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备考高考英语2016语法填空—动词的解题技巧


语法填空—动词主要考点 动词

谓语动词

非谓语动词

词性转换

-ing分词

-ed分词

不定式

2014、 2015年新课标Ⅱ卷给提示词的考点分布
测试内容 内 容 非 谓 语 动 词 不定式 -ed分词 46

41 47 2014年 题号 答案 To stop being riding caught 2015年

题号
66 61

答案
to cool built

动 词

-ing分词

64
68

using
goes

谓语动词的时态,语 45 态 形容词或副词的比较级

43
词性转换 50

disappoint 63 ed 65 suddenly 69

ability slowly natural

介词+V-ing 1. ( 2014 新课标卷Ⅱ) One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried worried about about _______ being (be) late for school. 一般过去时 2.(2014新课标卷Ⅱ)I got a place next to the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. caught A boy on a bike _______(catch) my attention. A boy 句子主语 谓语动词 时态用过去 3.( 2015新课标卷Ⅱ)The adobe dwellings (毛坯房 )_____(build) by the Pueblo built Indians of the American Southwest are are admired admired by even… 非谓语动词 谓语动词

高考真题再现

Observing & Discovering
1. Do you want to know why we moved _____ (move) last year? 作谓语动词 时态用过去 2. It was with the help of the local guide that the were rescued mountain climbers __________ . ( rescue ) 作谓语 表过去的被动

解题技巧一:若句子没有别的谓语动词, 或者虽然已有谓语动词,但需填的动词 与之是并列关系时,所给动词是谓语动 词,若是谓语就要考虑时态和语态。

高考链接
It was raining lightly when I_______ arrived (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn.(2015 新课标Ⅰ) is (be) really beautiful. (2015新 Yangshuo ____ 课标Ⅰ) is called (call) “shadow Be patient! Tai Chi ________ boxing”(太极拳) in English.(2014辽宁卷 )

?

?

?

Observing & Discovering
1.________ (follow)by many fans , the singer walked out of the hall. 2.________ (follow) the famous singer , the crazy fans walked out of the hall. 3.The workers __________(build) the bridge came from all over the country. 4.The novels ________(write) by MoYan are popular,attracting more and more readers. 5.We hope _______(get) there before dark.

非谓语动词 ——分词作状语
Followed (follow)by many fans,the singer 1.________ walkedout outof of the hall. walked Following (follow) the famous singer,the 2.________ crazy fans walked walkedout outof of the hall.
句子1的主语singer是follow的承受者,用过 解题技巧二:若句子中已有谓语动词,所给 去分词,填入Followed。句子 2的主语 the 提示动词为非谓语动词 ——— 分词作状语时, crazy fans是follow的执行者,用现在分词表 根据分词与句子主语的关系确定分词形式。 主动,填入Following。 主语若是分词动作的执行者,用 V ? ing 形式; 主语若是分词动作的承受者,用V?ed形式。

非谓语动词 ——分词作定语
building 3.The workers __________(build) the bridge came from all over the country. 4.The novels ________(write) by Mo Yan are written popular,attracting more and more readers.
句子3的主语the workers是build的发出者, 解题技巧三:若句子中已有谓语动词,所给 用现在分词,填入building。句子4的主语the 提示动词为非谓语动词——分词作定语。 novels是write的承受者,用过去分词表被动, V ? ing 形式作定语表示主动或进行; V ? ed 形 填入written。 式作定语表示被动或完成。

非谓语动词 ——不定式作宾语
5.We hope _______(get) there before dark. to get 解题技巧四:动词不定式作宾语,需识记只 接不定式作宾语的动词。有want,wait, offer,long,fail,hope,expect,ask, decide,determine,manage,agree, afford,arrange,promise,pretend等。

随堂检测
Seeing (see) nobody at home, he he decided 1.________ to leave them a note. following (follow) their 2.The girls came in, ________ The girls parents. Seen 3._______(see) from the hill, the city looks like a garden. 4.______(give) more time, I I would have worked Given out the problem. 提示动词在句中作非谓语动词, 并充当状语

提示动词在句中作 非谓语动词,充当定语 5.Last night, there were millions of people people _________(watch) the opening ceremony live watching on TV. 6. No one knows the girl ________ (stand) standing the girl there. to lock 7.I remembered _______(lock) the door before I left the office. 不定式作宾语

Observing & Discovering
But Jane knew from past experience that her ________ choice (choose) of ties hardly ever pleased her father.
提示词choose是动词,但在宾语从句中 解题技巧五:有时给出的动词既不是 作主语,且在形容词性物主代词后,故 谓语形式也不是非谓语形式 , 这时需 用名词choice。 要进行词类转换。

高考链接
growth 1. With the rapid economic of our economic________(grow) country, we now are eating a lot of food that is high in sugar and fat.(2015广东备考) 2. …there was a lot of information about the city’s attraction (attract)… well-known tourist tourist __________ (2015辽宁备考)

提示动词前有形容词,形容词一般 修饰名词,故需将动词转换为其名 词形式。

语法填空动词提示题解题技巧
作谓语动词 考虑动词时态和语态

动词

考虑V-ing分词,V-ed分 作非谓语动词 词,不定式三种形式 词类转换 多考查转换为其名词 形式

阅读下列短文,用所给动词的适当形式填空。
When a baby is in danger,its mother will be crazy and worried. This is something anyone can relate to , even though we are talking about a mother elephant separated 1.__________(separate)from her child. recording (record) the reunion A video 2.________ between the elephant and her 8monthold baby in Kenya was one of the most impressive scenes. The baby fell inside a manmade hole and was unable to climb out, according to the videoreleased 3.________(release) by the Amboseli

Trust for Elephants. Despite the best efforts made 4._________(make)by her desperate mother, the baby seemed helpless until a team of to help workers rushed 5._________(help) .They had to drive the overprotective mother away first, so that they could get close enough to rescue 6.__________(rescue)the baby with ropes and a vehicle.

Luckily , the workers managed to pull 7.________(pull)the baby to safety. What touching followed was a 8.__________(touch)scene. As soon as the baby was freed , it ran away across the plain. In the distance,the cries of her mother could be heard as she running came 9.________(run)from the opposite direction. The two were reunited, hugging 10.________(hug) each other with their trunks.

语法填空—动词解题技巧 动词

谓语动词

非谓语动词

词性转换

-ing分词

-ed分词

不定式


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