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人教版高一英语必修一第三单元Travel journal


人教版高一英语必修一 Unit3 Travel journal 知识解读
重点单词、词组:
1. journal 2. fare 3. transport 4. finally 5. cycle 6. persuade 7. stubborn 8. insist 9. proper 10. properly 11. determine 12. determin

ed 13. altitude 14. attitude 15. camp 16. record 17. topic 18. familiar 19. brave 积累单词: n. 日记 n. 费用 n. vt 运输 →transportation n.运输工具 adj. 最后 →final adj. vi. 骑自行车 →recycle v. 使再循环 vt. 说服 adj. 顽固的 vt. 坚持 adj. 适当的 →properly adv. adv. 适当地 vt.坚决;确定 →determination n. adj. 坚决的 n. 海拔高度 n.态度 n. vi.营地 设营 vt. vi .n.记录 录音 纪录,唱片 →recorder n.录音机 n.话题 主题 adj.熟悉的 adj. 勇敢的 →bravely adv. remarkable [r?'mɑ?k?b(?)l]非凡的 →bravery n. 勇气 recurrent [r?'k?r(?)nt]n. 屡次 →journalist n. 记者

重点短语:
1. get sb interested in 2. the best way of doing 3. care about 4. care for /to do sth 5. give in 6. make camp 7. dream of doing 使某人对??感兴趣 sth /the best way to do sth 干?最好的方法 关心 忧虑 希望或同意做某事 投降 让步 野营 宿营 梦想做某事 尽力说服某人做某事 = advise sb to do sth 一定要(某事);坚决主张 下定决心 搭起帐篷 care for sb 喜欢某人

8. persuade sb into/out of (doing) sth 说服某人做某事/不做某事 9. try to persuade sb to do 10. insist on sth /doing sth 11. make up one’s mind 12. put up one’s tents

13. set /break(beat)/hold a record 15. dream of/about ?

创造/打破/保持记录

14. have a dream of sb/sth/doing sth 梦见某人/某物/梦想?? dream a dream 使某人下决心做某事(表动作) 16. be determined to do sth 决心干某事 (表状态) 17. determine sb to do sth 18. sb be familiar with sth 某人熟悉某物 sth be familiar to sb 某物被某人所熟悉 sb be familiar with sb 某人与某人亲密无间 19. A be similar to B 20. read one’s mind A 与 B 相似 看出某人心事

take one’s mind off sth 转移注意力 keep one’s mind on sth 把注意力放在?? keep/bear sth in mind 记住?? 她心事重重

She has many problems on her mind 21. give in to sb 对某人让步 give away 赠送 give off

放出(液体 气体 气味 光 热量)

give out 分发 give in 放弃

Section A Warming Up,Pre-reading,Reading & Comprehending
重点单词 1. journal n. 日记;杂志;定期刊物 a medicine journal 医学杂志 He kept a journal of his wanderings across Asia.他记载了一篇漫游亚洲的日记。 The girl decided to subscribe to a journal in English.这个女孩决定订阅一本英语杂志。 【拓展】journalist n. 新闻记者 He is a journalist on the Daily China.他是《每日中国》的记者。 【注意】要表达写日记的时候,用动词 keep,而不用 write。 Please keep a journal of your travel in American.请把你在美国的旅行记录下来。 2. transport n.& v.运送;运输 I think our goods will be taken good care of during transport. 我想我们的货物将会在运输期间保存的很好。 These goods were transported by railway and waterway. 这些货物是由铁路和水路运输的。 【辨析】transport 与 traffic 两者均有交通之意,但用法和含义都不同。 (1) transport 指“运输”这种行为或者“运输工具”。 (2) traffic 指街上的车马行人,着重数量的多少。

The city’s public transport system is excellent.这座城市的公共交通运输系统非常好。 Traffic is blocked in many places that day.那天许多地方交通堵塞。 【练习】⑴ 那辆黄色公共汽车将乘客从机场运送到城里。 The yellow bus_________________________from the airport to the city. ⑵ 那些物品将用飞机运往青海玉树。 The goods ____________________ by plane to YuShu,Qinghai Province. 答案:will transport the passengers ; will be transported 3. prefer vt.更喜欢;选择某事物(而不选择其他事物) Which do you prefer, tea or coffiee? 【拓展】prefer 的常见搭配 sth 更喜欢某物 to do sth/doing sth 更喜欢做某事 sth to sth 与某物相比更喜欢某物 prefer doing sth to doing sth 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事 to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事 sb to do sth 宁愿某人做某事 that?(should) do sth 更喜欢?(that 从句用虚拟语气) ---Would you like pork or fish? ---I’d prefer pork , please. “你想要猪肉还是鱼肉?”“请给我猪肉吧。” I prefer to go to America for my further study.我更愿意选择去美国进修学习。 Anne prefers me to replace her at the meeting.安妮更愿意我代替他参加会议。 Would you prefer that we put off meeting till next Friday. 你是否愿意我们把会议推迟到下周? 【注意】prefer 不用于进行时。 4.disadvantage n. 不利条件;不便之处 What’s the main disadvantage of the plan? 这个计划的主要不利因素是什么? There are many disadvantages to your plan.你的计划有诸多不利因素。 【拓展】disadvantage 构成的短语: at a disadvantage 处于不利地位 to sb’s disadvantage 对某人不利的是 put sb at a disadvantage 使某人处于不利地位 have the disadvantage of 具有?的不利条件 The fact that he couldn’t speak a foreign language left him at a disadvantage in the company. 他不会说外语的事实使他在公司处于不利地位。 5. fare n. 费用 Have you given the kids their bus fare?你给孩子们乘公交的车费了吗? 【辨析】fare, fee, price, expense 这几个单词都有“费用”之意,但用法不同。

