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2013届高三英语二轮专题复习检测题 第1章 专题9 非谓语动词


第1章

专题 9 非谓语动词

1.(2011·全国卷,15)The island, ________ to the mainland by a bridge, is easy to go to. A.joining C.joined B.to join D.having joined

答案:C。句意:这个岛屿由一座

桥和大陆相连,很容易到达。join 与 the island 之 间是逻辑上的动宾关系,故此处用过去分词。 2.(2011·全国卷,18)Sarah pretended to be cheerful, ______ nothing about the argument. A.says C.to say B.said D.saying

答案:D。句意:萨拉假装很开心,对那次争论只字未提。Sarah 和 say 之间是逻辑上 的主谓关系,故此处用现在分词形式。 3.(2011·重庆卷,29)More TV programs,according to government officials,will be produced ________ people's concern over food safety. A.to raise C.to have raised B.raising D.having raised

答案:A。本题考查非谓语动词。句意:根据政府官员的意见,为了提高人们对食品安 全的关心意识,要制作更多的电视节目。根据句子可知,此处用不定式表目的状语。不定式 的一般时态表示的动作与谓语动词同时发生或在谓语动词之后, 而不定式的完成时态, 表示 的动作发生在谓语动词之前。根据语境 A 项正确。 4. (2011·重庆,33)Michael put up a picture of Yao Ming beside the bed to keep himself________ of his own dreams. A. reminding C. reminded B. to remind D. remind

答案:C。本题考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:Michael 把姚明的照片贴在床边,使他 一直记起自己的梦想。 remind sb. of sth.使某人记起某事, 此处的 sb.为 himself, himself 提前,因此 remind 要用过去分词表被动,在此作宾补。 5. (2011·四川卷, 2)Lydia doesn't feel like ________ abroad.Her parents are old. A.study C.studied B.studying D.to study

答案:B。本题考查非谓语动词。句意:莉迪亚不想去国外读书,因为她的父母年纪大

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了。feel like doing sth.为常用搭配:想做某事。同:would like to do sth.。 6.(2011·四川卷,11)Simon made a big bamboo box ________ the little sick bird till it could fly. A.keep C.keeping B.kept D.to keep

答案:D。本题考查非谓语动词。句意:西蒙自己做了个竹子小盒,用来装那只小鸟, 直到它能够飞起来。不定式 to do sth.表目的。 7.(2011·四川卷,16)________ an important role in a new movie,Andy has got a chance to become famous. A.Offer C.Offered B.Offering D.To offer

答案:C。本题考查非谓语动词。句意:在这部影片中得到一个重要的角色后,安迪得 到了一个出名的机会。根据语境,别人给安迪一个角色,即存在被动关系。所以选 C,过去 分词表被动。 8.(2011·江苏卷,31)Recently a survey________prices of the same goods in two different supermarkets has caused heated debate among citizens. A.compared C.compares B.comparing D.being compared

答案:B。本题考查非谓语动词。句意:近来一个比较同一商品在不同超市的价格的调 查在市民中引起了热烈的讨论。分析结构可知,主语 survey 与 compare 之间为主谓关系, 故用现在分词短语作定语,B 项正确。 9. (2011·天津卷, 7)Passengers are permitted______only one piece of hand luggage onto the plane. A.to carry C.to be carried B.carrying D.being carried

答案:A。本题考查动词短语搭配。permit sb. to do sth.与 permit doing sth.均为 固定搭配形式。由句子结构可知 A 项正确。句意:旅客们只被允许随身携带一份行李登机。 10.(2011·浙江卷,14)Even the best writers sometimes find themselves ________ for words. A.lose C.to lose B.lost D.having lost

答案:B。 考查非谓语动词。句意: 即使最好的作家有时发现自己无以言辞。be lost for words“说不出话来”。 然后结合“find+宾语+宾语补足语”结构可知, 此处用 lost 作宾 语补足语。
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11.(2011·浙江卷,19)If they win the final tonight, the team are going to tour around the city ________ by their enthusiastic supporters. A.being cheered C.to be cheered B.be cheered D.were cheered

答案:C。考查非谓语动词。句意:如果他们赢得今晚的决赛的话,他们队将在他们热 情的支持者欢呼中环游该城。因为是非谓语,排除 D 项;另外,cheer 动作在将来发生,所 以采用不定式。 12.(2011·辽宁卷,30)______around the fire, the tourists danced with the local people. A.Gather C.Gathering B.To gather D.To be gathering

答案:C。本题考查非谓语动词。句意:聚集在篝火周围,旅游的人和当地人一起跳舞。 根据句子结构可知,此处是现在分词作伴随状语,表示“gather”与“dance”这两个动作 同时发生。而不定式在句中作目的状语,不合语境。 13.(2011·福建卷,23)Tsinghua University,______in 1911,is home to a great number of outstanding figures. A.found C.founded B.founding D.to be founded

答案:C。本题考查非谓语动词。句意:清华大学,建于 1911 年,是许多杰出人物的母 校。found“建立,创立”,与主语 Tsinghua University 之间为动宾关系,并且由时间状 语 1911 可知,found 动作早已完成,故用 founded,C 项正确。 14. (2011·安徽卷, 30)Tom asked the candy makers if they could make the chocolate easier ________ into small pieces. A. break C. broken B. breaking D. to break

答案:D。考查非谓语动词。句意:汤姆问糖果制造商他们能否把巧克力制造的更加易 于掰成小块。 “(be)+形容词+不定式”为常用的句式, 该结构中一般不用动词的其他形式。 15.(2011·北京卷,25) It's important for the figures ________ A. to be updated C. to update B. to have been updated D. to have updated regularly.

答案:A。本题考查动词不定式的时态和语态。句意:对这些数字来说定期更新是重要 的。根据句意,数字应该是被更新,故用动词不定式的被动语态;根据副词 regularly 可知 此处表示经常性的动作,故用动词不定式的一般时态。 16.(2011·北京卷,33)Sit down, Emma. You will only make yourself more tired,
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________ on your feet. A. to keep C. having kept B. keeping D. to have kept

答案:B。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。句意:坐下,艾玛。如果你一直站着的话,只 会使你自己更累。此处为非谓语动词作状语,表示条件,动词 keep 与句子的主语之间为主 动关系, 表示正在进行的动作, 故用现在分词形式。 此处相当于一个条件状语从句: will You only make yourself more tired, if you keep on your feet.。 17.(2011·湖南卷,21)The itself. A.expressing C.to express B.expressed D.to be expressed ability ________an idea is as important as the idea

答案:C。本题考查不定式短语作后置定语。句意:表达观点的能力和观点本身同等重 要。ability 后通常跟动词不定式作后置定语,故排除 A,B 两项;此处指表达观点的能力, 表示主动意义,排除 D 项。 18.(2011·湖南卷,23)The players ________ from the whole country are

expected to bring us honor in this summer game. A.selecting C.selected B.to select D.having selected

答案:C。本题考查过去分词作后置定语。句意:从全国选出的选手们被期待在这次夏 季比赛中给我们带来荣誉。由句意可知选手们是被选出,故只有 C 项能在此处作后置定语。 19.(2011·湖南卷,29)Do you wake up every morning ________ energetic and ready to start a new day? A.feel C.feeling B.to feel D.felt

