当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

2013版英语全程复习方略课件(江苏):选修8 Unit 4 Films and film events(译林牛津版)


Unit 4 Films and film events 电影与电影盛会

Ⅰ. 单词盘点 根据词性和汉语意思写出词汇 finance 1._________ (vt. ) (n. ) deliberately 2. ____________(adv. ) modest 3. _________(adj. ) 给??提供经费 财政,金融;资金

r />故意地
不太大的,不太贵的,些许的;

谦虚的,谦逊的

expose 4. __________(vt. )

使接触,使体验,使面临;暴
露,显 露,揭露

resemble 5. __________(vt. )

看起来像,类似 (微弱的)优势;边缘;刀刃 各种各样的,广泛的;宽阔的,广阔 的;概括的

edge 6. __________(n. ) broad 7. __________(adj. )

overlook 8. __________(vt. ) tiresome 9. __________ (adj. )

忽略,未注意到;不予理会;俯视 讨厌的,令人厌烦的

shoot 10. __________(vt. &vi. ) (n. )

拍摄;射击;打猎;射门,投篮 拍摄,摄影;幼苗,嫩芽

represent representative 11. _____________ (n. )代表→ __________ (vt. ) 代表 contradict 12. __________(vt. & vi. )反驳,驳斥;与??相矛盾,相反→

contradictory _____________ (adj. )相互矛盾的,对立的,不一致的
preference prefer 13. __________(n. )偏爱,偏好→_________(vt. )更喜欢,宁愿

disappointment 14. ______________(n. )失望,沮丧;令人失望的人或事物→ disappointing disappoint _____________ (vt. )使失望,使扫兴→ _____________ (adj. )令 disappointed 人失望的→_____________ (adj. )失望的 congratulation congratulate 15. _____________(n. )祝贺,恭喜→_____________ (vt. )祝贺 robbery rob 16. _____________(n. )抢劫→_____________ (vt. )抢劫 accumulate 17. _____________ (vt. & vi. )积累,积聚;逐渐增加 accumulation →_____________ (n. )积累,积聚 attraction 18. _____________(n. )吸引人的特征;有吸引力的地方;吸引, 吸引力→_____________ (vt. )吸引 attract

【品词自测】根据所给词的适当形式填空 disappointed disappointing ①Are you ____________at the _____________news that our team was defeated? (disappoint) attracts ②What_________ me to go there is that there are a lot of

attractions ____________there. (attraction)
robbery robbed ③The_________ happened last night and she was ________of a lot of money. (robbery)

Ⅱ. 短语回放

1. 把??看作
2. 为??辩护;防卫

view. . . as. . . _______________ in defence of _______________ point out _______________ regardless of _______________ as long as _______________ in one’s opinion _______________

3. 指出
4. 不管

5. 只要
6. 在某人看来

7. 占少数 8. 很可能做某事 9. 注意 10. 即使,尽管

in the minority _________________ be likely to do sth. _________________ pay attention to _________________ even though _________________

be devoted to 11. 把(时间、精力等)用于,献(身)于_________________ 12. 炫耀,卖弄 13. 认真考虑,思考 show off _________________

give thought to _________________

Ⅲ. 句式扫描 do tell us 1. Maria, _____________(一定告诉我们) a little about the Venice Film Festival. it is fair to say 2. I think ______________(可以公平地说)that Cannes is the most famous and exciting festival. One reason for this is that 3. _______________________(这种情况的一个原因是)most traditional film festivals have entries from a variety of countries.

While the sport of Quidditch is a vital part of the book 4. _________________________________________________(虽 然魁地奇比赛是书中很重要的一部分) and of Harry’s school
experience, I feel that too much time is devoted in the film to showing it. more to show off the special effects 5. I think this is _______________________________(倒不如说 炫耀特技)than to help the film’s plot. could have been skipped 6. Much of this early part of the film ______________________ (本来可以跳过),and more time could have been spent at

Hogwarts.

【仿句自测】根据下面句式仿写句子

①do引导的强调句
仿写:玛丽,开车时一定要小心。

Mary, do be careful when you drive your car.
②. . . reason is that. . . ??的原因是??

仿写: 他上学迟到的原因是他遇到了交通事故。
The reason for his coming late to school is that he met with a

traffic accident.

③while引导让步状语从句 仿写:虽然电子游戏可能有助于提高智力,但是我还是觉得我 们不应该把太多的时间用来打游戏。 While video games may help improve intelligence, I feel that we shouldn’t spend too much time playing them.

④more. . . than. . . 与其说??倒不如说??
仿写:与其说这是一本语法书,倒不如说是一本词典。

It seems to be more a dictionary than a grammar book.

核 心 要 点 congratulation

三年1考

show off

三年1考

1. expose vt. 使接触,使体验,使面临;暴露,显露,揭露 ①When she smiled, she exposed a set of white teeth. 她笑时露出一排洁白的牙齿。 ②Parents should not expose babies to strong sunlight. 父母不应该让婴儿受到强烈日晒。 ③When studying in college, Mary was exposed to a lot of new ideas.

玛丽上大学时接触了许多新思想。

【归纳】 expose sth. /sb. /oneself (to sth. ) _____________________________ 显露或暴露某事物/某人/自己

(于??中) be exposed to _________________
接触??/暴露于??中

2. congratulation n. 祝贺,恭喜 offer/send one’s congratulations to sb. on sth. 为某事向某人祝贺 our congratulations on his success ①We offered Mr. Wang ___ ______________ __ ____ _______ in business. 我们祝贺王先生生意兴隆。 ②You are admitted to Beijing University. Congratulations! 你 被北京大学录取了。恭喜!

