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高考英语复习课件


高中英语 必修1

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My First Day at Senior High My New Teachers My First Ride on a Train A Social Survey—My Neighbourhood

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A Lesson in a Lab

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佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第1讲 Module 1 My First Day at Senior High

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My First Day at Senior High

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? [2012?四川卷] 假如你是大学一年级新生李华。开学之初,你的英语老 佳 师Ms Li希望了解每位同学的英语学习情况,并征求教学建议。请按以下要点 用英语给她写一封信。 作 ? 1. 对英语学习的认识; ? 2. 自己目前的英语水平; 晨 ? 3. 自己英语学习存在的主要问题; 读 ? 4. 对英语教学的两点建议。
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Dear Ms Li, I'm very happy to have you as our English teacher. As the world is becoming a global village, English is getting more and more important, so mastering English means we can see the world through a new window. My English is just OK and the two main problems in my study are that I feel it difficult to learn words by heart, and that I often feel nervous when speaking English. I really hope that you can give me good advice on how to memorize new words. Another suggestion is to give us more chances to practice speaking. I believe we can make much progress in English with your help. Thank you! Li Hua

—— 精 彩 美 文 ——

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My First Day at Senior High

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佳 —— 名 师 点 睛 —— 作 1.行文逻辑:开头寒暄→对英语学习的认识→目前 晨 读 英语学习的情况及建议。共五个要点:对英语学习的认识
(一个要点);自己目前的英语水平 (一个要点); 自己英语学 习存在的主要问题(一个要点); 对英语教学的两点建议(两 个要点)。文章围绕这五个要点合理展开,衔接自然、层 次分明。 2.词汇短语:运用了较高级的词汇和短语。如: more and more important, memorize, make much progress 等。

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My First Day at Senior High

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佳 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如: 作 晨as 引导的时间状语从句As the world is becoming a global 读village, English is getting more and more important。 that
引导的表语从句和宾语从句…are that I feel it difficult to learn… and that I often feel nervous…;hope that you can give me good advice on…。非谓语动词结构mastering English(v.ing形式作主语);how to memorize…(“疑问词 +不定式”结构作介词on的宾语);to give us more chances(不定式作表语);to practice(不定式作目的状语); practice speaking(v.ing作宾语)。这些结构的使用也大大 提高了文章的档次。

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My First Day at Senior High

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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 enthusiastic ? 1 . __________adj. 热心的, 热情的→enthusiasm n. 热心; 基 础 热情 amazing ? 2.________adj. 令人惊异的→ amaze ______v. 使吃惊→ 梳 amazed ________adj. 感到吃惊的→ amazement n. 惊愕, 惊异 理 inform vt. 通知, 告知 ? 3.information n. 信息→ ________ instruction ? 4.___________n. 指示, 用法说明→ instruct v. 教导, 命 令, 指示 boring bored ? 5.________adj. 令人厌烦的→ ___ ____adj. (对某人/事物) 厌倦的, 烦闷的→ bore vt. 使厌烦

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embarrassed ? 6._____________adj. 尴尬的, 难堪的 → embarrass ___________v. 使困窘, 使局促不安→ embarrassing _____________adj. 令人为难的 → embarrassment n. 基 窘迫;为难 behaviour 础 ? 7.__________n. 行为, 举止→behave v. 举动, 举止 梳 description ? 8.___________n. 描述;形容;描写→ describe vt. 理 描写, 记述 ? 9.impress vt. 使(人)印象深刻;使铭记→ impression impressive ____________n. 印象, 感想→ _______ ___ adj. 令人 印象深刻的 ? 10. correction __________n.纠正, 改正→correct adj.正确的→ correct .改正, 纠正, 批改 ________v

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My First Day at Senior High

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? 11. encourage v. 鼓励, 激励→ encouraging ___________adj. 鼓 encouraged 舞人心的→______ _____adj. 受到鼓舞的, 更有信心的 encouragement →_______ _______ n. 鼓励, 奖励 基 enjoyment ? 12. ________n. 享受, 乐趣→enjoy v. 享受, 喜欢→ 础 ________adj. enjoyable 令人愉快的, 有乐趣的 梳 fluent ? 13.fluency n. 流利, 流畅→________adj. 流利的, 理 流畅的 disappointing ? 14.disappointed __________adj. 失望的→_____ _______adj. 令人 disappointment 失望的→ disappoint vt. 使失望→_____ ________n. 失 望 ? 15.assistant ________n. 助手, 助理→ assist v.帮助

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Ⅱ.短语检测 be similar to 1.与??相似 _________________________ far from 2.离??远, 远非 _________________________ nothing like 3.一点不像,与??完全不同 ____________________ have fun _____ 4.玩得很开心 _______________ at first 5.起初, 一开始 ______ ______________ in other words 6.换句话说 ________ ______________ look___ forward to 7.期待;盼望 _______ __________ be__ impressed by/with 8.对??印象深刻 _____ ______________ be divided into ___ 9.被(划)分成?? ______________ take part in 10.参加 ____ _________________

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? Ⅲ.佳句再现 nothing like that ? 1.…Ms Shen's method of teaching is________________of the teachers at my Junior High school. ……沈老师的教学方法与我的初中老师的教学方法 基? 础 完全不同。 don't think I will be bored Ms 梳? 2.And we have fun. I________________________in 理 Shen's class! ? 我们上课上得很开心。我认为上沈老师的课我是不 会感到厌倦的! In other words three times as many girls ? 3.________________ , there are________ ______ as boys. ? 换句话说, 女生人数是男生的三倍。

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My First Day at Senior High

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? 4.—I have just been to my first language class. So have I ? —Oh really?____________. ? “我刚刚上了我的第一堂语言课。” 基 “噢, 真的吗?我也是。” 础? is divided into 梳? 5.The school year__________________two the first of which 理 semesters,__________________is September through December, and the second January through May. ? 一学年被分成两个学期, 第一个学期从九 月到十二月, 第二个学期从一月到五月。

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? Ⅳ.单元语法 ? Revision of the present tenses;Adjectives ending in ing and ed 基 础 梳 理

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My First Day at Senior High

◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 behaviour n. [U] 举止;行为方式 behave v.举止, 表现 behave oneself 规规矩矩, 表现好, 有礼貌

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考 点 探 析

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?上海卷?阅读C] In terms of everyday behavior, the UCLA study found that women are far more likely than men to seek social contact when they are feeling stressed. 就日常行为而言,UCLA(洛杉矶加利福尼亚大学)的 研究发现,当感受到压力时,女性比男性更有可能 去寻求社会交流。

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behaviour towards me shows that they do not (2)Their ________ like me. 从他们对我的行为可以看出他们不喜欢我。 behave yourself (3)Will you please______________while I am away? 我不在的时候请你守点儿规矩好吗?

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My First Day at Senior High

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考 点 探 温馨提示 析 当表示具体的“用法说明,操作指南”意义时, 要用复数形式instructions。

instruction n.[C,usually pl.] (statements telling sb what he should or must do)用法说明, 操作指南, 吩咐; 命令, 指示 (1)instruct v. 教;命令;指导 instructor n. 辅导员;教练 (2)follow instructions 按照说明/指示 carry out one?s instructions 执行某人的命令

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【易混辨析】 instructions 和directions 两词都可表示“操作指南, 用法说明”, 但是 directions还可以指“行路指南”(instructions on how to get from one place to another)。

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【活学活用】 (1)You should follow your teacher's instructions while in a lab. 在实验室里要按老师的说明去做。 instructions/directions (2)Be sure you read the______ ___________before using any piece of equipment. 在使用任何一项设备前请务必看说明书。 directions (3)Let's stop and ask for ____________ to her house! 咱们停下来问问去她家怎么走吧!

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amazing adj. (so surprising that you can hardly believe it;very good, especially in an unexpected way) 令人惊讶的;好得惊人的; 了不起的 (1)amaze vt. 使吃惊, 使惊奇 amazed adj. 感到吃惊/惊奇的 amazement n. 惊奇, 诧异 (2)to one's amazement 令某人惊讶的是 ……

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温馨提示 amazing与amazed是两个容易混淆的形容词, 前者表 示“令人惊奇的”(making sb feel surprised), 一般形容 物;而后者表示“(人)感到惊奇的”(feeling surprised), 多用于形容人。当amazed修饰expression, look, face, eyes等词时, 指拥有这种表情、眼神等的人很惊讶, 而不是他的表情、眼神等令人惊讶。

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【相关拓展】

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?浙江卷?阅读B] His grandfather used to hold this amazing world record, but when he died Mr.Jeffries took over. 杰佛瑞的爷爷曾经拥有这项惊人的世界纪录,但当 他爷爷去世后,他就取得了这项世界纪录。

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(2)It ________ amazed her that he could be so calm at such a time. (amaze) (3)He pointed out my mistakes in front of my friends, which made me____ ______. (embarrass) embarrassed (4)I was upset to see his______ ____look. (disappoint) disappointed

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cover vt. 掩盖, 覆盖;(to include or deal with)包 含, 涉及;占(多少面积);(to travel a certain distance) 走完(一段路);[(of money) to be enough for]够付(费 用);[(of a journalist) to report on]报道(事件) n. 盖子, 覆盖物;封面;掩盖,掩饰 cover…with sth 用……覆盖/遮盖某物 be covered with 被……覆盖

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【活学活用】

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(1)[2012?全国卷Ⅱ?阅读C] In Southeast Asian culture, a smile is frequently used to cover painful feelings. 在东南亚文化中,微笑通常被用来掩盖痛苦的感情。 (2)根据语境判断下列句子中cover的含义 一段路 ①By sunset we had covered thirty miles. 走完 ____( _ ____ ) ②The BBC will cover all the major games of the 报道 tournament(锦标赛). ________ 考 点 ③Her overconfident attitude was a cover for her ________ 探 nervousness. 掩盖,掩饰 析 ④The survey covers all aspects of the business. 包括,涉及 ________ 够付(费用) ⑤Will $100 cover the cost of this shirt? ________
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考 点 探 析 温馨提示

impress vt. (to make someone feel admiration and respect)给人留下印象,使印象深刻;使意识到(重要性 或严重性等) (1)impression n. 印象;感想 impressive adj. 令人印象深刻的 (2)impress sb with sth 某物给某人留下印象 be impressed by/with 对……印象深刻 (3)impress sth on/upon sb 使某人意识到重要性 (4)make an impression on sb 给某人留下(深刻)印象

在impress sth on/upon sb的结构中, 由于宾语过长, 有时会将其调整为 impress on/upon sb sth的结构。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?浙江卷?阅读B] Fan Yang and Deni Yang impressed the audience with their awesome skills for bubble making. 杨帆和杨丹尼令人惊叹的肥皂泡制作技能给观众留 下了深刻的印象。

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(2)用impress或其短语的适当形式填空 ①When I asked Mike what impressed him most about the hostess, he told me he was deeply____________ impressed with the hostess‘ enthusiasm. I agreed that the hostess’ enthusiasm was really_____ _____and it made a impressive impression on great______________me too. ②I__________________Peter the importance of the impressed on/upon meeting.

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◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 look forward to(+n./pron./v.-ing) 盼望…… look back (on/to sth) 回想, 记起 look on 旁观 look out(for sb/sth) 小心, 当心, 留心(某人或某物) look through sth 仔细检查, 快速阅读(某物) ? 考 look sth up 查阅, 向上看 ? 点 look up to sb 赞赏/尊敬某人 ? 探 look down on/upon 轻视, 看不起 ? 析 look into 调查

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温馨提示 对look forward to doing的考查常常用到两种迷惑学生 的形式:一种是在to 和doing之间插入某些成分, 干扰 学生对doing的使用;另一种是look forward to是定语 从句的一部分, 而要考查的词是谓语动词而非look forward to的宾语。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江西卷?阅读C] They love and look forward to their time together and the partnership has certainly helped Emily be more comfortable in being the wonderful, happy and unique girl she is! 她们喜欢和向往在一起的时间,这种伙伴关系帮助 艾米丽更加自信,成为一个令人愉悦的、幸福的和 独特的女孩。

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(2)根据语境用look短语的适当形式填空 looked through ①She_______ ______her notes before the exam. ②____________ ! There's a car coming. Look out look into the ③A working party has been set up to____________ problem. ④Can you_________ look up the time of the next train?

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(3)He looked forward to with hope ________ a letter from his girlfriend. A.receive B.receiving C.received D.having received

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[解析] B 解答该题的关键是看清句子的结构,with hope是作状语修饰look forward to,因此后面是to的 宾语,to为介词,故要用动名词形式且不使用完成 时态。

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(4)The day we had been looking forward to ________ at last. A.come B.had come C.came D.coming

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[解析] C 解答该题的关键是看清句子的结构,we had … forward to是主语The day的定语,因此该句 的主干为:The day came at last, 因此要用一般过去 时作谓语动词。

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考 点 探 析

in other words (to be expressed in a different way) 换句话说, 也就是说 (1)that is(to say)/i.e. 也就是说 (2)in a/one word 一句话;简而言之 have a word with sb 和某人谈谈 keep one's word 守信用, 履行诺言

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【活学活用】 (1)He has another appointment on Thursday.In other words, I don't think he'll be attending your gathering. 他在周四还有个约会。换句话说,我觉得他将不会 参加你们的聚会。 In a/one word , the government must take (2)______________ measures to prevent it from happening. 总之, 政府必须采取措施阻止此事的发生。

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nothing like (not similar to sth at all; quite different from sth)一点不像……;与……完全不同 (1)something like 有点像, 大约, 差不多 (2)nothing but 只有, 仅仅 anything but 一点儿也不, 根本不

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考 【经典句式】 点 There is nothing like…没什么比得上某事物(nothing is better than…) 探 析

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【活学活用】 (1)It was just an unbelievable event and nothing like anything the country had ever gone through before. 这是一个令人难以置信的事件,与这个国家以前所 经历过的完全不同。 (2)The attitude towards what one eats in the west is____________ nothing like that in the east. 中西方对于饮食的看法截然不同。 something like (3)He spent_______________200 yuan on books last month. 他上个月买书大约花了200元。
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(4)______________a miracle can save her now. Nothing but 现在只有奇迹才能救活她。 (5)Judging from his graceful manner, he is_____________a criminal. anything but 从他优雅的举止判断, 他绝不可能是个罪犯。

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be divided into 被分成 divide sth into sth 把……分成…… divide sth (up) between/among sb 分配, 分享, 分担

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【易混辨析】

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divide和 separate
两词都含“分开”的意思。 (1)divide 指施加外力或自然地把某人或某物由整体分成若干部分。如:

Our class is divided into four groups.
我们班被分成四组。 (2)separate 指把原来在一起的人或物分开, 或把混杂在一起的东西分开, 有

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时含有强行分隔的意味, 也可指“分离”, 其后常与from连用。如: 考 Separate those two boys who are fighting, will you? (你)把那两个打架的 点 探 男孩拉开, 好吗? 析 【巧学助记】

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【活学活用】 (1)The academic year is divided into two terms. 一学年有两个学期。 divided (up) (2)The children________________the candies among themselves.孩子们把糖果分着吃了。 separated (3)They walked a mile together and then___________. 他们一道走了一英里, 然后就分手了。

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take part in (=join in/participate in) 参加(某项活 动, 是其中的参与者之一) attend 参加, 列席(会议、婚礼、葬礼等) join 参加(党派、团体、组织等); 成为……的一名成员 join (sb) in sth 参与, (与……)一起做某事

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温馨提示 如果take part in 后面没有宾语, 则要用take part, 而 join in 后可以没有宾语。如: Whenever I see a basketball match, I want to join in. 每当看到有篮球赛时, 我都想加入。 Does anybody want to take part? 有人想参加吗?

