南通、扬州、泰州三市 2016 届高三第二次调研测试 英 语
第 I 卷 (三部分 共 85 分) 第一部分 听力 (共两节，满分 20 分) 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答 题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、
C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Why is the man so hungry? A. He has been on a diet recently. B. He hasn’t eaten anything today. C. He has only had a burger today. 2. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Strangers. B. Business partners. C. Clerk and client. 3. What are the speakers doing? A. Listening to the radio. B. Watching TV. C. Watching a new movie. 4. Why won’t the man go to college after graduation? A. His grades aren’t good enough. B. He never wants to go to college. C. His father asked him to work first. 5. How much money will the man give the woman? A. Five dollars. B. Seven dollars. C. Eight dollars. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. Who is the boss? A. Mr. Cassell. B. Ms. Baker. C. Mr. Langley. 7. Why did the man apologize at the end? A. He misunderstood what he saw. B. He wouldn’t be able to attend the birthday party. C. He put his kids’ markers on the woman’s desk. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. Why did the woman stay up late last night?
A. To write her paper. B. To take exercise. C. To prepare for an exam. 9. What does the man probably mean at the end? A. The woman should work harder. B. The woman should leave him alone. C. The woman’s study method is effective. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Who is with the man right now? A. No one else. B. His wife. C. Another couple. 11. What will the woman bring the man first? A. Some wine. B. Some hot water. C. Some menus. 12. What might the man discuss with Ralph? A. What dishes to have. B. What wine to order. C. Where they should sit. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Who took the woman to horse races when she was young? A. Her grandfather. B. Her fathe r. C. Her dad’s friends. 14. What does the woman say about riding a horse? A. She’s never done it before. B. It’s a great way to have fun. C. It’s different from racing a horse. 15. How many races will there be today? A. More than ten. B. Less than five. C. It is unknown. 16. What will the speakers probably do next? A. Watch a horse race. B. Place money on a horse. C. Go down onto the track. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. When did Mr. Jones join the company? A. Five years ago. B. Thirty years ago. C. Forty years ago. 18. What was Mr. Jones first promoted to? A. Office manager. B. Head driver. C. Vice president of operations.
19. How did Mr. Jones get his degree? A. By paying the fee himself. B. By working part-time. C. By taking night classes. 20. Why does the woman give the speech? A. To welcome a new employee. B. To say goodbye to an old co-worker. C. To congratulate Mr. Jones on promotion. 第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 21. Last fall, I went to the US as an exchange student. I’ll never forget my homestay there ______ I became a real DIY enthusiast. A. where B. when C. that D. which 22. To save trouble, you may as well _______ the product online before you place an order. A. predict B. polish C. promote D. preview 23. — I think you’d better write him a letter immediately. — ______? He’ll come here the day after tomorrow. A. Why bother B. So what C. Why not D. How come 24. Although the plan is not so perfect, they are strongly opposed ______ it. A. to not conduct B. not to conduct C. to not conducting D. not to conducting 25. Didn’t it occur to you ______ we could have solved the problem in an easier way? A. that B. whether C. how D. why 26. I see no reason why they shouldn’t go on playing for another four or five years ______ they are fit enough. A. unless B. so that C. though D. providing that 27. Since Perry went abroad, his house has been neglected and weeds are _______ everywhere. A. winding up B. springing up C. lighting up D. rising up 28. Much as I would love ______ to the party yesterday, I didn’t because I had to prepare for the interview. A. to go B. going C. to have gone D. having gone 29. — It’s said that Chris achieved high grades in the examination. — That’s no surprise. He is______, you know. A. a dark horse B. a green hand C. a wet blanket D. an early bird 30. As the town ______ good restaurants, we just treated the foreign friends to some local food at home yesterday. A. didn’t have B. doesn’t have C. won’t have D. hadn’t had 31. While readi ng, try to develop a more _______ attitude, instead of accepting everything at face value. A. realistic B. critical C. ambiguous D. casual 32. The article in The Times gives us a real ______ into the causes of the present economic
