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2014年高考英语总复习(选修8)课时作业40:Unit 5 Meeting your ancestors


课时作业 40 Unit 5
Ⅰ.单项填空 1.(2013· 山西省诊断)John has got a fever these days and he said he didn't want to see a doctor, but I'm afraid he has no ________. A.extra C.possibility B.treatm

ent D.alternative

Meeting your ancestors

解析:alternative 选择。extra 额外;treatment 治疗,对待;possibility 可 能。句意:约翰这些天发烧,他说他不想去看医生,但我认为他别无选择。 答案:D 2.The club accepts everyone who wants to join ________ their age and sex. A.because of C.in case of B.regardless of D.in place of

解析:句意:这个俱乐部接纳每一个想加入的人,不管他们的年龄和性别。 regardless of“不管,不顾” ,符合句意。because of 因为,由于;in case of 假设, 万一;in place of 代替。 答案:B 3.From what he has said, let's make a ________ guess about how the accident happened. A.clear C.certain B.sure D.tentative

解析: 形容词词义辨析。 clear 清晰的, 明白的; sure/certain 肯定的; tentative 试探性的。make a tentative guess 猜想一下。 答案:D 4.This new discovery of oil is of great ________ to this area's economy. A.significance C.satisfaction B.accuracy D.assumption

解析:be of significance to sb./sth.相当于 be very significant to sb./sth.对某人/ 某物有深远意义。句意:这次新发现的石油对这个地区的经济有着重大的意义。 答案:A 5.Living in a ________ way of life, the man looks happier than a modern one. A.sensitive C.negative B.primitive D.alternative

解析:句意:过着一种原始的生活,这个人看起来比一个现代人还幸福。 sensitive 敏感的;primitive 原始的;negative 否定的;alternative 替代的,供选 择的。 答案:B 6.Mother started to cook the meal; meanwhile Daughter helped to ________ the vegetables. A.cut up C.pack up B.bring up D.break up

解析:句意:妈妈开始做饭;同时女儿则帮忙把蔬菜切碎。cut up“切碎” , 符合句意。bring up 抚养,培养,提出;pack (sth.) up 将(东西)装箱打包;break up 打碎,解体。 答案:A 7. robber ran away ________ half a mile and you can catch him if you speed The up your car. A.at most C.at last B.at least D.at first

解析:句意:这个强盗至多跑出去了半英里,你如果加速开的话,你会抓住 他的。at most“最多” ,符合句意。 答案:A 8.—It was a pity that you missed the famous star yesterday. —If only I ________ to my hometown! A.didn't return C.shouldn't return B.hadn't returned D.wouldn't return

解析:根据语境可知是与过去事实相反的愿望,故选 B。

答案:B 9.Tomorrow is the deadline, so if you want to finish the work on time you must get some help ________. A.somehow C.meanwhile B.however D.finally

解析:句意:明天是最后期限,如果你想按时完成这项工作,你得设法得到 帮助。 somehow 以某种方法, 想方设法地; however 然而; meanwhile 同时; finally 最终。结合句意 A 项最佳。 答案:A 10.It is reported that the agent was ________ for carrying a false passport. A.arrested C.charged B.accused D.suspected

解析: 句意: 据报道那个代理商因使用假护照而被捕。 “逮捕”be arrested arrest , for“因??被逮捕” ;be accused of 因??被指控;be charged with 被控告??; be suspected of 被怀疑??。 答案:A 11.We must ________ before we make a decision. A.look up C.look out B.look down D.look ahead

解析:句意:在我们做决定之前,我们必须考虑未来。look up 向上看,查 找信息等;look down 向下看;look out 当心,小心;look ahead 向前看。 答案:D 12.(2013· 福建龙岩一中质检)He is a talkative man, but he didn't say a word in today's discussion. I am not sure how to________ his silence. A.treat C.grasp B.master D.read

解析:read 读懂,看透,符合句意。他是一个爱谈吐的人,但是在今天的讨 论会上他一言不发。我弄不清如何看透他的沉默。 答案:D 13.The driver turned his car sharply to the left to give way to the running bull,

only________a tree by the road. A.to knock into C.to knock at B.knocking down D.knocked over