(1)fare 指交通费用,特指乘坐公共汽车、轮船、出租车等交通工具的费用。 (2)fee 常用作复数形式(fees),指给律师、医生等专业人员的服务费用、酬金或(考试 的)报名费、(加入俱乐部)的会费等。 (3)price 专指“价格”,指某物的出售价格。 (4)expense 指“支出、花销、费用”。 How much is the air fare from Beijing to Shanghai? 北京到上海的机票是多少? If you want to join the club, the entrance fee is $20.如果你想加入俱乐部,会费 20 美元。 What’s the price of the shoes? 这双鞋多少钱? Most children in Beijing are educated at public expense.北京大多数孩子接受公费教育。 6.flow vt.流动;流出 n.流动;流量

Her tears flowed freely down her face.她的泪水止不住地顺着脸颊往下流。 Most rivers flow into the sea.江河大多数流入海洋。 Keep the traffic flowing.保持交通畅通无阻。 There is a steady flow of traffic.车辆川流不息。 7.persuade vt.说服,劝说 The man is not easily persuaded.这个人并不容易说服。 persuade 的常见搭配 persuade sb 说服某人 persuade sb to do sth sb into doing sth. persuade sb not to do sth sb out of doing sth persuade sb of sth 使某人信服某事 persuade sb that?使某人相信? Wang Kun couldn’t persuade his sister to change her mind. My mother persuaded me into/out of going to the party. How can I persuade you that I am telling the truth? 我怎样才能使你详细我说的是真话呢? He persuaded the police that he had been elsewhere when the accident was happening. 他使警察相信当故事发生时他在别的地方。 【辨析】persuade 和 advise 两者均有“劝说”之意,但侧重点不同。 (1) persuade 强调通过说理、恳求等方式说服别人同意做某事,侧重于结果(已说服)。 (2)advise 指劝说某人去做某事,侧重于过程,至于结果如何,则不得而知。advise sb to do sth 相当于 try to persuade sb to do sth。advise 可接动词的-ing 形式作宾语,也可接 that 引 导的宾语从句(必须用虚拟语气即 should+动词原形),而 persuade 不能。 My friend persuaded me to buy a new car.我的朋友说服我买了一辆新车。 He advised me to buy a new car, but I didn’t buy.他劝我买辆新车,但我没买。 8.cycle vt.骑自行车 说服某人不做某事 说服某人做某事

He cycles to school every day. She cycles along the street. 【拓展】cycle n. 循环,周期;自行车,摩托车等。 the cycle of seasons 四季循环 go cycling 骑自行车 9. graduate v.毕业 n.大学毕业生 They graduated from high school.他们高中毕业了。 No one thinks this ugly person is a graduate of Harvard.谁也没想到这个长相丑陋的人是哈弗 大学的毕业生。 10.finally adv.最后;终于 Finally, turn off the lights and lock the door.最后关上灯,锁好门。 【辨析】finally, in the end, at last 三者都有“最后,终于”之意,但其用法略有不同。 (1)finally 强调活动过程的终结。一是在列举事物或论点时引出最后一项内容;二是在动 词面前表示“等了好久才?” (2)at last 与 fanally 的第二个用法相同,但往往表示经过拖延或曲折后最终?因而带有较 浓厚的感情色彩,如不耐烦,不情愿等。 (3)in the end 与 finally 的第二个用法相同, 而且能用于预卜将来, at last 和 finally 不能。 而 We waited and waited, and finally they arrived.我们等了又等,最后他们终于来了。 At last, the girl came. The team of our school won the match in the end.我们校队最终赢得了比赛。 11.schedule n.时间表;进度表 vt.为某事安排时间 The boss has a busy schedule for the next few days.老板接下来几天日程安排得很满。 They are working to a tight schedule.他们工作安排的很紧张。 The party is scheduled for the weekend.聚会安排在周末。 The manager is scheduled to arrive in Beijing at nine o’clock.经理预计在九点到达北京。 【拓展】schedule 的常见短语: according to schedule 按照计划;按照安排 on schedule 按时 behind schedule 晚点 be scheduled to do 被安排,定于 They finished the task ahead of schedule.我们提前完成了任务。 12.fond adj. 喜爱的;慈爱的;宠爱的 There is a fond look on the mother’s face.那位母亲的脸上有慈爱的表情。 The boy is spoilt by his fond parents.那个男孩因父母宠爱而惯坏了。 【拓展】be fond of sb/(doing) sth 喜爱某人/喜欢做某事 I’ve always been fond of you. John is extremely fond of pointing out others mistakes. 13.shortcoming n.缺点