答案:C。本题考查现在分词作伴随状语。句意:你每天早上醒来都精力充沛,准备开 始新的一天吗?feeling energetic 在句中作伴随状语。 20.(2011·陕西卷,14)Claire had her luggage________an hour before her plane left. A.check C.to check B.checking D.checked

答案:D。考查非谓语动词作宾语补足语。句意:克莱尔在飞机起飞一个小时之前让人 检查了行李。分析句子结构可知,本题考查“have+宾语(her luggage)+宾语补足语”, her luggage 承受 check 这一动作,所以用其过去分词形式。 21.(2011·陕西卷,20)More highways have been built in China,________it much
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easier for people to travel from one place to another. A. making C. to make B. made D. having made

答案:A。考查非谓语动词用作结果状语。 句意:在中国更多的公路被建起,这自然使 得人们从一地赶往另一地更加方便快捷。 英语中用现在分词短语做结果状语, 表示自然而然 的结果,而不定式表示出乎意料的结果,首先排除 B、C 两项;另外,该结果伴随前文动作 或者在之后发生,所以用现在分词的一般时,故排除 D 项。 22.(2011·江西卷,32)On receiving a phone call from his wife ________ she had a fall, Mr.Gordon immediately rushed home from his office. A.says C.saying B.said D.to say

答案:C。本题考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:一接到妻子的电话,说她摔到了,戈登 先生马上从办公室冲回了家。此处为非谓语动词作定语,修饰 call,且与 call 之间为主动 关系,表示与动词 receive 同时进行的动作,故用现在分词形式。 23.(2010·全国卷Ⅰ)Mrs.White showed her students some old maps ______ from the library. A.to borrow C.borrowed B.to be borrowed D.borrowing

答案:C。考查非谓语动词。句意:怀特老师向她的学生展示了一些从图书馆借来的旧 地图。maps 与 borrow 为动宾关系,因此空白处应用过去分词作后置定语,故答案为 C。 24.(2010·全国卷Ⅰ)With Father's Day around the corner,I have taken some money out of the bank ______ presents for my dad. A.buy C.buying B.to buy D.to have bought

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。句意:父亲节即将来临,我已经从银行取了些钱要给父亲 买礼物。空白处应用动词不定式作目的状语,因此答案为 B。 25.(2010·重庆卷)The news shocked the public,______ to great concern about students' safety at school. A.having led C.leading B.led D.to lead

答案:C。考查非谓语动词。现在分词短语作结果状语,表示自然而然的结果。 26.(2010·重庆卷)Many buildings in the city need repairing,but the one ______ first is the library. A.repaired B.being repaired
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C.repairing

D.to be repaired

答案:D。考查不定式。不定式的被动式作后置定语表示被动关系及动作尚未发生。 27.(2010·江西卷)The lady walked around the shops,______an eye out for bargains. A.keep C.keeping B.kept D.to keep

答案:C。考查非谓语动词。句意:这位女士在商场转悠着,留意着里面的减价商品。 现在分词短语 keeping an eye out for(留意,注意)作伴随状语。 28.(2010·江西卷)There were many talented actors out there just waiting______. A.to discover C.discovered B.to be discovered D.being discovered

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。句意:很多有天赋的演员在那里,就是为了等着被人发现。 discover 与 many talented actors 之间是动宾关系,且强调将来,故用不定式的被动语态。 29.(2010·辽宁卷)We were astonished ______ the temple still in its original condition. A.finding C.find B.to find D.to be found

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。句意:看到寺院仍处于原始的状态,我们感到非常震惊。 空格处为动词不定式作状语,表示原因,故选 B 项。 30.(2010·辽宁卷)—It’s no use having ideas only. —Don’t worry.Peter can show you ______ to turn an idea into an act. A.how C.what B.who D.where

答案:A。考查“疑问词+动词不定式”代替名词性从句。分析句子结构可知,此处是 “疑问词+动词不定式”代替宾语从句。句意:Peter 可以向你展示如何把点子变为行动。 连接词 how 表示“如何”,合乎句意。 31.(2010·辽宁卷)Alexander tried to get his work ______ in the medical circles. A.to recognize C.recognize B.recognizing D.recognized

答案:D。考查非谓语动词。题干中含有“get sth. done”结构,表示“使某事被做”。 句意:Alexander 试图使他的工作被医学界认可。his work 与 recognize 为逻辑上的动宾关 系,因此用过去分词作宾补。故选 D 项。 32. (2010·安徽卷)He had a wonderful childhood, ______with his mother to all corners of the world.
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A.travel C.traveled

B.to travel D.traveling

答案:D。考查非谓语动词。后半句是现在分词短语作状语,表示伴随。B 表示动作尚 未发生,与前半句内容矛盾。 33.(2010·湖南卷)Listen!Do you hear someone ______ for help? A.calling C.to call B.call D.called

答案: 考查非谓语动词。 A。 hear sb. doing sth.表示“听到某人正在做某事”, calling 在句中是现在分词作宾补。句意:听!你听到有人正在喊救命吗? 34.(2010·湖南卷)Dina,______ for months to find a job as a waitress,finally took a position at a local advertising agency. A.struggling C.having struggled B.struggled D.to struggle

答案:C。考查非谓语动词。根据句意可知,此处应用现在分词形式作伴随状语,且 struggle 这一动作发生在谓语动词 took 之前,故用现在分词的完成式。句意:在经过数月 努力找一份服务员的工作未果之后,Dina 最终在一个当地广告事务所谋得了一个职位。 35.(2010·湖南卷)So far nobody has claimed the money ______ in the library. A.discovered C.discovering B.to be discovered D.having discovered

答案:A。考查非谓语动词。money 和 discover 之间存在动宾关系,故用过去分词形式 discovered 作定语,修饰 money。句意:到目前为止还没有人来认领在图书馆发现的钱。 36.(2010·天津卷)It rained heavily in the south,______ serious flooding in several provinces. A.caused C.causing B.having caused D.to cause

答案:C。考查非谓语动词。cause 与其逻辑主语之间是主谓关系,而且下雨在前,造 成水灾在后,故应用 causing 短语作结果状语。 37.(2010·北京卷)______ at my classmates' faces,I read the same excitement in their eyes. A.Looking C.To look B.Look D.Looked

答案:A。考查非谓语动词。现在分词短语 looking at my classmates’ faces 在句中 作状语,look 与句子主语 I 是逻辑上的主谓关系,因此用 look 的现在分词形式。 38 . (2010· 北 京 卷 )I'm calling to enquire about the position ______ in
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yesterday's China Daily. A.advertised C.advertising B.to be advertised D.having advertised

答案:A。考查非谓语动词。动词 advertise 和名词 position 是逻辑上的动宾关系,故 用过去分词表被动;过去分词短语 advertised in yesterday’s China Daily 在句中作 position 的后置定语。B 项表示将要发生的动作,不合题意。 39.(2010·山东卷)I have a lot of readings ______ before the end of this term. A.completing C.completed B.to complete D.being completed

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。根据句意可知此处表示一个将要发生的动作,所以用动词 不定式,故选 B。句意:在这学期结束之前我有大量的阅读要完成。C 项作定语表示已经完 成,D 项作定语表示正在进行,故都应排除。 40.(2010·山东卷)The living room is clean and tidy,with a dining table already ______ for a meal to be cooked. A.laid C.to lay B.laying D.being laid

