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unit2 cloning


Unit 2

Cloning

Learning goals: 1. Learn to talk about cloning. 2. Practice expressing and supporting an opinion. useful expressions: I’m happy to accept... but... I don’t mind but... I don’t understand why they don’t … Do you think it is wise to...?
3.Arouse students’ attitudes towards cloning.

Review (2ms):
vt. 抵抗;对抗 n. 多样化;多样性 adv. 仅;只;不过 n. 装饰 adj. 不能的;不会的 adj. 最初的;开始的 n. 缺点;对抗 n.栖息地 resist diversity merely decoration unable initial drawback habitat

使…刻骨铭心strike …into one’s heart 不时,偶尔 from time to time bring back to life 使复生 白费力气 In vain

Leading in (5ms)
Questions:
1.What animals do you see in the film? 2. Can you see them in our real life? Why? 3. Do you think it is possible to clone them? If not, why?

1.What animals do you see in the film?
They are dinosaurs. 2. Can you see them in our real life? Why? No, because the dinosaurs have been extinct.

Please enjoy some pictures about dinosaurs.

霸王龙tyrannosaurus

剑龙stegosaurs

角龙 ceratopsids

雷龙 brontosaurus

翼龙pterodactyl

3. Do you think it is possible to clone dinosaurs?

Unit 2 Using Language

Skimming (3ms)

Task1: Skim the text and choose the main idea.
The writer of the text _____ A. is excited by the possibility of cloning fierce and extinct animals B. believes that extinct animals can be brought back to life by cloning C. thinks it impossible or unsuitable to clone extinct animals like dinosaurs D. dreams of dinosaurs returning to the earth

Careful Reading (12ms)
Task2. Read the text and fill in the blanks.

excited Film makers feel 2._______ about it. The idea of It needs time to realize the cloning dream, because the cloning 1._________ extinct of mammals is still a new animals. 3. ________ science and it only began in the 4._______. 1950s

Task2. Read the text and fill in the blanks.

Some reasons why it is either impossible or 5.__________. unsuitable

DNA It needs perfect 6._____. There is not enough diversity in the group to illnesses overcome7.___________. It would be unfair to clone any extinct animals if they were to live in a(n)8.______. zoo

Task2. Read the text and fill in the blanks. Cloning dinosaurs is merely dream because a(n) 9._______ animals that have been extinct longer than 10. _______years can't be 10,000 cloned.

Conclusion

Task3. Read the text again and answer the following questions. 1.Why shouldn't you clone an extinct animal unless there is enough diversity in the group?

2. Why is it wrong to clone an extinct animal if it would have to live in a zoo? 3. Why can't you clone the DNA of animals that have been extinct longer than 10,000 years?

Task3. Read the text again and answer the following questions.
1.Why shouldn't you clone an extinct

animal unless there is enough diversity
in the group? There will not be enough genetic variation (遗传变异) in the group to be able to resist new illnesses.

2. Why is it wrong to clone an extinct animal if it would have to live in a zoo? Because it is not a suitable habitat to develop and increase its numbers. The zoo is not a natural environment for a wild animal.

3. Why can't you clone the DNA of animals that have been extinct longer than 10,000 years?

The DNA of animals more than
10,000 years old is not suitable for cloning, for it can't survive so long.

Task4: Discussion (5ms)
Discuss what diversity is; Conclude the advantage and disadvantage of diversity in groups.

Diversity
Diversity in a group means having animals with their genes arranged in different ways.

Advantage of diversity If there is a new illness some of these animals may die ,but others will survive and passed on the ability to resist that disease to their children.

Disadvantage of diversity They would all have the same arrangement of genes and so they might all die of the same disease.

Task5: Group Work (7ms)
As it is, the author thinks the cloning of dinosaurs is only a dream.
Can we clone human being? If yes,…

Suppose you are LiHua and that your parents wanted to have another baby. They realize that they can not have a second child, so they decide to have a clone made of you.

Discuss your ideas with your partner and make a dialogue in this pattern.
Partner: Good afternoon, LiHua. LiHua: Good afternoon. Partner: How would you feel about having a clone of yourself in the family? LiHua: I’m happy to accept... but... / I don’t mind but … Partner: What problems might your clone have while growing up? LiHua: Well, I think...

Partner: If possible, how would you help him/ her to avoid them? LiHua: I’m sure I will…/ I hope I can … Partner: Well done to you for … Is it fair for you? LiHua: … Partner: Do you think it is wise to...? LiHua: Perhaps, I don’t understand why they don’t adopt (收养)... / … Partner: You mean you are not willing, am I right? LiHua: …

Task6:Moral Education (2ms)

To clone or not to clone, that is the question.

One rule must be remembered: Human should not disobey nature.

Homework
1.Ex.book. P.25 2.Newspaper. Part3

Target Language:
I’m happy to accept... but... I don’t mind but... I hope you’ll carry on... Are you sure you want to...? I agree with you that... Is it fair to...? Do you think it is wise to...? I think you should... Well done to you for... I don’t understand why you don’t... I can’t help thinking... I could never agree to...


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