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Unit 5 North”
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Canada—“The True

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主 干 回 顾★夯 基 固 源 考 点 研 析★互 动 探 究 梯 级 演 练★强 技 提 能

单 词 速 记


主 干 回 顾 ★ 夯 基 固 源
1.chat ________(vi.& n.) 聊天;闲聊 2.scenery ________(n.) 景色;风景 3.measure ________(v) 测量;衡量;(n.) 计量制; 措施 4.aboard ________(prep.& adv.) 在船/飞机/火车等上 5.within ________(prep.) 在……之内 6.confirm ________(vt.) 证实;证明;批准 7.downtown ________(adj.) 市区的(adv.) 在市区;往市区 8.approximately ___________(adv.) 接近;大约 9.________(adv.) nearby 在附近(adj.) 附近的;邻近的 10.baggage ________(n.)行李 ________ luggage (n.同义词)
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surround (vt.& vi.)包围;围绕 11.__________ surrounding (adj.)周围的 ___________ surroundings ____________(n.复数)周围的事物;环境 mix 12.__________ (vt.& vi.)混合;调配 mixture __________ (n.)混合(物);混合状态 13. __________(n.)距离;远方 distance distant __________ (adj.)远的;远方的 14.tradition __________(n.)传统;风俗 ____________ traditional (adj.)传统的
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terrify (vt.)使恐怖/恐吓 15.________

_________ terrified (adj.)恐惧的/受惊吓的 terror __________ (n.)恐惧 __________ terrible (adj.)恐怖的;恐惧的 impress (vt.)使印象深刻;使铭记 16.__________
impression (n.)印象 ____________ impressive (adj.)给人深刻印象的;感人的 ____________

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短 语 回 顾
1._________________ rather than 与其;不愿 2._________________ manage to do 设法做 3._________________ have a gift for… 对……有天赋 4._________________ all the way 一直 5._________________ as far as 远到;直到 6._________________ go through 穿过,检查 看见;瞥见 7.catch sight of _________________ 定居;平静下来;专心于 8.settle down _________________ 在远处 9.in the distance _________________ 在黎明时 10.at dawn _________________ 梦想 11.dream of _________________ 去商业区 12.go downtown ______________
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句 型 必 备
1.The thought that they could cross the whole continent was exciting. 他们要横贯整个大陆的想法很是令人兴奋。 名师指津: that引导同位语从句。 例句仿写: 我们应该考虑学生们的要求,学 校图书室应该多提供一些有关大众科学的书。 We should consider the students’ that the school library should provide request more books ____________________________________ __________on popular science.
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2.Rather than take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to east across Canada. 她们不想一路乘飞机,而是决定先飞到温哥华, 再从西海岸乘火车横穿加拿大到达东海岸。 名师指津:rather than与其;不愿,连接并列成分。 例句仿写:如果我不得不放弃其中一个,我会关掉 电视而不是关掉手机或切断网络。 If I had to give up one of them,I would rather than turn off the TV______________ switch off my cell phone or cut off the Internet.

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3.It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall,some measuring over 90 metres. 那儿湿度很大,所以树都长得特别高,一些树高 达90多米。 名师指津:some measuring...为独立主格结构。 例句仿写:他躺在那儿,牙关紧咬,而且他发怒的 眼睛直盯着前方。 He lay on his back,his teeth set and his looking straight upward. glaring eyes____________________.

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4.It’s too bad you can’t go as far as Ottawa, Canada’s capital. 很可惜你们不能一直走到加拿大的首都渥太华。

名师指津:as far as远到;远至;就……而言。
例句仿写:就我看来,只有一种方法可以远离危险。 As far as I can see ____________________ ,there is only one possible way to keep away from the danger.

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单 词 细 解
点 研 析 ★ 互 动 探 究

01

surround...with... 使……包围…… be surrounded by/with... 被……包围

02

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examples

教材原句P34:People say it is Canada’s most beautiful city,surrounded by mountains and the Pacific Ocean. 人们说温哥华是加拿大最美丽的城市,被大 山和太平洋环抱。

①To some people,happiness is being surrounded by family and friends. 对于有些人来说,幸福就是被朋友和家人包围着。 ②Only in this way can we live in more comfortable and beautiful surroundings. 只有这样我们才能生活在更美丽更舒适的环境里。

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巧 学 活 用 (1)用括号内词的适当形式填空 Surrounded ①______________by the forest,the village has surroundings beautiful__________________ ,which attract many surrounding visitors from_________________areas.(surround) ②(2014?南通模拟)________________(surrounding) Surround yourself with positive people and you will keep focused on what you can do instead of what you can’t. ③I’d like to bring up my child in healthy surroundings ___________________(surround) . (2)介词填空 I came to realize that the key to success lay in trying with creative people. to surround myself ________
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※take measures/steps/action to do sth. ※measure...by... 采取措施做某事 ※make sth.to sb.’s measure 用……来衡量…… 照某人的尺寸做某物 ※be measured by/in

用……来衡量/计算
测量;衡量;判定

vi& vt.