答案:A。考查 with 复合结构。 lay 意思是“摆放,搁”,和其逻辑主语 table 是动 宾关系 already 表明动作已经完成,表示被动和完成应该用动词的过去分词形式。句意:起 居室既整洁又干净,为了正要做的饭,一张餐桌已经摆好了。 41. (2010·福建卷)Lots of rescue workers were working around the clock,______ supplies to Yushu,Qinghai Province after the earthquake. A.sending C.having sent B.to send D.to have sent

答案:A。考查非谓语动词。句意:地震过后,许多救援人员正日夜不停地工作,向青 海玉树运输救援物资。现在分词短语作伴随状语,表示同时发生的动作,故选 A 项。C 项表 示动作已完成, 不符合题意。 不定式表示出乎预料的结果, 作目的状语时一般不与主句隔开, 可排除 B、D 两项。 42. (2010·福建卷)—In this day and age,women can have children and jobs as well. —I can't agree more.It's great to have the two ______. A.linked C.connected B.related D.combined

答案:D。考查非谓语动词。句意:——在这个年代,妇女可以养育孩子,也可以有自 己的工作。 ——我非常赞同, 把这两者结合起来是非常好的。 combine“(使)结合, 同时做”;
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link“连接”;relate“把??联系起来”;connect“使??连接,与??有关联”。故 选 D。 43. (2010·福建卷)In April,thousands of holidaymakers remained ______ abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud. A.sticking C.to be stuck B.stuck D.to have stuck

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。句意:四月份,成千上万的度假者由于火山灰的影响而被 滞留在国外。 此处 remain 作系动词, 后跟过去分词作表语, 表示被动, 故选择过去分词 stuck。 44.(2010·四川卷)A great number of students______said they were forced to practise the piano. A.to question C.questioned B.to be questioned D.questioning

答案:C。考查过去分词作定语。句中 question 与其修饰的名词 students 之间是动宾 关系(被动关系),因此用过去分词作定语。 45.(2010·四川卷)In many people’s opinion,that company,though relatively small,is pleasant______. A.to deal with C.to be dealt with B.dealing with D.dealt with

答案: 考查动词不定式的用法。 A。 某些形容词(pleasant, nice, comfortable, difficult, hard,easy 等)后接动词不定式时,常用主动形式表示被动意义。 46.(2010·四川卷)The lawyer listened with full attention,______ to miss any point. A.not trying C.to try not B.trying not D.not to try

答案:B。考查现在分词的用法。句中现在分词作伴随状语。not trying...表示“不努 力做??”;trying not...表示“努力不??”,意义不同。句意:律师专注地倾听着, 努力不错过任何要点。 47. (2010·陕西卷)______ from the top of the tower, south foot of the mountain the is a sea of trees. A.Seen C.Having seen B.Seeing D.To see

答案:A。考查非谓语动词作状语的用法。句意:当从塔顶看的时候,南边的山脚是一 片树的海洋。动词 see 与句中主语是逻辑上的动宾关系,所以用过去分词。此非谓语结构相 当于一个状语从句 If/When it is seen from the top of the tower。
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48.(2010·陕西卷)His first book ______ next month is based on a true story. A.published C.to publish B.to be published D.being published

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。句意:下个月要出版的他的第一本书是以一个真实的故事 为基础的。此处表示将来,是被出版,要用不定式的被动式作定语。 49.(2010·江苏卷)The retired man donated most of his savings to the school damaged by the earthquake in Yushu,______the students to return to their classrooms. A.enabling C.to enable B.having enabled D.to have enabled

答案:A。考查非谓语动词。句意:这位退休老人把他大部分的积蓄捐赠给了在玉树地 震中被毁坏的那所学校,使学生得以重返教室。此处是-ing 分词短语作状语。 50 . (2010· 浙 江 卷 )The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise , if______regularly,can improve our health. A.being carried out C.carried out B.carrying out D.to carry out

答案:C。考查非谓语动词。逻辑主语 exercise 与 carry out 之间构成动宾关系,故用 carry out 的过去分词形式 carried out,此处相当于 if the exercise is carried out regularly 的省略,所以答案选 C 项。 51.(2010·浙江卷)The traffic rule says young children under the age of four and______less than 40 pounds must be in a child safety seat. A.being weighed C.weighed B.to weigh D.weighing

答案:D。考查非谓语动词。逻辑主语 young children 与 weigh 之间构成主谓关系,应 该用 weigh 的现在分词形式 weighing,相当“young children who weigh less than 40 pounds”,答案选 D 项。 52. (2009·山东卷)We are invited to a party ______ in our club next Friday. B. held D. holding

A. to be held C. being held

答案:A。本题考查非谓语动词的用法。由 next Friday 可知时间是在将来,party 是 被举行,故选 A。 53. (2009·重庆卷)With the world changing fast, we have something new ______

with all by ourselves every day. A. deal C. to deal B. dealt D. dealing
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答案:C。本句中缺少定语,deal 与 dealt 只能用作谓语,根据句意“我们每天都要遇 到要自己处理的问题”,有将来的意味,所以选用动词不定式。 54. (2009·北京卷)All of them try to use the power of the workstation ______

information in a more effective way. A. presenting C. being presented B. presented D. to present

答案:D。句意:所有人都尽力用工作站的能量去更有效地传递信息。此处应用动词不 定式作目的状语,故正确答案为 D 选项。 55. (2009·北京卷) ______ twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters

unless we chained our dog. A. Being bitten C. Having bitten B. Bitten D. To be bitten

答案:B。本题考查非谓语动词的用法。本句的主语为 the postman,而 bite 与 the postman 为动宾关系,故本句要用过去分词表被动,由此得出本题的正确答案为 B 选项。 56. (2009·浙江卷) ______ and short of breath, Andy and Ruby were the first

to reach the top of Mount Tai. A. To be tried C. Tiring B. Tired D. Being tired

答案:B。 非谓语动词的考查。逗号前是形容词短语作状语,还原为状语从句为:Though they were tired and short of breath,句子的主语为 Andy and Rudy,所以应用“感到 疲劳的”,即要用 tired;又由于与形容词短语 short of breath 并列,所以排除 A、D。故 选 B。 57. (2009·浙 江卷 )There is a great deal of evidence ______ that music

activities engage different parts of the brain. A. indicate C. to indicate B. indicating D. to be indicating

答案:B。非谓语动词的考查。本句中缺少定语,且与 evidence 构成主动关系,陈述一 个客观事实,而不是一个将来的动作。几方面综合考虑,B 是正确的选项。 58. discussion. A. to have C. have B. having D. had (2009·四川卷) He told us whether ______ a picnic was still under

答案:A。句意:他告诉我说是否有个野餐活动还在商讨中。whether 后常接动词不定 式,故 A 项符合语境。
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59. (2009·四川卷)______ many times, he finally understood it. A. Told C. Having told B. Telling D. Having been told

答案:D。考查非谓语动词。分析句子可以看出,动词 tell 与逻辑主语 he 之间是被动 关系,故排除选项 B 和 C;根据语境知,tell 表示的动作发生在 understand 之前,故 D 项 正确。 60. (2009·江苏卷)Schools across China are expected to hire 50,000 college

graduates this year as short-term teachers, almost three times the number hired last year, ______ reduce unemployment pressures. A. help C. to help B. to have helped D. having helped

答案:C。根据句意可知此处应该选不定式作目的状语,故 C 项正确。 61. (2009·江苏卷)Distinguished guests and friends, welcome to our school.

