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高考英语语法填空技巧及练习


高考新题型 Ⅰ题型分析 1. 短文长度 在 200 词左右,以对话或短文形式出现。 2. 命题形式 (1)提供单词原形:主要提供的是动词、名词、形容词三大类,考生需要根据语境写出正确的词形,一般有 4 个小题。 (2)纯空格形式:考生需要根据语境在每个空格处填入一个合适的词,这类题大约有 6 个左右,主要考察连词、 介词、代词、冠词等。 3. 语法考点 从考试说明的样题来看,实词

以考察动词、代词、形容词、副词为主,其中动词又是重中之重;虚词以考察介词、 冠词、连词为主。而句法方面主要考察复合句的引导词,如定语从句、名词性从句、状语从句。 Ⅱ解题技巧 一、纯空格题解题技巧 技巧一 缺主语或宾语一定是填代词或名词 1. I can send a message to Kenya whenever I want to, and ________ gets there almost in a second. 技巧二 名词前面若没有限定词(冠词、形容词性物主代词、不定代词)很可能是填限定词 2. It is said that a short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty (960-1279) was very anxious to help ________ 3. ……the head of the village was trying up his horse to my car to pull it to ________ small town some 20 kilometers away where there was a garage. 技巧三 句子不缺主语、表语,动词后不缺宾语的情况下,名词或代词前面一定是填介词 4. …… who should have the honor of receiving me ________ a guest in their house. 技巧四 若两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连词,可能是填连词 5. …… two world-famous artists, Pablo Picasso ________ Candido Portinari, which are worth millions of dollars. 6. …… all I saw was this beautiful girl, whose smile just melted me ________ almost instantly gave me a completely new sense of what life is all about. 技巧五 若两句(一个主谓关系算一个句子)之间没有连词也没有分号或句号,一定是填并列连词或从属连词。 7. I wanted to see as much of the city as possible in the two days ________ I was to return to Guangzhou. 8. He was very tired after doing this for a whole day, ________ he felt very happy…… 技巧六 若结构较完整,空格后的谓语动词是原形,特别是与上下文时态不一致或主谓不一致时,很可能是填情 态动词或表示强调或倒装的助动词(do, does, did 等) 9. What is acceptable in one country ________ be considered extremely rude in another. 10. He had no time or energy to play with his children or talk with his wife, but he ________ bring home a regular salary. 技巧七 由特殊的句式结构来判断空格应填的词 (1)由 it is …… that……强调结构形式判断 it 还是 that 11. …… and ________ was only after I heard she became sick that I learned she couldn?t eat MSG(味精)! (2)由倒装句式判断是填构成倒装条件的 only. so, neither, nor, never, hardly, seldom, not until,等还是填 do, does, did 等 12. ________ with hard work can you expect to get pay rise. (3)由 it 作形式主语或形式宾语的句式判断空格处是否填 it 13. …… as ________ took them just three minutes to steal paintings by two world-famous artists…… 14. Dating sites also make ________ easy to avoid someone whom you are not interested in. (4)so/such……that……句型 15. This made the goat so jealous ________ it began plotting against(谋划对付) the donkey. (5)more……than……(与其说??不如说??;比??更??)句型 16. Cynthia?s story shows vividly that people remember more how much a manager cares ________ how much he pays.
