河南省南阳一中 2014 届高三 4 月适应性训练（一） 英语试题 2014 年 4 月 5 日 第Ⅰ卷（选择题，满分 70 分） 第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A I made a promise to myself on the way
down to the vacation beach cottage. For two weeks I would try to be a loving husband and father. Totally loving. No ifs, ands or buts. The idea had come to me as I listened to a talk on my car radio. The speaker was quoting a Biblical passage about husbands and their wives. Then he went on to say, “Love is an act of will. A person can choose to love.” To myself, I had to admit that I had been a selfish husband. Well, for two weeks that would change. And it did. Right from the moment I kissed Evelyn at the door and said, “That new yellow sweater looks great on you.” “Oh, Tom, you noticed”, she said, surprised and pleased. Maybe a little puzzled. After the long drive, I wanted to sit and read. Evelyn suggested a walk on the beach. I started to refuse, but then I thought, “Evelyn’s been alone here with the kids all week and now she wants to be alone with me.” We walked on the beach while the children flew their kites. So it went. Two weeks of not calling the Wall Street firm where I am a director; a visit to the shell museum though I usually hate museums. Relaxed and happy, that’s how the whole vacation passed. I made a new promise to keep on remembering to choose love.? There was one thing that went wrong with my experiment, however. Evelyn and I still laugh about it today. On the last night at our cottage, preparing for bed, Evelyn stared at me with the saddest expression. “What’s the matter?” I asked her. “Tom,” she said in a voice filled with distress, “ I don’t?”
“What do you mean?” “Well?that checkup I had several weeks ago?our doctor?did he tell you something about me? Tom, you’ve been so good to me?am I dying?” It took a moment for it all to be understood. Then I burst out laughing. “No, honey,” I said, wrapping her in my arms. “You’re not dying; I’m just starting to live.” 21. From the story we may infer that Tom drove to the beach cottage ______. A. with his family children 22. During the two weeks on the beach, Tom showed more love to his wife because ______. A. he was determined to be a good husband B. he had made a lot of money in his Wall Street firm C. she looked lovely in her new clothes D. the doctor said his wife was seriously ill 23. The author says, “There was one thing that went wrong with my experiment.” What does “one thing” refer to? A. He praised her sweater, which puzzled her. B. She insisted on visiting a museum, which he hated. C. He knew something about her illness but didn’t tell her. D. He was so good to her that she thought she must be dying. 24. By saying “I’m just starting to live,” Tom means that ______. A. he is just beginning to understand the real meaning of life B. he is just beginning to enjoy life as a loving husband C. he lived an unhappy life before and is now starting to change D. he is beginning to feel regret for what he did to his wife before B Get a FREE YEAR! Order NOW and get a FREE YEAR of Parents? magazine! That’s 2 full years (24 issues) for the regular 1-year rate － just $12. But HURRY, this offer won't last! (U.S. orders only, please.) Every issue of PARENTS is filled with practical advice from leading doctors and B. with Evelyn C. alone D. with his
C Scientists have found evidence of a link between social and economic status and
childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD in the UK. A team led by the University of Exeter Medical School analyzed data from the Millennium Cohort Study, a database of more than 19,500 UK children born between 2000 and 2002. Findings showed that more children with ADHD came from families below the poverty line than the UK population as a whole. The study found the chances of parents in rented housing having a child with ADHD were roughly three times larger than for those who owned their own homes. The team also found that the chances of younger mothers having a child with ADHD were higher than for other mothers. Mothers with no degrees were more than twice as likely to have a child with ADHD than those with degrees, and lone parents were likely to have a child with ADHD than families with two live-in parents. Information was gathered from surveys when the children were nine months old, and at the ages of three, five, seven and eleven. Dr Ginny of the University of Exeter Medical School, who led the study, said: “There is a genetic element to ADHD, but this study provides strong evidence that ADHD is also associated with a disadvantaged social and economic background. Some people believe that ADHD in children causes disadvantage to the economic situation of their family, but we found no evidence to support that theory. It’s important to discover more about the causes of this disorder so that we can look towards prevention, and so that we can target treatment and support effectively.”
We are all interested in equality, but while some people try to protect the school and examination system in the name of equality, others, still in the name of equality, want only to destroy it. Any society which is interested in equality of opportunity and standards of achievement must regularly test its pupils. The standards may be changed—no examination is perfect — but to have no tests or examinations would mean the end of equality and of standards. There are groups of people who oppose this view and who do not believe either in examinations or in any controls in schools or on teachers. This would mean that everything would depend on luck since every pupil would depend on the efficiency, the values and the purpose of each teacher. Without examinations, employers will look for employees from the highly respected schools and from families known to them--- a form of favoritism will replace equality. At the moment, the bright child from ill-respected school can show certificates to prove he or she is suitable for the job, while the lack of certificate indicates the unsuitability of a dull child attending a well-respected school. This defence of excellence and opportunity would disappear if examinations were taken away, and the bright child from a poor family would be a prisoner of his or her school’s reputation, unable to compete with the child from the favored school. The opponents of the examination system suggest that examinations are an evil force because they show differences between pupils. According to these people, there must be no special, different, academic class. They have even suggested that there should be no form of difference in sport or any other area: all jobs or posts should be filled by unsystematic selection. The selection would be made by people who themselves are probably selected by some computer. 32. The underlined word “favoritism” in paragraph three is used to describe the phenomenon that _______. A. bright children also need certificate to get satisfying jobs. B. children from well-respected schools tend to have good jobs. C. poor children with certificates are favored in job markets. D. children attending ordinary schools achieve great success. 33. What would happen if examinations were taken away according to the author? A. Schools for bright children would lose their reputation. B. There would be more opportunities and excellence. C. Children from poor families would be able to change their schools.