______ the ceremony of the 50th Anniversary this morning are our alumni (校友) from home and abroad. A. Attend C. Attending B. To attend D. Having attended

答案:C。本题考查倒装以及非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知此句是一个倒装句,把它 还原成正常语序应该是:Our alumni from home and abroad are ______ the ceremony of the 50th Anniversary this morning.所以此题应该选 C 项 attending 作谓语动词的一部分。 62. (2009·全国卷)The children all turned ______ the famous actress as she

entered the classroom. A. looked at C. to looking at B. to look at D. look at

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。根据语境,当这个著名的女演员进教室时,孩子们都转身 去看着她。所以此处用动词不定式作目的状语,故 B 项正确。 63. (2009·福建卷) ______ not to miss the flight at 15:20, the manager set

out for the airport in a hurry. A. Reminding C. To remind B. Reminded D. Having reminded

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。非谓语动词作状语,逻辑主语是句子的主语 the manager, 非谓语动词与句子主语是被动关系,且其表示的动作在谓语动词 set out 之前已经发生,非 谓语动词用过去分词。此句的意思是“由于被提醒不能错过 15∶20 的飞机,经理急匆匆地 动身去了飞机场”。
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64.

(2009·福建卷)In April, 2009, President Hu inspected the warships in the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Navy. B. marked D. being marked

Qingdao, ______ A. marking

C. having marked

答案:A。考查非谓语动词。非谓语动词作状语,其后有宾语,故与逻辑主语是主动关 系,且表示的动作与谓语动词的动作同时进行,用现在分词。句子的意思是“在 2009 年 4 月胡主席视察了青岛的战舰,这标志着人民海军已经成立了 60 周年了”。 65. (2009·江西卷) ______ the right kind of training, these teenage soccer players may one day grow into the international stars. A. Giving C. To give B. Having given D. Given

答案:D。本题考查非谓语动词。如果把句子补充完整就不难看出:If they are given the right kind of training , 可知主语 they 即 these teenage soccer players 与 give 之间是被动的关系,所以用过去分词。根据主、从句主语一致可省略从句主语与系动词的原 则,连词 if 也可省,所以得出 Given the right kind of training , these teenage soccer players...。 66. (2009·江西卷)The government plans to bring in new laws ______ parents to take more responsibility for the education of their children. A. forced C. to be forced B. forcing D. having forced

答案:B。本题考查非谓语动词的用法。 现在分词短语作后置定语,修饰 new laws , 相当于 which forces ...。 67. back. A. flooding C. flood B. to flood D. flooded (2009·辽宁卷)When we visited my old family home, memory came ______

答案:A。此题考查非谓语动词。句意:当我们参观老家时,记忆像洪水一样涌上来。 memory 与 flood 是主动关系,所以要用-ing 形式。 68. (2009·辽宁卷) ______, you need to give all you have and try your best. A. Being a winner C. Be a winner B. To be a winner D. Having been a winner

答案: 此题考查非谓语动词。 B。 句意: 要想成为获胜者, 你需要竭尽全力。 be a winner to 是用不定式表目的。 69. (2009·湖南卷)Every evening after dinner, if not ______ from work, I will
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spend some time walking my dog. A. being tired C. tired B. tiring D. to be tired

答案:C。考查过去分词的用法。tired 表示主语的状态,be tired from 表示“因?? 而感到疲劳”。 70. (2009·湖南卷)At the age of 29, Dave was a worker, ______ in a small

apartment near Boston and ______ what to do about his future. A. living; wondering C. lived; wondered B. lived; wondering D. living; wondered

答案: 考查分词的用法。 A。 所缺部分与主语存在主动关系, 又表示 29 岁时所处的情况, and 的前后应采用同样的结构,所以选 A。

71.(2011·海淀第二学期期末,29)She got the photos of her son ________ up next to her desk so that she could see them whenever she missed him. A.to pin C.being pinned B.pinning D.pinned

答案:D。句意:她把儿子的照片钉在紧靠桌子的地方以便在想他的时候能看到。考查 非谓语动词作宾补。实际上是考查 get sth. done 结构,宾语 the photos 和作宾补的动词 pin 的某种非谓语形式之间为被动关系且动作已经完成,故用过去分词作宾补。 72. (2011·海淀第二学期期末, 32)Today, people are paying more and more attention to their health, ________ books on keeping healthy extremely hot. A.to make C.making B.make D.made

答案:C。句意:现在,人们越来越关注自身的健康,也就使得保健方面的书极其热销。 考查非谓语动词作状语。此处用现在分词短语表示顺其自然的结果,故选 C。易错选 A。忽 略不定式表示的是出乎意料的结果而误选。 73.(2011·海淀第二学期期末,33)—What else do we need for this trip besides food to eat and special clothes to wear? —A tent ________ in. A.sleep C.to sleep B.sleeping D.slept

答案: 句意: C。 ——除了吃的食物和穿的衣服外, 这次旅行我们还需要别的什么?—— 一顶用来休息的帐篷。考查非谓语动词作定语。此处表示未来的动作,故需用不定式作后置
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定语,此处不定式短语 to sleep in 和它所修饰的名词 tent 之间为动宾关系。易错选 D。 只是想当然地认为 tent 和 sleep 之间为被动关系,而没有意识到 sleep 的主语只能是人而 误选。 74.(2011·海淀期中,33)—Well, a soup, a salad, and anything ________, sir? —An apple pie, please. A.follows C.followed B.to follow D.following

答案:B。句意:——好的,一份汤,一份色拉,还要别的什么吗,先生?——一个苹 果馅饼。考查非谓语动词作定语。此处指“还有没有要的东西”故用不定式作定语。易错选 C。没有意识到语境中指“将来”,单从语法的角度考虑,认为 anything 和 follow 之间为 被动关系而误选。 75.(2011·东城练习二,23)She seems to prefer ________ American TV Shows to talking to me. A.to watch C.watching B.to be watching D.having watched

答案:C。句意:她似乎更喜欢看美国电视节目,而不愿意和我说话。考查非谓语动词。 prefer doing to doing“喜欢做??胜于??”。易错选 A。混淆了 prefer 的两种形式, prefer doing to doing=prefer to do rather than do。 76. (2011·东城练习二, 29)________ her emotion, she buried her face in her hands. A.Controlled C.Being controlled B.To control D.Having controlled

答案:B。句意:为了控制自己的情绪,她用手捂住了脸。考查非谓语动词作状语。不 定式放在句首表目的。 77.(2011·东城练习二,31)________ their final medical check, the astronauts boarded their spacecraft. A.Received C.To receive B.Being received D.Having received

答案:D。句意:接受了最后的体格检查后,宇航员们登上了宇宙飞船。考查非谓语动 词作状语。宇航员和动词 receive“接受”之间是主动关系,又因为接受检查在前,登船在 后,所以用了现在分词的完成式。 78.(2011·西城二模,23)—What's wrong with your iPad? The sound ________ is not clear. —Yes. It has been broken for some time. A.come out B.coming out
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C.to come out