办法,措施;尺寸 n. measure

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examples

教材原句P34:It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall,some measuring over 90 metres. 那儿的湿度很大,所以树都长得特别高,一 些都超过90米。

①Education shouldn’t be measured only by examination results. 教育不应该单纯用考试成绩来衡量。 ②The number of them is less than 1,000 so I hope you can take some effective measures to protect them. 它们的数量不足1 000,因此我希望你们能采取有效措 施来保护它们。
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巧 学 活 用 (1)用括号内词的适当形式填空 to measure ①It’s hard ______________(measure) his ability when we haven’t seen his works. ②They call on people and the government to measures take____________(measure) to fight against light pollution. (2)介词填空 by ①(朗文P1279)You can’t measure someone ________ the clothes they wear. ②In the old days,my mother always made new to clothes ________ my own measure with the Spring Festival coming.
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(山东高考单项填空)Take your time—it’s just a short distance from here to the restaurant.

1 2 3 4 5 6

in the distance

在远方;在远处

at/from a distance 从远处;离一段距离

at a distance of

在……的距离

within walking distance 步行即可到达的地方 keep sb.at a distance 对…冷淡;与…疏远 distant adj. 遥远的;远处的;疏远的
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巧 学 活 用 完成句子 ①火车站离我们学校两英里路程。 The railway is at a distance ofstation two miles ____________________from our school. ②很难搞懂她,因为她总是与每个人保持一定距离。 It was difficult to get to know her because she always ________________________________________. kept everyone at a distance ③这幅画远点看更佳。 The picture looks better ________________________________________. at a distance
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impress

vt.使铭记;铭刻;给……留下极深的印象
impressive adj. 令人赞叹 impress sb with sth 使某人牢记某事 be impressed by/at 留下……印象

impress sth on/upon sb 使某人牢记某事 be impressed on one’s mind/memory 被印在脑海里 make/leave an impression on sb. 给某人留下印象

(3) (1)

(2)

(4)
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examples

(2014?广东高考阅读理解A)The audience was impressed by his amazing performance. 观众们对他令人惊异的表演印象深刻。

①Even so,she impressed the world with her courage and strong desire to succeed. ②My father impressed on me the value of hard work. =My father impressed me with the value of hard work. ③The new teacher made/left a good impression on the students by her rich knowledge and humorous talk.
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巧 学 活 用 (1)用括号内词的适当形式填空 impression Beijing, ①When asked about his__________of he said that he was deeply____________by its impressed unique human landscape,and that the Palace impressive Museum was the most____________architecture he’d ever seen.(impress) impression ②My first____________(impress) of him was that he was a kind and thoughtful young man. ③Not________ (impress) with the quality of impressed your goods,I will certainly not advise others to buy them.

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巧 学 活 用 (2)介词填空 ①The teacher impressed the importance of English __________me. on/upon ②The teachers were most by/with impressed______________your performance in the exam. ③I’m sure the film made an impression on ________everybody who saw it.

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短 语 聚 焦
settle a problem/an argument 着手认真做某事 解决问 安顿下来,适应新的工作环境 settle 定居;平静下来; settle 题/争 就……达 in 专心于 down 议 成协议 settle to sth. settle down on/upon

settle 相关短语知多少?
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examples

教材原句P34:That afternoon aboard the train,the cousins settled down in their seats. 那天下午表姐妹俩才登上火车落了座。

①Wait until the children settle down before you start the lesson. 等学生都静下心来再开始上课。 ②With so much noise outside,I couldn’t settle down to my work. 外面那么吵,我不能专心工作。 ③With the problem settled,the Smiths felt very happy. 由于问题解决了,史密斯夫妇非常高兴。
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巧 学 活 用

完成句子 ①过去他常幻想退休后到英国,并计划在乡间安顿 下来。 In the past,he often dreamed of retiring in England and had planned settle down in the country to___________________________. ②他们喝着咖啡,开始认真讨论问题。 settled down to They____________________a serious discussion over coffee.

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out of sight 在看不见的地方 catch sight of 看见/发现…… lose sight of 看不见 at first sight 乍看起来 at the sight of 一看见

sight
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examples

(牛津 P1863)She caught sight of a car in the distance. 她瞥见远处有一辆车。

①Suddenly,I caught sight of my English teacher in the crowd. 突然,在人群中我看到了英语老师。 ②Suddenly they got separated,and then lost sight of each other. 突然,他们分开了,看不见彼此。

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巧 学 活 用 用sight相关短语填空 caught sight of ①The moment he______________________the police,the thief ran away as fast as he

could. At first sight ②________________ their demands seemed
reasonable. was out of sight ③He waved until the train________________.