3. attraction n. 吸引人的特征,有吸引力的地方;吸引,吸引


(1)attract v. 吸引,激发,引起

attract sb. to sth.
attract one’s attention

吸引,引起某人对某事的兴趣
吸引某人的注意

(2)attractive adj.

有吸引力的;诱人的

①Detective novels used to hold little attraction for me. 过去我

对侦探小说不感兴趣。
②There are a lot of attractions in this ancient city. 这座古城有许多名胜。 ③What attracted me most to the job was the chance to travel. 这份工作最吸引我的是有旅游的机会。 attracted a lot of attention ④The flood in Thailand has________ __ ____ __ __________. 泰国洪灾引起了广泛的关注。

【点津】attraction作“名胜;吸引人的地方(东西)”讲时是可 数名词;而作“魅力;吸引力”讲时是不可数名词。

4. disappoint vt. 使失望,使扫兴 (1)disappointment n. 失望 使某人(大为)失望的是 (2)disappointed adj. be disappointed to do sth. be disappointed at 感到失望的 因做??而失望 对??感到失望

(much) to one’s disappointment/to one’s (great) disappointment

be disappointed with/in sb. /sth.
对某人/物失望 (3)disappointing adj. 令人失望的

①I was much disappointed at his absence. 他不在,我很失望。 disappointment ②To her great______________, none of her tomatoes grew well. 令她十分沮丧的是,她种的番茄长得都不好。

选词填空(disappointing/disappointed)
disappointed ③She was_____________ to learn that she had failed the course. 得知那门课没有考及格她很沮丧。 disappointing ④The_______________news made him stand there saying no words. 这令人失望的消息使他站在那儿说不出话。

【点津】(1)disappointed常用人来 作主语 ,还 可作定语修 饰
voice, look, expression等名词,意为“感到失望的”。 (2)disappointing常用物来作主语,意为“令人失望的”。

5. in defence of为??辩护;防卫

①They took up arms in defence of their country.
他们拿起武器保卫祖国。

②Senator Stevens spoke today in defence of the bill to make
handguns illegal.

史蒂文斯参议员今天发言,维护“持枪为非法”的法案。

【拓展】补全下列“in +n. +of”短语 honor in _________of support in _________ of celebration in ____________ of favour in _________ of 为向??表示敬意 支持 庆祝

赞同,有利于
纪念

memory in _________ of search in _________ of
charge in _________ of

搜寻,寻找
负责,管理 代替

place in _________ of

6. show off 炫耀,卖弄;展示

①He likes showing off how well he speaks French.
他喜欢炫耀他的法语说得好。

②Most children like to show off in front of visitors.
多数小孩在客人面前喜欢炫耀自己。

【拓展】

show sb. out/in
show sb. Around

把某人领出去/进来
领某人参观

show up

出现

选用适当的介、副词填空

around ③My friend showed us _________the Shanghai Expo.
off ④You should find a job where you can show ______your talent. up ⑤Uncle George didn’t show ____until our wedding was over.

7. give thought to认真考虑,思考 ①Take it easy. Our leaders are sure to give enough thought to your problem. 请放心,我们的领导们一定会充分考虑你的问题的。

【点津】在短语give thought to中,thought前面可以加some, much, enough, no, little, more等限定词。此外也可以说give sth.

(some, much, enough etc. )thought。

【拓展】 at/on first thought at the thought of on second thought(s) without a second thought read sb’s thoughts 乍一想 一想到??(就) 又一想,转念一想 立即,不假思索 看出某人的心思

选用方框中的短语填空
at the thought of ②I was delighted __________________seeing you again. On second thoughts ③___________________, he decided to stay in England.

8. I think this is more to show off the special effects than to help the film’s plot. 在我看来,这是为了炫耀特技,而不是有助于表现电影的情 节。 句中的more. . . than. . . 结构意为“与其说??倒不如说??”,

此结构强调more后面的内容,表示同一个人或事物的两种特征
对比,more 和than后接不定式、形容词、副词的原级、名词或 介词短语等两个并列成分。 more proud than vain ①She is_____ ______ ____ _____. 与其说她虚荣,倒不如说她骄傲。

【拓展】 (1)no more than no more. . . than. . . not more than not more. . . than. . . more than (2)the more. . . the more. . . more and more+adj. /adv. 仅仅;只不过 和??一样不?? 不超过 没有??那样?? 多于,超过;不仅仅;非常,很 越??越?? 越来越??

②Animals’ hibernation is more than sleep. 动物的冬眠不只是睡眠。

【真题链接】
[ 2009 浙 江 , 10 ] It took ________building supplies to construct these energy-saving houses. It took brains, too. A. other than C. rather than B. more than D. less than

【解析】选B。考查短语辨析。句意:建造这些节能住宅不仅 仅需要建筑材料,还需要才智。more than 不仅仅;other than

常用于否定句,相当于but;rather than而不是;less than少于。

1. representative n. 代表

(1)represent vt.
represent sth. /sb. as sth. /sb.

代表,象征;描绘,声称
把??描绘成??

represent sb. as /to be. . .
represent oneself as. . .

宣称某人为??
自称??

(2)representation n.

表现形式;描绘;维护

①Mary is a worker representative on the board.