D.came out

答案:B。句意:——你的苹果平板电脑出什么毛病了?放出的声音不清晰。——是的, 它已经坏了一段时间了。考查非谓语动词作定语。因为主语 sound 和动词短语 come out 之 间是主动关系,故用现在分词形式作定语。选 B。 79. (2011·西城二模, 27)With a lot of tough problems ______, the pilot was still calm, cool and active under presure. A.solve C.solving B.solved D.to solve

答案:D。句意:尽管有好多的难题要解决,那位飞行员面对压力依然平静、冷静、灵 活。考查 with 的复合结构。在 with 复合结构中用不定式主动形式作宾补,也有人认为是不 定式的主动形式作定语表示将来,构成 with sth. to do 结构作状语。 80.(2011·西城二模,31)More than a quarter of the energy ________ in the United States goes to moving people and goods from one place to another. A.using C.to use B.used D.use

答案:B。句意:在美国四分之一以上的能源被用于把人们和货物从一个地方移到另一 个地方。考查非谓语动词作定语。energy 和 use 之间是被动关系,故用过去分词短语作定 语,选 B。 81.(2011·天津十二区县联考一,6)A strong earthquake ________ widespread destruction in the city center hit New Zealand south Island city of Christchurch. A.caused C.causing B.to cause D.to have caused

答案:C。句意:一场在市中心造成广泛破坏的强烈的地震袭击了新西兰南岛城市克莱 斯特切奇。考查非谓语动词作定语。因动词 cause 与其逻辑主语 earthquake 之间为主动关 系,故此处用动词的现在分词作定语。易错选 B、D。易忽略不定式的一般式作定语表示将 来而误选 B; 易忽略不定式的完成式说明不定式所表示的动作先于主句谓语动词 hit 所表动 作而出现“地震前就造成破坏”的逻辑错误而误选 D。 82.(2011·天津十二区县联考一,7)________, and the housing problems for low?income families in this area could be settled. A.If we double our efforts C.Make more efforts B.Unless we make every effort D.Making greater efforts

答案:C。句意:如果做出更多的努力,这个地区低收入家庭的住房问题就可能得到解 决。考查特殊句式。“祈使句+and+含情态动词的陈述句或一般将来时的陈述句”是表示 前因后果的一个句式,在此句式中,祈使句相当于一个由 if 引导的条件句,and 表示前后
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是统一关系。如:Study hard, and you will succeed one day.=If you study hard, you will succeed one day.。 83. (2011·重庆二诊, 26)Group?buying websites have appeared, ________ as agents between buyers and sellers. A.served C.to serve B.serving D.having served

答案:B。句意:作为消费者和销售者之间代理商的团购网站已经出现了。考查非谓语 动词作结果状语。此处用现在分词表示顺其自然的结果。易错选 C。忽略空格前的逗号,认 为是不定式作目的状语而误选。 84. (2011·重庆二诊, 33)________ regular Internet users, kids who are heavy users or non?users are more likely to be depressed. A.Comparing with C.To compare with B.Compared with D.Being compared with

答案:B。句意:和那些经常使用网络的人相比,有网瘾的孩子或不上网的孩子更有可 能感到沮丧。考查分词短语作比较状语。compare 和 with 直接连用构成短语时,只有一种 形式:compared with,因为比较和被比较都是相互的,即互为被比较对象,相当于 when A is compared with B,故选 B。 85.(2011·东北三校二模,28)The noise from the top floor, loud and constant, of the meeting?room ________ can be clearly heard in our classroom. A.being decorated C.to be decorated B.having been decorated D.decorated

答案:A。句意:在我们教室能清晰地听到会议室顶楼装修的声音,既刺耳又连续不断。 考查非谓语动词作定语。 会议室和装修之间存在被动关系, 又由语境可知此处强调正在进行, 故选 A。易错选 D。D 项强调被动、完成,和句子语境矛盾。 86.(2011·沈阳二模,3)If you are not satisfied with the price ________, we can still discuss it. A.being offered C.offering B.to offer D.offered

答案:D。句意:如果你对所提供的价格不满意,我们还可以讨论。be satisfied with...“对??满意”。考查非谓语动词作定语。price 和 offer 之间为被动关系,故用 过去分词作定语。易错选 A、C。没有意识到 being offered 为正在进行的被动动作,而语 境表示“已提出的价格”而误选 A; offer“主动提供/出”词义的影响, 受 没有意识到 price 和 offer 之间为被动关系而误选 C。 87.(2011·沈阳二模,6)What is the best way you can imagine ________ the overuse
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of water in our school? A.reducing C.reduced B.to reduce D.reduce

答案:B。句意:你能想出的减少学校滥用水的最好的方法是什么?考查非谓语动词作 定语。此处为不定式作定语,you can imagine 为省去了关系代词 that/which 的定语从句 修饰先行词 way, 省略的关系代词在定语从句中作动词 imagine 的宾语。 若将定语从句去掉, 则答案很明朗。 way 后跟 to do/of doing 作定语。 the 易错选 A。 此项为陷阱题。 认为 imagine 后跟动名词作宾语,忽略 you can imagine 为省略了作宾语的关系代词的定语从句而误选。 88.(2011·石家庄二模,12)With no one ________ them, the two thieves stole into the house. A.watch C.watches B.watching D.watched

答案:B。句意:没有人注意他们,那两个贼偷偷溜进那所房子。考查 with 复合结构中 作宾补的结构的选择。因宾语 no one 和 watch 之间为主动关系,故用现在分词作宾语补足 语。选 B。易错选 C。没有意识到是选择作宾补的结构而误选谓语动词。 89.(2011·石家庄二模,17)Before you decide to leave your job, ________ the effect it will have on your family. A.consider C.to consider B.considering D.considered

答案:A。句意:在你做出辞职决定之前,考虑一下辞职将给你的家庭带来的影响。考 查祈使句。主句为祈使句。祈使句通常省略主语 you,而以动词原形开头,故选 A。 90.(2011·石家庄二模,19)—You should have helped your mom wash the dishes. —I meant ________. But she is always telling me to study. A.to do C.doing so B.to D.doing

答案:B。句意:——你本应该帮助你妈妈洗碗。——我原打算这样做的但是妈妈总是 要我去学习。考查不定式的省略,故选 B。mean to+v.意欲/打算做某事。to do 不定式只 保留不定式符号 to;to be 不定式要保留 be 动词;不定式的完成式要保留到 to have。 91. (2011·太原基础知识测试, 25)During the lecture, the foreign teacher managed to make herself ________ using very simple English. A.understood C.understanding B.understand D.to understand

答案:A。句意:在演讲中,那位外籍教师使用很简单的英语想方设法把自己的意思表 达清楚。考查非谓语动词。make+oneself+v.?ed“使某人自己被??”,其中过去分词作
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宾补。 92. (2011·河南示范高中适应性测试, 27)A study ________ by Allan Lucks, director of Big Brothers Big Sisters, found volunteers had better health than non?volunteers. A.was led C.leading B.led D.was leading

