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高一英语试题基础篇


英语试题基础篇(一) 完形填空 1:Long time ago, there was a farmer who lived with his daughter. A young man fell in love with the farmer’s beautiful daughter and wished to 36 her. One day, he went to the fa

rmer to 37 his permission. The farmer looked at him and said, “ Guy, stand out in that 38 . I’m going to release 39 bulls, one at a time. If you can 40 the tail of any one of the three bulls, you can marry my daughter. ” 41 , the young man got out and stood in the field, 42 the first bull. The barn(牛棚) door 43 and

out came the biggest bull that he had ever seen. He 44 that one of the next bulls had to be a better 45 than this one, so he ran over to the side and let the bull 46 . A few 47 later, the barn door opened again. Unbelievable! The young man had never seen any bull so 48 next and fierce as this one in his life. It stood there, pawing (扒) the 49 and eyeing the young man. “ What the

50 was like? It had to be a better choice than this one, ” he thought. He let the bull pass through again. The door opened a third time. A 51 came across the young man’s face. This was the weakest bull that he had ever seen. “ This one was my bull, ” he 52 to himself. As the bull came running by, he positioned himself just right and 53 at just the exact moment. He threw his hands to catch . But to his 54 , the bull had no tail. Life is full of opportunities. 55 catch the first one. 36. A. call B. Recognize C. respect D. marry 37. A. remember B. copy C. ask D. answer 38. A. field B. forest C. river D. building 39. A. two B. three C. four D. five 40. A. see B. cut C. catch D. discover 41. A. Immediately B. Quietly C. Finally D. Proudly 42. A. talking about B. thinking of C. looking for D.waiting for 43. A. moved B. opened C. broke D. closed 44. A. decided B. noticed C. suggested D. learned 45. A. rule B. help C. choice D. reason 46. A. get up B. go back C. fall down D.pass through 47. A. seconds B. days C. hours D.months 48. A. famous B. big C. short D. beautiful 49. A. house B. wall C. ground D. door 50. A. fish B. horse C. bird D. bull 51. A. pity B. shame C. smile D. tear 52. A. explained B. said C. sang D. flew 53. A. jumped B. escaped C. stopped D. shouted 54. A. anger B. surprise C. joy D. excitement 55. A. Never B. Often C. Seldom D. Always 第三部分:阅读理解(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) A. I have been in England three months now. I hope you don't think I've forgotten you. There have been so many places to see and so many things to do that I've not had much time for writing letters. I shall soon be starting my studies at King's College. So far I've been learning about England and British ways of living. I won't tell you about London. There are lots of books you can read and lots of pictures you can look at about this famous city. I'm sure you'll be more interested to know what I think about life here. I find some of the customs(风俗) interesting. People here do not shake hands as much as we do in the mainland(大陆)of Europe. During the first few weeks I was often surprised because people did not put out
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their hands when I met them. Men raise their hats to women but not to each other. 1.The writer came to London from _______ . A.Asia B.the mainland of Europe C.America D.Africa 2.The writer did not write the letter earlier because _______. A.she had forgotten her friend B.she was lonely and sad in this strange land C.she was too busy to write D.she was too busy with her courses(课程)at King's College 3.How does the writer feel about British ways of living? A.Happy. B.Angry. C.Sad. D.Interesting. 4.The writer came to London ________ . A.to make a living B.to study C.to learn British ways of living D.for sightseeing only 5.Englishmen _______ . A.do not often shake hands with friends when they meet B.often shake hands when they meet with friends C.raise their hats to all friends when they meet D.do not raise their hats to any of their friends when they meet B A young father was visiting an old neighbor. They were standing in the old man's garden, and talking about children. The young man said, “How strict should parents be with their children?” The old man pointed to a string (绳子) between a big strong tree and a thin young one. “Please untie (解 开)that string,” he said. The young man untied it, and the young tree bent(弯)over to one side. “Now tie it again, please, ” said the old man, “but first pull the string tight so that the young tree is straight again. ” The young man did so. Then the old man said, “There, it is the same with children. You must be strict with them, but sometimes you must untie the string to know how they are getting on. If they are not yet able to stand alone, you must tie the string tight again. But when you find that they are ready to stand alone, you can take the string away.” 6.The story is about _______ . A. how to take care of young trees B.how strict parents should be with their children C. how the young father should get on with his old neighbor D. how to tie and untie the string 7.The young man untied the string _______ . A. in order to throw it away B. so that both of the trees would grow straight C. only to find that the thinner one bent over to one side D. in order to let the old man teach him 8.When can the string be taken away?