crisis. A. enquiry B. admission C. insight D. division 33. Robert’s new book about space exploration is fantastic. You simply ______ read it. A. must B. can C. need D. may 34. — Dad, I am not playing the piano as well as before. — Take it easy. You are just ______. A. out of sight B. out of control C. out of practice D. out of place 35. — Tom, you look worried. Anything I can do for you? — I ______ if you could give me a three-day leave to look after my baby in hospital. A. had wondered B. was wondering C. would wonder D. have wondered 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 My mum was young when she fell pregnant with me. After I was born it was decided that my father’s relatives would 36 me in Manchester. No one spoke about Mum. Eventually, I was shown letters from Mum, 37 that she was a drug addict. All this was running through my head as I arrived in Glasgow on 27 December last year. My sister Leanne, from my mother’s side, had 38 me down on Facebook, and we had been 39 for a while, but had met only once or twice. Leanne had been brought up by our mother’s parents, and had some 40 with Mum throughout her life. She was now living in Canada, but returning for Christmas and 41 to see all the family together. A big party had been arranged to welcome her back, and everyone would be there, including our 42 . In a very short time my sister and I hatched a 43 . I’d meet my sister as she arrived at Manchester airport, then we’d drive up to Glasgow 44 . Keeping it a surprise gave us a rush. After about a four-hour drive, we were there. I’d 45 called someone “Mum” before. But there she was. We embraced (拥抱) and were soon 46 . We could hardly get the words out fast enough. Seeing someone so alike looking back at me was the strangest but most 47 experience. Though a lifetime may have 48 us, this woman at a party in Glasgow was my mum. She 49 at me for a second, before giving me a tight hug. All she could say was that she never thought we’d 50 again. She’d been 51 of drugs for five years. She told me how she now works for a charity that helps young people 52 the same problems she had. We now talk regularly, and I feel 53 she’s my mother. That’s something I couldn’t have even 54 when the door opened to her at that Christmas party. Life may be short, but it’s always 55 enough to reconcile (和好). 36. A. teach B. control C. serve D. raise 37. A. foreseeing B. revealing C. arguing D. promising 38. A. knocked B. tracked C. rolled D. turned 39. A. negotiating B. complaining C. messaging D. searching 40. A. contact B. bargain C. fun D. trouble
41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55.
A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A.
reluctant sister deal in advance ever looking away disturbing separated laughed part clean discuss guilty imagined tough
B. B. B.
B. afraid C. confident B. father C. mum plan C. trick B. in turn C. in secret even C. always chatting away C. turning up B. annoyi ng C. comforting B. deserted C. ruined B. yelled C. stared suffer C. recover B. aware C. short B. overcome C. explore B. embarrassed C. proud ignored C. questioned B. happy C. simple
D. D. D.
D. desperate D. grandparents change D. in time never D. picking up D. frightening D. cheated D. pointed meet D. fond stress D. shocked recalled D. long
第三部分 阅读理解 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A HIGH-RISE APARTMENTS FOR RENT IN DOWNTOWN JACKSONVILLE’S SOUTHBANK COMMUNITY Imagine coming home after work and feeling like you’re on vacation at a 5-star resort! Welcome to The Strand Southbank in downtown Jacksonville—where luxury meets comfort. Renting a luxury apartment at The Strand Southbank is a wise lifestyle choice. After your long day, you deserve to feel like you’re walking into a high-end luxury resort where you can truly relax. With activities geared towards life away from the office, our community comes alive when you come home. At The Strand Southbank, we foster (促进) resident friendships through frequent happy hours, book clubs and running groups. We free up your evenings by offering catered meals and food trucks on site. You have better things to do, like sitting on your balcony and taking in the views of downtown Jacksonville’s bridges lit up or smelling the salty air from the St. Johns River. COMMUNITY AMENITIES (生活福利设施) ? Fully equipped fitness center with river views ? Business center with high-speed internet ? Controlled access garage parking ? Relaxing library with fireplace ? Frequent resident events and community activities LOCATION The Strand Southbank apartments are ideally located in downtown Jacksonville near the entertaining Riverwalk and the sparkling St. John’s River. Perfect for Jacksonville university students, these apartments are near popular Jacksonville schools including
Jacksonville University, University of North Florida, and Florida Coastal School of Law. The Strand Southbank apartments are also conveniently near the Mayo Clinic. DIRECTIONS From I-10 take exit 350B toward San Marco Blvd. Merge onto Gary St. Turn left at FL-5/S Main St./ US-1. Turn right at Gulf Life Dr./Riverplace Blvd. The Strand Southbank is on the left. From I-95, exit on Union Street and travel east. Turn left onto Riverplace Boulevard. The Strand Southbank is just ahead on your right. 56. What might encourage people to rent an apartment at The Strand Southbank? A. The Strand Southbank is a 5-star holiday hotel. B. Residents there can enjoy beautiful night scenes. C. The Strand Southbank provides free internet access. D. Residents there have better relationships than colleagues. 