答案:B。句意:一项由 Big Brothers Big Sisters 的主管 Allan Lucks 领导的研究发 现志愿者比非志愿者更健康。考查动词和非谓语动词的用法。句子的主干为:a study found volunteers had better health than non?volunteers.主语 a study 后跟一个定语,a study 和动词 lead 之间为被动关系,故排除现在分词 leading,用过去分词 led 构成的分词短语 作定语;若在 A 项前加关系代词 that/which 构成定语从句作定语亦可。 93. (2011·济南 4 月模拟, 30)A terrible earthquake hit Japan, ________ thousands of deaths. A.caused C.causing B.to cause D.having caused

答案:C。句意:一场可怕的地震袭击了日本,造成了成千上万人的死亡。考查非谓语 动词作状语。此处用现在分词表示自然而然的结果。易错选 B、D。没有注意到语境中的 a terrible earthquake,认为是出乎意料的结果而误用了不定式;认为语境为“已经造 成??”而没有意识到现在分词的完成式表示动作发生在主句谓语动词之前而误选 D。 94.(2011·济南一模,27)Some people try knocking me down, only ________ me more determined to do better. A.to make C.having made B.makes D.made

答案:A。句意:有些人试图把我击倒,这只能使我更坚定把事情做得更好。考查非谓 语动词作状语。此处用不定式表示出乎意料的结果,故选 A。 95.(2011·济南一模,34)Before us lies the biggest room, ________ with things like guns, dolls and old clothes. A.filling C.being filled B.filled D.having been filled

答案:B。句意:在我们面前是最大的一间房子,里面满是像枪支、洋娃娃和旧衣物这 样的东西。考查非谓语动词作定语。因为 fill 和 room 之间为被动关系,故用过去分词作定 语。相当于 which was filled with...易错选 C、D。C 项表示正进行的被动动作,不符合 语境;D 项的 having been filled 尽管在意思上表示“被动、完成”相当于过去分词的功 能,但是这种形式不能作定语。 96.(2011·江南十校二模,28)—Why didn't you let me know it this morning?
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—________ you concentrate on the important exam. A.Help C.To have helped B.Helping D.To help

答案:D。句意:——为什么今天上午不让我知道那件事?——为了让你把精力集中在 那场重要的考试上。考查非谓语动词作状语。此处用不定式作目的状语,故选 D。 97. (2011·江南十校二模, 31)Nowadays road conditions have been greatly improved nationwide, thus ________ much convenience to the disabled. A.bringing C.brought B.bring D.to bring

答案:A。句意:当今全国范围的路况已经得到很大地改善,因此给残疾人带来很大的 便利。考查非谓语动词。现在分词在句中作结果状语,表示顺其自然的结果,故选 A。 98. (2011·江南十校联考, 22)Nowadays many people keep on the move, ________ there to be better?paid jobs. A.to hope C.expecting B.hoping D.to expect

答案:C。句意:当今很多人在四处奔波,期盼有报酬较好的工作。考查非谓语动词。 expecting 为现在分词作伴随状语。 expect“期盼、 期待、 盼望”后接 sb. to do 或 there to be 结构。如:He is always expecting there to be a chance of being sent abroad for further education.易错选 B。 hope 后不可接动词不定式作宾语补足语。 hope 不用于 hope 即 sb. to do 的复合结构。 99.(2011·皖南八校第三次联考,23)The room ________ 10 metres across is large enough for a single man to live in. A.measuring C.to be measured B.measures D.measured

答案:A。句意:那个 10 米宽的房间对居住一个单身男子来说是足够大的。考查非谓语 动词。measure 作动词“量起来??,有??长(宽,高等)”讲时,无被动语态。此处的现 在分词短语作后置定语。易错选 D。认为 measure 为及物动词和其修饰的词 the room 之间 为被动关系而误选过去分词。 100.(2011·皖南八校第三次联考,30)________ repeatedly, the problem still appeared in the beginners' homework. A.Explaining C.Having been explained B.Having explained D.To be explained

答案:C。句意:在被反复解释之后,这一问题依然出现在初学者的家庭作业里。考查 非谓语动词作状语。由 explain 和句子的主语 the problem 之间的逻辑关系和副词
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repeatedly 可知选 C。现在分词的完成被动式表示被动、完成双重含义。 101.(2011·合肥第三次质检,29)________ at home reading all day, the boy felt very lonely and wished to go out to play with his friends. A.Leave C.Left B.Leaving D.To leave

答案:C。句意:整天被留在家里读书,这个男孩感到很孤单,希望出去和朋友们玩。 考查非谓语动词作状语。主语 the boy 和 leave 之间是被动关系,故选 C。 102.(2011·合肥第三次质检,34)As the host, the EU is committed ________ some 45% of the cost, with the other partners contributing about 9% each. A.to cover C.covered B.being coverred D.to covering

答案:D。句意:作为东道主,欧盟决定承担费用的大约 45%,其他的合作者分别承担 9%。考查非谓语动词。be committed to doing sth.“致力于做某事”。 103. (2011·合肥第二次质检, 31)Mary often stays up, reviewing her lessons, books ________ all over the desk. A.spreading C.are spreading B.spread D.to spread

答案: 句意: B。 Mary 常常熬夜复习功课, 摊开的书铺满了桌子。 spread“展开, 摊开”。 考查分词的独立主格结构作伴随状语。分析句子结构可知 reviewing 作 stays up 的伴随状 语,过去分词 spread 也作其伴随状语,只是主句的主语 Mary 不是 spread 的逻辑主语,它 带有自己的逻辑主语构成独立主格结构。 104.(2011·合肥第二次质检,35)All the books donated by the students from urban schools are said ________ to the students in rural areas the other day. A.to be sent C.having been sent B.being sent D.to have been sent

答案:D。句意:据说所有由城市学生捐赠的图书几天前已经被送到农村地区学生的手 中。考查典型句式:Sth. is said+不定式。语境表明“不定式的动作(送书)已经完成”, 故用不定式的完成式,选 D。 105.(2011·苏锡常镇一调,22)As workers and as citizens, we need to be able to think beyond our own self?interest and ________ what is right under the circumstances. A.doing C.have done B.to do D.done

答案:B。句意:作为工作者和公民,我们需要能够超越我们的自身利益,去做我们认
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为在这种情况下正确的事情。考查非谓语动词作宾语。由句子结构和句意可知,选项应该和 to be able 构成并列关系,故答案为 B。 106.(2011·苏锡常镇一调,30)________, I can see that those terrible events shaped me into the person I am today. A.Having looked back C.Being looking back B.Looking back D.To be looking back

答案:B。句意:回顾过去,我能够看出是那些可怕的经历使我成为今天这个样子。考 查非谓语动词的状语。由句意可知,looking back 在句中作时间状语,因为 look back 和 谓语动词同时存在,所以排除 A;C 形式错误;D 表目的。 107.(2011·苏锡常镇一调,33)—I don't think it's ________ to the ceiling very securely. —Don't worry. It won't ________. A.fixing; drop C.fixing; be dropped B.fixed; drop D.fixed; be dropped

答案:B。句意:——我认它没有很安全地固定到天花板上。——别担心。它不会掉下 来。考查语态。因为 it 和 fix 之间存在被动关系,故应用 fixed;而 drop 作“掉下来”讲 时,强调自然行为,故用主动。易错选项为 D。对 drop 词义理解不清。drop vt. “使滴下, 丢下,扔下,降低”;vi. “滴下,落下,掉下”。此处是不及物动词;落下,掉下,故无 被动。 108.(2011·南京二模,29)—What happened to your brother? —He slipped on the icy road ________ after a bus, and had his leg broken. A.to chase C.chased B.chasing D.having chased

