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时态和语态 50 题 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. --- Oh, dear. I forgot the air tickets. --- You ______ something. A. have left C. are leaving B. are always leaving D. always left


--- I ______ so busily recently that I ______ no time to help you with your math. --- That’s OK. I can manage it by myself. A. have been working; have B. have worked; had C. am working; will haveD. had been working; had had 3. Remember to send me a photo of us next time you ______ to me. A. are writing C. has written B. will write D. write

4. He ______ at the meeting, but his heart attack prevented him. A. will speak C. had to speak B. is going to speak D. was going to speak

5. --- I beg your pardon, but I didn’t quite catch you. --- Oh, I ______ myself. A. am talking to C. have talked to B. talked about D. was talking to

6. I ______ ping-pong quite well, but I haven’t had time to play since the New Year. A. will play B. have played C.played D. play

7. I first met Tom 10 years ago. He ______ in a radio factory at that time. A. had worked C. was working B. has worked D. has been working

8. --- What ______ when I phoned you? --- I ______ my work, and I wanted to go out. A. have you done; finishedB. were you doing; have finished C. did you do; had just finished D. were you doing; had just finished

9. --- Have you finished the report? --- No. I ______ it all this week. A. will B. had done C. have D. have been doing

10. I can guess you were in a hurry. You ______ your sweater inside out. A. had worn C. were wearing B. wore D. are wearing

11. --- We ______ that you would fix the TV set this week. busy. --- I’m sorry. I ______ to fix it this week, but I’ve been too B. are expecting; had intended D. expected; intend

A. had expected; had intended Cexpect; intend

12. --- Why? Tom, your shirt is so dirty! --- Mum, I ______ my storeroom downstairs. A. cleaned C. was cleaning B. have cleaned D. have been cleaning

13. They won’t buy new clothes because they ______ money to buy a new house. A. save B. are saving C. have saved D. were saving

14. The traffic in our city is already good and it ______ even better. A. gets B. got C. has got D. is getting

15. --- I will come to attend your lecture at 10:00 tomorrow. --- I’m sorry, by then my lecture will have ended and I ______ my guests in my office. A. is being B. will meetC. will be D. will have met

16. --- Alice came back home the day before yesterday. --- Really? Where ______? A. has she been C. has she gone B. had she been D. had she gone

17. I know Mr. Brown; we ______ to each other at an international conference. A. are introduced C. were introduced B. are been introduced D. had been introduced

18. --- Where do you think ______ he ______ the computer? --- Sorry. I have no idea. A. has; bought C. did; buy 19. Don’t bother to look for my dictionary A. turns up C. will turn up B. 不填; bought D. 不填; buys --- it ______ some day. B. has turned up D. is going to turn up

20. --- What do you think of this kind of TV set, which ______ in Shanghai? --- Well, I don’t care about such things. A. was made C. has been made 21. --- Did he notice you enter the room? --- I don’t think so. He ______ to the radio with his eyes shut. A. listened C. has listened B. was listening D. had listened B. is made D. had been made

22. The plane ______ at 7:00 pm, so I have to be at the airport by 6:40 at the latest. A. has left C. will have left B. would leave D. leaves

23. The train ______ at the present speed until it reaches the foot of the mountain at about nine o’clock tonight. goes A. went B. is going D. will be going C.

24. I used to drink a lot of tea but these days I ______ coffee. A. prefer C. had preferred B. preferred D. am preferring

25. The vegetables didn’t taste very good. They ______ too long. A. had been cooked C. have cooked 26. --- Remember the first time we met, Jim? --- Of course I do. You ______ in the library. A. were reading C. have read 27. I want to buy that kind of cloth because I well. A. have told; washes C. was told; washed 28. --- Is Tom still smoking? --- No. By next Saturday he ______ for a whole month without smoking a single cigarette. A. will be C. will have been 29. --- ______ Betty this morning? --- Not yet, but she is sure to be here before noon. A. Have you seen C. Do you see B. Will you see D. Did you see? B. will have gone D. has been going B. had read D. read ______ the cloth ______ B. have been told; washes D. have been told; is washed B. were cooked D. cooked

30. Jim talked for about half an hour yesterday. Never ______ him talk so much. A. I heard B. did I hear C. I had heard D. had I heard

31. --- Look at the black clouds. It ______ soon. --- Sure. If only we ______ out. A. is raining; didn’t come B. is to rain; won’t start C. will rain; haven’t started D. is going to rain; hadn’t come 32. He ______ articles for our wall-newspaper these three years, and he ______ about forty articles. A. has been writing; has written B. has been writing; wrote C. is writing; has been writing D. has written; has written 33. She ______ to the office than she got down to writing the report. A. has no sooner got C. no sooner got B. had hardly got D. had no sooner got

34. When he was alive, the old scientist used to say that knowledge ______ from practice and he gained his experience by doing a lot of practical work. A. was coming C. comes B. had come D. would come

35. --- Don’t forget to bring my new books tomorrow afternoon. --- No, I ______. A. don’t B. do C. won’t D. will

36. I decided to go to the library as soon as I ______. A. finished what I was doing C. would finish what I was doing B. finished what I did D. finish what I did

37. You won’t know whether the coat fits you until you ______ it on. A. will try B. have tried C. tried D. are trying

38. My dictionary ______. I have looked for it everywhere but still ______it. A. has lost; don’t find C. has lost; haven’t found . is missing; don’t find D. is missing; haven’t found

