高三年级第一次阶段性检测 英语试题 2013.10
考试时间：120 分钟； 总分：150 分 注意事项： 1．答题前填写好自己的姓名、班级、考号等信息 2．请将答案正确填写在答题卡上
第 I 卷（选择题）
第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节) 第一节 语法和词汇知识(共 25 小题) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳
选项 1. It is acknowledged that _______ shortest distance between persons is ______ sincere smile. A. a; / B. a ; the C. the ; / D. the; a
2. His first novel _________ good reviews since it came out last month. A. receives B. is receiving C. has received D.will receive
3. Nancy, ________ for about half a year to apply for a job as an airline hostess, finally took a position at a shopping center. A. struggled B. having struggled C. struggling D. to struggle
4. ----Do you allow smoking in the office? ------________ smoking here will be fined. A. Whoever B. Anyone C. Who D. Anyone who
5. ------Diana has decided to marry Steve. ------- _________ her parents’ strong objections? A. Due to 6. ------- I don't know -------Confidence, I think. A. how is it that 7． B. how it is that C. what is it that D. what it is that B. Thanks to C. Beyond D. Despite
makes her different from others.
out more about university courses，write to this address． A．To find B．Found C．Find D．Finding urgently needed clean water, medicine
8．After the flooding, people were suffering in that area, and shelter to survive． A．which B．who C．where
9. Don’t try to persuade your boss; he won’t have the ________ of employing me----a fresh student. A. intention B. attention C. sense D.attraction
10．一 Hi．Li Hua．Do you still remember the first time we met?
一 Sure．You A．have
dinner with your friends in a restaurant． B．had C．were having D．have had
11. ________ is expected, according to the online survey, that housing prices can’t go up any more. A. As B. Which C. What D. It Tsinghua University's admission． D．Obtain
12．Most of the students feel it really hard to A．admit B．succeed C．accept
13. It _______ be the postman at the door. It’s only six o’clock. A. mustn’t B. can’t C. won’t D. needn’t
14. -----Someone wants you on the phone. ------________ nobody knows I am here. A. Although B. And C. But D. So
15. -----So you gave her your phone? ------- ____________. She said she would return it to me when she could afford her own. A. My pleasure B. Not exactly C. No doubt D. All right
16. It is his first job interview, so there is no room for mistakes in the first _________. A. instruction B. expression C. impression D. description
17. Try not to begin making any comment about the idea until you have understood it ______. A. strongly B. entirely C. extremely D. freely
18. The reason ___he didn’t come was ____he was injured. A. that, because
B. why, that
B. has rescued
C. why, because
C. was rescued
D. that, that
D. had been rescued
19, After getting lost in a flood, he _______ by the army 3 days later.
20. There is not much money left, but _____ we must manage to buy the new house. A. somehow B. somewhat C. however D. anyway
21. On his birthday, he received a nice present from his sister _______ a note was attached, saying”I love you so much”. A. to which B. in which C. that D. where 22.— Let’s go and have a good drink tonight. —_______. Have you got the first prize in the competition ? A. What for? B. Thanks a lot. C. Yes, I’d like to. D. Why not?
23. Little ______ when 1 took the trip where it would lead me. A. have I known B. had I known C. do 1 know D. did I know
24. The air quality in the city, _______ is shown in the report, has improved over the past months. A. that B. it
25. Put the medicine ______ the children can’t reach it. A. in which B. at which C. to which D. where 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 26—45 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最 佳选项。 Our school has a weekly “Parents View” program. Around four years ago, I 26 a call from
the headmaster to come to the “Parents View” talk the next morning. After the call I became very nervous and anxious. Many 27 with thoughts were coming. One of them was to call the headmaster 29 , I gathered some courage. I thought, 31 30 I
28 and tell him that I could not come.
missed this opportunity, surely the school would never I 32 to go and speak.
me again to any of their programs. So,
When my turn came and I started speaking, my heartbeat increased and my mouth went wasn’t even able to read the written speech 34 I was reading. After my speech, I met with the headmaster and
. I was not 35 of where I was standing and what
36 what happened to me. He told me that this that I
happened to everyone. Even great 37 faced the same things when they started. He 38 come again.
