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reading 2-1


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Sometimes your joy is the source of your smile, but sometimes your smile can be the source of your joy.
有时候你的微笑源自你的快乐,有时候你 的微笑会使你快乐。

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Writing skills<

br />1.依照最近的一项调查,每年有4,000,000人 死于与吸烟有关的疾病。 ? According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking. ? 2. 最近的调查显示相当多的孩子对家庭作业 没什么好感。 ? The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.
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Section 2 Surgical Nursing
1. Application

of the Nursing Process to the Care of the Preoperative Patient

preoperative period: 手术前期 ? be scheduled for sth: 计划 ? deficit: a. 缺乏 ? preoperative preparation: 术前准备 ? postoperative routine: 术后护理常规 ? verbalize: 描述
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Interventions
perioperative: a. 围手术期的 ? peri- 周围,近 pericardiac: 心包的,围心的 ? focus on: ? Client Care Plan: 病人护理计划 ? preadmission testing: 入院前检查 ? conduct: v. 传导,控制 n. 行为,举止 conduct an investigation in/into sth ? postanesthesia: n. 麻醉后
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informed consent: 知情同意 ? dietary restriction: 饮食限制 ? preoperative preparation: 术前准备 ? postoperative exercise: 术后锻炼
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Ensuring Informed Consent
legal guardian: 法定监护人 ? anesthesia: n. 麻醉 ? lawsuit claim: 诉讼要求 ? unauthorized: 未经许可的 ? sedation: n. 镇静作用 ? clarify: v. 澄清 ? dispel: v. 驱散
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standard consent: 标准同意书 ? intraocular lens implant: 眼内晶状体植入 ? ocular: 眼睛的,视觉的 ? lens: 透镜,镜头,晶状体 ? implant: 植入,灌输 ? sterilization: n. 绝育 sterilize: v. ? experimental procedure: 试验性手术
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Implementing Dietary Restrictions
anesthetic: n. 麻醉剂 a. 麻醉的 ? be restricted to: 限制 ? NPO: Non Per Os 禁食 ? gastric: a. 胃的 ? aspiration: n. 吸气/渴望 ? comply: v. compliance: n. 遵从 ? intraoperative: a. 术中 ? intra-: 在内,内部
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Administering Regularly Scheduled Medications
alter: v. 改变 ? glaucoma: n. 青光眼 ? anticonvulsant: n. 抗惊厥药 ? antihypertensive: n. 抗高血压药 ? anticoagulant: n. 抗凝剂 ? antidepressant: n. 抗抑郁药 ? corticosteroid: n. 皮质类固醇 ? cortico-: 皮 steroid: 类固醇
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intravenously: 静脉注射地 ? withhold: v. 拒绝给予 ? serum glucose level: 血糖水平 ? subcutaneously: 皮下地 ? cutaneous: a. 皮肤的 ? dextrose: n. 葡萄糖 ? hypoglycemia: n. 低血糖
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Gastrointestinal Preparation
gastro-: 胃的 ? intestinal: a. 肠的 ? bowel: n. 肠 ? colon: 结肠 ? evacuation: n. 排空 ? pelvic: 盆腔的 ? perineal: a. 会阴的 ? perianal: a. 肛周的
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enema: n. 灌肠剂 ? return flow: 回流 ? stressful procedure: 应激过程 ? potassium: n. 钾 ? depletion: n. 消耗 ? vagal: 迷走神经的 ? anoreactal: a. 肛门直肠的 ? hemorrhoid: 痔疮 ? potent: a. 效力大的 ? laxative: n. 缓泻剂
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Skin Preparation
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initial step: 第一步 wound infection: 切口感染 antiseptic: a. 抗菌的 antiseptic solution 消毒液 septic: 脓毒性的 orthopedic: a. 整形手术的 traumatize: v. 使受外伤 trauma: n. 外伤,精神创伤 disruption: n. 破坏 disposable sterile supply: 一次性无菌用品 aseptic principles: 无菌原则 genital: a. 生殖器的

Preparing the Client for Tubes, Drains, and Intravenous Access intravenous access: 静脉通路 ? indwelling: a. 留置的 ? genitourinary: a. 泌尿生殖器的 ? genito-: 生殖,生殖器 ? nasogastric tube: a. 鼻胃管 ? naso-:鼻 ? decompress: v. 减压 ? dehydrate: v. 脱水 ? be susceptible to: 容易
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Teaching about Postoperative Procedures and Exercises
vital sign: 生命体征 ? apprehension: n. 担心 ? diaphragm: 横膈 ? exhale: v. 呼出 ? dilate: v. 扩张 ? respiratory passage: 呼吸道 ? alveoli: n. 肺泡 ? inhale: v. 吸气
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atelectasis: n. 肺不张 ? reinflate: v. 复张 ? inflate: v. 使充气,通货膨胀 ? interlace: v. 使交错 ? venous return: 静脉回流 ? thrombus formation: 血栓形成 ? venous stasis: 静脉淤积 ? flex: v. 屈曲 ? rotate the ankle: 旋转踝部 ? quadri-: 四
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