57. If you rent an apartment at The Stra nd Southbank, you _______. A. may have easy access to some basic medical care B. may choose to enter any Jacksonville school you like C. are sure to spend a lot of time hanging around downtown D. are likely to have trouble finding your way back from I-10 B When you’re a parent to a young child, you spend a lot of time talking about feelings: about having to share, about being disappointed because you may not have a cookie instead of broccoli (绿花椰菜), about the great injustice of a parent pressing the elevator button before the child has a chance to. And in a parenting culture that’s increasingly concerned with centering children’s needs above all else, mothers and fathers have become skillful at talking about their kids’ feelings while masking their own. But new research suggests that parents who hide their negative emotions are doing their children, and themselves harm. A study published this month says that when parents put on a faux-happy (假开心) face for their kids, they do damage to their own sense of wellbeing and authenticity. “For the average parent the findings suggest when they attempt to hide their negative emotion expression and overexpress their positive emotions with their children, it actually comes at a cost: doing so may lead parents to feel worse themselves,” researcher Dr Emily Impett, says. It makes sense that parents often fall back on amping up (扩大) the positivity for the sake of their children—there are a lot of things in the world we want to protect our kids from. But children are often smarter than we expect and are quite in tune with what the people closest to them—their parents—are feeling. There was a time about a year or so ago, for example, when I received some bad news over the phone; I was home with my four-year-old and so I did my best to put on a brave face. She knew immediately something was wrong though, and was confused. When I finally let a few tears out and explained that Mom heard something sad about a friend, she was, of course, just fine. My daughter patted my shoulder, gave me a hug, and went back to playing. She felt better that she was able to help me, and the moment made a lot more sense to her emotionally than a smiling mom holding back sobs. I was glad that
I could feel sad momentarily and not have to work hard to hide that. Relaying positive feelings to your children when you don’t feel them is a move the researchers called high cost — that it may seem like the most beneficial to your child at the time but that parents should find other ways of communicating emotions that “allow them to feel true to themselves”. But this is also about children seeing the world in a more honest way. While we will want to protect our children from things that aren’t age-appropriate or harmful, it’s better to raise a generation of kids who understand that moms and dads are people too. 58. What is the typical behavior of parents when they bring up their children? A. Allowing their children chances to do things themselves. B. Expressing their dissatisfaction with their children. C. Hiding their true emotions from their children. D. Sharing their favorite food with their children. 59. If parents put on a faux-happy face, _______. A. their children will be protected B. their children will be taken in C. they will feel happy as a result D. they will undergo worse feelings 60. The author mentioned the example of her daughter to illustrate ______. A. children are not so clever as parents think B. children can often understand parents’ true feelings C. it’s meaningful for parents to always look positive D. it’s necessary to expose children to harmful things 61. We can conclude from the passage that _______. A. protecting children from age-inappropriate things is important B. it makes sense for children to know their parents’ negative feelings C. children will admire their parents more because of being protected D. separation from negative feelings helps children see the world honestly C The defeat of Lee Sedol, the world’s strongest Go (围棋) player, by a Google artificial intelligence (AI) program, looks like another milestone towards a world where computers can do almost anything a human can. It is not. There are uncountable things that only a human can do, and that no computer seems close to. The problem is that the purely human things are not economically useful to anyone. The things that computers can be taught to do are by contrast economically fantastic. But even the most powerful programs are not human, just as a shovel (铲车). They have no feelings. What they have is power, but this power is growing at a rate that should frighten us a ll. It might be less frightening if computers were truly intelligent, but even the most powerful networks are less human than monstrous Martians (火星人). Their power will be used to make money for the firms that finance their development, and then for others quick and clever enough to take advantage of the new world. It is far more likely that they will increase inequality and still further remove the middle classes as we move towards an hourglass (以金钱来衡量的) society in which everyone is either very rich or very poor and
