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【步步高 学案导学设计】2014-2015学年高中英语(外研版,必修4)课时作业:Module 4 Period 1


Module 4 Great Scientists Period One Reading Comprehension
Ⅰ.用适当的介、副词填空 1.Yuan Longping was born and brought ________ in China. 2.From an early age he was interested ________ plants. 3.He studied agriculture ________ college and as a young teacher he began experiments in crop breeding. 4.He thought that the key ________ feeding people was to have more rice and to produce it more quickly. 5.First Yuan Longping experimented ________ different types of rice. 6.The results ________ his experiments were published in China in 1966. 7.Then he began his search ________ a special type of rice plant. 8.Researchers were brought ________ from all over China to develop the new system. 9.As a result ________ Yuan Longping’s discoveries Chinese rice production rose by 47.5 percent ________ the 1990’s. 10.Following this,Yuan Longping’s rice was exported ________ other countries. Ⅱ.佳句翻译与仿写 1.Yuan Longping was born and brought up in China. 翻译 ________________________________________________________________________ 仿写 她在农村出生并由她姑姑抚养大。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 2.He thought that the key to feeding people was to have more rice and to produce it more quickly. 翻译 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 仿写 这是解决问题的关键。 ________________________________________________________________________ 3.He thought there was only one way to do this—by crossing different species of rice plant... 翻译 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 仿写 科学家们正尽力寻找预防疾病的方法。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 4.As a result of Yuan Longping’s discoveries,Chinese rice production rose by 47.5 percent in the 1990’s. 翻译 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 仿写 由于下雨,会议推迟到星期五。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 5.In Pakistan rice is the second most important crop after wheat and will be grown in many parts of the country.
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翻译 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 仿写 黄河是继长江之后的中国第二长河。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Ⅲ.单项填空 1.In a hungry world rice is a staple food and China is the world’s ______ largest producer. A.a B.an C.the D./ 2.Yuan Longping was born and ______ in China. A.brought out B.raised C.brought up D.both B and C 3.He was educated in many schools and was given the nickname,“the student ______ asks questions”. A.which B.who C.that D.both B and C 4.He thought that the key to ______ people was to have more rice and to produce it more quickly. A.feed B.feeding C.fed D.being fed 5.He thought there was only one way ______ this. A.to do B.of doing C.to doing D.both A and B 6.He could produce a new plant ______ could give a higher yield than either of the original plants. A.which B.who C.when D.where 7.The results of his experiments ______ in China in 1966. A.came out B.published C.pressed D.was published 8. As a result of Yuan Longping’s discoveries Chinese rice production rose ______ 47.5 percent in the 1990’s. A.to B.at C.by D.on 9.50 thousand square kilometres of rice fields were ______ to growing vegetables and other cash crops. A.transported B.converted C.supported D.exchanged 10.Its yield is much greater than the yield of other types of rice ______ in Pakistan. A.grow B.growing C.grown D.grew Ⅳ.阅读理解 Stephen Hawking, the most famous theoretical physicist after Albert Einstein, author of A Brief History of Time,was to attend the opening ceremony of a Mathematics Institute at Zhejiang University. Stephen Hawking was born on 8 January,1942 in Oxford,England.When he was eight,his family moved to St.Albans,a town about 20 miles north of London.At age eleven,Stephen went to St.Albans School, and then went on to Oxford University, his father’s old college.Stephen wanted to do Mathematics, although his father would have him prefer Medicine.Mathematics was not available at Oxford University,so he did Physics instead.After three years and not very much work he was awarded a firstclass degree in Natural Science.