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(2013?辽宁卷单选)One can always manage to do more things,no matter how full one’s schedule is in life.

manage to do something 设法做某事

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manage to do sth.

表示“成功地做了某事”,

重在结果,相当于succeed in doing sth.
try to do sth. 不一定成功 巧 学 活 用 完成下列语段 无论发生什么,我尽力按时完成任务。幸运的是,在 老师及时帮助下,我成功地提前完成任务。 No matter what happened,I ① tried to finish ______________my task on schedule.Luckily,with my teacher’s timely help I② managed to , finish __________________it ahead of time.
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表示“尽力做某事”,重在动作,


1





confirm vt.证明(尤指提供证据来证明);批准 confirm one’s belief 坚定信念 It has been confirmed that...

已经确定……
The recent airplane crash confirms my belief that stronger safety regulations are needed. 最近的空难坚定了我的信念,那就是更需要安全规则。

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2

tradition n.传统;风俗
It is a tradition for sb.to do sth. 某人做某事是一种传统 During the MidAutumn Festival, it is a

tradition for Chinese to sit together and eat

mooncakes and fruits,enjoying the full moon
together. 中秋节,中国人坐在一起吃月饼、水果和赏月是一种 传统。

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3

mix vt.& vi.混合;调配

(1)mix...with... 把……和……混合起来 mix up 弄乱;弄错 (2)mixed adj. 混合的 mixture n. 混合物 We can sometimes mix business with pleasure. 我们有时能把工作和娱乐结合起来。
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巧 学 活 用

完成句子 ①众所周知,油不融于水。 does not mix with water As we know,oil __________________________. ②他的话肯定了我的信念,即我们的事业是正确的。 _________________________in my belief that His words confirmed me our cause we right. ③我们中国人有燃放烟花来迎接新年的传统。 have a tradition of We Chinese____________________setting off fireworks to welcome the new year.

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句 型 突 破
rather than“而不是……”,连接平行结构。 would rather do...than do 宁愿…… would do...rather than do 而不愿…… prefer to do...rather than do...

Rather than take the aeroplane all the way,they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train west to east across Canada. 她们不想一路乘飞机,而是决定先飞到温哥华,再从 西海岸乘火车横穿加拿大到达东海岸。
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①I always prefer to start early rather than leave everything to the last minute. 我总是愿意早开始,而不愿意把所有的事情都留到 最后才做。 ②There was nothing we could do other than wait. 除了等待以外,我们没有其他办法。
other than or rather more than 不同于;除了 更确切地说 多于;不仅仅;非常
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(1)rather than连接两个名词或代词作主语时,谓语动 词应与rather than前面的名词或代词在人称和数上保 持一致。 They said the director,rather than the clerks,was responsible for the incident. would rather+从句,从句中谓语动词用虚拟语气,过去 时表示现在或将来的愿望;过去完成时表示过去的愿望。 I would rather you didn’t do anything for the time being.

名 师 指 津
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巧 学 活 用

(1)选词填空or rather,more than,rather than ①He played the computer games till late last night___________________ ,early this morning. or rather ②—You seemed to be very surprised at the news that he won. —Not exactly.It was his courage________________his skill that really rather than struck me. more than newspaper.It can ③China Daily is____________a help us learn English.

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巧 学 活 用

(2)用括号内所给词的适当形式填空 ①In my opinion,it is you rather than are he____________(be) to blame. ②Nuclear science should be developed to benefit the harm people rather than________(harm) them. ③(2015?南通市第一次调研)—Della burst out crying at the news,but I meant no harm. hadn’t told —I’d rather you____________(not tell) her about it. stay ④He would rather________(stay) at home alone than go to the cinema with his friends.

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as far as远至……;就……而言;尽……所能

It’s too bad you can’t go as far as Ottawa,Canada’s capital. 很可惜你们不能一直走到加拿大的首都渥太华。

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as far as sb./sth.is concerned 就某人/物而言 as far as the eye can see/reach 就视力所能及 as far as I can see 依我看

as/so far as... 达到……的程 度;尽……

as far as I know 据我所知
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①His parents supported him as far as they could. 他父母竭尽全力支持他。 examples ②Standing here,you can see as far as the foot of the hill. 站在这里,你可以一直看到山脚下。 完成句子①In ancient times,people rarely travelled long distances and most farmers only as far as the local market 远到当地市场). travelled______________________( ②We’ll go out to have a as long as the weather is good 只要天气好). picnic____________________________( As far as I’m concerned 就 ③(2013· 江西书面表达)______________________( 我个人而言),not only does outdoor exercise get us close to nature but also give relaxation from heavy schoolwork. 巧 学 活 用
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1
梯 级 演 练 ★ 强 技 提 能

