Unit 1 Friendship Grammar Direct Speech and Indirect Speech (I): statements and questions Objective To learn and use the direct speech and the indirect speech in statements and questions.
语法讲解建议采用归纳法，如尽可能多 的呈现一些相关例句，或可让学生从已 学课文中找相应例句，引导学生试着从 所观察到的语言现象中总结出语言规则 和语法规律。 Observe and fill in “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary,” said Anne. Anne said that she didn’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary. “Does a friend always have to be a person?” the writer asks us. The writer asks us if a friend always has to be a person. direct speech indirect speech direct speech indirect speech What’re the differences between direct speech and indirect speech? Differences direct speech ◆To report what exactly has been said indirect speech ◆To report what has been said without using the exact words ◆No quotation marks ◆The words usually appear in quotation marks 引语的概念 直接引语 直接引述别人的原话，叫____________; 用自己的话把别人的话陈述出来，叫 _________。 间接引语 直接引语通常都用_________ 引号“ 括起来， ” 间接引语在多数情况下都构成一个 ________。 宾语从句 How to change direct speech into indirect speech? a. Change what has been said to an object clause or an infinitive phrase; b. Change personal pronouns; c. Change tenses; d. Change adverbials of time and place; e. Other cases. b. Change personal pronouns: He said, “I like it very much.” He said that he liked it very much. He said to me, “I’ve left my book in your room. He told me that he had left his book in my room. I said to her, “I have done my best.” I tol