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【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 强化练习(新课标专用)Book 3 Unit 4 Word版含解析]


Unit 4

Astronomy:the science of the stars

Ⅰ.单项填空 1. Dr.Peter Spence, ________ headmaster of the school, told us, “________ fifth of pupils here go on to study at Oxford

and Cambridge.” A./;A C.the;The 答案 A 解析 句意为:彼得· 斯宾塞博士,即学校的校长告诉我们:“这里五分之一的学生会 B./;The D.a;A

继续在牛津和剑桥大学学习。”Dr.Peter Spence 与其后的 headmaster of the school 是同 位关系,表示官职的名词前应使用零冠词。表示分数时,其分子可用冠词 a 或 one。 2.Tom has agreed to let me use his car, and________I’m treating him to a good dinner at the newlybuilt restaurant just around the corner. A.in charge C.in return 答案 C 解析 考查介词短语的辨析。in charge 负责,掌管;in place 在适当的位置;in return 作为回报;in turn 反过来。句意为:汤姆同意让我用他的车,作为回报,我要在拐角处 新开的饭馆请他好好吃一顿。 3.The computer system________suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet. A.broke down C.broke up 答案 A 解析 考查动词短语辨析。break down 出故障;break out(战争、火灾等)爆发;break up 解散,分手;break in 闯入。句意为:他在网上查找信息时电脑系统突然坏了。 4.The school has developed an online system________students can choose their own teachers. A.which 答案 D B.when C.that D.where B.broke out D.broke in B.in place D.in turn

解析 考查定语从句的引导词。 先行词为 system, 且在从句中作状语, 故用 where 引导。 句意为:学校研发了一个网络系统,在这一系统中学生可以选择自己的老师。 5.The meeting was held in a lively________and everybody felt free to share his ideas. A.atmosphere C.situation 答案 A 解析 考查名词词义辨析。atmosphere 气氛,氛围;weather 天气;situation 情形,状 况;phenomenon 现象。 6.The manager had fallen asleep where he________,without undressing. A.was laying C.had laid 答案 B 解析 考查时态。lay 放置;搁;产卵,其过去式、过去分词为 laid,laid;lie 躺,其 过去式、过去分词分别为 lay,lain;lie 说谎,其过去式、过去分词为 lied,lied。句意 为:经理没脱衣服就在他躺着的地方睡着了。 7.Newlyborn babies are good sleepers.The amount of their sleep is________that of adults. A.several times larger than C.as several times as 答案 A 解析 考查比较级的用法。倍数的表达法之一是“倍数+比较级+than”,句子主语为 the amount,表示数量,故应用 large 或 small 来修饰,故 A 项正确。句意为:新生婴 儿睡眠很好。他们的睡眠时间是成年人的好几倍。 8.A policeman was ________ him outside the house. A.watching out C.watching over 答案 C 解析 watch over 监视,符合语境。watch out 当心,注意;watch on 关注,注意;watch B.watching on D.watching for B.a few times the size of D.a few times deeper than B.was lying D.had lied B.weather D.phenomenon

for 注意,当心。 9.—I’m not good at singing,you know. —________It’s just for fun.

A.Don’t say so. C.What a pity! 答案 B

B.Come on. D.Cheer up.

解析 考查情景交际。Don’t say so.不要这样说。不符合情景交际的特点;Come on 得 了吧;来吧;What a pity!真可惜!真遗憾!Cheer up 振作点。答语句意为:来吧!我 们只是玩。 10.—Sorry, I’m late for work. —Is that________you got stuck in a traffic jam again? A.why 答案 C 解析 考查句型的辨析运用。This/That/It is because...那是因为……,从句表示原因; B.how C.because D.when