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?课标全国卷?阅读C] About twenty of us had been fortunate enough to receive invitations to a filmstudio to take part in a crowdscene. 我们大约20个人非常幸运,被邀请去一个摄影棚当 群众演员参加拍摄。 (2)They all______________________the discussion, but took part in/joined in reached no conclusion. 他们都参加了那次讨论, 但没有达成任何结论。

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attended (3)I got to know her when I____________my friend's birthday party. 我是在参加朋友的生日聚会时认识她的。 have joined (4)So far many people____________the club. 到目前为止, 已经有很多人加入了这个俱乐部。

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My First Day at Senior High

◇ 句型透视 ◇ In other words, there are three times as many girls as boys. 换句话说, 女生人数是男生的三倍。

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My First Day at Senior High

句型公式

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温馨提示 表示倍数的词同其他修饰比较级的词一样, 都要放在 比较级的前面, 这是常考点, 也是易错点。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?广东卷?阅读D] According to a recent study, the global market for lowcarbon energy will become three times bigger over the next decades. 根据一项最新的研究,全球低碳能源市场在未来的 几十年里将增长三倍。

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(2)Paper bags produced every year are ________the world's production of vehicles. A.three times the weight of B.three times weight of C.as three times heavy as D.three times as heavier as [解析] A 本题考查倍数的表达法。“倍数+the+名 词(size, weight, height, depth, length, width等)+ of…”表示“是……的……倍”。故选A。

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My First Day at Senior High

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.His idea received an_____________ enthusiastic (热情的, 热心的) response. 2.I am____________( embarrassed 尴尬的) to admit that I made many mistakes in this investigation. ttitude 3.She shows a very positive a________towards her work. 4.If you want to apply for the job, you must have p________experience of it. revious escription 5.The beauty of the scenery is beyond d________.

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Ⅱ.选词填空

be similar to, far from, have fun, be impressed with, take part in

have fun 1.— Did you____________at yesterday's party? —Yes, I really enjoyed myself. is similar to 2.My sister's view____________mine, while my brother's is quite different. took part in 3.I often____________all kinds of activities when I was at college. far from 4.Our head teacher walked in, looking_________happy. ? 跟 5.On the first day of my school, was impressed with ? 踪 I___________________the amazing classrooms.

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Ⅲ.单项填空 1. We cannot control what happens to us, but we can control our________ toward what happens to us. A.attitude B.thought C.mind D.idea [解析] A 句意:我们不能控制发生在我们身上的事, 但却能控制我们对所发生的事情的态度。attitude表示 “对……的态度”时后面接介词to或toward。thought表 示“对……的想法”时后加介词on;mind虽也有“看法” ? 跟 的意思,但也不与toward搭配;idea意为“主意,想法”, ? 踪 所表述的意义与本句语境不符。

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My First Day at Senior High

2.I'm sure you'll________ me in thanking Professor Barclay for his motivational speech. A.attend B.join C.agree D.tend

[解析] B join sb in(doing)sth加入某人(做)某事,和某 人一起做某事。

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3.He lacks ________ for anything; in other words, he shows no interest in anything, which accounts for his failure. A.energy B.enthusiasm C.encouragement D.enjoyment [解析] B 根据语境得知:他对一切都缺乏热情,这是 他失败的原因。

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4.The purse found on the playground matches the________ by Mary, so it must be hers. A.direction B.description C.expression D.instruction

[解析] B 考查名词词义辨析。句意:因为操场上捡到 的钱包和玛丽描述的相符,因此它一定是玛丽的。 description描述。

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5.—Do you have enough to ________ all your daily expenses? —Oh, yes, enough and to spare. A.cover B.spend C.fill D.Offer [解析] A 付 ”。 考查动词词义辨析。cover意为“(钱)足够支

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佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

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Module 2 My New Teachers

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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 amused adj. 感到有趣 amusing ? 1 . ________adj. 有趣的;可笑的 →________ 基 amusement 的→amuse vt. 使愉快→___________n. 乐趣, 娱乐 础 energetic ? 2.________ adj.精力充沛的→ energy n.精力 梳 organized ? 3 . 理 ________adj.有组织的;有系统的→organizer n.组织者 organize .组织→ ____ organization → ________v ________n.组织 patient patience .耐心 ? 4.________adj. 耐心的→________n ? 5.appreciate ________v. 感激, 欣赏→ appreciation n.感激, 欣赏

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summary ? 6. ________n.总结;摘要;提要→summarize vt.总结;概述 ? 7.________n revision .复习→revise vt.复习; 修订, 修改 基 informal ? 8.________adj. 正式的 →________adj. 非正式的 formal 础 relaxing ? 9.relaxed adj.轻松的;宽松的→________adj. 令人轻松的 relax 梳 →________vt. relaxation 使轻松→ ________ n.轻松;放松 similar similarly ? 10. ________adv.同样地;类似地→________adj. 同样的;类似的 理 →similarity n. 相似

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? Ⅱ.短语检测 make sure ? 1.确定, 确信;查明 make a mistake/make mistakes 基 ______________________ make progress 础? 2.犯错误 keep doing sth 梳 as a result _________________________ 理 do well in sth ? 3.取得进步 in fact _________________________ fall asleep ? 4.不断/总是做某事 tell jokes _________________________ ? 5.结果 返回目录 _________________________

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get bored (with sth) ? 10.厌倦?? would rather _________________________ be true of 基? 11.宁愿, 宁可 础 _________________________ 梳 ? 12.适用于??, 合乎??的事实 理 _________________

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? Ⅲ.佳句再现 ? 1.She's kind and patient, and she explains so clearly that 基 English grammar________________even I 础 can understand it! 梳 ? 她善良耐心, 她解释英语语法如此清 making you feel stupid 理 楚甚至于我都能听懂。 making mistakes ? 2.She so that avoids______________________________ ! I've always hated__________________or pronouncing a word incorrectly when I speak English, but Mrs Li just smiles,

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? 3.We don't dare to say a unless she asks us to word______________________ . 如果她不要求,我们连一句话也不敢 基? 础 说。 improving as a result 梳 ? 4.She explains exactly what is happening 理 and____________my work do well in with Mrs Chen teaching me is____________ . ? 她能准确地解释实验现象, 因此我的 成绩进步了。 ? 5.…but I think that I will__________________ the 返回目录

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? Ⅳ.单元语法 ? Verbs followed by ing
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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 avoid vt. (to prevent sth bad from happening;to stay away from sb or sth) 避免, 逃避, 躲避, 回避 avoid doing sth 避免做某事

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【相关拓展】 只跟v. ing形式 (不可用不定式)作宾语的常见动词及动 词短语有:mind, risk, practise, keep, consider, miss, suggest, enjoy, delay, admit, escape, finish, appreciate, imagine, give up, insist on, can't help, be worth, look forward to, get down to等。

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【活学活用】 (1)He always avoided making risky choices. 他总是避免做冒险的选择。 (2)I find it's almost impossible____________these days. to avoid him 我发现这些天想躲开他几乎是不可能的。 (3)I try to avoid___________________on Saturdays (going) shopping because the stores are so crowded. 我尽量不在星期六上街购物, 因为星期六商店里到 处都是人。

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2

appreciate vt. (to value highly; to be grateful for sth that sb has done )欣赏, 赏识;感激 (1)appreciation n.欣赏, 赏识;感激 (2)appreciate (one‘s) doing sth 感激(某人)做某事

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经典句式 I would appreciate it if… 如果……, 我将不胜感激。

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温馨提示 (1)appreciate表示感激时,后面不能加人作宾 语,只能加表示事物的名词如:one's effort/help/ work等 。 Thank you so much. I really appreciate your help. 非常感谢,我真的非常感激你的帮助。 (2)enjoy, like, dislike, love, hate, prefer, appreciate等表 考 示喜好的动词后加it后跟if或when引导的从句, 构成固定 点 句型。如: 探 I don't like it when people speak with their mouths full. 析 我不喜欢人们满嘴食物时说话。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?广东卷?信息匹配] Since I live in a rather isolated area, I would appreciate any spare copies of text books, teaching materials or journals that other teachers would be able to send me. 因为我住在比较偏远的地方,如果其他老师能够寄 给我几本不用的课本、教学资料或刊物,我将不胜 感激。 doing (2)I really appreciate your____________me that great favour yesterday. 我非常感激你昨天帮了我很大的忙。
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I would appreciate it if (3)_______________________you could turn the music down. 如果你把音乐调小一些, 我将不胜感激。 are not fully appreciated (4)Her abilities____________________by her employer. 她的才干没有完全得到雇主的赏识。

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3

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admit vt. (to allow sb/sth to enter)许可进入, 接受 某人(入院或入学等);(to say that you have done sth wrong) 承认, 供认(常为不情愿地) (1)admission n. 承认;允许进入;入场费 (2)admit sb/sth to/into… 允许……进入/加入…… be admitted to/into… 被……接收 (3)admit doing sth 承认做了某事

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经典句式 It is generally admitted that… (人们)普遍认为……

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?湖北卷?阅读C] It was so popular that it survived long after women were admitted as full students to St Andrews in 1892. 它太受欢迎了,在女性于1892作为全日制学生被圣 安德鲁斯大学接收入学后很久仍然存在。 (2)George would never________________ admit being wrong. 乔治从不认错。 (3)Through her hard work, she_________________________ Peking University. was finally admitted to/into 通过努力学习, 她最后被北京大学录取。
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prefer v. (to like better)更喜欢 would prefer to do 更愿意做某事 prefer (doing/n.)…to (doing/n.) 喜欢……尤胜于…… prefer to do…rather than do… 宁愿做……而不愿做……

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?任务型阅读] In Mexico, lunch is the time to relax,and many people prefer not to discuss business as they eat. 在墨西哥,午饭是放松的时间,在吃饭时很多人不喜 欢谈论公事。 (2)Some people nowadays prefer______________during to stay at home the golden week rather than____out for holidays. = Somego people nowadays prefer________________during staying atto________out home the golden week for holidays. going 现在有些人喜欢在黄金周待在家里而不是外出度假。
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◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 as a result 因此, 结果 (1)as a result of… 由于…… (2)as a consequence 因此, 结果 as a consequence of 由于……的结果 (3)result in 造成;导致 ? 考 result from 因……发生

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【巧学助记】

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温馨提示 在写作中考生容易把as a result当连词使用, 导致标点符号和大小写不符合英语规范, 因此要特 别注意。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?全国卷Ⅱ?阅读E] As a result, Stanford University professor Carol Dweck, PhD, calls them “the overpraised generation.” 因此,斯坦福大学的教授卡罗?德维克博士把他们称 之为“被过奖的一代”。 As a result of (2)________________ the pilots' strike, all flights have had to be cancelled. 由于飞行员的罢工, 所有的航班都取消了。 (3)His failure____________carelessness. resulted from 他的失败是由于粗心造成的。
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2

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keep doing sth 继续/反复做某事 keep on (doing sth) 继续(做某事)/反复(做某事) keep sb doing 使某人一直做…… keep sb from doing 阻止某人做…… keep up 使保持、维持(在同一水平);使不低落;继续 keep up with 跟上, 不落后

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【易混辨析】 keep doing和keep on doing (1)keep doing:cause a process or state to continue使某 一过程或状态继续。如:keep smiling 保持微笑 (2)keep on doing : continue doing sth ; do sth frequently or repeatedly继续做某事;不断或反复做 某事。如:I wish you wouldn't keep on interrupting me. 我真希望你不要总是打断我。 由此可见, keep doing 更强调“状态的持续、继 续”, 而keep on doing更强调“动作的反复”, 但 现在这两个短语意义经常混用。
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温馨提示 keep sb from doing sth中的from不能省略, 注意不要和keep sb doing 混淆。另外与keep sb from doing意义相似的短语prevent/stop sb from doing sth在 主动语态中from可以省略, 被动语态中不可以。 【活学活用】 (1)[2012?陕西卷?书面表达] She has been doing very well in school, but some friends of mine keep telling me that I put too much pressure on her. 她在学习上一直不错,但我的一些朋友不断地告诉我 说我给她的压力太大了。

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burning (2)Please keep the fire__________. It is too cold here. 请让火一直烧着, 这里太冷了。 (3)____________until you reach a large crossroads. Keep going 继续走, 直到你到达一个大的十字路口。 (4)What kept you____________ from coming ? 什么使你没能来?