She made me aware of my shortcomings.她使我知道了我自己的缺点。 【辨析】shortcoming 与 disadvantage 两者均有“弱点”之意,但用法不同。 (1)shortcoming 一般指缺点,不一定都要指人,在使用的时候往往用复数 shortcomings. (2)disadvantage 主要指不利的情况或条件。 He sharply pointed out the shortcomings in the work.他尖锐的指出了工作中的不足。 The other candidate’s main disadvantage is her age.另一候选人的主要不利条件是她的年 龄。 14.stubborn adj.顽固的;固执的 He was too stubborn to change his idea.他过于固执,而不改变念头。 She can be as stubborn as a mule.他可以倔得像头骡子。 15.organize vt.组织;成立 organization n.组织,机构 organizer n.组织者 organized She organized the class into four groups.她把全班分成四组。 16. determine vt.决定,决心,确定,测定 Her future hasn’t been determined.她的未来还不确定。 Finally, they determined the date for the party.最后,他们确定了聚会日期。 【拓展】(1) determined 的常见用法: sth/that? 决定? determine to do sth 决心做某事 sb to do sth 使某人下决心做某事 I determined that I would never see her again.我决定再也不见她。 He determined to leave as soon as possible.他决定尽早离开。 What determined you to do that? (2) determined adj.坚决的;有决心的;坚决的 be determined to do sth 决心做某事 There is a determined look on her face.她脸上露出了坚定的表情。 Our football team were determined to win the game.我们的足球队决心赢得比赛。 17.pace vi.缓慢而行;踱步 她踱来踱去,等着电话铃响。 The work progressed at a slow pace.这工作进展缓慢。 She slowed down her pace so I could keep up with her.她放慢脚步好让我跟得上他。 keep pace (with sb/sth) 与(某人、某物)齐头并进 18.bend n.弯;转弯 vt.(bent, bent)使弯曲 vt.弯腰;弯身 n.一步;速度;步调

adj. 有组织的

She paced the floor, waiting for the phone to ring.

There is a slight bend a few metres away.几米远的地方有一个小小的弯。 Touch your toes without bending your knees.用手够到你的脚趾,膝盖别弯曲。 She bent down and picked it up.他弯下腰,把它捡了起来。 【拓展】bend 的常见短语

bend the rules (根据情况)灵活变通;通融 bend one’s mind to sth 专心于某事物 bend (sb)to sth (迫使某人)屈服;顺从 be bend on sth/doing sth 决心采取(行动);专心于 He couldn’t bend his mind to his studies.他不能专心学习。 He is bent on writing at all costs.他决心不惜一切代价去争取胜利。 19.attitude n.态度;看法 What’s your attitude towards the plan? 你对这个计划有什么看法? She shows a very positive attitude to her work.她工作态度非常积极。 【注意】attitude 后常接介词 towards 或 to。 the public attitude towards smoking 对吸烟的公众态度 重点短语 20.ever since 从那以后 I haven’t heard from her ever since. He got a job with the firm in 1970 and has worked there ever since. 他 1970 年在那家公司任职,从那时起就一直在那里工作。 【拓展】ever since 除课单独使用以外,也可以接时间名词或从句,主句部分需用现在完 成时。 They haven’t seen each other ever since last year. I have lived here ever since I was a child. 21.care about 关心;挂念;忧虑 The only thing he cares about is money. I don’t care(about) what happens to him.我才不关心他的事呢。 Don’t you care about anybody? 你难道谁也不关心吗? 【拓展】care 构成的短语: care for 关怀;照顾;喜欢;对?有兴趣 care to do sth 愿意做某事;想要做某事 take care 注意,当心 take care of 照顾 with care 当心;仔细的 Who will care for the children if their parents die? Take care! The paint is still wet! 22.change one’s mind 改变主意 You’d better think it over and change your mind. Once she has made her mind, nothing can change her mind. mind 构成的短语 have sth in mind 记得某事 make up one’s mind (mind 可用复数)下定决心