This/That/It is why...那就是……原因,从句表示结果。由语境可知 C 项正确。句意为: ——对不起,我上班晚了。——那是因为你又遇上了交通堵塞吗? 11.In a modern society full of fierce competitions,______ a person does is not always the same as ________ he says. A.what;what C.that;that 答案 A 解析 这是一个由 what 引导的主语从句和宾语从句构成的复合句。what 分别在这两个 从句中作 does 和 says 的宾语。that 引导名词性从句只起引导句子的作用,在所引导的 名词性从句中不作任何成分。 12.Earth is a rocky planet where there is liquid water,which is necessary for life to ________. A.come 答案 B 解析 意。 13.We should respect others________others will respect us. A.so that C.for fear that 答案 A B.in case D.now that 后半句句意为:水的存在是生命存在的必要条件。exist vi.存在;生存,符合题 B.exist C.stand D.happen B.what;that D.that;what

解析 考查状语从句的连接词。so that 因此,以便于;in case 以防,万一;for fear that 担心;now that 既然。句意为:我们应该尊重他人,这样他人才会尊重我们。 14.—I was disappointed when I failed again. —Don’t be so discouraged.You’ll be successful ________. A.for some time C.on time 答案 D 解析 根据答语句意“别那么灰心,你迟早会成功的。”可知应选 in time。 15.________is obviously right is to give all children equal opportunities to develop their special gift. A.It 答案 D 解析 引导一个主语从句,在从句中作句子的主语,所以用 what。句意为:明显正确 B.As C.That D.What B.at one time D.in time

的(做法)就是,给所有的孩子提供平等发展特殊才能的机会。 16.________ you’ve got a chance,you might as well make full use of it. A.Now that 答案 A 解析 主句与从句之间存在因果关系,且“you’ve got a chance”表示一个显而易见的 原因,因此应选用表原因的 now that。 17.I am so busy that I have________unanswered letters. A.many a C.masses of 答案 C 解析 B、D 两项后面只跟不可数名词;many a 后跟单数形式,故只有 C 项正确。 18.The sudden fall in the value of the dollar________financial experts. A.puzzling C.puzzled out 答案 B 解析 句意为:美元突然贬值,财经专家无不大伤脑筋。句中缺少谓语动词,故 A 项 错误;puzzle 是及物动词,意为“使……困惑”,后直接跟宾语。 19.—I’m sorry I didn’t finish it on time. B.has puzzled D.puzzles about B.a good deal of D.a great deal of B.After C.Although D.As soon as

—________. A.Fine,thanks. C.Thanks a lot. 答案 D 解析 句意为: ——很抱歉, 我没有按时完成。 ——不管怎样还是要谢谢你。 Fine, thanks. 很好,谢谢;No,thanks.不了,谢谢;Thanks a lot 多谢。根据上句句意可知,答语应 仍然表示对对方的感谢。 20.Doctors always tell us that drinking too much ________ our health,but some people don’t care. A.is harm to C.is harmful to 答案 C 解析 句意为: 医生总是告诉我们饮酒太多有害健康, 但有些人却不在意。 be harmful to sb.=do harm to sb.对某人有害。D 项应用第三人称单数。 Ⅱ.完形填空 It may be difficult to understand nonverbal messages because different cultures have different expectations about eye contact,physical __1__,body gestures,etc. Let’s consider eye contact.Children from many Latin American and Asian __2__ show respect by avoiding the glance of important persons.A teacher who’s __3__ with this,however, might consider the lack of eye contact as a sign of __4__.For many American Indian children, __5__ a teacher in the eye and answering her question in front of the class is “showing off”. Culture greatly __6__ attitudes towards physical contact,whether it’s a handshake,hug, or pat on the back.In Asia,female friends __7__ hold hands and men casually(随便地) hug one another as they walk down the street.Americans,however,may feel __8__ with such public behavior.In some Asian cultures,affectionately patting a(n) __9__ head is strictly taboo(禁忌的), __10__ it can be acceptable behavior between adults and young children. How __11__ should people stand to each other when they’re having a conversation?In areas of the Middle East and South America,people stand very close when __12__.European Americans like to have __13__ distance between them,while some African Americans __14__ even more space.You can __15__ great discomfort by standing too close to another person.Not being __16__ of this can even prevent someone from understanding or __17__ the ideas you’re trying to get across. To create a positive environment for communication,your nonverbal message must closely B.does harmful to D.do harm to B.No,thanks. D.Thanks anyway.