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make sure (of sth/that…) 确保, 查明, 核实, 弄 清楚 be sure to do sth 一定/务必做某事 for sure 无疑, 肯定, 有把握地 be sure of/about 对……确信/有把握

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考 温馨提示 在make sure的从句中, 如果是谈将来的事情, 点 要用一般现在时而不是将来时。 探 析

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?全国卷Ⅱ?阅读E] But she says there are many little things you can start doing today to make sure that your children, grandchildren and even you are never defeated by failure. 但她说有你今天就可以开始做的很多小事情,来确 保你的孩子、(外)孙子(女),甚至你自己永远不被失 败打倒。 (2)You must____________the time and place. make sure of 你必须把时间和地点弄清楚。

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for sure what will happen in the (3)Nobody knows_________ future. 没有人能肯定将来会发生什么事。 (4)____________________your facts? Are you sure of 你能肯定你的资料属实吗?

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4 would rather 宁愿, 宁可 (1)would rather do sth 宁愿做某事 would rather have done sth 宁愿做过某事(但事实上没做) (2)would rather do A than do B 宁愿做A也不做B (3)would rather sb did sth 考 宁愿某人做某事(用于虚拟语气, 谈现在和将来的情况) 点 would rather sb had done sth 探 宁愿某人做过某事(谈过去的情况, 但过去的事实是: 析 没有做)

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江西卷?阅读A] It's something that you would rather not have anyone else know about. 这是一些你宁愿别人不知道的事情。 (2)On hot summer days, I‘d rather go out swimming than stay at home in the river____________________enjoying air conditioners. 在炎热的夏日, 我宁愿外出到河里游泳也不愿待在 家里享受空调。 have done (3)I would rather ______________ the work yesterday. 我宁愿昨天已经做了这份工作。

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(4)I'd rather you ________ about it. I don't want to tell you about it. A.don't know B.didn't know C.hadn't known D.haven‘t known

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[解析] B 由第二句话可知“你不知道这件事”,因 此would rather后面的从句中表达的是与现在相反的 虚拟,因此用一般过去时。

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◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 I‘ve always hated making mistakes or pronouncing a word incorrectly when I speak English, but Mrs Li just smiles, so that you don’t feel completely stupid! 在说英语时我总是不愿意犯错误或者念错单词, 但是 ? 考 李老师只是笑笑, 因此你就不会感到自己是个大笨蛋 ? 点 了!

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句型公式 so that引导的状语从句 ①主句+so that…(结果状语从句) ②主句+so that…can/could/may/might/will/would…(目 的状语从句) 【归纳比较】 考 (1)so that引导的目的状语从句中常会有情态动词can, 点 could, may, might, will, would等, 可与in order that 互换; 探 而so that引导的结果状语从句中一般没有情态动词, 有时 析 可以和so…that…互换。

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(2)so that引导的目的状语从句之前不用逗号, 而so that 引导的结果状语从句与主句之间往往用逗号隔开(即略作 停顿)。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?陕西卷?阅读C] She picked up a longforgotten membership in the local league of women so that she could get to know more people. 她重新恢复了早已遗忘了的一个当地妇女联盟会员 资格,以便能认识更多的人。 got (2)He worked very hard, so that he________a good mark in the exam. 他学习非常用功, 结果考试考得 很好。 (3)They held a meeting so that they___________everyone ‘s ideas. could hear 他们召开了一次会议为的是能听到众人的心声。
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…but I think that I‘ll do well in the exam with Mrs Chen teaching me. ……但我想, 有陈老师教我, 我一定会考好的。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江苏卷?阅读D] The daughter of immigrants, with a father in prison, she perhaps felt uncomfortable with her new classmates. 作为移民的女儿,爸爸在监狱里服刑,和她的新同学们 在一起她可能感觉不舒服。 ? 考 (2)With so many financial problems ____________ to deal with , ? 点 President Obama feels worried. ? 探 有如此多的金融问题要解决, 奥巴马总统感觉很担忧。

? 析

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My New Teachers

(3)We went through the forest without any difficulty with the guide________us. leading 在导游的引导下, 我们毫不费力地穿过了森林。 (4)With the windows________ open , it is cooler. 窗户开着, 凉快多了。

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考 点 探 析

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My New Teachers

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

(5)________ his pen ________, he had to borrow one from me. A.With; lost B.For; lost C.With; losing D.Because; lost [解析] A 考查with的复合结构。for和because都是连词, 后面要跟句子,要说because his pen was/had been lost, 而且for表原因时引导的句子要放在后面,因此排除B、 D。 with后面可以跟复合结构,his pen与lose之间是逻 辑上的被动关系,因此用过去分词作宾补。故选A。

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My New Teachers

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The cost of food and clothing has been rising in recent years. S________ imilarly , fuel prices have been rising quite considerably. 2.School is closed for the summer and children are on acation v________. 3.The telephone rang, and he answered it i__________ . mmediately 4.The more exercise the young students take, the more nergetic they become. e________ elaxed and ? 跟 5.Gail was lying in the sun, looking very r________ ? 踪 happy.

? 训 ? 练

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My New Teachers

Ⅱ.选词填空

make progress, in fact, get bored with, would rather, in fact 1.Our monitor is very clever ____________ , he is the be ; true of

cleverest in our class. get bored with 2.He is such a person that he won't____________staying at home all day. 3.Many people like staying up, and this____________me. is true of 4.I am glad that I am_________________in my studies. making progress would rather 5.I____________not say. You know, it's a secret.

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My New Teachers

Ⅲ.单项填空 1.Lucy has a great sense of humour and always keeps her colleagues________with her stories. A. amused B. amusing C. to amuse D. to be amused [解析] A 考查非谓语动词。根据句意,her colleagues 与它后面的动词构成被动关系,故用“keep+sb/sth+ done”的结构。

? ? ? ?

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My New Teachers

2.If I find someone who looks like the suspect, my ________ reaction will be to tell the police. A.physical B.immediate C.sensitive D.sudden

[解析] B 考查形容词词义辨析。句意:如果我发现某 人长相酷似疑犯,我的第一反应是报告给警察。 physical身体上的;immediate立即的,立刻的; sensitive敏感的;sudden突然的。

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My New Teachers

3.If you leave the club, you will not be________back in. A.received B.admitted C.turned D.moved [解析] B 考查动词词义辨析。admit允许进入。

? ? ? ?

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My New Teachers

4.On November, 7 Obama gave a victory speech, in which he showed his ________ to all of his supporters, his family and even Romeny. A. inspiration B. satisfaction C. admiration D. appreciation [解析] D 考查名词词义辨析。根据语境可知“奥巴马 在他的获胜演说中表达了对所有他的支持者、家人, ? 跟 甚至罗姆尼的感谢”,而不是“灵感,鼓舞人心的人或 ? 踪 事(inspiration)、满意(satisfaction)或钦佩(admiration)” ? 训 。

? 练

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My New Teachers

5.No one can avoid ________ by advertisements. A.to be influenced B.being influenced C.influencing D.having influence [解析] B 考查avoid的用法。avoid 后面要加动名词作 宾语,又因为主语no one与influence之间为逻辑上的动 宾关系,故用动名词的被动语态形式。句意:没有人 能够避免被广告影响。

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阅读写作(一) 应用文写作之建议信

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◇ 写作点拨 ◇ 建议信是写信人向收信人对某事提出的建议和忠告。建 议信可能是写给个人,也可能是写给某个组织或机构,信 的内容要包括写信的原因,建议的内容,提出建议的理由。 建议信要写得简明扼要、目的明确、具有合理性和说服力。 具体写作步骤一般是“三段式”,通常以firstly, secondly, thirdly或to begin/start with, then, later, last but not least等 依次陈述建议,具体为: 第一段:表明写作意图。陈述事由,简单介绍自己,注 意语气。

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第二段:应该首先肯定对方的优点,然后再写需要改进 的地方或针对具体情况提出具体的建议或忠告。注意千万 不要让别人以为你是在投诉,而不是提建议。

第三段:对提出的建议进行总结。要注意有礼貌,使读 者容易接受。

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◇ 词句模板 ◇ 1.段首常用语: (1)I am writing to express my views concerning… (2)You have asked for my advice about…and I will try to make some suggestions. 2.表达“建议”常用语: (1)I think the most suitable…for you is… (2)I would like to suggest that… (3)You'd better…/It's better to…

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(4)As far as I am concerned…/In my opinion… (5)For one thing…, for another… (6)If I were you, I would… (7)It seems to me that you could…

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3.段尾常用语: (1)I think it would be more beneficial if you could… (2)I believe you will take my advice into account/consideration. (3)I hope you will find these proposals/suggestions practical/useful/helpful. (4)I will be more than happy to see improvements in this regard. (5)I will be ready for further discussing this matter into details.

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4.建议信格式模板: Dear ________, I am ________.Your collection of suggestion on ________ is ________. As is known to all, ________. My suggestions are as follows: First, ________.(People can ________.) Second,(to make economic profits,) ________. Third, ________.(As many of them ________.)

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I hope you will find these proposals useful, and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you into further details.(Or: Your kind consideration of my suggestions will be highly appreciated.) Good luck with your ________.(祝愿) Yours sincerely, Li Ming

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【活学活用】 高三学生面临着沉重的学习压力,很多学生利用课间 休息时间不停学习,但实际上这会影响课堂听课效 率。假如你是高三年级的学生李华,就此现象给中 学生英语报社写一封信,发表自己的看法。信的内 容须包括以下要点: 1.课间休息很必要(说明理由); 2.你是怎样利用课间休息时间的。

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My New Teachers

注意: 1.词数100左右; 2.信的开头和结尾已给出(不计入总词数)。 Dear Editor, I‘m a Senior 3 student from No.2 Middle School.________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ Yours, Li Hua

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My New Teachers

One possible version: Dear_Editor, I'm_a_Senior_3_student_from_No._2_Middle_School. As is known to all, Senior 3 students are suffering heavy pressure of study. As a result, many students are trying to spare every minute to study, even during the tenminute break between classes.

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In my opinion, taking the tenminute break between classes is definitely necessary, which makes us relaxed both physically and mentally. The tenminute break is meant for us to relax and prepare for the next class. Only by doing so can we have more energy to study effectively in class.

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My New Teachers

My tenminute break is always pleasing as well as relaxing. Sometimes I do some simple exercises. Sometimes I have a free chat with my classmates or just take a walk outside. Therefore, I always feel energetic and listen attentively in class. Yours, Li_Hua

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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第3讲 Module 3 My First Ride on a Train

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My First Ride on a Train

? ? ? ?

佳 作 晨 ? 读

[2012?福建卷] 假定你是某中学生英 语报的小记者,以下漫画内容是你的所见 所闻,请根据要求写一篇英语短文投稿。 内容要求: ? 1.描述漫画内容; ? 2.发表个人感想。

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My First Ride on a Train

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佳 作 注意: 晨 1.短文标题与开头已给出,不计入总词数; 读 2.考生可适当发挥,使文章内容充实、连贯;
3.词数120左右; 4.文中不能出现考生的具体信息。 参考词汇:告示牌 sign

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My First Ride on a Train

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佳 —— 精 彩 美 文 —— 作 Mind Your Behavior in Public Places 晨 读 Last_Sunday,_I_went_sightseeing_with_my_friends_in_the
_Fairy_Lake_Park.The park was full of freshness and beauty of spring, with the sun shining and birds singing. When I was enjoying the fantastic scenery around, something unpleasant caught my eye. A young couple in a boat were eating, talking and laughing loudly as if they were the only people in the world. What's worse, they spat and even threw rubbish into the lake, totally ignoring the noticeable sign “No Littering” nearby. What a shame!
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My First Ride on a Train

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佳 作 Such behavior left me deep in thought. If all visitors to 晨 the Fairy Lake Park do as the couple did, the lake will be 读 severely polluted and soon turned into a huge dustbin. I
think all of us should mind our behavior in public places. Only in this way can we live in more comfortable and beautiful surroundings.

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My First Ride on a Train

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佳 —— 名 师 点 睛 —— 作 1.行文逻辑:描述图画内容,揭示反映问题→发表 晨 读 个人感想(环境需要大家共同维护)。较好地使用了连接词
语,如:What's worse等。 2.词汇短语:运用了较高级的短语。如:was full of, caught my eye, in thought等。

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My First Ride on a Train

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佳 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如: 作 晨状语从句When I was enjoying the fantastic scenery 读around(时间状语从句);as if they were the only people in
the world(方式状语从句);If all visitors to the Fairy Lake Park do as the couple did(条件状语从句)。感叹句What a shame!被动语态…the lake will be severely polluted and soon turned into…。倒装句Only in this way can we live in…。非谓语动词结构with the sun shining and birds singing(with复合结构);ignoring…(现在分词作状语)。

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My First Ride on a Train

? ? ? ?

? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 abandoned 基 ? 1. ________n. 距离→ distant adj. 远处的, shot 不 shot 础 友好的 desert 梳 ? 2.expert __________adj. 被遗弃的→ abandon vt. 理 遗弃, 抛弃 produce ? 3. shoot vt. 射杀 → 过去式 / 过去分词 production ________/________ ? 4.desert n.沙漠→________ v. 抛弃; 遗 弃
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distance

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scenery

My First Ride on a Train

? ? ? ?