解析:only to do...表示一种“意想不到的结果” ,故该句应用不定式。knock into...撞到??上。 答案:A 14.The scientist discovered a dinosaur fossil__________from 4,000 years ago. A.dates C.dated B.date D.dating

解析:date from 追溯到??。dating from 此处相当于定语从句 which dates from...,是现在分词短语作后置定语。 答案:D 15.Children are________with their studies because they are expected to do far better than they can. A.fed up C.caught up B.given up D.put up

解析:由句意“孩子们厌烦学习,因为他们被期望得过高。 ”可知选 A 项。 be fed up with 厌烦。 答案:A Ⅱ.阅读理解 When first entered, Vanak Restaurant does not look like much of a restaurant, but once the pleasant smells of kabob (烤肉串) hit the senses, you are incapable of calling it anything less. Owned by a local couple, this Persian restaurant has an inviting, homelike atmosphere that many restaurants lack. The space is small with only a few dining tables and nearly no decoration, but the environment is truly charming. Lying in a hardly noticeable street corner, the restaurant still attracts all customers, especially those experienced in the delights of Middle Eastern cooking. A common sight is that of old Persian men sitting in the corner talking loudly about world topics, watching news events on TV, drinking a black tea known as

Persian chai, and reading local Persian newspapers all the while trying to finish off their plates piled with food. The variety of food at the restaurant is limited, but the amount of each dish is fairly large.Most of the meals can serve two people and are under $10, so not only is it affordable but practical as well. The food especially appeals to healthconscious eaters because each dish is very healthy, made with limited fat and oil and served straight off the grill(烤肉架). The main dish that the restaurant is popular for is its kabobs, which are different styles of grilled meat. One delicious and extremely healthy dish is the Joojeh Kabob, which is made of grilled chicken pieces served with either rice or bread.Another great kabob is the Chelo Kabob, a kabob consisting of grilled beef. Although the restaurant is small, the atmosphere and the food is delicious.It is a place that should not be overlooked. 1.When first entering the restaurant, one can find that it ________. A.is splendidly decorated B.has pleasant smells of kabobs C.is crowded with dining tables D.looks like a common restaurant 2.What activity is also mentioned apart from dining in the restaurant? A.Watching news events on TV. B.Drinking a kind of black coffee. C.Reading local English newspapers. D.Discussing world topics in low voices. 3.The food of the restaurant ________. A.is served in small amounts B.is rather expensive C.is rich in variety D.is very healthy 4.What is the dish Joojeh Kabob mainly made of? A.Rice. B.Chicken.

C.Bread.D.Beef. 5.It can be inferred from the passage that the restaurant ________. A.occupies a large space B.owns a favorable location C.is popular for its special food D.has a quiet environment inside 答案与解析 [语篇解读] 本文为记叙文,介绍了一家位于边陲小镇、规模不大却独具风

味的餐馆,这种餐馆往往更受欢迎。 1. 细节理解题。 B 由第三段 “The space is small with only a few dining tables and nearly no decoration,but the environment is truly charming.”可知 A、C 项错 误;通过文章第一句可知这个饭店不怎么像是一个饭店,可知 D 项错误;通过 “...but once the pleasant smells of kabob(烤肉串)hit the senses, are incapable of you calling it anything less.”可知 B 项正确。 2.A 细节理解题。由第五段中的“...watching news events on TV...”可知 A 项正确。通过“...drinking a black tea known as Persian chai...”可知 B 项错误;通过 第五段中的“...reading local Persian newspapers...”可知 C 项错误; 通过第五段中的 “...A common sight is that of old Persian men sitting in the corner talking loudly about world topics...”可知 D 项错误。 3.D 细节理解题。由第五段中的“...trying to finish off their plates piled with food...”和第六段中的“...but the amount of each dish is fairly large.”可知 A 项错误; 由第六段第二句“Most of the meals can serve two people and are under $10,so not only is it affordable but practical as well.”可知 B 项错误;由第六段第一句“The variety of food at the restaurant is limited...”可知 C 项错误;由第七段“The food especially appeals to healthconscious eaters because each dish is very healthy,made with limited fat and oil and served straight off the grill.”可知 D 项正确。 4.B 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段第一句“One delicious and extremely