玛丽是理事会的工人代表。

根据语境,写出下列句中represent的汉语意思: ②The competition attracted over 500 contestants representing 8 different countries. ( 代表 )

③The carvings represent a hunting scene. ( 描绘 )
④He represents himself as an expert. ( 声称 )

2. Much of this early part of the film could have been skipped,

and more time could have been spent at Hogwarts.
这部电影前一部分中很多地方都可以跳过,而在霍格沃茨本应

花费更多的时间。
情态动词+have done 结构表示对过去发生情况的推测、后悔、 责备、遗憾等。

情态动词+have done小结:

could have done sth.
must have done sth.

本可以做??
一定做了??

should have done sth.
might/may have done sth.

本应该做??
可能做了??

needn’t have done sth.
shouldn’t have done sth.

本来没有必要做??
本来不应该做??

can’t/couldn’t have done sth.

不可能做了??

①Given one more day, we could have finished the design and
won a prize. 假如再多给一天的时间,我们就能完成这项设计 并且获得奖项。 ②I saw Mr. Wang just now. He couldn’t have gone to Beijing. 刚才我还看见了王先生,他不可能去了北京。

③You should have come to the meeting earlier.
你本该早一点来参加这次会议。

④You might have given him more help, though you were busy.
即使你那时很忙,你也应该可以给他更多帮助。

(1)be likely to do的用法

(2)resemble与其他动词的辨析
(3)regardless of与其他介词短语的辨析

1. He continued speaking, ________my feelings on the matter.

A. far from
C. instead of

B. apart from
D. regardless of

【解析】选D。考查介词短语。句意:他不顾我在此事上的感
受继续往下说。apart from 除了;far from远非;instead of 代

替,而不是;regardless of不管,不顾。

2. 完成句子

(1)她和她姐姐外貌相似,但性格不同。
resembles her sister in appearance She _______________________________but not in character.

(2)她不漂亮,她不像她的母亲。
does not resemble her mother She’s not beautiful;she___________________________.

3. —Have the peace talks broken down?
—Yes. Armed conflict is __________ to break out between the

two countries.
A. likely C. probably B. possibly D. gradually

【解析】选A。根据问句中的broken down可知,这两国间有 可能发生武装冲突。be likely to do sth. 很可能做某事。注意: 四个选项中,只有likely是形容词,在这里用作表语。

明晰主旨大意题
主旨大意题常分为两类:(1)选出文章最佳标题;(2)概括 文章或段落大意。 一、主旨大意题的干扰项命题方式 1. 概括范围太窄,只表达局部信息或某一细节,不能概括整篇 文章的主旨大意。 2. 概括范围太宽,所表达的内容超出或多于文章阐述的内容。

3. 无关信息:即文章中未提到或找不到语言依据的信息。

二、解题技巧

1. 略读法:通过略读,快速找出各个段落的主题句。把各个段
落的主题句联系起来着眼于全文结构安排,了解文章的中心话

题,就能概括出文章的中心。
2. 特点法:①文章的标题是中心思想最精炼的表达形式,选择 的标题意义范围要能涵盖全文,不能太大也不能太小,通常是 简洁明了。 ②英语文章标题和汉语文章标题一样,必须新颖醒目,能够吸

引读者眼球,这样的标题才是最佳标题。

3. 作文法:选择文章最佳标题时,不妨将A、B、C、D四个选 项看作是语文老师在作文课上布置给大家的四个作文题目,假

如让你来写这四篇作文,你认为哪一篇与所读的这篇英语文章
最相近,就选哪个选项。

【真题连连看】 [ 2011 湖 南 ] A recent study of ancient and modern elephants has come up with the unexpected conclusion that the African elephant is divided into two distinct (不同的) species. The discovery was made by researchers at York and

Harvard Universities when they were examining the genetic
relationship between the ancient woolly mammoth and mastodon to modern elephants—the Asian elephant, African forest elephant, and African savanna elephant.

70. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?

A. Naturalists’ Beliefs about Elephants
B. Amazing Experiments about Elephants

C. An Unexpected Finding about Elephants
D. A Long Scientific Debate about Elephants

【步步精析】 70. 选C。文章的第一段是主旨段。最近对古代大象和现代大象 进行的研究得出了一个令人意想不到的结论,即非洲大象被分 成两种不同的种类。接着作者在下文叙述这次研究的发现。

形容词和副词

形容词和副词是每年高考必考内容,主要考查形容词、副
词的词义辨析,形容词和副词的比较等级以及形容词和副词作 状语等,在复习备考时应注意以下几方面:1. 考纲规定的形容 词和副词的词义;2. 复合形容词的构成;3. 常见形容词和副词 的搭配;4. 近义形容词和副词的辨析;5. 形容词和副词的比较

等级的构成和用法。

1. [2011四川, 12]—How was your recent trip to Sichuan?

—I’ve never had________ one before.
A. a pleasant B. a more pleasant

C. a most pleasant

D. the most pleasant

【解析】选B。考查形容词比较级。句意:——你最近去四川

的旅行怎么样?——这是让我感到最为愉快的旅行了。否定词
never与 比较级a more pleasant构成最高级的含义。故选B。

2. [2011浙江, 9]The professor could tell by the______look in
Maria’s eyes that she didn’t understand a single word of his lecture.