? 7.frighten ________n. 风景;景色→ scene n. frightening 基 现场, 场景, 景色 frightened 础 ? 8.________v. 使吃惊, 惊吓→ 梳 理 __________adj. 令人恐惧的→ interview ________adj. 感到恐惧的, 感到害怕的 exhausting exhausted →fright n. 恐惧, 害怕 exhaust ? 9.interviewer n.(面试时的)主考官; 面谈者→ __________v.&n. 面试 ? 10._________adj.疲惫不堪的→ 返回目录 __________adj. 令人疲惫不堪的

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? Ⅱ.短语检测 take off ? 1.(飞机)起飞 get on 基 _________________________ get off 础? 2.上(车、船等) try doing sth 梳 be short for _________________________ 理 not…any more/longer ? 3.下(车、船等) out of date _________________________ at a speed of ? 4.试着做某事 attend the opening ceremony _________________________ ? 5.是??的缩写或简称 返回目录 _________________________

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? Ⅲ.佳句再现 ? 1.We ate great cooked by experts 基 meals________________________! abandoned which were built 础? 我们吃的美味饭菜是由烹饪大师们做 梳 的! 理 Travelling at a speed of ? 2 .We saw____________ farms________________more than a hundred years ago. ? 我们看到了一百多年前建造的已经废 弃了的农场。 ? 3._____________________over 400 返回目录

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? Ⅳ.单元语法 ? 基 ? The ed form; Past tense time expressions
? 础 ? 梳 ? 理

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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 distance n. 距离 at a distance (of…) 相隔……距离, 隔开一段距离 in the distance 在远处 keep one's distance (from sb/sth) 与……保持一定距离;对……冷淡, 疏远 ? 考 keep sb at a distance ? 点 与某人保持一定距离; 不愿与某人亲近

? 探 ? 析

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My First Ride on a Train

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)I saw a car in the distance and jumped up as I recognized the car. It was my mother. 我看到远处一辆车,当我认出那辆车时跳了起来, 那是我妈妈。 (2)A shark can smell blood________________half a at a distance of kilometer. 鲨鱼在距离半公里处就能闻到血腥味。 keep her distance (3)Her father advised her to________________from that fellow. 她父亲劝她疏远那家伙。
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2

abandoned adj. (be left and no longer wanted, used or needed) 废弃的, 被遗弃的 (1)abandon vt. 抛弃, 遗弃, 放弃 (2)abandon oneself to sth 沉湎于(某种感情), 陷入

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

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My First Ride on a Train

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考 点 探 析

【易混辨析】 abandon和desert abandon和desert 都可以表示“遗弃, 抛弃”。但是 abandon还可以表示“完全放弃(尤指已开始的某事物, 如 计划, 方案等)”。

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My First Ride on a Train

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)The child was found abandoned but unharmed. 该弃儿被发现时安然无恙。 (2)He had to________________________. abandon the whole plan 他不得不放弃了整个计划。 (3)People find all sorts of excuses for __________ abandoning an animal. 人们为遗弃动物找了各种各样的借口。

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3

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考 点 探 析

shoot vt. 射杀;投篮, 射门;拍摄(照片, 电影) (1)shoot at 开(枪或其他武器)向……射击 shoot sb 射伤某人, 射中某人 (2)shoot an angry glance/a question at sb =shoot sb an angry glance/a question 突然瞪了某人一眼/突然向某人发问

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My First Ride on a Train

【巧学助记】

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考 点 探 析

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)We were really shocked by the news that a gunman shot 20 students in the campus. 一个持枪歹徒在校园里射杀了20名学生的消息让我 们非常震惊。 (2)The hunter_______the bird but missed it. shot at 猎人向那只鸟开枪, 但是没打着。 (3)The new movie_________in was shot Africa. 这部新的影片是在非洲拍摄的。

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4

scenery n. (general natural features of an area, eg. mountains, valleys, rivers)风景, 自然景色 admire/enjoy scenery 欣赏风景

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考 点 探 析

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My First Ride on a Train

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考 点 探 析

【易混辨析】 scene, scenery, view和sight (1)scene指一眼可以浏览的风景, 不限于自然景色。也 可表示“现场”“场景”, 戏剧中的“一幕”, 大 多包括景物中的人及活动。on the scene 在现场, 到现场 They stood there, gazing at the happy scene of children playing in the park. 他们站在那里注视着孩子们在公园里玩耍的欢乐场 面。 (2)scenery是不可数名词, (总称)风景, 景色, 指自 然风光。是由多个scene构成的景色。
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My First Ride on a Train

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考 点 探 析

(3)view 常指从某处所看到的景物, 还可以指“视野, 视域”。 have a good/bad etc. view (of sth) 看得见/看不见 come into view 进入视野, 被看见 in view 在视野中 If you stand up, you can get a better view of the match. 如果你站起来, 你就能看清楚比赛。 (4)sight 表示眼睛所看到的“情景, 景象”, 可以是 美丽的, 也可以是悲惨的;表示“风景, 名胜”时, 常用复数形式;还可以指“视力, 视野, 看见”。
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My First Ride on a Train

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考 点 探 析

lose one's sight 失明 at the sight of 一看见 in(within)/out of (sb's) sight (指物体等)看得见/看不 见 come into sight 进入视野 see the sights 游览名胜 What a poor sight. The trees were all cut down. 多么悲惨的景象, 树木都被砍倒了。

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【巧学助记】

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考 点 探 析

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)When I was enjoying the fantastic scenery around, something unpleasant caught my eye. 我正在欣赏四周美丽的风景时,一件令人不愉快的 事情吸引了我的注意。 (2)One of the advantages of living on the top floor of a highrise building is that you can get a good________. view 住在高层建筑的顶层的好处之一是视野开阔。 (3)When we reached the top of the mountain, a wide plain came into____________. 我们登上山顶, 辽阔的平原尽收眼底。 view/sight
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考 点 探 析

(4)The sunset was a beautiful________. sight 落日是一幅美丽的景象。 scenery (5)The________was beautiful beyond description. 那风景美丽得难以形容。 (6)We are going to Paris for the weekend to see sights the________. 我们要去巴黎过周末, 参观那里的名胜。

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5

event n. 事件, 大事;比赛项目;公开活动, 社交 场合 in the event of sth 万一, 如果

? ? ? ?

考 点 探 析

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考 点 探 析

【易混辨析】 event, incident和accident (1)event指“重大历史事件”或日常生活中的重要事件。 (2)incident通常指不太重要但却又引人注意的小事。 (3)accident指事故,往往指“偶然的事故”, 尤其是 不幸的事故。by accident 是指“偶然地”。

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?广东卷?阅读D] Sport events are the most popular weekend programs, especially among male viewers who may not watch much television at other times during the week. 体育赛事是最受欢迎的周末节目,特别是受到那些 在一周的其他时间可能很少看电视的男性观众的欢 迎。 event (2)It was quite an ________ when a woman first became prime minister. 首次由女人任首相倒是件大事。
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(3)An awful ________has happened. accident 发生了一起可怕的意外事故。 (4)He told me of an________ incident that took place on his first day at school. 他给我讲了一件发生在他上学第一天的事情。

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考 点 探 析

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◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 get on 上(车、船等) get on/along (with sb/sth) 相处融洽; 进展 get off 下(车、船等);下班;离开, 动身 get around/round/about 四处走动(旅行);(消息等)传开 get away from 摆脱;离开 考 get across 使理解;使明白 点 get down to sth 开始做某事;开始认真注意某事 探 get over 痊愈, 康复, 恢复;克服, 战胜 析 get through通过(考试等);打通电话;熬过(困境);完成 get together 相聚, 聚会
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【活学活用】 (1)When a woman with a baby in her arms got on, he stood up and gave his seat up to her. 当一个抱小孩的 女士上了车,他站起来把座位让给了她。 (2)用get相关短语的正确形式填空 ①I won't be able to____________the office before 19: get away from 00. ②His dream is____________ to get around the places of interest in Europe after retirement. got over ③She never____________ the death of her son. ④He is not good at__________his meaning________. getting across
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get down ⑤We need to____________to some serious talks. to get through ⑥We've got a lot of work____________. ⑦How are you________________in getting on/along your driving test?

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(3)I tried phoning her office, but I couldn't ________. A.get along B.get on C.get to D.get through [解析] D 根据前句的“尝试打电话”可知应是“没有打 通”。get through打通电话;get along相处融洽,进 展;get on上车;get to到达。

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take off 起飞;脱下;(to suddenly start being successful)开始成功,开始走红 take a day off 休一天假 take away 拿走, 带走 take over 接管, 接收;接替;占上风 take in 接纳,吸收;欺骗 take on 呈现;雇用 take up 占据(时间或空间);开始从事

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【活学活用】 (1)In Korea, you should take off your shoes when entering a house. 在韩国,在进屋之前你应当脱掉鞋子。 (2)根据语境推断take off的含义,选择与之匹配的英文 释义 a. to leave the ground and start flying b. to become successful or popular very fast c. to have some time away from work ①The plane is due to take off at 7:50 from the a airport.________ c ②Sir, can I take this afternoon off?________
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③Her singing took off after her TV appearance.________ b (3)用适当的介词或副词完成句子 ①The old factory has taken ________ a new look since on he took charge of it. up ②After his retirement, he took ________ gardening. off ③Since then, his business has really taken ________. ④It is suggested that Smith take ________ the work. over in ⑤The school had to expand to take ________ many more students.

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3 try doing 试着做某事 【易混辨析】 try to do和try doing (1)try to do: to make an attempt or effort to do or get sth, “努力去做某事”, “尽力做……”, 表示想尽一切办 法要把事情办成。 ? 考 (2)try doing:to use, do or test sth in order to see if it is ? 点 good, suitable, etc., “尝试着做某事”, “试着(用什么 ? 探 方法)去做某事”, 常抱有一种试着做做看的心态。

? 析

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【相关拓展】 我们所学的不少动词(词组), 其后既可接动词ing形式, 又 可接不定式形式, 但含义不同。 如: go on doing sth 继续做原来的事 go on to do sth (做完某事)接着去做另一件事 stop doing sth 停止做某事 考 stop to do sth 停下来去做另一件事 点 forget/remember/regret doing sth 探 忘记了/记起/后悔做过某事 析 forget/remember/regret to do sth 忘记了/记起/遗憾要去做某事
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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?课标全国卷?信息匹配] Try taking these four steps the next time you are stressed. 下次你压力大时,试试采取这四个措施。 try to be (2)You must____________more careful. 你可要多加小心。 (3)I_________________at the back door, but nobody tried knocking answered.我试着敲了敲后门, 但没人回答。

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4

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be short for (to be a shorter way of saying a name) 为……的缩写 be short of 缺少, 不足, 少于 run/go short (of) 短缺, 不足 in short 简言之 for short 缩写, 简称

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【活学活用】 (1)Her name is Alex, short for Alexandra. =Her name is Alexandra. We call her Alex for short. 她叫亚历山德拉, 简称艾里克斯。 In short (2)____________ , everyone should take part in the fight against pollution. 总之, 每个人都应该参与到抗污染的斗争中去。 (3)I'm________________this week.我这个星期缺钱。 short of money

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1

◇ 句型透视 ◇ And what a ride! 多奇妙的旅程啊!

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句型公式 感叹句 what引导的感叹句句型公式: ①What a/an (+adj. )+单数名词+主语+谓语! ②What (+adj. )+复数名词/不可数名词+主语+谓语! how引导的感叹句句型公式: ? 考 ①How+adj. +a/an+单数可数名词+主语+谓语! ? 点 ②How+adj./adv. +主语+谓语! ? 探 ③How+主语+谓语!

? 析

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温馨提示 what 引导的感叹句的第一个句型和how引导的第一个 句型可以互相转换。另外what 引导的感叹句中的形 容词可以省略;what和how 引导的感叹句中的主谓 部分也经常省略。 【活学活用】 (1)[2012?湖南卷?完形] How I wanted the perfect teeth that everyone else seemed to have! 我是多么想拥有好像别人都有的完美的牙齿!

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(2)__________________to have a talk with the super star! What fun it will be 和这位超级明星谈话将会是多么有趣啊! (3)You don‘t know__________________when he heard about the news. how excited he was 你不知道当他听说这个消息时是多么激动。

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2

Would you mind showing me your ticket?/ Would you mind if I saw your ticket? 请出示你的票好吗?

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句型公式 ①Would (Do) you mind + doing sth? 考 表示希望对方做某事 点 ②Would (Do) you mind+[one(宾格)/one's] + doing? 探 表示请求允许或询问对方是否介意自己或别人做某事 析 ③Would (Do) you mind +if从句? 表示请求对方是否介意某人做某事
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【句式点拨】 当“Would you mind +if从句”时, 从句谓语常用一般 过去时, 而“Do you mind +if从句”时, 从句谓语常 用一般现在时。如: Do you mind if he attends the meeting? (= Do you mind him/his attending the meeting?)他参加会议好吗? ? 考 Would you mind if I took his place? (=Would you mind ? 点 me/my taking his place?) ? 探 我代替他好吗?

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温馨提示 Would you mind…?句型一般用在面对陌生人时或者非常 正式的场合, 用来表达委婉、客气的意愿, 不用在朋 友之间或者普通、随便的场合。 表示“不介意”的答语通常有: No, of course not./Certainly not./Not at all./Go 考 ahead./Do as you like./Not in the least. 点 表示“介意”或“不同意”时则常用较委婉的方式加以 探 拒绝。如: I'm sorry but I do./Sorry, you'd better 析 not./I'm afraid you can't./I'd rather you didn't./I'm sorry, but it's not allowed.等。要注意很少用Yes, I do mind.来回答, 因为这种答语显得较生硬。
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【活学活用】 (1)Would you mind not picking the flowers in the garden? They are for everyone's enjoyment. 请不要摘花园里的花好吗?这些花是供大家欣赏的。

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(2)—Would you mind if I smoked here? —________. A.No, of course B.Yes, please C.No, please not D.I'm sorry, but it's not allowed [解析] D 用no回答则表示“不介意”,那么A应该在 of course 后面加not,B则前后矛盾;C也是前后矛 盾,D则委婉地表示希望对方不要抽烟。

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3

Travelling at a speed over 400 kilometres per hour, the train can complete the 30-kilometre journey in eight minutes. 火车以每小时400多公里的时速前进,在8分钟内就完 成了30公里的路程。

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【句式点拨】 Travelling at a speed…是现在分词短语在句中作状语, 其逻辑主语是主句的主语the train。v.ing形式作状语与 句子的主语存在逻辑上的主动关系;过去分词短语作状 语与句子的主语存在逻辑上的被动关系。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?福建卷?完形] During the school holidays, we'd explore the countryside on our bicycles,hoping to come across the unexpected. 假期里,我们会骑着自行车在乡村考察,希望能有奇遇。 (2)He came________ back to tell me the news. ? 考 他跑回来告诉我这个消息。 running

? 点 ? 探 ? 析

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(3)Fifteen million trees have been blown down by the high winds,____________roads, paths and railway lines. blocking 大风刮倒了1,500万棵树, 阻塞了大小道路和铁路线。 (4)He stood there,____________to death. 他站在那里, 吓得要死。

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frightened

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Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.We were lost in the forest and finally found an a________house to stay in that night. bandoned 2.Our parents wished us a safe j________as we drove away. ourney 3.He had gone to a lot of i________before he got this job. 4.We are all e________after nterviews the long journey. 5.Three people were s________dead during the robbery.
xhausted hot