_______ . A. When the old man has left B. After you have untied it C. When the young man has untied it next time D. When the young tree grows strong enough 9.At last the old man told the young man _______ . A. that he should be strict with his children if they could not yet stand alone B. that he should always be strict with his children C. that he should be hard on them D. that he should tie his children until they are ready to stand alone 10.In the story the relation(关系) of the big strong tree to the thin one is like that of __. A. the young father to the old neighbor B. parents to their children C. the old neighbor to the children of the young father D. grown ups to their parents C. The Roman Emperor Claudius II was fighting many wars.He wanted a strong army, but many men did not want to be soldiers.Claudius thought the men wanted to stay at home to be with their wives and children instead of leaving to fight wars. Claudius thought of an awful solution to his problem.He decided to cancel all marriages! No one in all of Rome could get married.Claudius thought that if the men couldn’t get married, the men would ignore the
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women and want to be soldiers. Valentine, who was a priest (牧师), believed that people needed to get married.He thought it was wrong for people to live together without being married.So he secretly and illegally married couples anyway.He performed the weddings in secret places, so the Roman soldiers would not find out. But they did find out.Valentine was arrested and brought before the Emperor.The Emperor thought Valentine was a well-spoken and wise young man, and encouraged him to stop being a Christian ( 基督徒) and become a loyal Roman.Valentine would not deny his beliefs, and he refused.He was sent to prison and was finally killed.While he was in prison, he sent out letters to his friends and asked to be prayed ( 祈祷) for by writing Remember your Valentine. Valentine was killed on the 14th or the 24th of February in the year 269 or 270.We celebrate Valentine’s Day on February 14th in honor of St.Valentine. 56.The Emperor Claudius II wanted men to __________. A.live at home and work for the empire B.become loyal Roman citizens C.go to other countries and raise families D.fight wars in other lands 57.The underlined word “awful” in the second paragraph probably means __________. A.terrible B.wonderful C.possible D.friendly 58.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A.Valentine believed in marriage and risked death to marry people. B.Claudius wanted to stay at home with his wife. C.Claudius thought Valentine was a man with a bright future. D.Valentine broke the law. D. If you go into the forest with friends, stay with them always.If you don’t, you may get lost.If you really get lost, this is what you should do.Sit down and stay where you are.Don’t try to find your friends—let them find you by staying in one place. There is another way to help your friends or other nearby people to find you.Give them a signal by shouting or whistling (打口哨) three times.Stop.Then shout or whistle three times.Any signal given three times is a call for help. Keep up the shouting or whistling always three times together.When people hear you, they will know that you are not just making noise for fun.They will let you know that they have heard your signal.They will give two shouts, two whistles or two gun shots (枪声).When someone gives a signal, it is an answer to a call for help. If you don’t think that you will get help before night comes, try to make a little house—cover up the holes with branches (树枝) with lots of leaves.Make yourself a soft bed with leaves and grass. What should you do if you get hungry or need drinking water? You would have to leave your little branch house to look for a river. Don’t just walk away.Pick off small branches and drop them as you walk so that you can find your way back. The most important thing to do when you are lost is—stay in one place. 63.If you get lost in the forest, you should__________. A . stay where you are and give a signal B.walk around the forest and shout so that your friends might hear you C.try to find your friends as soon as possible D.try to get out of the forest and shout for help 64.Which signal is a call for help? A.Shouting here and there. B.Crying twice. C.Shouting or whistling three times together. D.Whistling everywhere in the forest. 65.Which of the following is true according to the passage? A.When you hear two shouts or whistles, you know that people will soon come to help you. B.When you can’t get help before night comes, put up a tent in the open air. C.If you need drinking water you can just walk away to look for a river. D.Picking off flowers as you walk can help your find your way back.
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III.单句改错 81.Last night, his father came back late as usually. 82.At the end of 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English. 83.The Mekong River becomes rapids as it passes across deep valleys. 84.This is the reason why she explained to me just now. 85.The boss requested that all the work must be finished as soon as possible.
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IV.书面表达 (满分 15 分) 假定你是李华,你的英国朋友 Peter 来信向你咨询如何才能学好中文。请你根据下列要点写封回信。 要点:1.参加中文学习班; 2.看中文书刊、报纸、电视节目,学唱中文歌曲; 3.交中国朋友。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头语已为你写好。 ******************************************************************************* Dear Peter, I’m glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to learn Chinese well.