答案:B。句意:——你弟弟发生了什么事?——他在结冰的路上赶一辆公交车时滑倒 了,摔断了一条腿。考查非谓语动词作时间状语。chasing 在此相当于 when he was chasing...。易错选 A。认为不定式作目的状语而误选,若理解成不定式作目的状语,似是 而非,句意就成了“他在路上滑倒了的目的是为了赶公交车”,逻辑上讲不通。 109. (2011·湖南十二校第二次联考, 26)The survey ________ 10, 080 people revealed that Chinese basic scientific knowledge was on rise. A.covered C.cover B.covering D.to cover

答案:B。句意:涉及 10080 人的一次调查发现,中国人基本的科学知识在不断提升。 考查非谓语动词作定语。分析句子结构可知,survey 和 cover 之间存在主动关系,故选 B。 D 表将来, 不符合句意。 易错选 A。 误认为此处缺少谓语, 但从句子结构看 revealed 是谓语,
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故排除 A。 110.(2011·江西九校联考,34)According to the Daily Mail on February 16, the photo of the world's first artificial heart ________ by the Smithsonian Institute on February 14 ________ Valentine's Day. A.released; marking C.was released; to mark B.being released; marked D.released; to mark

答案:C。句意:依据 2 月 16 日 Daily Mail 的消息,为纪念情人节,世界上第一颗人 造心脏的照片于 2 月 14 日由 Smithsonian 协会发布了。考查被动语态和非谓语动词。从句 子结构看,第一空处为谓语动词,主语是 the photo, release(发行,发表)又是及物动词, 故须用被动语态形式;第二空处为不定式作目的状语,故选 C。 111.(2011·福建名样本分析考试,26)“________ to Michelle and having two beautiful girls in my house never allows me to look down upon women,” said Obama. A.Marrying C.Being married B.Having married D.Married

答案:C。句意:奥巴马说:“娶 Michelle 为妻并且有两个漂亮的女儿绝不允许我看不 起妇女。”考查非谓语动词。分析句子成分可知,________ to Michelle and having two beautiful girls in my house 作句子主语;而过去分词不作主语,排除 D;marry vt. “娶, 嫁,和??结婚”,be married to 强调状态,符合句意要求;而 A、B 强调动作,故排除。 112. (2011·福建名校样本分析考试, 34)The schedule, originally ________ out last week, had to be cancelled because of the unexpected snowstorm. A.carried C.being carried B.to be carried D.was carried

答案:B。句意:因为突如其来的暴风雪,最初打算在上周进行的比赛日程不得不取消。 考查非谓语动词。originally to be carried out last week 是 the schedule 的非限制性 定语,因为和 the schedule 之间存在被动关系,又表示未发生的动作,故选 B。易错选 A。 误认为有 last week 应该是发生过的动作,但从句子后半部分的内容可知,动作没发生,故 排除 A。 113.(2011·福建质检,24)It is wise to forget such things as aren't worth ________. A.remembering C.to remember B.being remembered D.to be remembered

答案:A。句意:忘记这些不值得记忆的事情是明智的。在定语从句中考查形容词 worth 的用法。worth adj. “值得(做??)的”,后跟动名词的主动形式表示被动意思,故选 A。 114.(2011·福建质检,34)The digital dictionary I got ________ the other day
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cost me a lot. A.repaired C.to repair B.repairing D.to be repaired

答案: 句意: A。 几天前我修那个电子词典花了我很多钱。 考查非谓语动词。 got repaired I the other day 为定语从句,先行词为 the digital dictionary 作 got 的宾语,故省略关 系代词。定语从句中的核心结构为 get sth. done,故选 A。 115.(2011·桂林一模,28)—Have you checked all the clothes ________ to the people in the flood?hit areas? —Yes, several times. But I'll check it once more. A.sent C.to send B.sending D.to be sent

答案: 句意: D。 ——你是否已经检查了所有的即将被送给洪水灾区的人们的衣服?—— 是的,检查了几次,但是我要再去检查一遍。考查非谓语动词作定语。从语境中的含义和第 二句中的“将来时”可知此处表示未来的被动动作, 故只能用不定式的被动式作定语, D。 选 易错选 A、 因忽略语境中“表示将来”的时间因素, C。 只注意到 send 和其被修饰词 clothes 之间的被动关系而误选 A;只注意到不定式表示将来的动作而没有意识到和所修饰的词 clothes 之间的被动关系而误选 C。 116.(2011·西安八校联考,13)________ a thorough medical examination, she was glad to know she was as fit as a fiddle. A.Having been given C.Giving B.Having given D.Being given

答案:A。句意:在进行了彻底的体检后,她很高兴地知道她很健康。考查非谓语动词 作状语。主句主语 she 和动词 give 之间为被动关系,且表示动作已经先于主句动词所表示 的动作,故用现在分词的完成被动式表示被动完成。as fit as a fiddle“非常健康,身体 很好”。易错选 B、D。忽略分词和其逻辑主语之间的被动关系而误选 B;因忽略分词所表动 作先于主句谓语动词所表动作而误选 D,being given 表示正在进行的被动动作。 117.(2011·西安八校联考,21)The lake smells awful. People must ________ dirty things into it. A.be stopped to throw C.be stopped from throwing B.stop to throw D.stop from throwing

答案:C。句意:那个湖散发出可怕的味道,必须阻止人们把脏东西投进湖中。考查动 词用法。stop to do sth.“停下别的事去做某事”,to do 作目的状语,若选 B,则句意为 “人们必须停下来向湖里扔脏东西”显然不合逻辑;stop sb./sth. from doing sth.“阻 止某人做某事,阻止某事发生”。此处主语和动词 stop 之间为被动关系,故选 C。
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118 . (2011· 乌 鲁 木 齐 二 诊 , 24)The key to ________ a leader lies in character—people follow only those ________ they respect, trust and admire. A.become;whom C.become; that B.becoming; who D.becoming; which

答案:B。句意:成为领导人的关键在于品性——人们只追随那些他们尊敬、信任和钦 佩的人。考查习惯搭配和定语从句。the key to(??的关键)中的 to 是介词,其后要求跟 名词或动名词,故第一空应填 becoming;第二空处考查定语从句的关系词,先行词为指人 的 those 且定语从句中缺宾语,故需用 who 或 that 或 whom,答案为 B。 119.(2011·乌鲁木齐二诊,29)—So what did you buy? —A T?shirt. It was a real bargain. I got it half price; ________ 15 dollars. A.saving C.to save B.saved D.save

答案:A。句意:——那你买的什么?——一件 T 恤衫。很便宜,我半价买的,节省了 15 美元。考查非谓语动词作结果状语。此处表示顺其自然的结果,故需用现在分词形式, 选 A。易错选 C。认为不定式在此作目的状语,忽略了不定式作目的状语时其前不用逗号这 一点;或者认为不定式在此作结果状语,忽略了不定式表示的是出乎意料的结果,而此语境 中没有出乎意料的意味。 120.(2011·成都三诊,4)—Excuse me, manager, a man calling himself Mr. Smith is asking to see you. —Thanks, but I have had no appointment ________ with anybody today. A.make C.to make B.made D.making