__18__ your verbal message.One way to do this is to carefully observe how children and families speak and __19__ around each other and with people they respect.This can __20__ clues about the true meaning of their nonverbal interactions. 1.A.exercise 答案 B 解析 考查名词。此题属于原词复现。physical touch 意为“身体接触”,这从第 6 空 后的 physical contact 可得到暗示。 2.A.schools 答案 D 解析 此题属于原词复现。 第一段已提到不同文化(different cultures)中人们对视线接触、 身体接触等有不同的理解。此处举例说明,故此空填“文化”一词。 3.A.uncertain 答案 C 解析 考查形容词。在拉美和亚洲文化中,小孩回避他人的视线是对其尊敬的表现。而 对此不了解的老师会误以为这是缺乏尊重。 be unfamiliar with sth.意为“对……不熟 悉”。 4.A.disrespect 答案 A 解析 考查名词。 此空前的 however 说明此句与前一句之间在逻辑上是转折关系。既然 前一句说是 show respect,此处当然是 a sign of disrespect。 5.A.seeing 答案 C 解析 考查动词。look sb.in the eye 意为“直视某人”。 6.A.influences 答案 A 解析 考查动词。在文章首段中说“不同的文化对视线接触、身体接触等有不同的期 B.guarantees C.arranges D.indicates B.staring at C.looking D.glancing at B.idea C.danger D.disappointment B.angry C.unfamiliar D.popular B.villages C.homelands D.cultures B.touch C.education D.strength

待”,然后在第二段讲视线接触在不同文化中的不同理解,此段则是讲 physical contact 在不同文化中的影响, 即“文化极大地影响到人们对身体接触的态度”。 这也是这一段 的主题句。 7.A.never B.often C.seldom D.sometimes

答案 B 解析 考查副词。 由于男性之间可以随意地拥抱一下, 故可推测女性朋友之间手拉手则 是常事。 8.A.pleased 答案 D 解析 考查形容词。此句中的 however 同样表示转折。 而在美国文化中这种公开场合的 行为令人感到不舒服。 9.A.child’s 答案 C 解析 考查名词所有格。从第 10 题后可得到暗示。在亚洲摸成人的头是严格禁止的 B.baby’s C.adult’s D.man’s B.comfortable C.mad D.uncomfortable

(strictly taboo),但是成人和小孩之间摸头却是可以接受的(be acceptable)。 10.A.because 答案 B 解析 考查连词。前后句之间是让步关系,故用 although。 11.A.far 答案 D 解析 考查副词。从本段的“people stand very close,distance,standing too close”等处 可知本段是谈人与人之间站立时相隔的距离。 12.A.talking 答案 A 解析 考 查 动 词 。 此 空 的 when talking 与 前 一 句 的 “when they’re having a B.eating C.waiting D.listening B.closely C.properly D.close B.although C.unless D.if

conversation”意思一样。 13.A.more 答案 A 解析 考查形容词。来自中东和南美的人谈话时站得很近(stand very close),而来自欧 洲的美国人需要的心理距离要更大一些。 14.A.hate 答案 B 解析 考查动词。 此句中的 while 表示对比。 来自非洲的美国人的心理距离相比之下(双 B.prefer C.wish D.dream B.less C.no D.little