Best wishes. Li Hua

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参考答案 客观题 2.:Nicola’s Love for Her Violin Can love between partners with a 237-year age gap (差距) lead to the perfect match (绝配)? Nicola Benedetti thinks so. The 18-year-old 36 and her “partner, a 255-year-old Italian violin, 37 to China for the first time last weekend.She 38 in Beijing on September 15 and also performed in Hangzhou and Shanghai. Nicola is from Scotland and 39 playing the violin when she was four years old. 40, it was not something her parents 41 her do.She went with her sister to violin lessons and 42 it and improved very quickly. “There are so many different things I am fond of about the 43 ,” she said.“I can’t really 44 it but I love giving live performances, I like the feeling of playing and communicating with the 45 .I love the feeling of the violin under my chin (下巴).” However, playing violin six hours a day is not a/an 46 job.“I usually 47 in an upstairs bedroom when I’m at home.” she said.“But sometimes, when it’s 48 outside, it can be upset.The house is right on the 49 and I can see others having fun 50 I’m on my own.” Although practising is sometimes lonely, Nicola 51 felt she was lucky.“You can’t have 52 .I am really lucky to do what I love doing,” she said.Her 53 paid off (终有回报).Nicola won BBC Young Musician of the Year in 2004 at 16. 54 her performing and recording activities, Nicola is a/an 55 of UNICEF (联合国儿童基金 会).She said that she would travel to Lesotho in southern Africa at the end of this year to help poor kids there. 36.A.singer B.writer C.pianist D.violinist 37.A.came B.turned C.ran D.moved 38.A.checked B.played C .visited D.remained 39.A.stopped B.requested C.started D.ignored 40.A.So B.And C.But D.However 41.A.made B.persuaded C.wanted D.got 42.A.noticed B.concerned C.minded D.loved 43.A.lessons B.violin C.performances D.show 44.A.explain B.imagine C.determine D.refuse 45.A.foreigners B.friends C.audience D.teenagers 46.A.boring B.easy C.wonderful D.tiring 47.A.work B.rest C.stay D.practise 48.A.cool B.sunny C.windy D.cloudy
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49.A.river B.hill C.farm D.beach 50.A.while B.as C.so D.for 51.A.even B.still C.ever D.almost 52.A.anything B.something C.everything D.nothing 53.A.time B.music C.efforts D.action 54.A.Because of B.Besides C.Instead of D.Thanks to 55.A.adviser B.manager C.organizer D.supporter III.完形填空 2: 36-40 DABCD 41-45 ADBAC 46-50 BDBDA 51-55 BCCBD Bull 完形:36-40DCABC 41-45ADBAC 46-50DABCD 51-55 CBABD IV.阅读理解: 56-58 DAB 59-62 CACD 63-65 ACA A: BCDBA B: BCDAB III.改错: 81.usually 改成 usual 82.在 16th 前面加 the 83.across 改成 through 84.why 改成 which, that 或去掉 85.must 改成 should /去掉 must IV.书面表达: Dear Peter, I’m glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to learn Chinese well. Here are a few suggestions.First, it is important to take a Chinese course, as you’ll be able to learn from the teacher and practice with your fellow students.Then, it also helps to watch TV and read books, newspapers and magazines in Chinese whenever possible. Besides, it should be a good idea to learn and sing Chinese songs, because by doing so you’ll learn and remember Chinese words more easily.You can also make more Chinese friends.They will tell you a lot about China and help you learn Chinese. Try and write me in Chinese next time. Best wishes. Li Hua

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