单句语法填空
1.I hope the government will take more measures strict___________(measure) against the smog that affected several big cities last winter. 2.At the meeting,all the people were deeply___________(impress) with her brilliant impressed report. 3.The questionnaire approximately takes______________(approximate) ten to fifteen minutes to complete and can be used along with the assessment interview. surrounded 4.The small village____________(surround) by the mountains looks beautiful. mixture 5.A________(mix) of things consists of several different things together.
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1

单句语法填空

6.The fact has worried many scientists________the earth is becoming warmer that and warmer these years. within 7.I live nearby.My house is________walking distance of the university. a 8.Their daughter has________gift for language gifted while their son is a________(gift) pianist. 9.He looked very________(please) with himself, pleased so I knew he had passed his driving test. 10.The girl looked at the snake with wide, terrified ________(terrify) eyes.
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2

选词填空 in the distance

rather at dawn have a gift for than 1.The street lights come on at dusk and go at dawn off______________. Rather than 2.________________refuse to help you,I prefer borrow money from my friends. 3.Tom,don’t you think it’s about time settled down you______________and stopped all of this running around? As far as 4.______________I am concerned,I’m not against your plan. manage as far as settle down catch sight of to do
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2

选词填空 in the distance

rather at dawn have a gift for than 5.The driver didn’t catch sight of ______________________another car in time,so the accident happened. 6.The Greens have an eightyearold girl has a gift for who________________painting. manage to 7.Make sure you____________finish this work before the end of the month. 8.You can’t imagine how excited I was when I in the distance saw the ancient tower__________________. as far as settle down
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manage to do

catch sight of
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3

完成句子

1.I was excited at the news ___________________________________________ that I was offered a chance to visit Canada (我有机会去加拿大旅游) with some of my classmates during the National Day. 2.Canada the second largest country in the world 世界第二大 is__________________________________( 国) with a population of more than thirty million. rather than (而 3.We decided to take a plane ______________ went aboard 不是) a ship and ______________ (登上飞机) in the evening. At dawn 4.________________( 黎明时),we were over Canada.
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3

完成句子

caught sight of 5.There we_____________________ (看到) many lakes and mountains. 6.The government has promised to take measures (采取措施) to help the __________________ unemployed. settle down 7.I must ________________ (安下心来) this morning and finish the term paper. 8.We____________________________________ were greatly impressed by its beauty (美景给我们留下了深刻的印象) when visiting Canada.
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4

根据汉语提示,选用练习3中的句子,
加入适当过渡词后联句成篇 ◇汉语提示◇

1.得知有机会在“十一”期间和一些同学去加 拿大旅游的消息,我感到很激动。 2.加拿大是世界上第二大国家,面积 9,976,000平方千米,人口大约3千多万。 3.我们决定坐飞机去,而不是乘坐轮船。 4.傍晚,我们登上飞机。 5.黎明时,我们已经在加拿大上空,我们看到 了许多湖泊和山脉。 6.它的美景给我们留下了深刻印象。
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◇参考答案◇
I was excited at the news that I was offered a chance to visit Canada with some of my classmates during the

National Day.Canada is the second largest country in
the world with a population of more than thirty million.We decided to take a plane rather than a ship and went aboard in the evening.At dawn,we were over Canada,where we caught sight of many lakes

and mountains.We were greatly impressed by its beauty.
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5

语法填空

The Canadian National Tower is a wellknown Toronto attraction.It was completed 1.________________(complete) in 1976.As soon as you get 2.________glance of the city,the a slim shape of the CN Tower will catch your Located eye.3.________(locate) in the center of the city, the CN Tower 4._____________(measure) 553 measures meters high. If you’re not afraid of great heights 5.________(high) ,visiting the CN Tower will unforgettable be one of the 6._______________(forget) experiences you’ll enjoy in Toronto.
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5

语法填空

Take the glass elevator up to 342 meters and you’ll arrive at the outdoor observation it deck.From the observation deck,7.________is possible to see for about 160 km on a clear day.There’s also a glass floor,through which 8.________you can look straight down to the street level. Move up and you’ll hit the indoor observation deck.
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5

语法填空

Hop on the elevator again and you’ll reach the CN Tower’s restaurant,which rotates (旋转) once every providing 72 minutes,9.___________(provide) visitors with a complete view of the city. If that’s not high enough 10.________you ,continue for on to one of the world’s highest public observation decks,SkyPod,which is about 447 meters high!

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