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二、给出了动词的解题技巧 技巧八 若句中没有别的谓语动词或者虽然已有谓语动词,但需填的动词与之是并列关系,所给动词就是谓语动 词,若是谓语动词就要考虑时态、语态 17. His fear of failure ________ (keep) him from classroom games that other children played with joyous abandon. 18. That was definitely not an attractive idea so I politely declined her invitation, ________ (close) my book and walked away. 19. In Logan, three people ________ (take) to a hospital, while others were treated at a local clinic. 技巧九 若句中已有谓语动词又不是并列谓语时,所给动词就是非谓语动词。若是非谓语动词就要确定用 ing 形 式、ed 形式还是不定式形式,确定的方法主要有 (1)作主语或宾语,通常用 ing 形式表示习惯或一般情况,用不定式表示具体的情况。 20. …… but it is not enough only ________ (memorize) rules from a grammar book. 21. ________ (speak) out your inner feeling won?t make you feel ashamed, on the contrary…… (2)作目的状语或者在形容词后作状语一般用不定式 22. ________(complete) the project as planned, we?ll have to work two more hours a day. 23. Some people say that oldest children, who are smart and strong-willed, are very likely ________(succeed). (3)作伴随状语常用分词。与逻辑主语是主动关系用现在分词,被动关系用过去分词 24. He saw the stone, ________(say) to himself: ”The night will be very dark.” 25. The headmaster went into the lab, ________ (follow) by the foreign guests. (4)不论非谓语动词在句中作何种成分,若判断需要用分词,与逻辑主语是主动关系用 ing 形式,被动关系用 ed 形式 26. There will be a meeting, ________ (start) later this year to review the film. 27. Lessons ________ (learn) in sports can help us in our dealing with other people. 三、词类转换题的解题技巧 技巧十 作表语、定语或补语通常用形容词形式 28. The youngster immediately felt ________ (silence) as tears flew down from his big blue eyes. 29. In a ________ (danger) part of the sea off the coast of New Zealand, they learnt to …… 30. Teachers must try their best to make most of their students ________ (interest) in the subject. 技巧十一 作主语,在及物动词或介词后作宾语用名词形式 31. When China?s ancient scientific and technological ________(achieve) are mentioned, the nation will generally refer to the Four Great Inventions. 32. These people have made great ________ (contribute) to China with their work. 33. …… instructors expect students to be familiar with ________ (inform) in the reading …… 技巧十二 在形容词性物主代词后或者在“冠词(+形容词) ”后用名词形式 34. ……the remains date from this period because of their ________ (similar) to those found elsewhere. 35. With the large numbers of students, the ________ (operate) of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. 技巧十三 修饰动词、形容词、副词或真个句子作状语,用副词形式 36. As I looked ________ (close) at this girl, I found that…… 37. There must be something ________ (serious) wrong with our society. 38. Singles are flocking (涌向) to the internet ________ (main) because their busy lifestyle leave them little time…… 技巧十四 括号中所给词有可能是要求词义转换。词类不一定要变,主要是考察具有与词根意义相反的派生词, 需要根据句子意思及前后逻辑关系在词根前加 un,im 等,在词根后加 less 等。 39. People certainly have a variety of reasons for going back to school but one important thing to know is, no knowledge is ________(use). 40. Your mistake caused a lot of ________ (necessary) work in the office. 技巧十五 括号中所给动词不一定是考动词的时态、语态或非谓语动词,而是考察词类转换。若是形容词或副词, 有可能是考察其比较级。 41. …… there was a lot of information about the city?s well-known tourist ________ (attract)……
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42. The other frog went on jumping as hard as he could …… He jumped even ________ (hard) and finally made himself out. 43. Storms which produced at least 13 tornadoes swept along New Mexico?s border with Texas on Friday, destroying homes and other buildings and injuring at least 16 people, several critically, authorities said. The ________(bad) damage was reported in the towns of Logan and Clovis, which are about 80 miles apart, police said. Keys: 1. it 2. his 3. a 4. as 5. and 6. and 7. before 8. but 9. may 10. did 11. it 12. only 13. it 14. it 15. that 16. than 17. kept 18. closed 19. were taken 20. to memorize 21. Speaking 22. To complete 23. to succeed 24. saying 25. followed 26. starting 27. learned 28. silent 29. dangerous 30. interested 31. achievements 32. contributions 33. information 34. similarities 35. operation 36. closely 37. seriously 38. mainly 39. useless 40. unnecessary 41. attraction 42. harder 43. worst Ⅲ短文填空 (1) W: Codfrey Davis. Can I help you? M: I want to hire a car, please. ________ would that cost? W: It ________ (depend) on the type of car you want and the amount of ________ you want it for. M: For a week. W: We could let you have a Ford Fiesta or an Austin Metro for 84 a week or a Triumph Acclaim for 96.25, ________ allowing unlimited mileage(里程) M: Are these cars automatic? W: No. ________ you want an automatic, we can let you have a Ford Cortina, ________ that would be rather ________ (expense)----189 a week. M: I think I?ll have the Triumph Acclaim. W: When do you want to collect it? M: On Monday morning. W: If you will call in this office at any time after nine o?clock, you