39. ______ it with me and I’ll see what I can do. A. When left B. Leaving C. If you leave D. Leave

40. --- How are you planning to travel to Shanghai? --- I ______ yet, but I ______ taking a train. A. didn’t decide; am considering B. haven’t decided; consider

C. haven’t decided; am considering D. hadn’t decided; have considered 41. --- Excuse me, sir. Would you do me a favour?--- Of course. What is it?-- I ______ if you could take me to the station. A. would wonder C. was wondering 42. --- Got your driving license? --- No. I ______ too busy to have enough practice, so I didn’t take the driving test last week. I’m going to next week. A. was B. have been C. am D. had been B. did wonder D. had wondered

43. With the development of science, more new technology ______ to the field of IT. A. has introduced C. is introduced 44. --- Who’s the man over there? --- It’s Jack. --- Oh? ______ in Italy. A. I think he’s C. I thought he was B. I’ve thought he’s been D. I’d thought he’d been B. is being introduced D. was introduced

45. --- I dropped in at your house at about ten last night, but you weren’t in. --- I ______ regular exercises at the club.

A. did have been doing

B. was doing

C. had done


46. --- Each of the students, working hard at their lessons, ______ the book. --- So have I. A. is reading reading D. reads B. has read C.

47. The baby is generally healthy, but every now and then he ______ a cold. A. has caught C. will catch B. is catching D. does catch

48. It is when the plane ______ that you’d better find out at the booking office. A. would take off C. was taking off B. had taken off D. is taking off

49. --- I’m sorry, but there’s no smoking on this flight. --- Oh, I ______ that. Sorry, I won’t again. A. don’t know C. won’t know B. didn’t know D. haven’t known

50. I thought Jim would say something about his school report, but he ______ it. A. doesn’t mention C. didn’t mention B. hadn’t mentioned D. hasn’t mentioned

-5 BADDD 21-25 BDDAA 41-45 CDBCB

6-10 DCDDD 26-30 ABBAD 46-50 BDDBC

11-15 ADBDC 31-35 DADCC

16-20 BCBCB 36-40 ABDDC

1. 进行时态与 always, all the time 等连用,表示习惯性行为,且带有浓厚的感情色彩。此处可理解为 “你总是丢三落四的”。 2. recently 常与现在完成时或一般过去时连用。第二空应用一般现在时。 3. next time 引导时间状语从句,而且其谓语动词常用一般现在时表示将来。 4. 由题意“他本来打算在会上发言,但??”可知应选 D 项。 5. Oh, I was talking to myself.意为“噢, 我(刚才)只是在自言自语”。 6. “乒乓球打得好”是一般情况,故用一般现在时。 9. 现在完成进行时可用于表示动作或状态从过去某一时间开始,一直持续到现在,有可能继续延续下去, 也可能刚刚结束。本题使用现在完成进行时强调了动作的持续性和未完成性。 10. 此处用现在进行时来解释前面所说的话,意为“我猜你刚才一定很匆忙,毛衫都穿反了”。 11. 由宾语从句中的 would fix 可断定第一空用 had expected(表示“过去本来期望”);第二空用 had intended(to do...),表示“过去本来打算(去做??)”。 14. 现在进行时可用于表示动作的渐进过程。又如:Her hair is getting grayer and grayer. 她的头发 正变得越来越花白。 15. 此空用将来进行时表示将来某一时间正在进行的动作。 16. 此处表示“前天之前艾利斯曾经去哪儿了?”故用过去完成时态。 18. Where do you think _____ he...?为双重疑问句,故第一空不填;第二空为过去发生的动作,故用 一般过去时态。 21. He _____ to the radio with his eyes shut.后省略了 when I entered the room。此处意为“(当 我进入那个房间时,)他正闭着眼睛听收音机”。 22. 按时间表或日程表安排将要发生的事,常用一般现在时表示将来。 23. 题意为“火车将一直以目前的速度行驶直到今晚 9 点到达山脚下。” 24. 此处 prefer 意为“宁愿”,是表示人心理状态的动词,不宜用现在进行时态。 27. 某些动词,如:wash, lock, sell, wear, write, read, open, clean 等常用一般现在时的主动语态 来表示主语(通常是物)的内在品质或属性等。 28. “by+将来某一时间”常与将来完成时态连用。 29. 由答语中的“Not yet”可断定此题应选 A。现在完成时态的用法之一是“表示过去某一时间发生的动 作对现在造成的影响或结果”。

31. 表示“天将下雨”常用 It’s going to rain。If only...表示“但愿??”;如果表示与过去的事 实相反,句中谓语动词常用过去完 成时态。 33. 在 no sooner...than...(刚??就??)句型中,主句常用过去完成时态。 36. 题意为“我决定一完成我眼下正在做的事,就去图书馆”。注意:主句为一般过去时态。 39. 题干为“祈使句+and+并列分句”的句型。 41. 某些动词(如:wonder, hope, think 等)常用过去进行时表示委婉的语气。 45. 此处应理解为“你昨晚来我家的时候,我正在俱乐部做常规锻炼。” 46. 由答语中的助动词 have 可确定此空应用现在完成时态。 47. every now and then 意为“有时,偶尔”,应与一般现在时连用。does 表示强调。 48. 注意题干为强调句型。take off 用进行时态表示将来。

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