have a/no mind to do 无/有意做,心里(不)想做 read one’s mind 看出某人的心思 speak one’s mind 直言不讳 come into one’s mind 被某人记起 Roger can’t make up his mind whether to go to college or get a job.罗杰无法决定去上大学 还是工作。 I have a good mind to go to him.我很想去找他。 He is a not afraid to speak his mind.他不怕说出真心话。 We once made up our mind to work in Tibet, but one of us has changed his mind. 我们曾下决心去西藏工作,但是其中一个人改变了主意。 23.give in 投降;屈服;让步 She is a brave player, and never gives in. 【主意】give in 做不及物动词词组时,表示“对?做出让步/屈服/投降”,后接介词 to。 做及物动词词组时,意为“上交”,接代词作宾语时,代词要放在 give 和 in 之间,接名 词作宾语的时候,可放在中间,也可以放在后面。 Please give your examination papers in when you’ve finished. 考卷答完后请上交。 重要句型 24.Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly.尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这 次旅行安排得尽善尽美。 (1)本句含有一个 insist 后接的宾语从句,句中使用的虚拟语气。insist 为动词,后接 that 从句的时候有两种情况:①insist 表示“坚持要求”的时候,用虚拟语气(谓语用 should+ 动词原形结构,should 可以省略),此时从句的动作万钢发生在将来。②表示“坚持认 为”时,从句用陈述句语序,即根据实际情况确定所用时态。 The boy insisted that his teacher(should) come to the party. Thought all his friends criticized him, he insisted that he had done nothing wrong. (2)本句还包含了一个 although 引导的让步状语从句,不能与 but 连用,但是可以和 yet 或 still 搭配。 Although it was raining, (yet) they still worked in the fields. Although my car is old, it still runs well. 高考链接 I insisted that a doctor __ immediately. A has been sent for B. sent for 2.The doctor insisted that I A.had;had C. will be sent for D. be sent for a high fever and that I a rest for a few days.?

B.have;have ? C.had;have B.to find ? C.on finding

D.have;had

3.The man insisted A.find

a taxi for me even if/though I told him I lived nearby. D.in finding

答案:1.D;2.C;3.C 25.Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it.她一旦下定了决心, 什么也不能使 她改变。 本句是由 once 引导的一个时间状语从句,意为“一旦?,一?就?”,相当于 as soon as。 此时 once 是连词。 Once you understand the rule, you’ll have no further difficult.一旦明白了这条规则,你就再 也没有困难。 What will we do once the money has run out? 钱一旦用完,我们怎么办? 26.It becomes rapidly as it passed through deep valleys, travelling across western Yunnan Province.它穿过深谷时就变成了急流,流经云南西部。 此句中的 travelling 为现在分词作状语,其逻辑主语是主句的主语 it,表示主动关系,相 当于一个状语从句。 现在分词作状语在英语中非常普遍,也是高考的考点。其特点为:其逻辑主语是主句的 主语, 逻辑主语和分词表示的关系是主动关系,并在剧中可以做时间、 原因、 方式、 条件、 让步状语等。 Arriving in Beijing, the poor boy last his way.一到北京,这个可怜的男孩就迷了路。(时间 状语) The children were going to school, laughing and talking all the way.孩子们一路上有说有笑去 上学。(伴随状语) Working hard at your lessons, you’re to succeed. 只要努力学习你就会成功。(条件状语)

Section B Learning about language
重点单词 1.boil vi.(指液体)沸腾;(水)开 When water boils, it turns into steam.水沸腾了就变成水蒸气了。 2.forecast n.&vt. 预测;预报 Cooler weather is forecasted for tomorrow.预计明日天气更加凉爽。 The weather forecast said that the good weather would last. 天气预报说天气将持续晴好。 重点句型 3.A determined person always tries to finish the job,no matter how hard it is.一个意志力坚 定的人无论工作有多么艰巨,总是设法完成它。 本句有一个 no matter how+疑问词,引导的让步状语从句。此处 no matter how 是连词,意 为“无论;不管”,常与 how, when, where, which, who, whom, whose 等连用。 She ignored them, no matter what they did. No matter which way we go, it is no matter than any other. 不管我们走哪条路,都好不到哪儿去。 I like the people who have their own characters, no matter whether they end winners or losers in life.我喜欢有个性的人,无论他们最终成了赢家或者输家。

【拓展】特殊疑问词+-ever 和 no matter+特殊疑问词 (1) whatever, whichever, whoever, whomever 可以引导名词性从句,也可以引导让步状语从 句。引导让步状语从句时,可以换成 no matter what/which/who/whom,位置可在主句前, 也可以在主句后。 Take whatever you want. (你可以)拿走任何你想要的东西。(宾语从句) Whoever comes late will be punished.不管谁迟到了都要惩罚。(主语从句) We will finish the work on time, no matter what happens. =Whatever happens, we will finish the work on time. 不管发生什么事,我们都将按时完成工作。(状语从句) (2)wherever, whenever, however 只 能 引 导 让 步 状 语 从 句 , 可 以 换 成 no matter where/when/how,可放在主句前或主句后。 You can come to see me whenever you like it.只要你喜欢,随时来看我。 =You can come to see me, no matter when you like it. 【注意】虽然“ no matter +疑问词”和“疑问词+ ever ”都可以用来引导让步状语 从句,但后者的用途更广,这类词( whoever, whatever, whichever, whenever, wherever 等)还可用来引导主语从句、宾语从句、时间或地点状语从句等。