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Stephen then went on to Cambridge to do research in Cosmology(宇宙学),because no one worked in that area in Oxford at that time.After gaining his Ph.D., first he became a research fellow, and later on a professorial fellow at Gonville and Caius College.After leaving the Institute of Astronomy in 1973,Stephen went to the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics,and since 1979 he has held the post of Professor of Mathematics,which was held by Isaac Newton in 1663.He is a fellow of the Royal Society and a member of the U. S. National Academy of Sciences. Stephen Hawking has been working on the basic laws that govern the universe.He is particularly interested in unifying the General Relativity Theory and Quantum Theory to study black hole. Sitting in the wheelchair, Stephen Hawking, a great man of science, has suffered from a serious disease for decades.In 1963, he caught a disease that couldn’t be cured then.Up to 1974, he was able to feed himself, and private nurse went to his house for an hour or two in the morning and evening.In 1985,he caught pneumonia(肺炎) and had an operation.After the operation,he lost his ability to speak.For a time,the only way he could communicate was to spell out words letter by letter,by raising his eyebrows when someone pointed to the right letter on a spelling card. 1.We can infer from the passage that Stephen Hawking ______. A.gained his Ph.D of Cosmology at Cambridge B.was a professor at Gonville and Caius College C.was a research fellow of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics D.was a member of the U.K. National Academy of Sciences 2.Stephen Hawking lost his ability to speak at the age of ______. A.21 B.32 C.43 D.38 3.From this passage,we know Stephen Hawking was a(n) ______ man. A.pessimistic B.optimistic C.negative D.imaginative 4.What would be the best title for the passage? A.Stephen Hawking:the Man of the Strongest Will B.Stephen Hawking:the Most Beautiful Mind C. Different Aspects of Stephen Hawking: Learning, Working and His Struggle against Illness D.Stephen Hawking:the Man of Great Achievements search n.搜索;搜查 生义:v.搜寻;搜查;在……搜查 1.They searched the thief but found nothing. 他们对小偷进行了搜身,但什么也没找到。 2.The police were searching the woods for a lost child. 警察正在树林里搜寻一个走失的孩子。 3.What are you searching for? 你正在寻找什么?

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Module 4 Great Scientists Period One Reading Comprehension
Ⅰ.1.up 2.in 3.in 4.to 5.with 6.of 7.for 8.in 9.of;in 10.to Ⅱ.1.袁隆平在中国出生、长大。 She was born in the countryside and brought up by her aunt. 2.他认为,解决人们吃饭问题的关键在于拥有更多的稻米,并且能更好地生产出来。 This is the key to solving the problem. 3.他认为,惟一的办法就是使不同种类的水稻杂交…… Scientists are trying to find ways to prevent diseases. 4.由于袁隆平的发现,中国的水稻产量在 20 世纪 90 年代增长了 47.5%。 As a result of the rain,the meeting was put off till Friday. 5.在巴基斯坦,水稻是继小麦之后的第二种最重要的作物并将在许多地方种植。 The Yellow River is China’s second longest river after the Yangtze River. Ⅲ.1.D [形容词最高级前有名词所有格修饰时,其前不加定冠词 the。] 2.D [bring up 和 raise 都有“养育,抚育”的意思。bring out 使呈现;阐释;说明;出 版。] 3.D [考查定语从句。先行词 student 指人且在定语从句作主语,关系代词用 that 或 who,且不能省略。] 4.B [句中 key 作“关键”解,常与介词 to 连用,介词 to 后接动名词,故选 B 项。] 5.D [way 后面的定语用 to do 或 of doing 皆可。] 6.A [考查定语从句。先行词 plant 在定语从句中指物,作主语,关系代词用 which 或 that。] 7.A [come out 出版,发布,为不及物动词短语。若选 D 项,应改成 were published。] 8.C [rise by 47.5 percent 增长了 47.5%。] 9.B [convert 改变;转换,符合句意。transport 运输,运送;support 支持;exchange 交换。] 10.C [grown in Pakistan 为过去分词短语作定语修饰 rice,相当于定语从句 which/that are grown in Pakistan。] Ⅳ.1.A [细节理解题。从第三段前两句可知答案为 A 项。] 2.C [细节理解题。从第二段第一句可知霍金生于 1942 年;从最后一段第四、五句可 知霍金于 1985 年失去说话能力,即 43 岁时。] 3.B [推理判断题。从霍金对生活及工作的态度,我们不难看出他的乐观心态。] 4.C [标题归纳题。通读全文可知文章介绍了霍金各方面的情况。]

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