I prepared a topic of talk for the next occasion. This time I was somehow comfortable but not very confident. Afterwards, I met with the headmaster again and told him about the He was 40 enough to invite me again, but this time to give a 41 39 I felt I had made.
to the teachers.
I prepared and practiced day and night. With the blessing of God, this went very well and was 42 by the headmaster as well as the teachers because they knew where I started from. They encouraged and praised my 43 possible if we have 45 26. A. received 27. A. serious 28. A. fear 29. A. Fortunately 30. A. though 31. A. invite 32. A. refused . . I learned that everything is
After delivering this presentation successfully, I became 44 to take the first step. B. made B. negative B. excitement B. Finally B. until B. take B. offered C. accepted C. deep C. regret C. Actually C. because C. bring C. decided
D. gave D. sudden D. delight D. Obviously D. if D. send D. pretended
33. A. hot 34. A. properly 35. A. sick 36. A. argued 37. A. speakers 38. A. commanded 39. A. story 40. A. kind 41. A. message 42. A. scolded 43. A. faith 44. A. popular 45. A. aims
B. dry B. carefully B. afraid B. proved B. teachers B. suggested B. mistake B. honest B. suggestion B. appreciated B. choice B. special B. luck
C. open C. cheerfully C. fond C. explained C. parents C. requested C. trouble C. stubborn C. presentation C. instructed C. results C. confident C. chances
D. full D. actively D. aware D. concluded D. students D. demanded D. progress D. eager D. comment D. corrected D. efforts D. famous D. courage
第二部分 阅读理解(共 25 小题) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出一个最佳选项
NOT all memories are sweet. Some people spend all their lives trying to forget bad experiences. Violence and traffic accidents can leave people with terrible physical and emotional scars. Often they relive experiences in nightmares. Now American researchers think they are close to developing a pill, which will help people forget bad memories. The pill is designed to be taken immediately after a frightening experience. They hope it might reduce, or possibly wipe out, the effect of painful memories. In November, experts tested a drug on people in the US and France. The drug stops the body releasing chemicals that fix memories in the brain, So far the research has suggested that only the emotional effects of memories may be reduced, not that the memories are wiped out. They are not sure to what degree people's memories are affected. The research has caused a great deal of argument. Some think it is a bad idea, while others support it. Supporters say it could lead to pills that prevent or treat soldiers' troubling memories after war. They say that there are many people who suffer from terrible memories. “Some memories can ruin people's lives. They come back to you when you don't want to have them in a daydream or nightmare. They usually come with very painful emotions, ”said Roger Pitman, a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.“This could relieve a lot of that suffering.” But those who are against the research say that maybe the pills can change people's memories and
changing memories is very dangerous because memories give us our identity. They also help us all avoid the mistakes of the past. “All of us can think of bad events in our lives that were terrible at the time but make us who we are. I'm not sure we want to wipe those memories out, ”said Rebecca Dresser, a medical ethicist. 46. The passage is mainly about A. a new medical invention C. a way of wiping out painful memories 47. The drug tested on people can A. cause the brain to fix memories C. prevent body producing certain chemicals 48. We can infer from the passage that . . B. stop people remembering bad experiences D. wipe out the emotional effects of memories . B. a new research on the pill D. an argument about the research on the pill
A. Experts are not sure about the effects of the pills. B. the pill will certainly stop people's emotional memories C. taking the pill will do harm to people's physical health D. the pill has already been produced and used by the public America 49. Which of the following does Rebecca Dresser agree with in the last paragraph? A. some memories can ruin people's lives. B. people want to get rid of bad memories. C. experiencing bad events makes us different from others. D. the pill will reduce people's sufferings from bad memories. 50. You may probably read the passage in A. a guidebook B. a textbook C.a medical magazine D.a science fiction
The dirty, homeless man sat on the pavement, staring at the atones. He thought back more than twenty years to when he was a boy living in a small red brick house on this very street. He recalled the flower garden, the swing his dad made, and the bike he had saved up for months to buy. The man shrugged (耸肩) impatiently, for the brightness of those pictures hurt him, and his memory travelled on another ten years. He had a job by then, plenty of friends and started to come home less. He did not really want to remember those years, nor the day when, because of debts, he had gone home planning to ask for money. He felt embarrassed, but he knew exactly where his dad kept the money. When his parents stepped out of the room, he took what he wanted and left. That was the last time he had seen them. Ashamed, he went abroad, and his parents knew nothing about the years of wandering or time in prison. But locked in his cell he often thought of home. Once free, he would love to see his parents again, if they were still alive, and still wanted to see him.