Section C Using language
重点词汇 1. reliable adj. 可信赖的;可靠的

派生:rely vi.依靠;依赖(通常接 on 或 upon) 2.view n.风景;视野;观点;见解 vt.观看;注视;考虑 The lake came into view as we turns the corner.我们转过弯就看到那个湖了。 We will see 10 different views of London this time.这一次我们将参观伦敦十景。 【辨析】scene, scenery, sight, view (1) scene 指某一特定的景象、场景、场面,为可数名词。 (2)scenery 意为“风景,景色”,指周围的自然风光,为不可数名词。 (3)sight 指看到的东西、人或物的代表,意为“景色,风光”,为可数名词。 (4)view 意为“景色,美景”,指从窗口或高处看到的景色,为可数名词。 There is a delightful rural scene.这有一片赏心悦目的乡村风光。 The city is famous for its beautiful scenery. She offered to show me the sights.她主动带我去观光。 From the top of the hill you can have a nice view of the whole city. 3.flame n.火焰;光芒;热情 The flame of the candle flickered by the open window. 蜡烛的火焰摇曳的敞开的窗户下。 What his parents said cooled his flame in a moment.父母的话一下子使他的热情冷却下来。 【拓展】flame 的常见短语 catch flames 着火 in flames 着火的,熊熊燃烧的 burst into flames 突然燃烧起来 add fuel to the flames 火上浇油,使情况更糟

pour oil on the flames 火上浇油,使情况更糟 go up in flames 着火;毁于一旦 The storehouse went up in flames.仓库烧毁了。 4.beneath prep.在?下面

There is a small cave beneath the mountain.在山脚下有一个小山洞。 She looks down upon those people beneath her.她瞧不起那些地位比她低的人。 重点短语 as usual 照常;at midnight 在午夜 重点句型 5.Our legs were so heavy and cold that they felt like blocks of ice.我们的腿又沉又冷,感觉就 像大冰块。 本句包含了一个“so?that?”引导的结果状语从句,意为“如此?以至于?”。so 和 that 之间通常接形容词或副词。 The weather was so nice that we went to the park. He performed so well that we all clapped our hands for him. 【拓展】so?that?与 such?that?都可以引导结果状语从句,其结构如下: so+形容词/副词+that 从句 so+形容词+a/an+可数名词单数 so+many/much/few/little(少)+名词+that 从句 such+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数+that 从句 such+形容词+可数名词复数/不可数名词+that 从句 such+a lot of/lots of+可数名词复数/不可数名词+that 从句 Mike is such an honest boy that we all believe him. =Mike is so honest a boy that we all believe him 【注意】当 so 或 such 至于句首的时候,主句应用倒装语序。如: So clever a student was he that he was able to work out all the difficult problems. 6.That’s what we looked like! 我们看上去就像那样! 本句包含了一个 what 引导的表语从句,其中 what 在句子中作宾语,不可省略。 That’s what I am looking for. He is no longer what he used to be.他不再是过去的他了。 7.To climb the mountains was hard work but as we looked around us, we were surprised by the view.上山很艰难,但是当我们环顾四周时,(眼前的)景色让我们感到惊奇。 本句中前半句的主语是不定式“to climb the mountains”。在英语句子中,不定式做主语 也是一个常见的用法。 Too see is to believe.眼见为实。 To walk along the river is good for us to relax.沿着河边散步能让我们放松心情。 To learn a foreign language well is hard. 【辨析】不定式做主语和动名词作主语。

两者做主语的时候,一般来说意思区别不大,常可以互换。如: To see is to believe.=Seeing is believing. 但在实际应用中,其选择取舍,主要依据以下原则: ①不定式作主语一般表示某个特定的、比较具体的动作,而动名词作主语则表示某个抽 象的、泛指的动作。 ②在口语中,用动名词作主语的情况比不定式多。 ③在句型“it is+表示否定的形容词(-less)或名词(no good,no use)”后,一般多用 动名词,而不用不定式。 ④在“主系表”结构中,主语和表语所采用的非谓语动词形式要一致,即:表语是不定 式时,主语也用不定式;表语用动名词,主语也用动名词。 It’s bad manners to stare at a stranger. Learning a foreign language is useful for us. It’s no use waiting for him to change his mind. It’s useless studying English without practice. To work hard at your lessons now is to prepare for your future success. 现在努力学子实为你将来成功做准备。 8.We can hardly wait for them.我们迫不及待地想要见到他们。 本句是一个“主语+can not/hardly wait+to do sth”句式,意为“某人迫不及待的做某事”, 常用于口语中。 Having stayed abroad for 2 weeks, Stella couldn’t wait to return home.