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跟 踪 训 练

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Ⅱ.选词填空
is short for 1.WWW____________World Wide Web. 2.You'd better make sure when the flight____________. 3.We shall have to go another five miles until we reach the takes off mountain____________. 4.He didn't leave he saw his inuntil the distance daughter____________the bus. 5.It is getting dark. get on We really have to____________.

take off, get on, get off, be short for, in the distance

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get off

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Ⅲ.单项填空 1.I only know it is a ________ distance away from here, but I don't know ________ the distance exactly is. A.great; how far B.great; what C.far; how far D.far; what [解析] B 考查distance的用法和宾语从句。表示“距离 远”,distance前面的形容词不可用far而是用great, ? 跟 good,long;对distance提问不用how far 而要用what ? 踪 ,故选项中只有B项正确。

? 训 ? 练

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2.Due to bad weather, the police had to ________ the search for the missing boy. A.resign B.abandon C.conduct D.release

[解析] B 考查动词辨析。 abandon 放弃。句意:由于 恶劣的天气,警察放弃了搜寻那个失踪的男孩。

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3.On Christmas Eve, our city held an outdoor ________ which attracted nearly 200 thousand people. A.incident B.event C.case D.affair

[解析] B 考查名词词义辨析。event指重大活动、重大 事件。incident 为普通用语,指事件,或指事端,政治 上引起国际战争或争端的事件。

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4. I still remember the ________ where the mayor awarded me the prize. A.view B.sight C.scene D.scenery [解析] C 考查名词词义辨析。scene在此句中指“场景, 情景”,此意往往包含人与活动在内。句意:我还记得 市长颁发给我这个奖时的那一幕。view强调“从某一角 度所看到的”;sight指“视野,视域或风景,景象”; scenery则是“风景,景色”的总称。

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5. He was awarded the best player for having ________ the most goals in the game. A.made B.thrown C.obtained D.shot

[解析] D 句意:他因为在比赛中进球最多而被评为 最佳球员。shoot射门,投篮。

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佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第4讲 Module 4 A Social Survey—My Neighbourhood

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A Social Survey—My

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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 attractive 基 ? 1._______ ___n. 四邻, 街坊→ neighbor attraction 础 n. 邻居 fortunately 梳 fortune unfortunate ? 2. ________adj. 有吸引力的 → attract vt.吸 理 unfortunately 引,引起 ……的好感→ _________n.吸引, tourist 吸引力 tourism ? 3. fortunate adj.幸运的→__________adv. starve starving 幸运地 _______n.运气, 财富→ ______ _____adj.不幸的→___________adv. 不幸地 返回目录

neighborhood

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unemployed

employ

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? 6.___________adj.失业的→ 基 ________v. professional 雇用→employee n.雇工→ 础 employer n. 雇主→ employment n. 就业 professor 梳 工作, 职业 理 ,fascinating fascinated ? 7. _________adj.专业的→ profession survival n. survive 职业→__________n.教授 ? 8.__________adj. 迷人的→ fascinate v.迷住→ _________adj. 着迷的 ? 9._________vi. 幸存, 死里逃生→返回目录

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? Ⅱ.短语检测 a fivestorey(ed) apartment block ? 1.一座五层的公寓大楼 put up 基 _________________________ so far/up to now/till now 础? 2.建造;张贴 mean by… 梳 _________________________ get away (from…) 理 ? 3.到目前为止 a large number of/a great many make it _________________________ go up ? 4.??的意思是 make money _________________________ can't afford to do sth ? 5.摆脱, 离开, 去度假 返回目录 _______________________

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? Ⅲ.佳句再现 has been/is six years since ? 1It . __________________________ we last 基 saw each other. I've visited 础? 我们有六年没见面了。 梳 理? 2.And this is the first I've visited time____________your hometown. ? 这是我第一次到你的家乡来。 I've been to ? 3.I've seen quite a lot of China and____________ some beautiful cities, but this is one of the most attractive places__________________. 返回目录

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in the way that ? 4.The cities are never beautiful ________________ the countryside is There are times when beautiful. 城市从来没有乡村的那种美。 基 get away from 础? 5.____________________ I need to get out 梳 into the countryside and________________ 理 the noise, the dirt and the people. ? 有时候,我需要进入乡村,远离(城市 的)噪音、肮脏和人群。

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? Ⅳ.单元语法 ? Present perfect tense
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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 pretty adv. (fairly or more than a little, very) 相当, 非常 adj. 漂亮的

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【易混辨析】 fairly, quite, rather和pretty (1) 只 有 rather 一 词 能 和 比 较 级 及 too 连 用 , 如 : rather warmer, rather too cold。 (2)注意这几个程度副词与名词的搭配顺序: 可以说 a rather/fairly/pretty/quite long road, 也可以说 考 rather/quite a long road;quite还可以直接修饰名词, 点 如:quite a lot 相当多。 探 (3)一些“没有程度差别”的词, 如:perfect, impossible, 析 不能与fairly, rather, pretty连用, 但可以和quite连用, 表示completely或absolutely的意思。如:quite right完 全正确, quite possible完全可能。
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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江西卷?阅读C] I was pretty sure there was something wrong with me. 我非常确信我遇到问题了。 (2)This hotel is________ rather more expensive than that. 这家旅馆的收费比那家贵得多。 (3)What a________girl! pretty 好漂亮的女孩子!

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quite/rather (4)He told us______ ____ a sad story. 他给我们讲了个相当令人难过的故事。 (5)It will take me________a time to get used to the life quite here. 要适应这里的生活得花我相当长的一段时间。

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2

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sound linking verb. 听起来 v. (使)发出声音 n. 声音 adj. 完好的, 健康的;(睡眠等)充分的 adv. (睡眠等)充 分地 (1)sound OK/good/tired etc. 听起来还行/很好/很疲倦 等 (2)sound like 听起来像 sound (to sb) as if/though… 听起来似乎…… (3)be sound asleep 熟睡 safe and sound 安然无恙

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考 点 探 析

温馨提示 (1)sound作系动词时, 后面常加形容词, 此时要注意 sound没有被动语态。 (2)sound as if/though后面加句子, 而sound like中like 为介词, 后面一般加名词、代词或动名词, 但在非 正式语言中sound like后面有时也会加句子。如: I hope I don't sound as if/as though I'm criticizing you. You sounded just like your father when you said that.

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?陕西卷?信息匹配] It makes the speaker sound uncertain and unprepared, and it can leave listeners so annoyed that they can't pay attention. 这使演讲者听起来没有把握,而且准备不足,会让 听众生气以至于无法集中注意力。 (2)Please________________in case of fire. sound the alarm 万一起火, 请拉响警报。 (3)Rescuers brought the climbers back____________. safe and sound 救援人员把登山的人都平安地救了回来。

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3

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bother v. (to make the effort to do sth)麻烦, 费心 ;(to make sb feel slightly worried, upset, or annoyed) 烦扰, 打扰, 使烦恼n. 麻烦, 烦扰 bother sb about/with sth 打扰或烦扰某人;给某人添麻烦 bother to do/doing sth 费工夫做某事(常用于否定和疑问句)

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考 点 探 析

【经典句式】 It bothers me that………让我烦心。 What bothers me is that…让我烦心的是…… It is no bother. 没关系, 不费事。 【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江苏卷?任务型阅读] In this kind of highpressure situation, many leaders bother their assistants with frequent meetings or flood their inboxes with urgent demands. 在这种高压状况下,很多领导频繁地开会让他们的 助手烦恼不堪,或者往他们的邮箱里不断地发送紧 急的命令和要求。
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(2)__________________ ____ he'd forgotten my birthday. It really bothered me that 他把我的生日忘了, 这让我心里很不痛快。 bother asking/to ask (3)Since you are not interested, why___________ ___? 既然你不感兴趣, 为什么还要费口舌问呢? (4)—Thanks for your help. —It was____________. no bother ? 考 “谢谢你的帮助。”“没什么。”

? 点 ? 探 ? 析

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

approach n. 接近;通路;(a method of doing sth or dealing with a problem)方法v. (to come near or nearer in space or time)接近, 靠近 (1)approachable adj. 可接近的, 可到达的;和蔼可亲的 (2)at the approach of… 在……快到的时候 (3)adopt/take an approach 采用某种方法 ? 考 approach to (doing) sth 做某事的方法

4

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)On approaching them, we saw it was a mother whale with her baby. 一靠近它们,我们看清这是一头母鲸和它的幼鲸。 to learning a (2)They are trying a new approach____________ second language. 他们正尝试新的方法学习第二外语。

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

5

exchange n. & v. (giving one thing or person in return for another)交换; 调换;交流 (1)exchangeable adj. 可交换的;可兑换的 (2)in exchange for 作为……的交换 exchange A for B 用A和B交换/交易

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考 点 探 析

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?北京卷?阅读A] If the course fails to provide complete satisfaction to you, you can easily exchange it for any other course that we offer. 如果这个课程不能让你完全满意,你可以很容易地 更换成我们提供的任何其他课程。 exchanged our opinions (2)We____________________about the event at the meeting. 在会上, 我们就此事交换了意见。 (3)I have offered to paint the kitchen______________a in exchange for week's accommodation. 我提出愿意粉刷厨房, 条件是让我免费住宿一周。
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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

6

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考 点 探 析

afford vt. (to have enough money or time for sth or to do sth) 花费得起, 抽得出(时间), 担负得起 (损失、 后果等) (常与can, could, be able to 连用);(to provide or give sth)提供, 给予 (1)afford (to do) sth 担负得起;有时间做某事 (2)afford sb sth/afford sth to sb 提供给某人某物

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)I was concerned that he might have no money and not be able to afford something to eat. 我担心他可能没有钱,买不起吃的东西。 (2)I can‘ t_____________though I really need a holiday. afford the time 尽管我的确需要休假, 但抽不出时间来。 (3)We__________________any longer or we‘ll miss the can't afford to wait plane. 我们不能再等了, 否则会误了飞机。

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

7

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考 点 探 析

contact n. & vt. (communication;to write to or telephone sb)联系, 联络;接触, 触碰 (1)make contact with sb 和某人取得联系 lose contact with sb 和某人失去联系 keep in contact with sb 和某人保持联系 (2)get in touch with sb 和某人取得联系 lose touch with sb 和某人失去联系 keep in touch with sb 和某人保持联系

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?任务型阅读] In both countries, eye contact is avoided as a sign of respect. 在这两个国家,都避免眼神接触,以示对别人的尊 敬。 (2)I finally ______________________________________ contacted/made contact with/got in touch with her in Paris. 我终于在巴黎同她取得了联系。

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 make it 取得成功;赶上, 及时赶到(make it to…); 出席, 到场

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考 点 探 析

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?上海卷?阅读A] This part of the trip was slow, hard work and depressing, but he made it in the end. 这部分旅行缓慢、辛苦而且令人压抑,但他最终还 是成功了。 (2)—We have only just 20 minutes to get to the station. —All right.________________________. “我们只有20分钟的时间去车站。 I think we can make it” “好吧, 我认为我们能赶到。”

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

made it to a (3)With blood pouring from his leg, he__________ nearby house. 腿上流着血, 他挣扎着来到了附近的一所房子里。

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

2

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考 点 探 析

put up 建造;张贴;提高(价格);举起;让(某人)留 宿 put up with 容忍,忍受 put aside 把……搁一边;存钱 put down 写下,记下 put off 推迟 put forward 提出(建议等) put out 扑灭;熄灭 put away 放好;储存……备用 put on 穿上;增加;演出

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)Protesters have been putting up barricades across a number of major intersections. 抗议者们在许多主要的十字路口设置了路障。 (2)根据语境用put短语的适当形式填空 ①My landlord's threatening to ____________ the put up rent________ by 100 yuan a week. put up ②We can________ all of you________ for the night. put away/asidefor ③She's got a few thousand pounds____________ her retirement.

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

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考 点 探 析

④I will not____________ put up with your bad behaviour any longer. ⑤She keeps____________ going to the dentist. off ⑥—It seems Iputting am____________ weight. —You are. You should watch putting on your weight. ⑦They____________ a number of suggestions at the meeting. put forward

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

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3 mean by ……的意思是 (1)mean to do sth 打算做某事 mean doing 意味着, 意思是 be meant for… 意图是给……, 本意用来…… (2)mean no harm 并非有意伤害 mean it/what one says 说话算话 考 mean sth (a lot/nothing etc.)(to sb) 点 (对某人)(不)重要, (对某人)(没)有价值 探 (3)by all means (表示同意)当然可以, 没问题 析 by this(that) means/by means of sth 用这种(那种)办法,借助于 by no means 绝不; 一点都不
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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)What do you mean by saying that? 你那样说是什么意思? (2)The book________________children. is meant for 这本书是给孩子们看的。 (3)Being late______________another hour. means waiting 迟到意味着再等一个小时。 (4)Money________________ means nothing to me. 钱对我来说没什么用处。 by means of crane. (5)The broken car was lifted____________a 借助于起重机把那辆破损的汽车吊了起来。
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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

(6)—Can I use your car? Mine is being repaired. — ________, but you'd better get it back before 5 o'clock. A.By no means B.By all means C.Certainly not D.Go on

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考 点 探 析

[解析] B 根据语境判断应是同意借车,by all means“当然可以”,表示同意。by no means“绝不”; go on“继续”,如果同意借车,可以用go ahead回答。

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 It's been six years since we last saw each other. 我们有六年没见面了。

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考 点 探 析

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

句型公式 It has been/is+时间段+since…表示“自从……以 来已经……”。 温馨提示本句型中since从句的动词若是延续性动词, 则 表示“有多长时间没做某事了”。如: ? 考 It is years since I worked here. ? 点 我已经好几年没在这儿工作了。

? 探 ? 析

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

【巧学助记】

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考 点 探 析

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

【活学活用】 (1)It is/has been ten years since he graduated from school. 他毕业已经10年了。 (2)It has been years since________in the village. 我已多年不在那个村子住了。 I lived

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考 点 探 析

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

(3)As it reported, it is 100 years ________ Qinghua University was founded. A.when B.before C.after D.since [解析] D 考查固定句型。It+ is +时间段+since +从句,表示“自从??以来已经有多长时间了”。