方的心理距离)更远。 15.A.change 答案 C 解析 考查动词。双方谈话时,站得太近,超过可接受的心理距离,人就会感到极不舒 服。create 引起,造成。 16.A.afraid 答案 D 解析 考查形容词。 对谈话时的心理距离要知道, 否则会造成麻烦。 be aware of 意为“意 识到,知道”。be ashamed of 以……为羞愧。 17.A.suggesting C.refusing 答案 D 解析 考查动词。此题属于近义复现。此空前的 or 表示选择关系,说明此空后的内容 “the ideas”与前面的 understanding 意思相近。意识不到人们交流时默认的心理距离甚 至会阻碍他人理解或接受你试图传达的意思。 18.A.pass 答案 C 解析 考查动词。指非语言信息与语言信息要相配(match),要一致。 19.A.talk 答案 B 解析 了解。 20.A.provide 答案 A 解析 考查动词。这样就可为你真正理解他们的非语言交流提供(provide)线索。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 Sports account for a growing amount of income made on the sales of commercial time by television companies.Many television companies have used sports to attract viewers from particular sections of the general public,and then they have sold audiences to advertisers. An attraction of sport programs for the major U.S.media companies is that events are often B.support C.prove D.search 考查动词。这些文化差异可通过观察小孩和家人间的谈话及举止方式(behave)来 B.behave C.use D.look B.explain C.match D.prepare B.considering D.accepting B.ashamed C.proud D.aware B.expect C.create D.accept

held on Saturday and Sunday afternoons—the slowest time periods of the week for general television viewing.Sport events are the most popular weekend programs,especially among male viewers who may not watch much television at other times during the week.This means the television networks are able to sell advertising time at relatively high prices during what normally would be dead time for programming. Media corporations also use sports to attract commercial sponsors that might take their advertising dollars elsewhere if television stations did not report certain sports.The people in the advertising departments of major corporations realize that sports attract male viewers.They also realize that most business travelers are men and that many men make family decisions on the purchases of computers,cars and life insurance. Golf and tennis are special cases for television programming.These sports attract few viewers,and the ratings(收视率) are unusually low.However,the audience for these sports is attractive to certain advertisers.It is made up of people from the highest income groups in the United States,including many lawyers and business managers.This is why television reporting of golf and tennis is sponsored by companies selling highpriced cars , business and personal computers,and holiday trips.This is also why the networks continue to carry these programs regardless of low ratings.Advertisers are willing to pay high fees to reach highincome consumers and those managers who make decisions to buy thousands of “company cars” and computers.With such viewers,these programs don’t need high ratings to stay on the air. 1.Television sport programs on weekend afternoons________. A.result in more sport events B.get more viewers to play sports C.make more people interested in television D.bring more money to the television networks 答案 D 解析 细节理解题。由第二段中 “This means the television networks are able to sell

advertising time at relatively high prices during what normally would be dead time for programming.”可知,television networks 赚了更多的钱。 2.Why would weekend afternoons become dead time without sport programs? A.Because there would be few viewers. B.Because the advertisers would be off work. C.Because television programs would go slowly. D.Because viewers would pay less for watching television. 答案 A

解析 推理判断题。由第二段可知,周末赛事吸引了大批男性观众,他们在工作时间不 看太多的电视,因此大都在周末看体育赛事,因此没有体育赛事当然就少很多观众了。 3.In many families,men make decisions on________. A.holiday trips C.television shopping 答案 D 解析 细节理解题。由第三段中“They also realize that most business travelers are men and that many men make family decisions on the purchases of computers,cars and life insurance.”可知,男性在家庭中做出一些重大的购买决定。 4.The ratings are not important for golf and tennis programs because________. A.their advertisers are carmakers B.their viewers are attracted by sports C.their advertisers target at rich people D.their viewers can afford expensive cars 答案 C 解析 推理判断题。由最后一段可知,高尔夫球赛和网球赛的观众大都是高收入人群, 它们的广告面向(target at)的是 rich people,所以收视率低没有关系。 5.What is the passage mainly about? A.Television ratings are determined by male viewers. B.Rich viewers contribute most to television companies. C.Sports are gaining importance in advertising on television. D.Commercial advertisers are the major sponsors of sport events. 答案 C 解析 主旨大意题。 本文主要是讲体育赛事决定电视台的收视率, 从而也决定了电视广 告的收入, 再根据主题句(topic sentence): 第一段第一句“Sports account for a growing amount of income made on the sales of commercial time by television companies.”可 知选 C 项。 B.sports viewing D.expensive purchases


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