语法透析
将来动作的表达法
一、用一般现在时表示 1. 条件、时间或让步状语从句中通常用一般现在时表示将来。例如: If you put on more coal, the fire will burn up. 如果再添些煤,火就会旺起来。 I’ll go with you as soon as I finish my homework. 我一做完作业就跟你去。 However late he is, Mother will wait for him to have dinner together. 无论他有多晚, 妈妈会等他一起吃饭。 高考链接: -What would you do if it ______ tomorrow? -We have to carry it on, since we’ve got everything ready. (2005 年全国卷 I) A. rainB. rainsC. will rainD. is raining 解析:句中 if 引导条件状语从句, 应用一般现在时表示将来, 答案为 B。 2. 在表示按照“时刻表、日程表、节目单”等既定的规定必定发生而又不可随意变更 的事情时,通常可用一般现在时表示将来。例如:

The meeting begins at 8:30 and ends at 9:30. 会议 8 时 30 分开始, 9 时 30 分结束。 高考链接: Look at the timetable. Hurry up! Flight 4026 ______ off at 18:20. (2006 年四川卷) A. takes B. tookC. will be takenD. has taken 解析:句中有具体的表示将来的时刻(下午 6 时 20 分), 表达按时刻表将要发生的事 情, 答案为 A。 二、用一般将来时“will / shall + 动词原形”表示 1. 表示将要发生的动作或状态,常与表示将来的时间状语或“in + 时间段”连用。值 得注意的是:when 或表示“是否”意义的 if 引导的名词性从句在表示将来时间时可用此 时态,应区别于它们所引导的时间或条件状语从句的用法。例如: Jennifer will be back in half an hour. 詹妮弗半个小时后回来。 The party is supposed to start at 10:30, but I doubt if it will, since it’s 10:20 now. 聚会应该在 10 时 30 分开始,但由于现在已经 10 点 20 分了,我怀疑是否能按时举行。 高考链接: (1) I think it is necessary for my 19?鄄 year?鄄 old son to have his own mobile phone, for I sometimes want to make sure if he ______ home for dinner. (2006 年辽宁卷) A. come B. comes C. has come D. will come (2) As soon as he comes back, I’ll tell him when ______ and see him. (2005 年北京 卷) A. you will comeB. will you comeC. you come D. do you come 解析:句(1)中 if 意为“是否”, 引导宾语从句, 应用一般将来时表示将来, 答 案为 D; 句(2)中 when 引导宾语从句, 根据主从句时态的呼应, 应用一般将来时, 由于名词性从句不可倒装, 故选 A 正确。 2. “will + 动词原形”可用于表示说话人临时对某一意外情况做出的反应, 表示事先 未曾考虑过的一种将来动作。例如: -You’ve left the light on. -Oh, so I have. I’ll go and turn it off. ——你忘记关灯了。 ——哦, 的确如此, 我这就去关。 高考链接: -Did you tell Julia about the result? -Oh, no, I forgot. I ______ her now. (2005 年全国卷) A. will be calling B. will call C. call D. am to call 解析:该句表达说话人临时做出的一种反应, 意为“我这就去给她打电话”, 答案为 B。

3. 在“祈使句 + and / or + 陈述句”中, 祈使句具有表达条件的意味,and / or 后的陈 述句多用“will + 动词原形”表示将来的结果。例如: Start out right away, or you’ll miss the first train. 立即动身, 不然你会错过头班火车的。 Go straight on and you’ll see a church. You won’t miss it. 直走你就会看到一座教堂, 你不会错过的。 高考链接: Turn on the television or open a magazine and you ______ advertise?鄄 ments showing happy families. (2004 年湖南卷) A. will often see B. often see C. are often seeing D. have often seen 解析: 考查 “祈使句 + and + 陈述句” 该陈述句通常用一般将来时表达某种结果, , 选 A 正确。 三、用“be going to + 动词原形”表示 “be going to + 动词原形”表示经过事先的考虑而打算将要做某事或者依据当前的迹象 判断将要发生某事。例如: She is going to be a doctor when she grows up. 她打算长大后当个医生。 The newspaper says that the weather is going to clear up tomorrow. 报纸登载明天天气将放晴。 高考链接: -What are you going to do this afternoon? -I am going to the cinema with some friends. The film ______ quite early, so we ______ to the bookstore after that. (2005 年重庆卷) A. finished; are goingB. finishes; are going C. finished; goD. finishes; go 解析:第一空用一般现在时表示将来, 第二空用“be going to + 动词原形”表示打算 要做的事情,当 be going to 后接地点时, 动词原形 go 可省略, 故答案为B。 四、用“be to + 动词原形”表示 “be to + 动词原形”可表示按计划、安排或打算将要发生的动作, 该形式也可以用于 if 引导的条件状语从句中。 另外,“be to + 动词原形”还可表示“应该;必须;注定; 一定”等含义, 其否定式可表示“禁止;不允许”的意义。例如: We are to meet at the school gate. 我们计划在校门口见面。 If you are to be in time for the early bus, be sure to get up before five o’clock in the morning. 如果你打算及时赶上早班公交车,务必在早上五点钟前起床。 The doors and windows are to be shut in case of rain before you leave the lab.