can ________(complete) some forms and collect the car. Have you ________ International Driving permit? M: Yes, I have. W: Very good, sir. We look forward to ________ (see) you on Monday morning. (2) M: Now we have five-day classes every week, so we have more spare time than ________. W: Yeah. How do you spend your spare time, Timmy? M: I have an ________(interesting) in playing the violin and I ________(continue) to practice playing it. W: Do you often go to a concert? M: Yes, I like listening to music. At present my major objective is to learn from ________. W: Do you like classical music ________ pop? M: I like both. How do you spend your spare time then, Lily? W: ________(play) the piano is my favorite activity. M: Our hobbies are similar ________ each other. I hope we can often exchange experience together. W: ________ do I, but I?m weak in the theory of music. M: Me, too. Would you like to go with me to my ________(uncle)? He?s a professor at the Institute of Music. W: I?d be glad to go with you. I will ________ him for his advice. (3) M: Today, I ________ nine-year-old Alex about her feelings on how people can help ________ (save) the environment. So, Alex, how can we save the environment?
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W: By saving water. M: Well, how can we do that? W: By not using too much water when we wash dishes, take a bath, and when we do other things, like watering the ________ (plant) outside. M: Oh, I think I can do that. What else? W: When ________ (drink) something outside, you should keep the garbage until you find a trashcan to put ________ in because littering makes our planet dirty. Do you like seeing trash all over the ground? M: No, I don?t. Do you have any final ________(suggest)? W: Yes. We shouldn?t waste paper because trees ________ down to make the paper. By recycling paper, we save the forests ________ animals live. M: So, how can children recycle paper, I mean, every day? W: Well, for example, when I was in kindergarten, I used to save the newspapers ________ I could make things out of them, like paper trees, ________ just growing them away. Now, the children in our neighborhood collect newspapers once a month to take them to a recycling center. M: That?s treat. Well, thanks Alex for your ideas. (4) W: Professor Smith, may I see you for a moment? M: Of course. Come in and have a seat. W: I?ve come to talk to you ________ my grade on my last paper. I want to know why I was given an “F”. M: Well, yours was so similar to ________ of another student in the class ________ I seriously doubted that you?d done it ________ (you). W: I ________ work closely with my roommate Jean, ________ let me explain why. A week before the paper was due, I was too sick to do my research. Jean ________(agree) to help me. But it was really my own. M: Well you?d been given a month ________ (work) on the paper. Wouldn?t it be better to get ahead start rather than to wait until the last minute? Each student was supposed to prepare it individually. I?m afraid my decision remains the same. However, if you?re willing to make ________ oral presentation about the government?s role in ________ (run) the economy, I?ll give you extra credit. W: Thank you. I?ll do that. Keys: (1)1. How much 2. depends 3. time 4. both 5. If 6. but 7. more expensive 8. complete/ fill 9. an 10. seeing (2)1. before 2. interest 3. will continue 4. others 5. or 6. Playing 7. to 8. So 9. uncle?s 10. ask (3)1. am interviewing 2. (to) save 3. plants 4. drinking 5. it 6. suggestions 7. are being cut 8. where 9. so that/ in order that 10. instead of (4)1. about 2. that 3. that 4. yourself 5. did 6. but 7. agreed 8. to work 9. an 10. running

2014 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标 II 卷
One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about __61___ (be) late for school. There were many people waiting at the bus stop, ___62____ some of them looked very anxious and ___63__(disappoint) .When the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next ____64___ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike ____65___ (catch ) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused ____66___(stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept ____67___(ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked,“____68___ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh, dear! It ?s ____69___ (I)”. She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully, Five others on the bus began talking about what the boy had done and the crowd of strangers ___70__(sudden) became friendly to one another. 61. being 62. and 63. disappointed 64. to 65. caught 66. to stop 67. riding 68.Did 69. me/mine 70. suddenly
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