A. cold

B. blank

C. innocent

D. fresh

【解析】选B。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:教授能够从

Maria的眼睛中的迷茫的神色看出她对他的演讲一点都没有听
明白。A项:冷淡的;B项:迷茫的;C项:清白的;D项:新 鲜的。只有B项符合句意。

3. [2011湖 北, 24] An unhappy childhood may have some

negative effects on a person’s character; however, they are not
always_______. A. practical C. permanent B. avoidable D. beneficial

【解析】选C。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:一个不愉快的童

年可能会对一个人的性格有一些负面的影响,然而,这些影响
并不是永久的。practical实用的,实际的;avoidable可以避免 的;permanent永久的; beneficial有益的。根据句意选择C项。

4. [2011江苏, 25]In that school, English is compulsory for all
students, but French and Russian are________. A. special C. optional B. regional D. original

【解析】选C。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:在那所学校里, 英 语 是 所 有 学 生 的 必 修 科 目, 但 法 语 和 俄 语 是 选 修 科 目。 optional可选择的;special特别的;regional地区的;original最

初的,原始的。

5. [2011全国卷Ⅱ, 17]Mr. Stevenson is great to work for—I really couldn’t ask for a_______boss. A. better C. best B. good D. still better

【解析】选A。考查形容词。句意:为史蒂文森先生工作很好, 我确实不能找到更好的老板了。比较级和否定词连用表示最高 级含义,此处表示史蒂文森先生是最好的老板,答案为A。

6. [2011湖北, 23]The old engineer’s eyes still shone bright in the wrinkled brown face and his step as he came across the room was________, though slow.

A. shaky

B. heavy

C. casual

D. steady

【解析】选D。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:老工程师棕色的

脸上布满皱纹,他的眼中依然闪烁着明亮的光芒,在他穿过房
间时他的步伐尽管很慢,但是很稳。shaky摇动的;heavy重的; casual随便的;漫不经心的;steady平稳的,稳定的。根据句 意选择D项。

7. [2011浙江, 16]My schedule is very______right now, but

I’ll try to fit you in.
A. tight B. short C. regular D. flexible

【解析】选A。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:尽管我的计划安
排 目 前 比 较 紧 , 但 是 我 会 尽 量 找 时 间 见 你 的 。 “ a tight schedule”表示“一个安排比较紧的计划”,为习惯性表达方式。 short 短的、不足的;regular有规律的;flexible灵活的。

8. [2011湖北, 25]The state-run company is required to make its accounts as______as possible for its staff to monitor the use of money. A. transparent C. secure B. reasonable D. formal

【解析】选A。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:国营公司被要求 把账目做得尽可能简单易懂,这样员工就可监督钱的使用。 transparent易懂的; reasonable合理的;secure安全的;安心的; formal正规的。根据句意选择A项。

9. [2011浙江, 13]I’ve been writing this report_______for the last two weeks, but it has to be handed in tomorrow. A. finally C. occasionally B. immediately D. certainly

【解析】选C。考查副词词义辨析。句意:尽管两周来我一直 在不间断地写这个报告,但是明天我务必要交上。A项:最终;

B项:立刻;C项:偶尔地;D项:当然地。只有C项最符合句
意要求。

10. [2011天津,9]The young man couldn’t afford a new car. _______ ,he bought a used one.

A. Besides
C. Instead

B. Otherwise
D. Still

【解析】 选C。考查副词。句意:那位年轻人买不起新车,他
就买了辆二手车。besides此外,表示语意上的递进; otherwise

否则的话,表示语意上的转折;instead相反,取而代之,符合
句意; still仍旧。

11. [2011全国卷Ⅱ, 12]It is one thing to enjoy listening to

good music, but it is_______another to play it well yourself.
A. quite B. very C. rather D. much

【解析】选A。考查副词词义辨析。句意:喜欢听好音乐是一
回事,自己能演奏好又完全是另外一回事。quite完全,十分; very非常;rather相当;much很,非常, 根据句意及用法应选A。

12. [2011安徽, 31]________, I managed to get through the game and the pain was worth it in the end. A. Hopefully C. Thankfully B. Normally D. Conveniently

【解析】选C。考查副词词义辨析。句意:幸好,我设法打完 了比赛,为此做出的努力也没有白费。A项为“充满希望地”;

B项为“正常地”;C项为“庆幸地,满怀感激地;幸好”;D
项为“方便地,便利地”。根据句意选择C项。

13. [ 2010 全 国 卷 Ⅰ , 26 ] I have seldom seen my

mother________ pleased with my progress as she is now.
A. so B. very C. too D. rather

【解析】选A。考查副词用法。句意:我很少见妈妈像现在这
样为我的进步感到如此高兴。not as/so. . . as“不如??这 么??”“不像??这样??”为固定句型, seldom为否定副 词,故答案选A。

14. [2010上海,26]It took us quite a long time to get to the

amusement park. It was________journey.
A. three hour B. a three-hours

C. a three-hour

D. three hours

【解析】选C。句意:到达游乐园花了我们相当长的一段时间,

这是一个三小时的旅行。three-hour是复合形容词,在复合形
容词中,名词要用单数形式。

15. [2010安徽,31]________, she is the sort of woman to

spread sunshine to people through her smile.
A. Shy and cautious

B. Sensitive and thoughtful
C. Honest and confident

D. Lighthearted and optimistic

【解析】选D。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:她是一个无忧无 虑、积极乐观的人,能够通过她的微笑给人们传播阳光。shy

and cautious害羞而且谨慎的; sensitive and thoughtful 敏感而
又体贴的; honest and confident 诚 实 而 又 自 信 的 ;

lighthearted and optimistic无忧无虑又积极乐观的。

表1 形容词、副词考点归纳
考 点 要 点 典 句 例 示

形容词(短语) 作状语 多个形容词修 饰名词的排列 顺序

表示伴随, 结果或原因 限定描绘大长高,形状年龄和 新老,颜色国籍跟材料,作用 类别往后靠。 副词+现在分词 名词+过去分词 数词+名词/名词+-ed/形容词 形容词+分词/名词+-ed/形容词