你离开实验室前必须关上门窗以防下雨。 These books are not to be taken out of the library. 这些书不可以带出图书馆。 高考链接: In such dry weather, the flowers will have to be watered if they ______. (2001 年上海卷) A. have survivedB. are to surviveC. would surviveD. will survive 解析:该题考查在 if 条件句中将来时间的表达, 只能用“be to + 动词原形”,而不能 用“will + 动词原形”的形式, 故答案为 B。 五、用现在进行时表示 现在进行时可用于表示即将发生的动作, 多用于表示“来往、出发、到达”等意义的 动词, 如 come, go, arrive, leave, take off, start 等。例如: Jane is leaving. Let’s go and say goodbye to her. 简就要走了。咱们去跟她道别吧。 高考链接: Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts. The plane ______. (2006 年福建卷) A. takes offB. is taking offC. has taken off D. took off 解析:该句考查用现在进行时表示即将发生的动作, 答案为 B。应注意区别于一般现 在时表示按时间表将要发生的动作, 不能选 A。 六、用“be about to + 动词原形”表示 “be about to + 动词原形”表示“即将;正要;马上就要”, 常可与 just 连用, 但不 与具体的表示将来的时间状语连用。例如: The film is just about to begin. 电影马上就要开始了。 七、用“动词过去式 / were to + 动词原形或 should + 动词原形”表示 在虚拟条件句中用“动词过去式 / were to + 动词原形 / should + 动词原形”表示与将 来情况相反。注意:可将 were / should 提前到句首而省略 if 的形式。例如: If it rained tomorrow, what would you do? 如果明天下雨, 你怎么办? If he were to try harder, he would pass the exam.( =Were he to try harder, he would pass the exam.) 如果他再努力些, 他会通过考试的。 If the sun should not rise tomorrow, what would we do? (=Should the sun not rise tomorrow, what would we do?) 明天太阳要是不出来,我们该怎么办? 高考链接: ______ fired, your health care and other benefits will not be immediately cut off.(2006 年湖北卷) A. Would you beB. Should you be

C. Could you be D. Might you be 解析:该题考查省略 if 而将 should 提前到句首时表示将来意义的虚拟条件句,答案为 B,相当于 If you should be fired。 巩固练习: 1.He said that he________ the next day.(come) 2.He told me she________ him that afternoon.(see) 3.He said if it________ fine the next day,he________ skating.(be,go) 参考答案: 1.was coming 或 would come 2.was going to see 3.was,would go 高考连接 【例 1】The CDs are on sale!Buy one and you get A.other —Well,maybe A.this 【例 3】 B.that B.others C.one 【例 2】—I’ve read another book this week.? is not how much you read but what you read that counts.(浙江高考) C.there D.it ? completely free. D.ones ? (全国Ⅱ高考)

the police thought he was themost likely one,since they had no exact B.As long as ? C.If only D.As soon as ? D.less than ?

proof about it,they could not arrest him. (湖南高考) A.Although 【例 4】

building supplies to construct these energy-saving houses.It took brains, too. B.more than C.rather than

A.other than

【例 5】—What do you think of teaching,Bob?? —I find it fun and challenging.It is a job A.where B.which ? you are doing something serious but interestin C.when D.that ?

答案:1.解析 C 句意为:这些 CD 在廉价出售,买一赠一 用 one 代替 a CD。 2.解析 D 分析答语句子结构可知此处构成 It is...that...强调句型,被强调部分是 not how much you read but what you read。 3.解析 A 句意为: 尽管警察认为他最有可能, 但是由于没有确切的证据, 他们不能逮捕他。 表示让步用 although;as long as 表示条件, “只要” if only 表示条件, “要是?? 意为 ; 意为 就好 了”;as soon as 表示时间,意为“一?? 就??”。 4.解析 B 句意为:建造这些节能房屋,不仅仅要花 费建筑材料,还要付出智力。more than 在句中意为“不仅仅”,修饰名词。other than 不同于,除了;rather than 宁可??也不愿, 与其??倒不如;less than 不到,少于。 5 解析 A where 在句中为关系副词,引导定语从句,修饰先行词 job。

单元复习与巩固
第一部分、基础练习 一.写出下列单词的正确形式:

1. He is planning his work _______ (进度表) for the following week. 2. They took many pictures of the _________ (瀑布) yesterday. 3. What is the ______ (海拔) of this mountain? 4. I think you don’t know your own ___________. In fact, no one is perfect. 5. He is so s________ that nobody can change his mind. 6. Do you know where the s______ of the Changjiang River is? 7.We are looking for someone who is 8.We tried to p (可靠的) and hard-working.

him to give up smoking,but he just wouldn’t listen. . to London?Is $5 enough? ? when he was at sea.He wrote down everything that happened. is your lack of job experience.