likely indebted. One of the ill effects of the spread of more intelligent computer networks is, at the same time, the spread of what might be called artificial stupidity. If AI is employed largely to replace unskilled labour, it is most productive when labour is kept unskilled or redefined that way. So much of the work in service industries is now simplified until it might be automated (自动化). And robots will never need pensions. AI is slowly reducing skilled work, like some forms of medical diagnosis (诊断), at the same time, as older doctors complain that the traditional human skills of diagnosis are falling out of medical training. The belief that everything worthwhile can be measured and then managed is far more damaging to humanity than the threat of artificial intelligence on its own. But no victory in complicated Go games can bring us closer to truly human-like computers. 62. By mentioning the defeat of Lee Sedol, the author intends to tell us that ______. A. comput ers can completely replace humans in everything B. humans are of no practical economic values to the society C. the power of computers is growing at a frightening rate D. AI programs can not compare with humans economically 63. We can learn from Paragraph 2 that the power of computers will ______. A. improve the quality of human life B. promote equality at work places C. make contributions to human development D. widen the gap between the rich and the poor 64. What does “artificial stupidity” in Paragragh 3 mean? A. Unskilled workers become stupid. B. AI discourages skilled work. C. Computers don’t need pensions. D. AI is ruining medical training. 65. What is the author’s attitude towards the future of artificial intelligence? A. Optimistic. B. Supportive. C. Sceptical. D. Cautious. D They don’t quite know how to cope with all the dam trouble they’ve got down in Hampden, Maine. And according to town manager Leslie Stanley, it doesn’t look as if things will improve any in the immediate future. “We’ve got a real annoying problem on our hands,” he says. The annoyance began in late May. About three miles outside of town a group of beavers (河狸) built a dam near the mouth of a culvert (涵洞) that carries a stream under Canaan Road. Some 50 feet of roadway and several hundred feet of land on each side of the culvert were flooded. Stanley sent a road crew out to level the dam. The beavers rebuilt it. The crew tore it apart again. In fact, they tore i t apart for ten mornings－and for ten straight nights the beavers rebuilt it. On the eleventh day, the foreman tossed (扔) the problem back to the town manager. He, in turn, tossed it on to the local game warden (狩猎监督官). The warden, absorbed in beaver knowledge, moved quietly and carefully out one night and placed a petrol-soaked bag over the dam. (Any beaver expert will tell you the creatures just can’t tolerate petrol smell.) In the morning the bag was found artistically woven (编织) into the dam. The warden set out three steel traps that night. In the morning one was empty. The other
two had been stolen by the beavers and used to strengthen the dam. The warden, cursing the state law against hunting beavers with firearms, got his traps back and set them out again and again. And every night the beavers stole them. Town manager Stanley enlisted additional troops. He telephoned his police chief. Those beavers were breaking a state law against blocking up a natural watercourse. “Why aren’t you out there to uphold the law?” Stanley asked. “You’re the police chief. So remove them. Arrest them. Do something.” Three mornings later, the police chief proudly announced the end of the dam. At 2:00 A.M., he said, he and a licensed dynamiter (炸药使用者) had blown it to small pieces. Stanley said he’d believe it when he saw it. They drove out to the culvert and found a new dam already half-built. They also found the highway choked with mud and remains thrown up by the dynamite. Stanley said maybe they should call in the Army Corps of Engineers. But the police chief’s faith in explosives was unshaken. He launched an all-out campaign，but the beavers always managed to have the holes plugged by the time the fire department appeared on the scene for its morning mop-up. In time, the beavers tired of this nonsense and moved their dam “inside” the culvert －where it couldn’t be blown up without destroying the road too. Stanley and his general staff held a council of war and agreed that fresh strategy was called for. Then they came up with an inspired idea. If we remove every branch of the dam by hand, we’ll force the beavers to go in search of new building material to replace what we’ve taken. Then we can place box traps along their runways and seized them. The plan was completely approved. Moreover it worked. On July 30, town manager Stanley was able to announce that the beaver group had been trapped and removed to a remote wilderness area. And there was great joy in Hampden－until the middle of October, that is, when a group of young beavers was spotted swimming in the same waters from which its elders had recently been taken away. But to make a long story short, the strategy that worked with the older beavers worked with the young ones too. 66. What was the annoying problem for the authorities in Hampden, Maine? A. They failed to destroy the dam repeatedly built by the beavers. B. They didn’t know who to send to deal with the dam trouble. C. The beavers were building dams in every corner of the town. D. The political situation in the town was becoming much worse. 67. What did the local game warden do? A. He made steel traps to strengthen the dam. B. He set out to hunt the beavers with firearms. C. He learned a lot about the construction of the dam. D. He used petrol-soaked bags to drive the beavers away. 68. Which is the correct order of the following events? ① The land on both sides of the culvert was flooded. ② The local leaders worked out a strategy. ③ The game warden set out steel traps. ④ The beavers rebuilt their dam inside the culvert.