①He lay in bed, wide awake. ②The goat rolled over, dead. the first beautiful little white Chinese wooden bridge hard-working man-made time-consuming world-famous five-star; three-legged; five-yearoldready-made, kind-hearted; ordinary-looking, red-hot

复合形容词的 构成

















高考中常见 形容词和副 词搭配

be particular about对??挑剔;be curious about对??好奇; be likely to do sth. 很可能做某事;be accessible to易接近的; be sensitive to 对 ?? 敏 感 ; be addicted to 沉 溺 于 ; be skeptical about对??怀疑;be convenient to对??方便;be friendly to对??友好;be popular with受??的欢迎;be familiar with熟悉;much to one’s surprise令某人大为吃惊的 是;how long 多久;how soon过多久才;how often多长时间 一次;how much多少;how far 多远;rather than而不是; other than除了;more than超出,不仅仅;better than胜过; more or less或多或少;sooner or later迟早;less than少于;no more than仅仅;not more than不超过

表2 几组常见的形容词和副词用法辨析
同 义 词 要 点 典 句 例 示

alive/ live/ living/ lively

alive强调某人生龙活虎,极富有生命 力或某生物是有生命的,有别于死的 或无生命的;无比较级变化,可作表 语或后置定语。

They managed to stay alive by eating berries and roots.

live常作定语放于名词之前,表示动、 They are campaigning 植物“活着的”(不修饰人)或广播电视 against experiments on live animals. 的实况转播。 living强调生气勃勃的、鲜活的,可 作前置定语。

He is one of the greatest living writers.
Mary’d always been a bright and lively girl.

lively强调“生动的、活泼的、生气勃 勃的”常作前置定语。

同 义 词













calm指海洋、天气平静无风;指人 She got frightened and excited, 镇定自若,强调外表,还可作动词, but is much calmer now. “使人镇定”。 calm/ quiet/ still/ silent

quiet多指环境的无扰乱或无闹声的 You have a cold, so you must keep quiet at home. 宁静或心神安逸。
still指既无声音也无动作的 静止不动。 Please keep still while I take your photo.

silent多指不说话的安静。指人时, After the party the house 少言寡语;指物时,没有声响。 was strangely silent. 还表示沉默。

同 义 词













common所指事物是常见的。 common/

In winter it’s common for girls to wear woolen skirts in big cities.

general/
ordinary/ usual

general指存在于一定范围的大部分 The price of food is a matter 人或事物中的普通现象,较少例外。 of general anxiety. 表示“一般的”。 ordinary“普通的,平凡的”,指 惯常或正常的,不是异常的,强 调无特殊之处。 usual常用来指由于长时间没有变化 而形成了一种习惯或制度,表示 “一贯的,通常的”。 The new taxes came as a shock to ordinary people.

Last Sunday , he went to work as usual.

同 义 词













eager指以巨大的热情渴望实现愿 望或达到目的,有时也指由于其 他感情影响或表现得急不可耐。 eager/anxious anxious指热切地希望实现愿 望,并因顾虑愿望落空而心 情不安,感到焦虑的。

She is eager to go to college but anxious about not passing the entrance examination.

同 义 词













likely指“从表面迹象看很有可 能”,常用于“sb. /sth. is likely to do”结构中。 likely/ possible/ probable probable语气比possible强,指有 根据、合情理,值得相信的事物, 带有“大概、很可能”的意思。 possible指“由于有适当的条件和方 法,某事可能发生或做到”,强调 “客观上有可能”,但常含有“实 际希望很小”的意思。

①It is possible but not probable that it will rain before evening. ②They are likely to become him. angry with

同 义 词













worth只作表语,后可以直接接名词 或动名词,动名词用主动形式。用 well修饰,表示很值得。 worth/ worthy作定语和表语,worthy作表 语时与of搭配,后接名词或动名词, worthy/ worthy后可以接动词不定式。但动名 worthwhile 词和动词不定式一般用其被动形式。 worthwhile可作表语和定语,通 常用于It is worthwhile doing/to do sth. 。

His suggestion is worth considering. ①His suggestion is worthy ofbeing considered/consideration. ②His suggestion is worthy to be considered.

It is worthwhile to consider/considering his suggestion.

同 义 词













a bit用于肯定句中,常用来修饰形 容词、副词、比较级或动词。修饰 不可数名词时,须在其后加of。其 否定形式not a bit, 即not at all, 表示 “一点也不”。 a bit/a little a little有肯定的意味,可修饰形容词、 副词、比较级,与a bit的此种用法相 同,可以互换。此外,只与不可数名 词连用。其否定形式not a little, 即 very, 表示“非常”的意思。

Our English teacher often says that she is not a bit tired but in fact she is not a little tired.

同 义 词













almost能和never, no, none, nothing, nobody, nowhere等否定 含义的词连用。 almost/ nearly

Hurry up, it’s almost time for school.

nearly可与not 连用,not nearly“远 不如”,almost往往不单独和not连 用。

It is not nearly as hot as last year.

同 义 词













especially“特别地,尤 其”,指有意突出到明 显或例外的程度。 especially/ specially/ particularly specially “专门地,特别地”, 是表示为了某个特定的目的而 专门地做某事。

①The

weather

has

been

especially cold. ②I came specially to see you. ③Cotton grows well in their country, particularly/ particularly尤其,格外; 可与especially换用。

especially in Hexi village.