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考 点 探 析

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

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And this is the first time I‘ve visited your hometown. 这是我第一次到你的家乡来。 句型公式 表示“这是某人第一/……次做某事”: This is the first/…time that+现在完成时 This was the first/…time that+过去完成时 考 【相关拓展】 点 for the first time“初次, 首次”, 用作时间状语。 探 the first time可引导时间状语从句, 表示“当第一次 析 做……时”。

2

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

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【活学活用】 (1)This is the first time I have taken pictures with my own camera. 这是我第一次用我自己的照相机拍照。 (2)That ____________________ that I had flown kites with was the first time Grandpa. 那是我第一次同祖父一起放风筝。 考 (3)________________ The first time I saw the West Lake, I was struck by 点 its beauty. 探 第一次见到西湖, 我就被它的美丽迷住了。 析 (4)When I traveled in Paris, I saw the Eiffel Tower________________________. for the first time 到巴黎旅游时, 我第一次见到了埃菲尔铁塔。
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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.My hometown is an________ attractive(吸引人的) town. organize 组织) a group of parents 2.The lawyer helped________( who took action for their children. survived (幸存) the plane crash. 3.Just eight passengers________ 4.I don't want to b________her with my problems at the other moment. 5.He was held up by heavy t________. raffic

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跟 踪 训 练

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

Ⅱ.选词填空
get away 1.We're hoping to____________for a few days at Easter. gone up 2.Unemployment in the country has____________by a million. make it 3.I believe I have the talent to____________ . 4.Many highrise buildings have____________________in the business district been put up by them. 5.He has had five books published____________.

put up, so far, get away, go up, make it

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跟 踪 训 练

so far

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

Ⅲ.单项填空 1.I don't want ________ like I'm speaking ill of anybody, but the manager's plan is unfair. A.to sound B.to be sounded C.sounding D.to have sounded [解析] A 表示“想要做某事”时want 后只能接to do sth ,排除C项;sound like 中sound是系动词,属于不及 物动词,不能用于被动语态,排除B项;sound 发生在 want后,故不用完成时,排除D项。

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

2.It really ________ me that my friends went to the cinema without me. A.worried B.bothered C.interrupted D.concerned

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跟 踪 训 练

[解析] B 考查动词词义辨析。从句意看,说话者因为 朋友们看电影没有叫他(她)而感到烦恼(bother),而不 是“担心(worry)”、“担忧(concern)”或“打岔,中断 (interrupt)”。

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

3.I can't annoy my boss because I can't ________ to lose my job. A.allow B.risk C.afford D.Accept

[解析] C 考查动词词义辨析。句意:我不能惹恼我的 老板,因为我丢不起这份工作。can't afford to do 表示 “担负不起 (损失、后果等)”;risk 后接doing的形式, 表示“不能冒险做(某事)”。

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跟 踪 训 练

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

4.Fortunately, most of the people ________ the earthquake, though many of the buildings were destroyed. A.survived from B.survived C.lived from D.kept alive [解析] B survive表示“经历过某种灾难等而活下来”, live from无此搭配,keep alive 后面不能直接加宾语。

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

5.A new ________ to teaching English is being used in this school, and it has proved to be very helpful to the students. A.way B.means C.approach D.method

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跟 踪 训 练

[解析] C 考查名词词义辨析。approach表示“方法” 的时候,后面的to为介词。其他表示“方法”的名词 搭配为:the way to do/the means of doing/the method of doing。
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阅读写作(二) 应用文写作之申请信

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

◇ 写作点拨 ◇ 申请信有很多种,有求职申请信、加入某组织的申请 信、报考申请信、申请学位或留学申请信等等。写申请信 时要注意语言言简意赅,语气诚恳礼貌。要避免不符合事 实的浮夸。如果是留学申请和奖学金申请,要注意提供以 下信息:写明申请学校和专业,简介个人履历,索取对方 学校相关信息,附上个人经历等材料。 申请信一般都包括这样几个部分:申请的原因,具备的 条件,恳请申请单位考虑自己的申请并表示谢意,期望回 复。具体为:

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

第一段:说明写信的目的,介绍自己是谁,对所申请职 位或学位的单位或院校的了解以及自己将会为对方所做的 贡献,信息的来源等,这一段要写得简短而又能吸引收信 人的注意力。 第二段:介绍自己的学历或工作经历,本人的个性,已 经取得的成绩,说明你为何对这一职位或学校感兴趣以及 你对未来的打算等等。 第三段:表示感谢和期待对方优先考虑自己的申请,以 求得面试等机会。这段尤其要注意语气应礼貌而又自信。

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

◇ 词句模板 ◇ 1.说明应聘原因常用语: (1)I learned from sb./ the newspaper that your company wanted to hire… (2)I was told that… (3)I have just read in the newspaper that… (4)I am writing to inquire opportunities for…

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

(8)I am currently studying… (9)I would be interested in doing sth. (10)My main specialization is…

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

3.表示感谢,请求答复并提供联系方式常用语: (1)Thank you very much. (2)Thank you for your consideration of my application. (3)If you agree with me,I'll work hard and try to be a… (4)I am available for an interview… (5)I look forward to hearing from you. (6)If you agree with me,please write a letter to me or phone me. I live at… (7)My telephone number is…

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

4.申请信格式模板: Dear Sir/Madam, I write this letter to apply for the position that you have advertised in ________ (报纸名称)of ________ (广告发布 时间). I am ________ from ________.As a/an ________,I have been ________.Besides,I won ________ in ________.If you consider me appropriate for the job, please call me at ________.

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

I will appreciate it very much if you could give me an early reply./Thank you for considering my application, and I am looking forward to meeting you. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

【活学活用】 假设你是晨光中学的高中生李华。你校拟选拔一批 优秀学生,利用暑期到晨曦希望小学为学生辅导英 语。你希望参加此活动。请根据以下提示,用英语 给校评选组写一封申请信: ● 对此活动的认识(如对本人、……的益处等) ● 个人优势 ● 你的计划

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

注意: 1.词数不少于100; 2.可适当增加细节,以使内容充实、行文连贯; 3.信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 参考词汇:晨曦希望小学 Chenxi Hope Primary School Dear Sir/Madam, I am Li Hua from Class One, Senior Two.________ _______________________________________________ Yours Sincerely, Li Hua
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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

One possible version: Dear_Sir/Madam, I_am_Li_Hua_from_Class_One,_Senior_Two. I am writing to apply for the opportunity to help the students in Chenxi Hope Primary School with their English. Thus they can improve their English during the summer vacation. Meanwhile, I can learn how to get along well with the students.

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A Social Survey—My

I think that I am qualified for the position. I'm kind, easygoing and always ready to help others. I wash clothes and make the bed by myself to develop independence. English is my favorite subject and I have won several prizes in English contests.

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第4讲 Module 4 Neighbourhood

A Social Survey—My

I plan to communicate with students first to know what they need. Besides, I'll try to get them more interested in English by telling stories, singing songs, playing games and so on. I'd appreciate it if you could give me the opportunity. Yours_Sincerely, Li_Hua

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佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第5讲

Module 5 A Lesson in a Lab

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第 5讲

Module 5

A Lesson in a Lab

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佳 作 晨 ? 读

阅读下面漫画,先对漫画的内容进行 描述,然后对这一现象发表自己的看法。 词数120左右。

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第 5讲

Module 5

A Lesson in a Lab

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佳 —— 精 彩 美 文 —— 作 晨 In a class a teacher asks the pupils who knows which 读 dynasty Li Bai belongs to. The pupils don't know the
answer. But one boy raises his hand and tells his teacher proudly “Baidu knows the answer.” It seems to be a simple joke. But the phenomenon is worth considering.

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第 5讲

Module 5

A Lesson in a Lab

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佳 作 Nowadays computer is playing an important part in 晨 daily life. We are living in a Net Period and we depend on 读 so much on computers and the Internet. Even if young
children turn to the Internet for help they don't know the answers to the questions. But without looking into further information by themselves, can the answers easily attained from the Internet have a lasting impression on them? I hope children can make good use of the Internet rather than ask for help from it any time there are puzzles.

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第 5讲

Module 5

A Lesson in a Lab

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佳 —— 名 师 点 睛 —— 作 1.行文逻辑:描述图画内容→分析现象→阐述观点。 晨 读 较好地使用了连接词,如:But,and,Even if等。
2.词汇短语:运用了较高级的词汇和短语。如: belong to,be worth considering,depend on,turn to…for help,look into, attain, have a lasting impression on, make good use of,rather than,ask for等。

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第 5讲

Module 5

A Lesson in a Lab

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佳 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式结构。如:It 作 晨seems to be a simple joke(动词不定式);Even if young 读children turn to the Internet for help…(让步状语从句);
any time there are puzzles(时间状语从句)。

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第 5讲

Module 5

A Lesson in a Lab

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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 基 ? 1. ________n.混合物→mix v. 混合 electricity 础 →________adj. (男女)混合的 梳 conclusion ? 2. ________n.电→ electrical adj.与电有关 理 的, 用电的→electric adj.电的, 发电的 aimless ? 3.__________n.结论→conclude v.推断 出, 断定, 作结论 ? 4.aim n. 目标, 对准 v. 对准目标;打算 →________ adj. 没有目标的;无目的的
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mixture

mixed

第5讲

Module 5

A Lesson in a Lab

reaction

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? 5.________ n.反应, 回应→ react equipment 基 v.反应, 作出回应 astonishing astonished 础 astonishment ? 6 . ________ n .设备, 装备→ equip v. 梳 理 装备, 配备 ? 7.__________adj. 吃惊的;惊讶的 →___________adj. 令人吃惊的→ astonish v.使惊讶→____________ n. 惊讶
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第5讲

Module 5

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? Ⅱ.短语检测 put…in order ? 1.使??有条理 think of 基 _________________________ add…to… 础? 2.想起, 考虑 keep…out of 梳 _________________________ go ahead 理 ? 3.把??加到?? keep the noise down used to _________________________ in the last twenty years ? 4.使不进入, 防止进入 either…or… __________________________ be proud of be supposed ? 5.开始做, 着手干, 进行 to 返回目录 _________________________

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? Ⅲ.佳句再现 Twothirds of ? 1. ____________the earth's surface is water. ? 基? 地球表面三分之二是水。 fortynine times larger than ? 础 ? 2 . The earth ? 梳 to think of the ? 理 is___________________________ moon. or either ? 地球是月球的五十倍。 are supposed to ? 3.It is hard____________a world without metals. ? 很难想象一个没有金属的世界。
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? Ⅳ.单元语法 ? Degrees of comparison
? ? ? ? 基 础 梳 理

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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 expand v. [(cause sth to) become greater in size, number or importance]膨胀, 扩大, 增强;扩展, 展开 expansion n. 扩张, 扩展, 膨胀

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【易混辨析】 expand和extend (1)expand vt.&vi. 强调“使(尺寸、数字或数量等)扩大, 增加, 扩大(活动范围)”。如: A tyre expands when you pump air into it. 如果你往轮胎里充气, 它就会膨胀。 Our foreign trade has expanded greatly in recent years. 我国的对外贸易近年来已有极大发展。 (2)extend vt.& vi.强调“时间、空间等的延伸、延展”。 如:The road extends for miles and miles. 这条路向远处绵延伸展。 Can you extend your visit a few days longer? 你能多停留几天吗?
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【巧学助记】

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江西卷?阅读表达] The main challenge is how you organize and expand your collection around your theme. 主要的挑战是如何围绕你的主题组织和扩大你的收 藏。 (2)Why not try to ________ expand your story into a novel? 你为什么不把你的故事扩展成小说呢? (3)The headmaster________our holiday by four days. extended 校长将我们的假期延长了4天。

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2

conclusion n. 结论, 推论;结尾, 结束 (1)conclude v.推断出, 断定, 做结论;(使)结束 (2)come to/draw/reach a conclusion 得出结论 jump to a conclusion 匆匆忙忙作出结论 in conclusion 最后, 总之

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【活学活用】 (1)He drew the conclusion by building on his own investigation. 他根据自己的调查研究作出结论。 (2)What conclusion ________ can you draw from these observations? 你从这些观察中能得出什么结论? concluded our meeting at 9 o'clock. (3)We __________ 我们九点钟结束了会议。

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3 balance n. 平衡 v. 平衡; 权衡, 使保持平衡 (1)keep/lose one's balance保持/失去平衡 keep the balance of nature/one's mind 保持自然界/心态的平衡 (2)balance A against B 比较,权衡 balance A with/and B 平衡好A与B

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?山东卷?阅读A] These elements destroyed the social balance of the twelve family groups on the island. 这些要素毁掉了这个岛上十二个家族之间的社会平 衡。 (2)We must learn to______________________________. balance work and/with relaxation 我们必须学会平衡好工作与休息。 balance the advantages (3)You have to_____________________of living in a big city________ the disadvantages. against 你必须权衡住在大城市的利与弊。
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equipment n. [U]设备, 装备 (1)a piece of equipment 一件设备 (2)be equipped for 准备好, 对……有准备 be equipped with 装备有, 配备有

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【易混辨析】 equipment和facility equipment 和 facility 都可译作“设备”, “器材”。 (1)equipment 是不可数名词, 指用于某一特殊目的的东 西——供给品, 装备等(the tools, machines, clothes, etc. that you need to do a particular job or activity)。如: 考 medical equipment医疗设备 点 (2)facility 是可数名词, 常用复数形式。facilities指为特殊 探 活动或目的所提供的种种便利, 包括设备、建筑物和 析 服务等(rooms, equipment, or services that are provided for a particular purpose)。如: sports/leisure facilities运动/休闲器材
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【活学活用】 (1)To encourage the use of clean energy, the government has promised to pay the cost of fixing solar equipment. 为了鼓励使用清洁能源,政府承诺支付安装太阳能 设备的钱。 is equipped with air conditioners. (2)The room________________ 这个房间装有空调设备。 (3)This is a fivestar hotel with fantastic__________. facilities 这是一家五星级饭店, 设施完善。

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5 ordinary adj. 普通的, 平常的;平淡无奇的 【易混辨析】 ordinary, common, usual和normal 四个词都含“普通的”意思。 (1)ordinary(与众多同类的东西相比)强调“普通的”, “平淡无奇的”。 如: ? 考 We were dressed up for the party but she was still in her ? 点 ordinary clothes. ? 探 我们都为聚会盛装打扮, 但她仍然穿着平常的衣服。