答案:B。句意:——打扰一下,经理,一个自称是史密斯先生的人想要见您。——谢 谢,但是我今天没约任何人。考查非谓语动词。make an appointment“约会”为固定搭配。 appointment 和 make 之间为被动关系,故用过去分词作宾语补足语。 121.(2011·成都三诊,11)________ the worst of the traffic, we need to start half an hour earlier. A.To avoid C.Avoid B.Avoiding D.Having avoided

答案:A。句意:为了避免交通拥挤 ,我们需要提前半个小时出发。考查动词不定式作 目的状语。故选 A。 122.(2011·昆明质检,5)The universities we've been looking forward to ________ Oxford, Harvard and so on. A.included B.including
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C.include

D.includes

答案:C。句意:我们一直期盼的大学包括牛津、哈佛等等。考查谓语动词和非谓语动 词的用法。分析句子结构可知,we've been looking forward to 为省去了关系代词 that 或 which 的定语从句修饰主句主语 the universities,句子的主干为:The universities ________ Oxford, Harvard and so on.句子中缺谓语动词,从语境可知主句说的是“现在” 的情况,故排除一般过去时的 A,又因为主语为复数名词,故排除 D,选 C。 123. (2011·厦门适应性考试,31)Jane stood outside the office, ________ over whether to tell the teacher her trouble. A. to hesitate C. hesitated B. having hesitated D. hesitating

答案:D。考查非谓语动词。句意:简站在办公室外,犹豫着要不要把自己的麻烦告诉 老师。 hesitate 与句子的主语 Jane 构成逻辑上的主谓关系, 而且 hesitate 的动作与 stand 同时进行;因此选 D 项。 124. (2011·厦门适应性考试,34)The high?speed one?way run between Beijing and Shanghai will be 5 hours, one more hour than ________. A. to plan C. planning B. planned D. plan

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。句意:从北京到上海的单行高速要五个小时,比计划多花 一个小时。than 后省略了 the high?speed one?way run is,所以选过去分词 planned。 125. (2011·南平适应性考试, 29)It rained continuously for seven days, completely ________ our holiday. A.ruined C.ruining B.to ruin D.ruins

答案:C。考查非谓语动词。句意:雨一连下了七天,使我们的计划彻底泡了汤。由句 意可知,选 ruining,在此表示顺理成章的结果。不定式也可以作结果状语,但是一般表示 出乎意料的结果。 126.(2011·南平适应性考试,34)Jane's summer vacation in Paris led ________ a French. A. to her marrying C. to be married B. for her to marry D. to her being married

答案:A。考查非谓语动词。句意:简在法国度过的暑假使她嫁给了一个法国人。lead to“导致,造成”,to 是介词,后接?ing 形式。 127. (2011·宜宾适应性测试, 20)The meeting ________ tomorrow is very important. A.to hold B.to be held
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C.held

D.holding

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。句意:明天要召开的会议很重要。由句意可知,会议在明 天召开,所以选表示将来的不定式。 128. (2011·南通三模,25)Most students' attitudes towards fashion are reported ________ nowadays in a recent survey. A. changing C. having changed B. to be changing D. to be changed

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。句意:据最新研究报道,现在,大多数学生对待时尚的态 度一直在改变。It's reported that...可转换为 sb. / sth. is reported to do...。 129. (2011·南通三模,33)It is said that ________ to classic music may be helpful in improving teenagers' taste. A. exposed C. being exposed B. exposing D. having exposed

答案:C 考查非谓语动词。句意:据说,常听古典音乐可能帮助改进青少年的品味。 ________ to classic music 做句子的主语,排除 A 项;再由句意可知,应该是被动。 130.(2011·淮安第四次调考,23)The English in this story has been simplified to make it easier ________. A. to be understood C. understanding B. understood D. to understand

答案:D 考查非谓语动词。横线前 easier 是形容词,后面应该接不定式的主动式表被 动。如:The air in the mountain is hard to breathe.山上的空气难以呼吸。 131. (2011·淮安第四次调考,26)Chinese President Hu Jintao called for an immediate cease?fire in Libya ________ an even worse humanitarian crisis in the country at the BRICS Summit in Hainan Province. A. to prevent C. preventing B. to have prevented D. having prevented

答案:A。考查非谓语动词。句意:在海南召开的金砖国家峰会上,国家主席胡锦涛呼 吁利比亚立即停火以防止在该国出现严重的人道主义灾难。由句意可知,选不定式表目的。 132. (2011·辽宁网上诊断联考,26)A bus ran into a truck almost face to face, ________ a dozen passengers. A. to kill C. having killed B. killed D. killing

答案:D。本题考查的是现在分词作结果状语的用法。前半句的交通事故与导致乘客死 亡的动作应该是主动关系,所以选择现在分词。C 选项要求状语的动作先发生,不符合本题
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的意思。 133.(2011·辽宁网上诊断联考,27) There ________ the bell, all the children rushed out for lunch. A. went C. going B. goes D. to go

答案:C。本题考查的非谓语动词中的基础考点,即一个简单句一般只能有一个谓语动 词。 后面句子中的 rushed out 是整个句子的谓语, 所以前面的结构中一定不能有谓语动词。 134. (2011·莆田适应性练习, 24)Maria is constantly making efforts, she deserves ________ the goal of entering the key university. A. achieving C. being achieved B. to achieve D. to be achieved

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。句意:Maria 一直在努力,她应该能实现进入重点大学的 目标。deserve“值得,应得,应受”,后接不定式。 135.(2011·丰台二模,27)The reporter apologized for any misunderstandings ________ by his article on that film star. A.causing C.to cause B.caused D.being caused

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。句意:记者为由于他写的有关那位影星的文章引起的误解 道歉。由句意可知选 caused,因为 cause 与 misunderstanding 构成了逻辑上的动宾关系。 136. (2011·漳州质检, While some people in China are deserting their bicycles 24) for cars,________ to work grows popular in the West. A. cycling C. cycle B. being cycled D. cycled

答案:A。考查非谓语动词。句意:中国的一些人正在抛弃自行车,换成了汽车,而在 西方,骑自行车去上班变得很流行。仔细分析句子成分,我们要选的是句子的主语,所以应 该选 A、B 两项;再由句意可知,应该选主动的 A 项。 137.(2011·漳州质检,31)I only know we will have a League meeting, but I have no idea when ________ it. A. have C. to have B. had D. having

答案:C。考查“特殊疑问词+不定式”结构。句意:我只知道我们要召开一次团会, 但是我不知道何时召开。 “特殊疑问词+不定式”可以做句子的主语、 宾语。 再如: When and where to have the meeting hasn't been decided。 138.(2011·西安第三次质检,12)________ more effectively with others, more and
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more people equip themselves with a higher education. A. To compete C. Competing B. Being competed D. Competed

答案:A。考查非谓语动词。句意:为了更有效地和别人竞争,越来越多的人都争取接 受更高的教育。由句意可知,选不定式作目的状语。 139.(2011·德阳三诊,7)China is well known to be the fourth ________ man?made satellites successfully in the world. A.send C.sending B.to send D.of sending

答案:B。考查非谓语动词。句意:众所周知,中国是世界上第四个成功发射人造卫星 的国家。英语中,the first/second...last/next 后面多用不定式作定语。再如:He is the first man to land on the moon.。

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