healthy dish is the Joojeh Kabob,which is made of grilled chicken pieces served with either rice or bread.”可知这种菜是由鸡肉做成的。故 B 项正确。 5.C 推理判断题。由最后一段“Although the restaurant is small,the

atmosphere and the food is delicious.It is a place that should not be overlooked.” 可以 推测出这家饭店很受欢迎,不能被忽视。通过第三段中的“The space is small with only a few dining tables...”可推断 A 项错误;通过第四段中的“Lying in a hardly noticeable street corner...”可推断 B 项错误; 通过第五段中的“A common sight is that of old Persian men sitting in the corner talking loudly about world topics...”可知 D 项 错误。 Ⅲ.阅读填句 (2013· 北京东城区期末) Nature's cheats Mary is digging in the ground for a potato, when along comes John. Seeing that there is no one in sight, John starts to scream. John's angry mother rushes over and drives Mary away. Once his mum has gone, John helps himself to Mary's potato. We've all experienced similar annoying tricks when we were youngthe brother who stole your ball and then got you into trouble by telling your parents you had hit him. But Mary and John are not humans. They're African baboons (狒狒). __1__ John's scream and his mother's attack on Mary could have been a matter of chance, but John was later seen playing the same tricks on others. __2__ Studying behavior like this is complicated, but scientists discovered apes (猿) clearly showed that they intended to cheat and knew when they themselves had been cheated. __3__ An ape was annoying him, so he tricked her into going away by pretending he had seen something interesting. When she found nothing, she “walked back, hit me over the head with her hand and ignored me for the rest of the day.” Another way to decide whether an animal's behavior is deliberate is to look for actions that are not normal for that animal. A zoo worker describes how an ape dealt with an enemy. “He slowly stole up behind the other ape, walking on tiptoe. When he got close to his enemy, he pushed him violently in the back, then ran indoors.”Wild apes do not normally walk on tiptoe. __4__ But looking at the many cases of deliberate trickery in apes, it is impossible to explain them all as simple copying. It seems that trickery does play an important part in ape societies. __5__ Studying the intelligence of our closest relative could be the way to understand the development of human intelligence. A.In most cases the animal probably doesn't know it is cheating.

B.An amusing example of this comes from a psychologist working in Tanzania. C.And playing tricks is as much a part of monkey behavior as it is of human behavior. D.So the psychologists asked his colleagues if they had noticed this kind of trickery. E.The ability of animals to cheat may be a better measure of their intelligence than their use of tools. F.This use of a third individual to achieve a goal is only one of the many tricks commonly used by baboons. G.Of course it's possible that it could have learnt from humans that such behavior works, without understanding why. 答案 1—5 CFBGE Ⅳ.短文改错 (2013· 杭州市质检) Today we have a very nice field trip.We visited Hongxing Farm,one of the largest farm in our province.When we got to there,we found many farm workers waiting at the gate,apparently to welcome us.Some of them showed we around the farm.It felt greatly to walk in such a healthy farming environment with plants and vegetables grown so well.Besides,it was really interesting to know such many things about the farm.Moreover,we had wonderful picnic lunch and then an outdoor party, singing or dancing all the afternoon. However,we had to say goodbye to the workers,so it was getting dark.And I can't wait for another similar field trip! 答案 Today we have a very nice field trip.We visited Hongxing Farm,one of the
had

largest farm in our province.When we got to there,we found many farm workers
farms

waiting at the gate,apparently to welcome us.Some of them showed we around the
us

farm.It felt greatly to walk in such a healthy farming environment with plants and
great

vegetables grown so well.Besides,it was really interesting to know such many
growing so

things about the farm.Moreover,we had
and

∧ wonderful picnic lunch and then an
a

outdoor party,singing or dancing all the afternoon. However,we had to say goodbye to the workers,so it was getting dark.And I
as

can't wait for another similar field trip!


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