D. Children’s job opportunity would be affected by their school reputation. 34. The opponents of the examination system will agree that _______. A. jobs should not be assigned by systematic selection. B. computers should be selected to take over many jobs. C. special classes are necessary to keep the school standards. D. schools that win academic subjects should be done away with. 35. The passage mainly focuses on __________. A. schools and certificates. C. opportunity and employment. B. examination and equality. D. standards and reputation.
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分）JTY20140422 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项是多余选 项。 As a child grows up, you may wonder how you can teach him to become a respectful adult. 36 A child who learns to respect not only learns to receive respect from others in kind, but also learns to respect himself. ●Show him respect. This is the best way to teach your child how to respect others. Listen to your child attentively and he will learn to listen to you, understanding how important this is in communication. ● 37 The more you say "please" and "thank you" to your child, the more likely he will learn to use them. Politeness then becomes a normal part of any conversation. ●Agree to disagree. 38 Explain your decision so that he will understand you and expect respectful responses. Disagreeing with you doesn't necessarily mean disobedience(不顺从)． ● Control your impulse to overreact. When a situation arises, stay calm and keep in mind that you are supposed to be modeling correct behavior. ●Praise, praise, praise So much is focused on what a child does wrong and how to correct it that his accomplishments are not celebrated enough. 40 39
A. If he sees you lose your temper, he is more likely to respond that way in future.
B. Try to remember that a child won't always agree with you. C. Seeing a child exhibit respectful behavior, make sure he knows how proud you are of him. D. Teach manners by using polite requests and responses. E.A child may act as he pleases, and he will live a happy life. F. Respect is necessary for a meaningful and successful life. G. Respectful behavior is always accompanied by bad behavior as a child. 第三部分：语言知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） "I...I thought you could use it for something." Susan's 41 did nothing to help us understand why a dark blue carpet remnant(零头布料) was being 42 as a birthday
gift.The murmured "thanks" could be barely heard as Holly tried not to allow her disappointment to show. Holly's disappointment didn't become 43 until the following evening when she
came downstairs to say good night. "Well, I guess we know how much my best friend 44 me, huh, Mom?" She said 45 , with her head down. 46 the
The next morning, I carried a garbage bag outside. My heart sank as I lid of the garbage can and saw Susan's carpet lying there. picked it up and brought it into the house . “Susan
47 only a moment, I
48 you and me to go over to her house after school tomorrow .”Weeks 49 her voice carried a
later Holly announced as she arrived home from school.
so-what attitude , I sensed she was pleased by the invitation. The next day we 50 to the destination along the winding country road . A tall woman stood in the doorway to was 51 us as we approached the small farmhouse. The house 53 with the woman
52 but neatly decorated with used furniture .From the
we knew Susan had long been separated from her parents and she was Susan’s foster mother(养母). A warm light shone in her eyes as she to respect this 54 to me her fondness for Susan . I came
55 woman who had opened her home to a young girl and attempted
to make a difference in her life.
As daylight began to
we offered our thanks and said goodbye . Holly sat
quietly in the car leaning her body forward as if willing the car to move faster. No sooner had we come to a stop than she purposefully toward the garbage can. “Is this what you were looking for?”I held out the piece of “Thanks ,Mom.” a tear or two 58 . 57 opened the car door and walked
59 from her eyes and fell onto the remnant ,as if
60 , that has become the most precious birthday present in the world.
第Ⅱ卷（非选择题，满分 50 分） 第三部分：语言知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节: (共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Mary: Could I have my hair 61 ?
Hairdresser: Certainly. What color do you want to dye it? Mary: I want the 62 (late) fashion. Can you make some 63 (suggest)?
Hairdresser: Right now, many girls are dying Mary: I don’t think that would suit me very
64 hair blonde. 65 (good). Blonde is kind of
irregular. Hairdresser: Then 66 do you think about pink? 67 better to be a 68 (nature) Chinese with natural
Mary: Oh, no. I think Chinese hair.
Have you got a good brand of hair dye? 69 .Which one do you prefer?
Hairdresser: Yes. We have several Mary: I want the best one.
Hairdresser: First, you need a shampoo. It makes it easier for your hair to be dyed...Well, let’s dip and (thorough) cleaned that way. wash your hair in the water. Your hair will be 70
(one hour later)
Mary: After this dye job, it feels like I look younger. Hairdresser: Your hair is definitely fresh and shiner-looking. 第四部分：写作(共两节, 满分35分) 第一节：短文改错（满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的一篇作文。该文中 共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改： 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2、只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起) 不计分。 With the national college entrance examination approach, many students are so worried about the coming exam to fall asleep at night and even suffer from mentally illness. It’s a fair common phenomenon among us students. Here is some effective methods for you to adopt. First of all, you should spend a plenty of time preparing for the test. Secondly, it is no need to feel nervous when you have some bad emotions. I think take a deep breath is a helpful way to reduce your stress. Last but not least, you ought to believe yourselves and keep a good state of mind. Follow my tips, but you’ll overcome your exam anxiety.
第三节：书面表达（满分25分） 假设你是南阳一中的李华，将参加主题为"Let's Ride Bicycles"的英语演讲比赛。请撰写一 份演讲稿，主要内容包括： 1.目前汽车带来的空气污染和交通堵塞等问题； 2.骑自行车的益处，如节能环保、有利健康等。 参考词汇：低碳生活（low-carbon life） ；节能（energy-saving） 注意： 1.词数：120 词左右； 2.演讲稿开头和结尾已给出，且该部分不计入总词数。 Good morning, everyone! I am Li Hua from Nanyang No.1 Middle School. The topic of my speech is "Let's Ride Bicycles".