When his prison time was up, he found a job, but couldn't settle. Something was drawing him home. He did not want to arrive penniless, so he hitchhiked most of the long journey back. But less than a mile from his destination he started to feel sick with doubt. Could they ever accept this man who had so bitterly disappointed them? He spent most of that day sitting under a tree. That evening he posted a letter which, although short, had taken him hours to write. It ended with: I know it is unreasonable of me to suppose you want to see me ... so it's up to you. I'll come early Thursday morning. If you want me home, hang a white handkerchief in the window of my old bedroom. If it's there, I'll come in; if not, I'll wave good-bye and go. And now it was Thursday morning and he was sitting on the pavement at the end of the street. Finally he got up and walked slowly toward the old house. He drew a long breath and looked. His parents were taking no risks. ________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ The man threw his head back, gave a cry of relief and ran straight through the open front door. 51． Why did the man shrug impatiently (paragraph 2) while he was thinking of his childhood? A. The thoughts made him angry. C. He was anxious to go home. B. He felt he had wasted time. D. The sweet memory caused him much pain.
52．Why did it take him hours to write the letter? A. He doubted if his parents still lived in that house. C. He felt ashamed to ask for forgiveness. B. He had much news to tell his parents.
D. He was longing to return home and felt excited.
53． In what order did the following events take place? a. He took the money from his parents. b. He bought a bicycle with his savings. c. He was sentenced to prison. d. He wrote the letter home. e. He sat on the pavement. f. He hitchhiked back home. A. b, a, c, d, e, f C. a, c, b, d, f, a B. b, a, c, f, d, e D. a, d, b, c, e, f
54．Which of the following best fits into paragraph 8 ? A. Every inch of the house was covered in white. Sheets, pillowcases and table clothes had been placed on every window and door, making it look like a snow house. B. The house before him was just as he remembered: the red bricks, the brown door and nothing else.
C. A colourful blanket was over the front door. On it, in large letters, was written, "Welcome home, son D. A police car was parked in the drive way, and two officers stood at the front door. 55．The best title of the passage is _______. A. Sweet Memory B. White Handkerchief C. Abandoned Son D. Leaving Home
Beatrix Potter was a great English writer and artist, best known for her children's books featuring animal characters such as in the children's classic -- The Tale of Peter Rabbit. Beatrix was born into a rich London-based family where she was tutored by very strict private teachers and so spent her youth isolated（alone, far away） from other youngsters. During her youth she had a lot of pets and spent vacations in Scotland and also the Lake District. It was at the Lake District that she developed a love of wildlife. She studied the area's natural wonders carefully and painted them continuously. But her old-fashioned, Manchester-born parents discouraged her intellectual improvement, thinking it inappropriate for a young lady. However, her study and watercolour paintings of wild mushrooms made her widely respected within the field of biology. In her 30's, Beatrix Potter wrote the remarkably successful kid's book, The Tale of Pew Rabbit. Close to that time she became secretly engaged to her publisher Norman Warne. This caused a great disagreement with her parents, who did not approve of Beatrix getting married to somebody of lower social status. Sadly, Warne died before the marriage ceremony. Ultimately Beatrix Potter began writing and also illustrating (绘图) kid's books full-time. Using profits from her books, Beatrix grew to become economically independent of her parents and was eventually in a position to buy Hill Top Farm in the Lake District. She extended the property with additional purchases of neighbouring land over time. In her 40's, Bestrix married William Heelis, a local lawyer. She ended up becoming a sheep breeder and farmer while continuing to publish as well as illustrate books for children. In all she authored 23 publications. Beatrix died on December 22, 1943, and left the majority of her property to the National Trust. Her books carry on selling well globally, in many different languages. Her stories have been retold in numerous formats including a ballet, movies, and cartoons. Such is her reputation, and that of the characters from her publications, that many Beatrix Potter statues have been created. These tiny Beatrix Potter statues which include pretty much all the actual characters in her publications have become highly valued by art collects and fans of her literature throughout the world. 56． What can we learn about Beatrix Potter's early life? A. She learned drawing skills from her tutors.
B. She was very sociable and outgoing. C. She was greatly inspired by the beauty of nature. D. She was encouraged to think creatively and independently. 57．Why were Beatrix Potter's parents against the idea of her marriage to Norman Warne? A. They did not believe she was mature enough to get married. B. They thought Warne was only interested in Beatrix Potter's wealth. C. They believed that the couple's characters were mismatched. D. They considered Warne to be too common for their daughter. 58．According to the passage, which part of the UK did Beatrix Potter love most? A. Manchester. B. Scotland. C. The Lake District. D. London.
59．In which of the following areas did Beatrix Potter show an interest during her life? A. Writing, biology, farming. C. Movies, farming, drawing. B. Drawing, nature, ballet. D. Writing, mushrooms, travel.
60．What is the function of the last two paragraphs of the passage? A. To describe the consequences of Beatrix Potter's death. B. To present the lasting cultural influence of Beatrix Potter and her works.. C. To show the changes in attitude towards Beatrix Potter's works over the past years. D. To criticize the commercialization of Beatrix Potter's characters since her death.
Boys’ schools are the perfect place to teach young men to express their emotions and involve them in activities such as art, dance and music． Far from the traditional image of a culture of aggressive masculinity(男子气概)，the absence of girls gives boys the chance to develop without pressure to be consistent(一致的) to a stereotype(传统 观念)，a US study says． Boys at single-sex schools were said to be more likely to get involved in cultural and artistic activities that helped develop their abilities to express their emotions，rather than feeling they had to obey to the“boy code”of hiding their emotions to be a“real man” ． The findings of the study are against the received wisdom that boys do better when taught alongside girls． Tony Little，headmaster of Eton，warned that boys were being ignored by the British education system because it had become too focused on girls．He criticized teachers for failing to recognize that boys are actually more emotional than girls． The research argued that boys often perform badly in mixed schools because they become discouraged when their female peers do better earlier in speaking and reading skills．
But in single-sex schools teachers can adjust lessons to boys’learning style，letting them move around the classroom and getting them to compete in teams to prevent boredom，wrote the study's author, Abigail James of the University of Virginia． Teachers could encourage boys to enjoy reading and writing with “boy-focused” approaches such as themes and characters that appeal to them．Because boys generally have sharper vision，learn best through touch, and are physically more active，they need to be given“hands-on”lessons where they are allowed to walk around． “Boys in mixed schools view classical music as feminine(女性的)and prefer the modem type in which violence and sexism are major themes,”James wrote． Single-sex education also made it less likely that boys would feel they had to give in to a stereotype that men should be“masterful and in charge”in relationships． mixed schools boys feel “In pressed to act like men before they understand themselves well enough to know what that means， ”the study reported. 61．The author believes that a single-sex school would A．force boys to hide their emotions to be“real men” B．help to form masculine aggressiveness in boys C．encourage boys to express their emotions more freely D．naturally place emphasis on the traditional image of a man to boys 62．It is commonly believed that in a mixed school boys A．perform relatively better C．behave more responsibly ． ．
B．grow up more healthily D．receive a better education
63．What does Tony Little say about the British education system? A．It fails more boys than girls academically． B．It focuses more on mixed school education． C．It fails to give boys the attention they need．D．It places more pressure on boys than on girls． 64．According to Abigail James，one of the advantages of single-sex schools is A．teaching can be adapted to suit the characteristics of boys B．boys can focus on their lessons without being absent-minded C．boys can choose to learn whatever they are interested in D．teaching can be designed to promote boys’team spirit 65．Which of the following is the characteristic of boys according to Abigail James’report? A．They enjoy being in charge． C．They have sharper vision． B．They act the same to stereotypes． D．They are violent and sexist ．
Next time a customer comes to your office, offer him a cup of coffee．And when you’re doing your holiday shopping online, make sure you’re holding a large glass of iced tea．The physical
sensation（感觉） of warmth encourages emotional warmth, while a cold drink in hand prevents you from making unwise decisions—those are the practical lesson being drawn from recent research by psychologist John A．Bargh． Psychologists have known that one person’s perception（感知）of another’s “warmth” is a powerful determiner in social relationships．Judging someone to be either “warm” or “cold” is a primary consideration, even beating evidence that a “cold” person may be more capable．Much of this is rooted in very early childhood experiences, Bargh argues, when babies’ conceptual sense of the world around them is shaped by physical sensations, particularly warmth and coldness．Classic studies by Harry Harlow, published in 1958, showed monkeys preferred to stay close to a cloth “mother” rather than one made of wire, even when the wire “mother” carried a food bottle．Harlow’s work and later studies have led psychologists to stress the need for warm physical contact from caregivers to help young children grow into healthy adults with normal social skills． Feelings of “warmth” and “coldness” in social judgments appear to be universal．Although no worldwide study has been done, Bargh says that describing people as “warm” or “cold” is common to many cultures, and studies have found those perceptions influence judgment in dozens of countries． To test the relationship between physical and psychological warmth, Bargh conducted an experiment which involved 41 college students． research assistant handed the students either a hot cup of coffee, A or a cold drink, to hold while the researcher filled out a short information form．The drink was then handed back．After that, the students were asked to rate(评价) the personality of “Person A” based on a particular description． Those who had briefly held the warm drink regarded Person A as warmer than those who had held the iced drink． “We are grounded in our physical experiences even when we think abstractly,” says Bargh． 66．According to Paragraph 1, a person’s emotion may be affected by ______． A．the psychology lessons he has C．the visitors to his office B．his physical feeling of coldness D．the things he has bought online
67．The author mentions Harlow’s experiment to show that ______． A．babies need warm physical contact C．adults should develop social skills B．caregivers should be healthy adults D．monkeys have social relationships B．evaluate someone’s personality D．hold coffee and cold drink alternatively
68．In Bargh’s experiment, the students were asked to ______． A．write down their guesses C．fill out a personal information form 69．We can infer from the passage that ______． A．abstract thinking does not come from physical experiences B．feelings of warmth and coldness are studied worldwide
C．physical temperature affects how we see others D．capable persons are often cold to others 70．What would be the best title for the passage? A．Drinking for Better Social Relationships． C．Experiments of Personality Evaluation． B．Physical Sensations and Emotions． D．Developing Better Drinking Habits
第 II 卷
注意事项： 1．用黑色中性笔直接答在试卷上。 2．答卷前将密封线内的项目填写清楚。 第三部分 写作(共三节，55 分) 第一节 单词拼写 (英汉互译 10 分) 71. appoint _____________ 72.brochure__________________73. correspond______________ 74. departure_____________ 75. roar_____________ 76. 近似地，大约地___________ 77. 探险 ______________ 78. 精确的， 准确度____________ 79. 特色， 特征_____________ 80. 促进，晋升____________ 第二节 阅读表达(共 5 小题，15 分) 阅读下面短文并回答问题，然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上（请注意问题后的词数要求） 。
(1) In the US and Britain, the slogan around colleges was ''Save water. Shower with a friend. ''Now, Wuhan University has come up with another system for the campus bathhouse. It charges students for the amount of time in a shower. Before entering the bathhouse, students pay for the amount of time they want in the shower with cash or their student ID card. The clock starts ticking the minute the tap is turned on. It pauses when a button is pressed for soap. An integrated circuit IC） （ card reader at each tap shows the time. No money, no water. The benefits of the new system can be seen with the old system, which charged 1 Yuan for each person regardless of time in the shower. The university used about 320 tons of water daily under the old system, but only 160 tons now. (2) Many students use the new system but opinions on it are divided. Some students say it is bad because bathing has become a sort of race. Many people using it for the first time are not sure how long they need to shower. Some might be embarrassed if _________________________ and they're still covered in soap. They have to ask the bathhouse worker to help them buy extra time. (3) ''It's a flaw in the system that you cannot buy extra time on the ID card,'' said Ren, a freshman in Wuhan University. The university is also considering some students' suggestions that they be allowed to pay after they've finished the shower. Not surprisingly, some are complaining about losing
the hour shower. But many students say the move helps them develop a water-saving sense. (4) Without the time limits, most students tended to shower for 30 to an hour in the bathhouse. (5) Some even used the hot water to wash their clothes. ''In my experience, 10-20 minutes is enough,'' said Dai Zhihua, a third-year student who usually takes 8 minutes. 81. What does this passage mainly talk about?(no more than 8 words)
82. Fill in the blank with proper words in paragraph 2. ( no more than 5 words)
83. What is the disadvantage of the system according to the students in Wuhan University? (no more than 20 words)
84. List two benefits of the system according to the passage. (no more than 15 words) ① ②
85. What is your attitude if a similar system is fixed in your school?（no more than 30 words） 第三节 书面表达 (满分 30 分)
假定你是中学生李华。 在一位名叫 TigerMom 的学生家长的博客上，你看到如下 内容。请你根据博客内容、写作要点和要求，给这位家长回复。 I'm the mother of a fourteen-year-old. I have a rule for my daughter: be among the top5 students or get punished in one way or another. She has been doing very well in school, but some friends of mine keep telling me that I put too much pressure on her. Am I wrong? 写作要点： 1．表明自己的看法； 2．陈述自己的理由（可举例说明） ； 3．提出至少两条建议。 要求： 1．短文词数不少于 100（不含已写好的部分） 。 2．内容充实，结构完整，语意连贯。 3．书写须清晰、工整。 Hi，TigerMom， What puzzles you is actually a puzzle for many parents in China. My idea is_______________________________________________________________
单项选择 1-25 DCBBD CABAC DDBCB CBBCD AADCD 完形填空 26-45 ABCBD ACBAD CABDA CBDCD 阅读理解 46-50 DCACC 51-55 DCBAB 56-60 CDCAB 61-65 CACAC 66-70 BABCB 阅读表达 81. A new system for the campus bathhouse. 82. there time is up/their money runs out. 83. They can’t buy extra time on ID card./ 84.
They must pay before they take the
shower and they can’t buy extra time on ID card. 1)Much /one half of water can be saved. 2)Helping students develop the sense of saving water/the water-saving sense. 3) much time can be save. 85. 略 写作参考答案： Hi, TigerMom, What puzzles you is actually a puzzle for many parents in, China. My idea is that it is not quite right for you to do so. Although high grades are, an important factor in evaluating students and for their future university admission, development in wisdom, emotion, health, and life attitude should never be ignored. There are many examples around us. Some all-A students in school have turned out not to be as successful in society as they were expected. The reason is often that the pressure from their parents allows them almost no time for other activities. Furthermore, punishment is by no means a wise choice to help them grow up mentally and physically. So I suggest that you take your friends' advice. More importantly, let her live like a lovely girl; let her have more friends and social activities; and let her make mistakes of her own as we teenagers often do.