success C. the standards of success D. the importance of success B32. In Paragraph 2, the underlined word that refers to ______. A. being good at something B. setting a practical goal C. putting in more time D. succeeding in life D33. Successful people suggest doing what one loves because ______. A. work makes one feel pain B. one tends to enjoy his work C. one gives up his work easily D. it takes a lot of time to succeed B34. What can we infer from Paragraph 4? A. Successful people like to show their great skills. B. People sometimes succeed without luck or talent. C. People need to achieve success at the cost of life. D. It helps to think that luck or talent leads to success. C35. What is the main theme of the passage?

A. Having a goal is vital to success. B. Being good is different from being great. C. One cannot succeed without time and practice. D. Luck, talent and family help to achieve success. C One day, when I was working as a psychologist in England, an adolescent boy showed up in my office. It was David. He kept walking up and down restlessly, his face pale, and his hands shaking slightly. His head teacher had referred him to me. “This boy has lost his family,” he wrote. “He is understandably very sad and refuses to talk to others, and I’m very worried about him. Can you help?” I looked at David and showed him to a chair. How could I help him? There are problems psychology doesn’t have the answer to, and which no words can describe. Sometimes the best thing one can do is to listen openly and sympathetically. The first two times we met, David didn’t say a word. He sat there, only looking up to look at the children’s drawings on the wall behind me. I suggested we play a game of chess. He nodded. After that he played chess with me every Wednesday afternoon — in complete silence and without looking at me. It’s not easy to cheat in chess, but I admit I made sure David won once or twice. Usually, he arrived earlier than agreed, took the chess board and pieces from the shelf and began setting them up before I even got a chance to sit down. It seemed as if he enjoyed my company. But why did he never look at me? “Perhaps he simply needs someone to share his pain with,” I thought. “Perhaps he senses that I respect his suffering.” Some months later, when we were playing chess, he looked up at me suddenly. “It’s your turn,” he said. After that day, David started talking. He got friends in school and joined a bicycle club. He wrote to me a few times, about his biking with some friends, and about his plan to get into university. Now he had really started to live his own life. Maybe I gave David something. But I also learned that one — without any words — can reach out to another person. All it takes is a hug, a shoulder to cry on, a friendly touch, and an ear that listens. C36. When he first met the author, David ______. A. felt a little excited B. walked energetically C. looked a little nervous D. showed up with his teacher A37. As a psychologist, the author ______. A. was ready to listen to David B. was skeptical about psychology C. was able to describe David’s problem D. was sure of handling David’s problem B38. David enjoyed being with the author because he ______. A. wanted to ask the author for advice B. need to share sorrow with the author C. liked the children’s drawings in the office D. bear the author many times in the chess game A39. What can be inferred about David? A. He recovered after months of treatment. B. He liked biking before he lost his

family. C. He went into university soon after starting to talk. D. He got friends in school before he met the author. D40. What made David change? A. His teacher’s help. B. The author’s friendship. C. His exchange of letters with the author. D. The author’s silent communication with him. D While Jennifer was at home taking an online exam for her business law class, a monitor (监 控器) a few hundred miles away was watching her every move. Using a web camera equipped in Jennifer’s Los Angeles apartment, the monitor in Phoenix tracked how frequently her eyes moved from the computer screen and listened for the secret sounds of a possible helper in the room. Her Internet access was locked — remotely — to prevent Internet searches, and her typing style was analyzed to make sure she was who she said she was: Did she enter her student number at the same speed as she had in the past? Or was she slowing down? In the battle against cheating, this is the cutting edge and a key to encourage honesty in the booming field of online education. The technology gives trust to the entire system, to the institution and to online education in general. Only with solid measures against cheating, experts say, can Internet universities show that their exams and diplomas are valid — that students haven’t just searched the Internet to get the right answers. Although online classes have existed for more than a decade, the concern over cheating has become sharper in the last year with the growth of “open online courses.” Private colleges, public universities and corporations are jumping into the online education field, spending millions of dollars to attract potential students, while also taking steps to help guarantee honesty at a distance. Aside from the web cameras, a number of other high-tech methods are becoming increasingly popular. Among them are programs that check students’ identities using personal information, such as the telephone numbers they once used. Other programs can produce unique exams by drawing on a large list of questions and can recognize possible cheaters by analyzing whether difficult test questions are answered at the same speed as easy ones. As in many university classes, term papers are scanned against some large Internet data banks for cheating. D41. Why was Jennifer watched in an online exam ? A. To correct her typing mistakes. B. To find her secrets in the room. C. To prevent her from slowing down. D. To keep her from dishonest behaviors. A42. The underlined expression cutting edge in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______. A. advanced technique B. sharpening tool C. effective rule D. dividing line BA43. For Internet universities, exams and diplomas will be valid if _____. A. they can attract potential students B. they can defeat academic cheating C. they offer students online help D. they offer many online courses A44. Some programs can find out possible cheaters by _____. A. checking the question answering speed B. producing a large number of

questions C. scanning the Internet test questions D. giving difficult test questions C45. Which of the following is the best title of this passage? A. The Advantages of Online Exams B. The High-tech Methods in Online Courses C. The Fight against Cheating in Online Education D. The War against the Booming of Online Education 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息, 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选 项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读下列杂志上的广告内容:

以下是读者为了获取相关广告详细信息的电子邮件,请匹配广告内容与邮件。 46. B

To Send Subject: Dear Sir or Madam,

CustomerService@gmail.com Information Booklet Request

I am a journalist working for a local news agency. Since I need to travel a lot, I do care about durability when choosing power supply for my digital cameras. Could you kindly email the information booklet of your products to me? Your timely reply will be highly appreciated. Best regards, Tom Brown 47. E To Send Subject: Dear Sir or Madam, My family is new in the town. After settling down, we started looking for a family car. Your new model Beetle Convertible looks so cool. I think your detailed information booklet may help us know more about this model. Please kindly send it to my email address: jacks@gdnmet2013.com. Many thanks for your help. Best regards, Jack Smith 48.ACCC To Send Subject: Dear Sir or Madam, My Beetle Convertible is insured with ING insurance company. The insurance will expire next month. The offer introduced in your advertisement sounds attractive to me. I want to know more about your service. Please kindly email me a relevant information booklet. Your timely reply will be highly appreciated. Best regards, Mary Smith 49. F Information Booklet Request CustomerService@gmail.com Information Booklet Request CustomerService@gmail.com

To Send Subject: Dear Sir or Madam,

CustomerService@gmail.com Information Booklet Request

I don’t enjoy my new job as a department manager since I find it hard to communicate with and motivate my team members. Hopefully, your diploma course can provide me with professional training on administrative and communicative skills. I look forward to receiving your information booklet and application forms as soon as possible. Please send them to me at jimmys@gdnmet2013.com. Best regards, Jimmy Smith 50. D To Send Subject: Dear Sir or Madam, My family is new in the town. Worrying about community safety, I prefer to secure my house with new technology. Your product sounds like the right choice for me. Could you kindly send your information booklet to my email address: peterw@gdnmet2013.com? Your timely reply will be highly appreciated. Best regards, Peter White Ⅲ 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作(共 1 小题;满分 15 分) 你接受了一项写作任务,要为英语校报写一篇时事快讯。 [写作内容] 请根据以下信息,写一篇关于移民火星的快讯。 志愿者的选拔: 到 2015 年,在全球选出约 30 名去火星*的志愿者。 志愿者的条件: 至少 18 岁; Information Booklet Request CustomerService@gmail.com

做好不回地球的准备; 愿与他人保持良好的关系。 专家观点: 火星生活条件太艰苦; 面临严寒气候、孤独和恐惧。 志愿者观点: 厌倦地球生活,想体验火星生活; 如果成功,就是人类英雄。 *火星:the Mars [写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。 第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题;满分 25 分) 阅读下面短文,然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 To many people even the word “work” sounds unpleasant, not necessarily because they are lazy. The same man, who dislikes his job in the factory or even in the office, may work hard at the weekend, painting the house or digging the garden. What is the reason, then? In most cases, it is because these people simply do not enjoy the job they are doing. It does not give them any real satisfaction. It may be quite easy, like making up wooden boxes, but it is very boring. Very often they are doing a job which is just a small part of a much larger one, such as attaching a door handle to a car. But the part they play in actually making the car is so small that they can never say: I have made something! Yet in modern society somebody has to do ordinary jobs such as cleaning streets because this is the way society is organized. No matter how ordinary a job is, it plays a part in society and therefore deserves our due respect. Society cannot function a single day without the “dull and boring” jobs. [写作内容] 1. 以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。

2. 以约 120 个词谈谈你对平凡工作的想法,内容包括: (1)描述清洁工工作的艰辛; (2)假如没有清洁工,环境会变得如何? (3)你对平凡工作者的看法。 [写作要求] 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接 引用原文中的句子。 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。 2013 年广东高考英语试题参考答案(A 卷) 第一节:完形填空 1-5 CBDAC 第二节:语法填空 16. found 17. nor 18. why 19. reasonable 20. who 21. at 22. for 6-10 ADCAB 11-15 BDBDC

23.possibl24. a 25. thinking 第三部分:阅读理解 26-30 ADBCD 31-35 ABDBC 第四部分:写作 第一节:基础写作 Version 1: About thirty volunteers will be chosen from all over the world by 2015 to go to the Mars. The volunteers must be over eighteen years old, prepared not to return to the earth, and willing to keep a good relationship with other people. Some experts thinks that the living conditions on the Mars are hard because it is difficult for the volunteers to face the cold weather, loneliness and fear. The volunteers believe that if they are successful, they will become the heroes of human beings. What’s more, they are tired of living on the earth, so they want to experience the life on the Mars. Version 2: By 2015, about thirty volunteers to go to the Mars will be chosen from all over the world. The volunteers, who must be over 18 and would like to keep a good relationship with other people, 36-40 CABAD 41-45 DABAC 46-50 BECFD

should be prepared not to return to the earth. Some experts believe that it is very difficult to live on the Mars because of the cold weather, loneliness and fear. Some volunteers hold the belief that they will be the heroes of human beings if they succeed. Moreover, they want to know what life is like on the Mars because they are tired of the life on the earth. 第二节:读写任务 In the passage, the author mainly stresses the importance of small and ordinary work, such as cleaning the street. Because of their essentiality for the organization of the society, he thinks those doing such jobs should be respected greatly. There is no doubt that what a cleaner does is harder compared with any other jobs in the society. On one hand, they must get up in the early morning every day to clean the street while we are still in the sweet sleeping dreams. On the other hand, they also suffer from less respect and lower pay, working all day on the street no matter it is sun shines strongly or snow, wind heavily. Nobody could imagine what a bad environment we would live in if there were no cleaners in the city. Wherever we go, there is rubbish. Maybe we would soon be drowned in the mountain of rubbish. Ever worse, if there were no change about that, disease would spread at a very quick speed. Is there anything that can be worse than this! From the above, I can draw the conclusion safely that even the smallest and the most ordinary job, such as cleaning the street, is also the necessary part to keep the society going smoothly. Consequently, those who do those most insignificant jobs should get respect as much as those being engineers or teachers.


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