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(2)common强调“因为常见而普通”, 也可指“共同的, 共 有的”。如: common sense常识 common efforts 共同的努力 have sth in common (with sb/sth) 和……有共同之处 in common (with sb/sth) 共同, 共有, 与……一样 ? 考 Snow is common in cold countries. ? 点 在寒冷的国家雪是常见的。

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(3)usual 通常的, 惯常的, 强调“经常性或与习惯有关”。 as usual 像往常一样 She arrived later than usual. 她到得比平常晚。 As usual, there weren't many people at the meeting. 像往常一样, 来开会的人不多。 (4)normal正常的, 常态的, 往往指“合乎某种标准的, 考 或在正常情况下应有的”。如: 点 normal temperature 正常体温/温度 探 above/below normal 标准以上/下 析 return to normal 恢复正常

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【活学活用】 (1)This has led to the growth of a leisure industry in the capital's suburbs,which until the late1990s was unreachable to ordinary people. 这促进了首都郊区休闲产业的增长,这是20世纪90 年代末之前普通人所不能接触的。 normal (2)It's________to feel tired after such a long trip. 长途旅行之后感到累是正常的。 common (3)Smith is a very________last name in England. 在英国史密斯是很常见的姓。

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usual time and place? (4)Shall we meet at the________ 我们在老地方老时间见面好吗? In common with (5)_______________many people, he prefers classical music to pop. 和许多人一样, 和流行音乐相比, 他更喜欢古典音 乐。

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add…to… add to 增加 add sth up 把……加起来 add up to 总计为, 总数达;结果是 add that 补充说

◇ 短语储存 ◇ 把……加到……

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温馨提示 add to 后面常跟抽象名词如problem, difficulty, pleasure, pressure, beauty,happiness, helplessness 等;而add…to…意思是“把……加到……”, 常跟具 体的名词。另外add表示“补充说, 又说”时, 也是 常考点, 需要重点记忆。如: The soldiers were extremely tired and the heavy rain added to their difficulty. 战士们累极了,而大雨更是增加了他们的困难。 He added that he was satisfied with the result. 他补充说他对这个结果很满意。
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【活学活用】 (1)Would you like to add something to what I've said? 你 想不想对我说的话加点什么? added up (2)—Have you ____________ all your income? —Yes. It ____________ 5000 RMB a month. adds up to “你把你所有的收入都加起来了吗?” “是的,总共加起来是一个月5000元。” (3)Her graceful manner____________her beauty. added to 她优雅的举止增加了她的美丽。

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keep (sb) out (of sth) 把……关在外面; 阻止…… 入内; 不参加; 不进去 (1)keep away from(使)远离, 保持距离 keep off (使)避开;不(让)接近 (2)keep up 使保持、维持(在同一水平);使不低落; 继续 keep up with 跟上, 不落后 考 keep back 控制, 抑制;隐瞒;留/扣下;阻碍(某人) 点 发展 探 keep to the road/the point/one's promise 析 不偏离道路/紧扣主题/遵守诺言

2

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【易混辨析】 keep away from, keep off和keep (…) out (of…) keep away from与keep off意义接近, 但前者强调“保持距 离”, 而后者强调“不接近, 不碰触”。 keep (…) out (of…)则强调“保持在……之外”, 还可以引申为 “置身于……之外, 不参与, 不干涉”。如: 考 I told the children to keep away from the fire. 点 我让孩子们离火远点。 探 Keep your hands off me! 把你的手拿开, 不要碰我。 析 Outside the room is a sign saying “Danger: Keep out.” 房 间外面有个标志提醒“危险, 请勿入内”。
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【活学活用】 (1)You'd better keep out of their quarrel. 你最好别介入他们的争吵。 (2)根据语境用keep短语的适当形式填空 ①I am having trouble _______________ keeping up with my classmates. Keep off ②Didn't you see the notice saying “__________ the grass”? keeping ③I got the feeling that he was_________ back something_____from us. keep back ④She was struggling to__________the tears.

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⑤When you are visiting the park, you must__________its rules. keep to ⑥In the face of difficulties, you should __________ keep up your spirits.

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go ahead (used to give sb permission to do sth, or let them speak before you )说吧, 干吧, 开始做;(to be carried out; take place)发生, 进行;走前面, 先走 go against 违背, 对……不利;与……相反 go all out to do/for sth 全力以赴做某事 go by (时间)过去;依据, 遵循 go down 下降, 降低 go up 上升, (房屋)建立起来 go on 继续;发生, 进行;(时间)过去 go on with sth 继续做某事 go on doing 继续做(原来的事) go on to do 接着做(另外一件事)
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温馨提示 go on表示“发生,进行时”,主要用于进行 时,例如:What?s going on here? 这里发生什么事 了? 【活学活用】 (1)—Do you mind if I open the window? —No, go ahead. “我开窗户你介意吗?” “不介意,打开吧。”

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(2)根据语境用go短语的适当形式填空 ①The building of the new bridge will__________as go ahead planned. ②The company will____________ to improve next go all out year's sales. ③She was scared to____________her father's wishes. go against ④As the weeks________________ went by/went on , I became more and more worried. going up ⑤New buildings are____________all around the town.

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used to do (happened regularly or all the time in the past, but does not happen now)过去常常做某事 be/get used to (doing) sth 习惯于(做)某事 be used to do 被用来做

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【易混辨析】 used to 和would (1)used to多有“过去如此, 现在不这样”的对比含义, 不与一段时间状语连用。 (2)would多表示过去习惯性的动作, 常与具体的时间 状语连用, 或与often, sometimes或for hours连用。 如: He would always be the first to offer to help. 他总是会第一个主动提出帮助。

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【注意事项】 (1)疑问式:Used you to…?/Did you use to…? 否定式: used not to/usedn't to/didn't use to (2)used to 后的不定式可以承前省略到to, 但若后面是 be, 则be需保留。如: He is not an actor. But he used to be. 他不是一位演员。但他曾经是。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?山东卷?阅读A] The Pacific island nation of Nauru used to be a beautiful place. Now it is an ecological disaster area. 太平洋岛国瑙鲁国曾经是一个非常漂亮的地方,但 是现在却成了遭遇生态灾难的地区。 is/has got used to living (2)He________________________in the country. 他已习惯住在乡下。 is used to (3)The knife __________cut things. 刀是用来切东西的。

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be proud of 对……感到自豪 be proud to do/that 对……感到自豪 take pride in 以……感到自豪

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【活学活用】 (1)He takes pride in/is proud of his children's achievements. 他为孩子们的成就感到骄傲。 (2)________________your friend. I'm proud to be 做你的朋友我感到骄傲。

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◇ 句型透视 ◇ The closer you are, the more you'll see. 你靠得越近, 看到的就越多。

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句型公式 “the+比较级, the+比较级”结构 该结构表示“越……就越……”, 前面“the+比较级”相 当于一个条件状语从句。

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温馨提示 该句型中, 比较级的后面如果修饰了名词, 考 则要把这个名词和比较级一起放到最前面, 后面跟句子的 点 其余部分。如: 探 The harder you work, the more progress you will make. 析 你工作越努力, 取得的进步就会越大。

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【活学活用】 (1)The more you think of him, the more you want to see him. 你越想他,就越想见他。 (2)The more careful you are, the fewer mistakes you'll make ____________________________in the experiment. 你越小心, 在实验中犯的错误就越少。

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Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.You may imagine their________ (惊讶的) look when astonished they find the room empty. acilities 2.The hotel has its own pool and leisure f________. 3.I wonder how the audience r________to his speech. eacted 4.Boats f________ in the direction of wind if they are not loat controlled. 5.It's common sense that ice f________when water freezes. orms

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Ⅱ.选词填空

think of, add…to…, put…in order, either…or…, been added of to 1.Many words have____________this edition of the be proud

dictionary. Either 2.________ you________ he is the next to be on duty. or 3.It's hard____________a world without electricity. to think of 4.I__________ am proud of the achievements you've made these years. 5.Now it's time for you to________ your life________.
put in order

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Ⅲ.单项填空 1.While at college, you must get yourself ________ for your future job. A.prepare B.care C.considered D.equipped [解析] D be equipped for 对……有准备,相当于be prepared for。

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2.When the temperature drops to 0℃, ice ________ on the surface of water. A.has B.floats C.forms D.produces

[解析] C 考查动词词义辨析。have意为“有”;float意 为“漂浮”;form意为“形成”;produce意为“生产,制 造;繁殖”。句意:当气温降到0℃时,水面上就会形 成冰。只有C项符合句意。

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3.________from a short story, the novel is very popular with children. A.Expanded B.To expand C.Expanding D.To be expanded [解析] A 主语the novel是expand动作的承受者,所以 用过去分词作状语。

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4.Long ago, the upper classes here spoke French while the________ people spoke English. A.ordinary B.native C.lower D.simple

[解析] A 考查形容词词义辨析。native意为“本国的, 本地的”,lower 意为“较低的”,simple意为“简单的”。 句中 the upper classes 意思是“上层社会,贵族阶层”, 与其相对应的应为ordinary people “普通大众”。

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5.In the near future, China will increase supply of smaller houses, ________ to help lowincome families to buy houses of their own. A.aims B.being aimed C.aiming D.having aimed [解析] C 考查非谓语动词。aim to do目的是,打算 做某事。aim与句子主语之间是主谓关系,因此用现在 分词。

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佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 基 ? 1.access n.接近;通路 → ________adj. 易 defend 础 接近的;可进入的 梳 create ? 2.defence n. 保护;防卫→ ________v.保 理 creative 护;防卫;捍卫 ? 3.invention ________v. 创造;发明 →creator n. 创建 invent 者, 创造者→creation n. 创造, 发明(物 )→________adj. 有创造力的, 创造性的 permission →creativity n. 创造力 返回目录 ? 4.__________n.发明→ ________v. 发明

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? 6.concentrate v. 集中(注意力、思想 基 等)→ _____________ n.集中;专注 definitely 础 ? 7. definite adj. 明确的, 确切的;肯 independent independence 梳 depend 肯定地 理 定的→________adv. 明确地; ? 8.___________ adj. 独立的→ disadvantage ____________n.独立→ dependent adj. 依赖的;依靠的→ ________v .依赖, 依 shorten 靠 shortage ? 9.___________n. 弊端;缺点 返回目录 →advantage n. 优点, 长处

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? Ⅱ.短语检测 log on ? 1.注册, 登录 log off 基 _________________________ consist of 础? 2.注销 as well 梳 _________________________ be/become known as 理 go down ? 3.由??组成 _________________________ ? 4.也,还 _________________________ ? 5.作为??而出名 返回目录 _________________________

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come up with ? 7.提出 from that moment on _________________________ access/have access to the Internet 基? 8.从那时起 concentrate on/upon 础 _________________________ compared with/to 梳 ? 9.使用/登录互联网 hesitate to do sth 理 _________________________ ? 10.(把注意力等)集中在 _________________________ ? 11.与??比起来 _________________________ 返回目录 ? 12.做某事犹豫不决

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? Ⅲ.佳句再现 made it possible for everyone ? 1. Lee__________________________ 基 Berners础 _ to use the Internet, not just universities and 梳 the army. especially on agree with 理 ? 贝尔纳斯?李使每个人都可能用上网络 , 而不仅仅是大学和军队使用。 The number ? 2.I__________ this idea,_____________ is expected to the subject of learning English. ? 我赞同这个观点, 尤其是关于学英语 这个话题。 返回目录

第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

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? 4.Two percent of the total population of have access to compared China______________the Internet , with ____________45 percent in the USA and 15 基 础 percent in Japan. 梳? 与美国上网人数的45%及日本的 15%相 talking on 理 比, 中国只有总人口的2%能够使用互联 make it even cheaper 网。 ? 5.Text messages are much cheaper than__________ a mobile phone, and you can___________________by shortening the words that you use.
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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

? Ⅳ.单元语法 ? Compound words;Definite and zero articles
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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 contain v.[to have or hold (sth) within itself]包含, 容纳;(to keep…under control, hold back)控制, 抑制(情 感) container n. 容器, 集装箱

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【易混辨析】 contain和include (1)contain指一个整体包括的内容与成分,宾语总是不 涉及数量的内含元素, 或指某容器中装有、盛有某 物。如: Try to avoid foods that contain a lot of fat. 尽量少吃含脂肪太多的食物。 (2)include表示一个整体由几个部分组成,侧重包括这 只是整体中的一部分,宾语总是整体中的部分数量 或部分组成部分。如: The tour included a visit to the Science Museum. 游览包括参观科学博物馆。
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including常作介词使用, 但仍具有现在分词的特点。 如: The band played many songs, including some of my favourites. 乐队演奏了许多歌曲, 包括几首我最喜爱的。 这句话也可以说: The band played many songs, some of my favourites included. included为过去分词, 与some of my favorites 一起 构成独立主格结构。

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

【巧学助记】

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【活学活用】 (1)At the hospital gate I found a paper bag containing a lot of money. 在医院门口我捡到了一个装有很多钱的纸袋子。 (2)She was so angry that she couldn't______________. contain herself 她气得控制不住自己。 (3)Everyone took part in the fight against the flood, _______________________________. including the old/the old included 每个人都参加了抗洪斗争, 包括老人。

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access n. (常与to连用)( the right to enter a place, use sth, see sb etc.)接近, (使用或见到的)机会, 权利; (a way of entering or reaching a place)通道, 入口v. (to reach, enter or use sth)使用;接近 (1)accessible adj. 可到达的, 可使用的;易接近的(常 与to连用) (2)have/gain/get access to 可以使用/见到…… be accessible to 易接近的, 能进入的

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

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【活学活用】 (1)Nowadays more and more Chinese people can have easy access to the Internet/can access the Internet easily. 如今,越来越多的中国人可以很容易地上网。 (2)The only____________their house is along that access to narrow road. 只有沿着那条狭窄的路走才能到达他们的房子。 wherethey will be (3)Dictionaries should be put______ accessible easily__________. 词典应放在容易够到的地方。
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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