同 义 词













fairly对所说之事持赞许态度, 不与too连用,不与比较级连 用。 fairly/rather rather对所说之事持不赞许或否定态 度,可接too, 如rather too easy; 可接 形容词的比较级。修饰名词时可以放 在冠词的前面或者后面,而fairly只 能后置。

Tom is fairly strong , but John is rather weak.

①This hat is rather expensive. ②This is a rather good book. =This is rather a good book.

同 义 词













特别提醒

下列形容词作表语时,通常不用“人”作主语。它们是: possible, impossible, probable, necessary, convenient, inconvenient。

表3 形容词和副词的比较等级
类 型 句 式 典 句 例 示

表示一方低于 另一方 表达一方超过 或低于另一方 的情况 越来越??

not as/so. . . as. . .

She is not so careful as her sister.

比较级+than

You look much younger than I do.

比较级+and+比较级

Our country has become stronger and stronger.

















越??就越?? 两者中较……的 那个

the+比较级. . . , the+比较级. . . the+比较级+of the two+名词 1. . . . times as+adj. /adv. 原级+as. . . 2 . . . . times the size/length/width/height etc. +of. . . 3. . . . times+adj. /adv. 比 较级+than

The higher the temperature (is), the greater the pressure is. The taller of the two boys is my brother.

.①At a rough estimate , Nigeria is
three times the size of Great Britain. ②At a rough estimate, Nigeria is three times as big as Great Britain. ③At a rough estimate, Nigeria is twice bigger than Great Britain

倍数表达法

类 型

句 式

典 句 例 示

①否定词+比较级;

any other+单数名词
运用比较级 表达最高级 的意义 all(the)other+复数名词 anyone else ①I have never heard a better voice than yours. ②Julia is taller than any other girl in her class.

②比较级 +than+

any of the other+复数 名词 the rest of+复数名词或 不可数名词

















特别提醒

1. 使用比较级应注意的问题 (1)比较的范围 如果比较的范围不一样,表达方式也应不同。 (2)比较的对象要一致 相同的对象可以比较,不同的对象不能进行比较。 (3)注意比较结构中的省略现象 由于日常交际的需要,在彼此都明白的情况下,比较对象往往 省略。 (4)比较级的修饰语:much, even, far, rather, still, any, no, a bit, a little, a head, two metres, a great deal, a lot, by far等。 (5)用介词by表示相差的程度。

















①China is larger than any other country in Asia. (比较的范围一 致) 特别提醒 ②China is larger than any country in Africa. (比较的范围不一致) ③The population of China is larger than that of any other country in the world. (人口与人口相比,要用代词that) ④She is taller than I by three inches. =She is three inches taller

than I. 她比我高3英寸。

















特别提醒

2. 含蓄比较级 含蓄比较级就是句中不 用明显的比较模式,但 通过语境可以判断带有 明显的比较倾向。含蓄 比较级往往在高考中考 ③We all hope to live in a better world. 查得较多。 我们都希望生活在更美好的世界里。 ④John feels better. Please don’t worry. 约翰感觉很好,不要担心。

①—What do you think of the film? —I have never seen a better one. (后边省 略了than this film) ②Tom’s composition, if not better (后边 省略了than Jack’s), is at least as good as Jack’s.

















特别提醒

3. 一个人的两种性 质的比较用more. . . than. . . 结构,意为 “与其??不 如??”。

She is more lazy than stupid. 与其说她笨不如说她懒。

1. [2012昆明模拟]You can get off the bus one or two stops

________and walk the rest of the way to work every day so as to
take some exercise. A. more early C. early B. earliest D. earlier

【解析】选D。考查副词的比较级。句意:你可以每天早一两 站下车,然后走完剩下的路程去上班,以便进行一些锻炼。根 据语意可知此处应用earlier表示“早一点儿,早一些”。

2. Painting from still images leads to loss of sensitivity, which

is_______to an artist.
A. absolute B. urgent C. special D. vital

【解析】选D。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:用静止的形象作
画会导致敏感的丧失,而敏感对一个艺术家来说至关重要。 vital “ 极 其 重 要 的 ” 。 前 三 项 分 别 表 示 “ 绝 对 的 ” “ 紧 急 的”“特殊的”,都不符合语意。

3. [2012大连模拟]Arriving in the deep night, we found there
was no food __________as all the shops were shut. A. left C. remaining B. convenient D. available

【解析】选D。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:因为是在深夜到 达,所有的商店已经停止营业,所以我们找不到食物。 available 可得到的;left是leave的过去分词,作后臵定语,意

为“剩余的”;convenient 方便的;remaining剩下的。

4. [2012沈阳模拟]—Who would you like to be your assistant, Jack or David? —If I have to choose, David would be ________choice. A. good C. a better B. the better D. the best

【解析】选B。考查形容词的比较级。句意:——你想让谁做 你的助手,杰克还是戴维?——如果我必须做出选择的话,戴 维更好一些。根据语意,此处是特指两个人当中比较好的那一 个,所以用the better。

5. Lily seems to know a lot about Hong Kong, but_______ she

has never been there.
A. luckily B. strictly C. actually D. naturally

【解析】选C。考查副词词义辨析。句意:Lily好像对香港了
解很多,但是实际上她从未去过那儿。句中的seems和连词but 有明显的提示作用。actually“实际上”符合句意。luckily幸运 地;strictly严格地;naturally自然地。

6. [2012太原模拟]Unemployment in that country is likely to remain high in 2011, and ________for the next few years.