⑤ The police chief used explosives to destroy the dam. A. ①③②⑤④ B. ①③⑤④② C. ②①④③⑤ D. ②①⑤③④ 69. The underline word “uphold” in Paragraph 6 probably means ________. A. revise B. resist C. violate D. maintain 70. What can we learn about beavers from the passage? A. The beavers seem to be stubborn about building dams. B. The beavers are allowed to be killed when causing trouble. C. The beavers can’t adapt themselves to living in wilderness. D. The beavers finally returned to the culvert with their young. 第Ⅱ卷 (两部分 共 35 分) 第四部分 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 Deep reading, as opposed to superficial (shallow) reading we do on the Web, is an endangered practice, one we ought to take steps to preserve as we would a historic building or a significant work of art. Recent research has illustrated that deep reading, characterized as a unique experience different kind from the mere understanding of words, is slow, immersive (沉浸的), rich in sensory detail and emotional and moral complexity. Although deep reading does not, strictly speaking, require a conventional book, the limits of the printed page are uniquely helpful to the deep reading experience. A book’s lack of hyperlinks (超链接), for example, frees the reader from making decisions—should I click on this link or not—allowing her to remain fully absorbed in the story. That immersion is supported by the way the brain handles language rich in detail, indirect reference and figures of speech: by creating a mental representation that draws on the same brain regions that would be active if the scene were unfolding in real life. The emotional situations and moral dilemmas that are the material of literature are also vigorous ( 有活力的 ) exercise for the brain, driving us inside the heads of fictional characters and even, studies suggest, increasing our real-life capacity ( 能 力 ) for recognition. None of this is likely to happen when we’re browsing through a website. Although we call the activity by the same name, the deep reading of books and the information-driven reading we do on the Web are very different, both in the experience they produce and in the capacity they develop. A growing body of evidence suggests that online reading may be less satisfying, even for the “digital natives” to whom it is so familiar. Researchers reported that 39% of children and teens read daily using electronic devices, but only 28% read printe d materials every day. Those who only read onscreen were three times less likely to say they enjoy reading very much and tell which book they like best. The study also found that young people who read daily only onscreen were nearly twice less likely to be above-average readers than those who read daily in print or both in print and onscreen. All in all, the disappearance of deep reading would harm the intellectual and emotional development of generations growing up online, as well as the preservation of a critical part of our culture: the novels, poems and other kinds of literature that can be appreciated only by readers whose brains have been trained to understand them.
Supporting details ◆ As we are reading more on the Web, deep reading has a tendency to (71) ▲ . ◆ Like a historic building or a significant work of art, deep reading (72) ▲ our preservation. ◆ Deep reading (74) ▲ complex emotional and moral experiences. ◆ Deep reading usually (75) ▲ from printed materials. ◆ Deep reading helps train a reader’s brain and make it more (76) ▲ . ◆ Compared with online reading, deep reading can bring readers more (77) ▲ . ◆ Deep reading makes a bigger (78) ▲ in increasing readers’ reading ability. ◆ Without deep reading, generations in this digital world can’t develop well in emotion and (79) ▲ . ◆ Without deep reading, people may be (80) ▲ to appreciate literature.
The present situation about deep reading
(73) ▲ reading
第五部分 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 81. 请根据你对以下图画的理解，以“Deeds Should Match Words”为题，用英语写一篇作文。
你的作文应包括以下内容： 1. 简要描述该图的内容； 2. 概述你对该图中言行不一的现象的理解； 3. 举例说明该图对你的启示。
注意： 1. 可参照图画适当发挥； 2. 作文词数 150 左右； 3. 作文中不得提及有关考生个人身份的任何信息，如校名、人名等。