9.Though with great difficulty,I finished all my work f 10.Excuse me,what is the f 11.The captain kept a j 12.Your main d

答案:1.Schedule;2.waterfall;3.altitude;4.shortcomings;5.stubborn;6.source; 7.Reliable; 8.persuade; 9.finally; 10.fare ; 11.journal ; 12.disadvantage

I.词汇 1. Jan travels worldwide a lot with his parents. Now he becomes greatly interested in writing j____. 2. When I was a child, I d______ of becoming a scientist. 3. She tried to p______ him to give up smoking, but he wouldn’t listen. 4. She won't do what I ask -- she's very s_______. 5. Although we were very tired, we all i_____ that we not rest until we finished the work. 6. I am d_______ to do better in English this term. 7. It’s his home, so he is f______ with the street. 8. The songs were r______ by the radio company. 9. You haven't done the job p______ — you'll have to do it again. 10. Give me all the d______ of the accident — tell me what happened in detail. II. 词组识记 1. take a great bike trip 2. give me a determined look 3. change one’s mind 4. give in 5. in western Yunnan Province 6. have an idea 7. field trip 8. as usual 9. stay awake 10. travel journal 11. 山地车 12. 关心,在于 13.下决心做某事 14. 为...某人所熟悉 15. 在海拔 5000 多米处 16. 沿着湄公河从源头骑车至终点 17. 梦想做某事 18. 说服某人做某事 19. 很有乐趣 20. 一则是...再则是...

第一部分基础练习答案 I.词汇 a. journals, dreamed/dreamt, to persuade, stubborn, insisted, determined, familiar, recorded, properly, details b. 1. 作一次了不起的自行车旅行 2. 给我一个坚定的眼神 3. 改变主意 4. 投降,屈服,让步 5. 在云南省西部 6. 想出一个主意/办法 where it ends 7. (学生)实地考察旅行 8. 像平常一样 9. 醒着 10. 旅游日记/志 第二部分 强化训练 一. 单项选择 1 I have two tickets to Beijing. I_______ my father. A am taking B have taken C take D will have taken 17. dream of/ about doing 18. persuade sb to do/ into doing? 19. great fun 20. for one thing,?for another/ also 11. mountain bike 12. care about 13.make up one’s mind to do? 14. be familiar to sb 15. at an altitude of over 5,000 meters 16. cycle along the Mekong River from where it begins to

2 Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology_______ so rapidly. A has changed B is changing C will have changed D will changed

3 He ________ of how he can do more for the people. A C will always think B is always thinking D does think always

has always been thinking

4 I want to know when he ________ for New York. A has left B had left C is leaving D would leave

5 __ That famous fish _______ because of pollution. __ Yes, we have to do something to save it. A has died B had died C is dead D is dying

6 All day today, Jane and her sister _______ very hard at home. A are work B are worked C are working D have working

7 When I see Jean in the street, she always _______at me. A smiled B has smiled C was smiling D smiles

8 Janet_______ one dress already, and now she _______ another. A made, is been making B had made, is making D would have made, is being made

C has made, is making

9 Do you know when Mr. Brown___________? When he ________, please let me know.

A

is coming, will come

B comes, is coming D comes, will come

C will come , comes

10 While________, she cut himself. A shaved B shaving C was shaving D was shaved

11 As she_________ the newspaper, Granny________ asleep. A C read, was falling was reading, was falling B was reading, fell D read, fell

12 I don’t think Jim saw me, he ________ into space. A just stared B has just stared C was just staring D 13 __Come on, Peter. I want to show you something . __ Oh, how nice of you. I ________ you _________ bring me a gift. A never think, are going B never thought, were going D hadn’t thought, were going had just stared

C didn’t think, were going

14 don’t really work here, I ________ until the new secretary arrives. A just help out B have just helped out D will just help out

C am just helping out

15 According to the timetable, the plane for London_______ at seven. A leaves B has left C left D will leave 二 用括号中所给词的正确时态填空。 ( 每空一词) 1 I ______ ________ _______ _________(buy) a house when we save enough money 2 What _____ you _______ _______ _______ ( be) when you grow up? 3 This coming weekend, my friend Jack and I ______ ________ (take) a trip. 4 The play ______ ______ ________ ________ _______ (produce) next month. 5 We ________ _________ (leave) as soon as my husband gets off work Friday afternoon. 6 The committee ______ ________ _______ _______ ( have) several meetings to discuss these problems. 7 My sister _____ _______ ______ _______ ( have) a baby. 8 What are your plans for this evening? I ______ _______ (stay) at home. How about you? I _______ ________ (go) to a cybercafe to send some e-mails. Then I am going to the English Coversation Club. I _____ _______ ( meet) Anna there. 第二部分强化训练 答案 一 !—5 ABBCD 6---10 CDCCB 11—15 BCBBA 2 are, going to be 4 is going to be produced 6 is going to have 8 am staying/ will stay, am going, am meeting 二 1 am going to buy 3 are taking/ will take 5 are leaving/ will/shall leave 7 is going to have


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