A. possibly
C. gradually

B. necessarily
D. normally

【解析】选A。考查副词词义辨析。句意:2011年那个国家的
失业率很可能依然会很高, 也许接下来几年失业率一直这样高。 根据前半句的内容可知那个国家在随后几年“很可能”继续保 持高失业率的状态。后三项分别表示“必要地”“逐渐 地”“正常地”,都与语意不符。

7. Keeping a balance of work,

rest and diet,

and having

_______exercise will save people from illnesses.

A. appropriate
C. fierce

B. accurate
D. temporary

【解析】选A。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:保持工作、休息
和饮食之间的平衡,做适当的锻炼能让人们预防疾病。 appropriate 适 当 的 ; accurate 精 确 的 ; fierce 猛 烈 的 ; temporary暂时的。

8. [2012哈尔滨模拟]China is no longer_______ a production

base; it is also one of the most important consumer markets.
A. partly B. merely C. shortly D. totally

【解析】选B。考查副词辨析。句意:中国不再仅仅是一个生
产基地,它还是最重要的消费市场之一。partly意为“部分地, 不完全地”;merely意为“仅仅,只不过”;shortly意为“不 久,很快”;totally意为“整个地,全部地”。根据句意选B。

9. On snowy days, you have to drive very ______to avoid traffic accidents. A. cautiously B. neatly

C. smoothly

D. properly

【解析】选A。考查副词词义辨析。句意:在下雪天,你必须

小心开车,以避免交通事故。cautiously小心翼翼地,符合句
意。neatly整洁地; smoothly光滑地;平稳地; properly 适当地; 合适地。

10. [2012太原模拟]Look!

How much______ Alice looks

wearing her new show dress!
A. well B. good C. better D. best

【解析】选C。考查形容词的比较级。much后面不能接形容词
的原级和最高级,而应该用形容词的比较级,结合语意选C。

11. [2012合肥模拟]Honestly speaking, I would agree with

Shirley, though not_______ .
A. widely B. entirely

C. possibly

D. eventually

【解析】选B。考查副词词义辨析。句意:老实说,我同意

Shirley ,但并不完全赞同。widely广泛地;entirely完全地;
possibly可能地;eventually最终。

12. The problem is how______the drug abuse remains in

America.
A. regular B. practical

C. severe

D. obvious

【解析】选C。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:问题是药品滥用

在美国有多严重。regular有规律的,定期的;practical实用的;
severe严重的;obvious明显的。

13. —I was walking along the street and all of a sudden, a car cut in and knocked me down.

—You can never be________in the street.
A.careful enough B.much careful

C.very carefully

D.too carefully

【解析】选A。考查固定短语。句意:——我正在大街上走着,

突然一辆车超车抢道把我撞倒了。——在大街上你无论怎么小
心都不为过。can never. . . enough无论??都不为过。

14. [ 2012 银 川 模 拟 ] You’d

be

exposed

to

a

lot________pollution if you moved to a town with pure water
and air. A. more B. most C. less D. least

【解析】选C。考查形容词比较级。由从句中的pure water and air可知,污染应该更少,所以用less pollution。要注意的是句 中存在“隐形比较”,结合语意可知选C。

15. [2012温州模拟]—Are you happy with this laboratory? —Not a little. We can’t have_______ . A. a worse one C. so bad one B. a nicer one D. so nice one

【解析】选B。考查形容词比较级。句意:——你对这个实验 室满意吗?——十分满意。我们还没有见过比这更好的实验室。

形容词比较级用在否定句中表示最高级含义。

16. [2012福州模拟]Several hours later, with the aid of the police, the tourists manage to escape from the dangerous place, _________ . A. hungry and frightened B. hungrily and frightened C. hungry and frightening D. hungrily and frightened

【解析】选A。考查形容词作状语。句意:几个小时后,在警
察的帮助下,那些又饿又怕的游客设法从那个危险的地方逃了 出来。形容词(短语)用作伴随状语,位于句首或句末,用逗号 隔开。

17. [2012合肥模拟]John Smith, a successful instructor in education, is planning to purchase a_______ car. A. small Japanese black B. small black Japanese

C. black small Japanese

D. Japanese small black

【解析】选B。考查形容词修饰名词时的顺序。句意:约翰?史

密斯在教育方面是一位成功的讲师,他正打算买辆小型黑色日
本轿车。多个形容词作定语遵循“县(限定词)官(冠词)行(形状) 令(年龄)宴(颜色)国(国籍)才(材料)”,故本题选B。

18. [ 2012 荆 州 模 拟 ] China launched Tiangong-1 on

September 29,

2011 as an important step towards building
when astronauts will

its_______space station around 2020, work and live there for long. A. temporary C. permanent

B. contemporary D. consistent

【解析】选C。考查形容词辨析。句意:2011年9月29日,中国
发射了天宫一号,这是朝着2020年左右建立永久空间站迈出的 重 要 一 步 , 届 时 宇 航 员 就 可 以 在 空 间 站 长 久 工 作 和 生 活。

permanent永久的;temporary暂时的;contemporary当代的;
consistent始终如一的。

19. The conference was________fixed for the 10th, August, but later the unexpected landslide(泥石流) in Zhouqu in Gansu Province, made us put it off. A. normally B. obviously