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concentrate v. (to focus one's attention on) 专心于 , 致力于;集中(注意力) (1)concentration n. 专心, 专注;关注 (2)concentrate (one's attention/efforts…) on/upon (doing) sth 集中精力于某事, 专心于某事

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

温馨提示 与concentrate…on意义接近的短语有: fix one's attention/eyes on/upon focus (one's attention) on be absorbed in bury oneself in/be buried in

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?浙江卷?信息匹配] When you concentrate on one task, you find you have energy that you didn't even know you had. 当你把注意力放在一件事情上时,你会发现你身上 拥有你自己也不知道的能量。

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(2)With all his attention ________ on his drawing, he even didn't notice me come in. A.concentrate B.fixed C.buring D.to focus [解析] B 在with引导的复合结构中,我们不仅要考虑 动词与介词on的搭配关系,还要考虑到动词与前面 的宾语“all his attention”之间的被动关系。

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design n. 图样;设计 v. 设计;(to plan or develop sth for a specific purpose)意欲 (1)designer n. 设计者 (2)by design 故意 (3)be designed to do 目的是做 design…for/be designed for 打算, 目的是;设计……作(某种用途)

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【活学活用】 (1)[2011?江西卷?阅读B] The Winners Club is a bank account specially designed for teenagers. 获胜者俱乐部是专门给青少年设计的一个银行账户。 (2)The programme________________help children who is designed to have dropped out of school because of poverty. 这项计划的目的是帮助那些因为贫困而失学的儿童。

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

expect v. 预料, 预期;期待, 等待, 期望;料想 (1)expectation n. 期待, 预期;[pl.]前程, 成功的前景 (2)expect (sb) to do 期待/料想/指望(某人)做某事 be expected to do sth 应该做某事 as expected 按料想的 expect too much/a lot of sb 对某人要求过高/很高 ? 考 (3)live up to one's expectations 不辜负某人的期望

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

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【易混辨析】 (1)expect, hope和wish ①含义上:expect 作“期待, 期望”解, 侧重于相信或认 为有实现可能的愿望。hope 作“希望”解, 主要用来表 示主观上的愿望, 并对其实现抱有信心。wish 作“但愿 , 希望”解, 表示某种未完成或不易完成的愿望。 考 ②搭配上: 点 expect/wish (sb) to do 探 hope to do 析 expect sth/wish for sth/hope for sth wish + 双宾语 expect/hope/wish+that从句
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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

I hope that you can tell us the truth. 我希望你能告诉我们真相。 We hope you to meet us at the station. (错误) I wish you to go to Beijing with me next year. 我希望你明年和我一起去北京。 How I wish for his help. 我多么希望他能帮我。 ? 考 We wish you success. 我们祝你成功。 ? 点 I wish (that) I were a millionaire. ? 探 我真希望我是个百万富翁。

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

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温馨提示wish的宾语从句常表示没能实现的或不易实 现的愿望, 要用虚拟语气。 (2)expect和wait expect 表示“期待, 等待”时, 侧重于心里的期待; 而wait侧重于行动上的等待。如: You can expect us for lunch. 你可以等我们一起吃午饭。 When I saw Lily, she was waiting for the bus. 我看到莉莉时, 她正在等车。

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【活学活用】 (1)You can't expect your parents to help you. You are not a boy. 你不能再指望父母帮你了,你不是小孩子了。 (2)根据语境用expect,hope或wish填空 ①The journey was not as nice as we had________. expected expect ②You can't________children to be quiet all the time. ③I________ you a happy new year. wish

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications expecting ④I am__________my mother's letter. ⑤I________I hadn't made the mistake. wish ⑥Everyone is__________to come on time. expected ⑦Everyone_____________for peace. hopes/wishes ⑧Don't________too much of me. expect

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◇ 短语储存 ◇ as well 也, 还 as well as 而且

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温馨提示 (1)as well相当于too, 通常置于句末, 用于肯定句中。 (2)as well as作“而且, 还有”讲时, 用来连接并列的成 分。当连接主语时, 谓语动词应和前面的主语在人 称和数上保持一致。类似用法的还有:together with, with, along with, rather than等。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2011?湖南卷?阅读A] Most of the meals can serve two people and are under $10, so not only is it affordable but practical as well. 大部分的食物可供两人食用,价格不到10美元,因 此价廉、实惠。 (2)I'm coming to London and my sister's as well 我要来伦敦, 我妹妹也会来。 coming________. (3)Email, as well as telephones, _______________________ is playing an important part in daily communication. 和电话一样, 电子邮件在日常通信中也起着重要的 作用。
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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 Berners-Lee made it possible for everyone to use the Internet, not just universities and the army. 贝尔纳斯?李使每个人都可能用上网络, 而不仅仅是大 学和军队使用。

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

句型公式 it作形式宾语, 不定式、动名词或从句作真正的宾语: 主语 + 谓语 + it + adj./n. + to do/doing/从句

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

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【句式点拨】 当不定式、动名词、从句等复杂成分用作宾语且其后跟有 宾语补足语时,通常会在宾语补足语前使用形式宾语it, 而将真正的宾语移至句末,其基本结构为“动词+it+宾语 补足语+不定式(动名词或从句)”。常用于此句型的动词有 :make/feel/find/think/believe等,作宾语补足语的常用 考 形容词如possible/necessary/important等以及名词(短语) 点 如duty/rule/waste of time 等。不定式、动名词以及从句 探 都可以作真正的宾语,当宾语补足语是no use/no good/a 析 waste of time等词时,习惯上用动名词形式作真正的宾语 。如:He has made it clear that he won't be back again. 他已经明确表明不会再回来了。
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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

【相关拓展】 it作形式宾语有几个特殊的句型需要大家注意,它们既是 难点,也是高考考查的重点。 (1)like/dislike/hate/love/appreciate等词 + it + when (if) 从句。如: I dislike it when you whistle. 我不爱听你吹口哨。 ? 考 We would really appreciate it if you could help. ? 点 如果你能帮忙,我们将不胜感激。

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(2)see to/ depend on/ rely on等“动词+介词”构成的短语 + it + that从句。如: See to it that you're not late again. 注意千万不要再迟到了。 You may rely on it that he'll come to meet you. 你放心,他会来接你的。 考 (3)take it for granted/owe it to sb + that 从句。如: 点 I took it for granted that I would be there on time. 探 我想当然地认为我能按时到达那里。 析 I owe it to you that I am still alive. 多亏有你我才仍然活着。
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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

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【活学活用】 (1)He makes it a rule to visit his first teacher every year. 他每年都去看望他的启蒙老师, 这成了一个习惯。 (2)I find ________________________ persuade him to change his it amind. waste of time trying to 我觉得想说服他改变主意是浪费时间。 (3)I ________________ you smile a lot. 我喜欢你经常微笑。 like it when

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2

At the moment, about 80 percent of web traffic is in English, but this percentage is going down. 目前, 大约80%的网络所用的语言是英语, 但这个比 例正在下降。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2011?浙江卷?阅读C] Interestingly, 80 percent of people who feel their complaints are handled fairly will stay loyal. 有趣的是,80%感到自己的投诉得到公正处理的人 会(对商家)保持忠诚。 is covered with water (2)70% of the surface on the earth__________________. 地球表面的70%被水所覆盖。 (3)Two thirds of the population in this country_______in the major cities around the coast. live 这个国家三分之二的人口居住在沿海的大城市里。
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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

3 What do you think these messages mean? 你认为这些文本信息是什么意思?

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

句型公式 do you think 作插入语

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

【句式点拨】 do you think 作插入语, 它的插入不影响句子的完整性。 do you think/believe/suppose等作插入语与特殊疑 问句结合, 句型为:特殊疑问词+do you think/believe/suppose等+陈述句?

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【活学活用】 (1)What do you think I should do to help them? 你觉得我应该帮他们做什么? (2)Where _______________________ after he retires? do you think he will live 你认为他退休后会住在哪里?

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The remote desert area is_________( accessible 可进入的) only by helicopter. 2.Buses run f requently ________ from the city to the airport. 3.It's illegal to read people's private letters without p________. ermission reated 4.We've c________a beautiful new building out of a ruin. 5.A truck went out of control and c________ into the back rashed of a bus.

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

Ⅱ.选词填空

go down, have access to, compared with, come up with, 1. She____________a new idea increasing sales. came up with hesitate tofor (do)

hesitate to call me. 2.If you need help, don't____________ 3.Facing the financial crisis, the price of housing____________sharply, especially in big cities. went down 4.Students must______________a have access to good library. 5.Compared ____________what he had already, the new stamps were with not very interesting.

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Ⅲ.单项填空 1.Drunk driving,which was once a ________ occurrence, is now under control. A.general B.frequent C.normal D.particular [解析] B 考查形容词词义辨析。句意:酒后驾车在过 去曾经是经常发生的事情,现在已经被控制住了。 general普遍的,全面的,总体的,整体的;frequent时 常发生的,常见的;normal正常的;particular特殊的, 特别的,特有的。
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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

2.Duty is an act or a course of action that people ________ you to take by social customs, law or religion. A.persuade B.request C.instruct D.expect

[解析] D 考查动词词义辨析。expect sb to do sth期待 某人做某事,这里表示“义务是人们期待你依据社会风 俗、法律或者宗教所采取的举动或行动”。

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3.Frank put the medicine in the top drawer to make sure it would not be________to the kids. A.accessible B.relative C.acceptable D.sensitive

[解析] A 考查形容词词义辨析。be accessible to…为 ……能够接近; be relative to…和……有关系; be acceptable to…为……所接受; be sensitive to…对…… 敏感, 易接受。

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4.Little Johnny felt the bag, curious to know what it ________. A.collected B.contained C.loaded D.saved

[解析] B 考查动词词义辨析。句意:……好奇包里装 了什么。collect收集;contain包含,装有;load装载; save节约,拯救。故选B项。

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5.His inability to speak French puts him at a(n)________. A.disadvantage B.advantage C.weakness D.point [解析] C 考查非谓语动词。aim to do目的是,打算 做某事。aim与句子主语之间是主谓关系,因此用现在 分词。

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阅读写作(三) 完形填空技法指导之首句理解

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

◇ 重视首句理解 ◇ 首句是了解文章全貌的窗口。一般来说,记叙文类的文 章的首句会交代4个W(when,where,who,what),说明 文类的文章的首句会解释要说明的对象,议论文类的文章 的首句会提出一个论点。首句往往是整篇文章的统领句, 概括了整篇文章的中心和写作意图。而且每段的首句通常 有承上启下的作用,是文章发展过程中的重要线索。细读 首句可以判断文章体裁,预测文章大意和主旨。读懂首句 可以帮助考生建立正确的思维导向,对理解全文起着至关 重要的作用。所以在仔细阅读了首句后,应快速阅读全文, 确定文章的体裁、主旨和结构。
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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

例1 [2012?山东卷] (节选)Whenever we hear about “the homeless,” most of us think of the Developing World. But the __1__ is that homelessness is everywhere. For example, how many of us would expect to see people living on the streets of a __2__ country like Germany? 1.A.result B.truth C.reason D.Idea 2.A.traditional B.Developing C.typical D.wealthy

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【点睛】 本文为记叙文,文章一开始就用一个词“the homeless”点明了故事的话题,接着又用一个词“But”导 入了故事的主旨—柏林街头的无家可归者,由此不难预测 文章的主旨大意以及故事寓意。前两空的答案也迎刃而解。

1.B 很多人认为,无家可归者都在发展中国家。事实 上,无家可归者无处不在。很显然,描述的是一个客观的 事实,所以用truth。result“结果”;reason“原因”; idea“想法,观点”。

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2.D 对应上文以及常识可知,发展中国家都是比较贫 穷的,而德国是发达国家,所以应该选D,意思是“富裕 的”。句意:比如,我们有多少人会想到在像德国这样富 裕的国家看到人们流落街头呢?traditional“传统的”; developing“发展的”;typical“典型的”。

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例2 [2011?江西卷] (节选)What a busy day!The three boys were fed,bathed and changed into their nightclothes.Mary had__1__them a story and finally they were asleep.“Babysitting (照看)the three boys aged eight, six and four is extremely__2__,”she thought. 1.A.given B.written C.told D.taught 2.A.successful B.helpful C.tiring D.surprising

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

【点睛】 本文为记叙文,文章一开始寥寥数语就点明了 故事的时间、人物、地点。由此不难预测文章可能是关于 保姆玛丽在照顾小孩时的一段趣事。 1.C 联系前文的喂孩子、帮孩子洗澡和换衣服等,这里 指的是给孩子讲故事哄他们睡觉。故答案选C。 2.C 考查形容词辨析。联系前文可知照看三个孩子的工 作令人很疲倦。A项“成功的”;B项“有帮助的”;C项“令 人疲倦的”;D项“令人惊奇的”,只有C项符合语境。

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

【活学活用】 When I began planning to move to Auckland to study,my mother was worried about a lack of jobs and cultural differences. Ignoring these __1__,I got there in July 2010. __2__ I arrived,I realized the importance of getting a job __3__ my living expenses. Determined to do this __4__,I spent several weeks going door-to-door for a job, but found __5__ response(回应).

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

1.A.doubts B.concerns C.instructions D.reasons 2.A.Even if B.Every time C.Now that D.Soon after 3.A.of B.at C.for D.with 4.A.on my own B.on my way C.by any chance D.by the day 5.A.any B.much C.some D.little

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

【点睛】 本文是夹叙夹议型的记叙文,由首句信息可 以预测文章是关于“出国留学、遇到困难、战胜困难” 的励志故事。带着对文章的预测可以轻松地展开阅 读。 1.B 根据上文提示,妈妈对“我”去奥克兰有很多顾 虑,而“我”忽视这些“顾虑”,于2010年7月去了奥克 兰。concern表示“顾虑”。 2.D 到了那里后很快就意识到为“我”的生活开销找 一份工作的重要性。表示“很快”,应用soon after。 3.C 表示“为我的生活开销”,故用介词for。

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第6讲 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications

4.A 从后来作者一次又一次地找工作,而不是请朋 友或家人帮忙,可以看出是作者“独自”找工作。 故用on my own。 5.D 从but可以看出,尽管作者挨家挨户地找工作, 但是几乎没有得到回复。故用表示否定的词little。

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