C. originally

D. presently

【解析】选C。考查副词。句意:会议原定于8月10日举行,但

是后来意想不到的甘肃舟曲泥石流使我们推迟了会议。
originally 最 初 地 ; normally 正 常 地 ; obviously 显 然 地 ; presently不久;目前。

20. [2012厦门模拟]It is said that the_______building was designed by a famous Frenchman , who has thousands of excellent works all over the world. A.red stone beautiful C. beautiful stone red B.beautiful red stone D.stone beautiful red

【解析】选B。考查多个形容词修饰名词时的顺序。句意:据 说这座漂亮的红色石头建筑物是一个著名的法国人设计的,他

在世界各地有成千上万的杰作。根据多个形容词作定语遵循
“县(限定词)官(冠词)行(形状)令(年龄)宴(颜色)国(国家)才(材 料)”,可知。

21. [2012吉林模拟]Doctors say that exercise is important for

health, but it must be ________ exercise.
A.frequent B.normal

C.regular

D.usual

【解析】选C。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:医生说锻炼对健

康是重要的,但必须是定期锻炼。regular 定期的,有规律的;
frequent 频繁的;normal 正常的;usual 通常的。

22. [2012西安模拟]“Can’t you drive_______? ” the man

said to the taxi driver anxiously.
A. slowly B. fast

C. more slowly

D. faster

【解析】选D。考查副词的比较级。句意:“难道你不能开快

一点吗?”那个人焦急地对出租车司机说道。由anxiously可知,
乘客嫌车速慢,希望开快一点,故选D。

23. The city of Nanchong has grown so fast that it’s at

least________what it used to be.
A.five times the size of

B.five times the size as large as
C.five times larger

D.five times size as

【解析】选A。考查倍数表达法。句意:南充发展得很快,其

面积至少是过去的五倍大。倍数表达法的其中一个为:倍数
+the size/length/width/depth/height of. . . 。由此可知答案应选A。

24. [2012沈阳模拟]A woman was dug out_______ after being

buried deep in the ruins for more than 200 hours.
A. living B. alive C. lively D. live

【解析】选B。考查形容词辨析。句意:一位妇女被埋在废墟
深处200多个小时被挖出来的时候还活着。alive此处作状语说 明主语的状态。

25. [2012杭州模拟]Millions of young people are so______ about the so-called “Singles Day” that even websites like Taobao have special sales on November 11. A. particular B. positive

C. enthusiastic

D. cautious

【解析】选C。考查形容词辨析。句意:成百上千万的年轻人

对所谓的“光棍节”如此热心,以至于甚至淘宝网这样的网站
在11月11日都有特卖场。enthusiastic 热 心 的 ; particular 挑 剔 的;positive积极的;cautious谨慎的。


相关文章:
【步步高】(江苏专用)2017高考英语一轮复习 Unit 4 Films and film events讲义 牛津译林版选修8
【步步高】(江苏专用)2017高考英语一轮复习 Unit 4 Films and film events讲义 牛津译林版选修8_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Unit 4 Films and film events 话题...
牛津译林版高中英语单元复习学案 模块8 Unit 4 Films and film events
牛津译林版高中英语单元复习学案 模块8 Unit 4 Films and film events_从业资格...高中英语 Unit2 Sportin... 22页 免费 2013版英语全程复习方略... 119页 ...
Module 8 Unit 4 Films and film events (学案2008定稿)
2013版英语全程复习方略课... 暂无评价 119页 免费...牛津译林版高中英语单词精... 4页 免费 液晶的电光...Module 8 Unit 4 Films and film events (学案2008...
【重大版】2013版英语复习方略课件:必修1 Unit 4 Unforgettable Films.ppt.Convertor
【重大版】2013版英语复习方略课件:必修1 Unit 4 Unforgettable Films.ppt.Convertor...It is obvious that the film is everybody’s idea of entertainment and t...
【高优指导】2017版高三英语一轮复习规范练:Unit 4 Films and film events(牛津译林版选修8) 含解析
【高优指导】2017版高三英语一轮复习规范练:Unit 4 Films and film events(牛津译林版选修8) 含解析_英语_高中教育_教育专区。考点规范练 27(模块八Ⅰ.阅读...
Unit4 Films and film events-Task 1 教案(牛津版选修8)
Unit4 Films and film events-Task 1 教案(牛津版...Step 3 First listening (PPT8—9) 1. Ask the...2013版英语全程复习方略... 119页 免费 Unit 4 Films...
Module 8-Unit 4 Films and film event(answers)(Face to face)
模块8 Unit 4 Films and film events 基础回顾 ...in…。 【即时演练】 【 江苏省淮安市淮海中学 ...2013届高考英语总复习第... 69页 免费 牛津高中...
选修八 Unit 4 Films and film events 单元检测
选修八 Unit 4 Films and film events 单元检测_英语...2013版英语全程复习方略... 119页 免费 2013届高考...牛津译林选修八Unit4 ... 10页 免费 Unit4 F...
【创新设计】2015高考英语(译林版)一轮对点题组练:模块8 Unit 4 Films and film events(含答案解析)
【创新设计】2015高考英语(译林版)一轮对点题组练:模块8 Unit 4 Films and film events(含答案解析)_高中教育_教育专区。【创新设计】2015高考英语(译林版)一...
2016学年江苏省常州市西夏墅中学高二英语教案:unit4《 films and film events 》语法(牛津版选修8)
2016学年江苏省常州市西夏墅中学高二英语教案:unit4films and film events 》语法(牛津版选修8)_高中教育_教育专区。强调句强调是为了对一定语境下的部分内容...
更多相关标签: