佛山一中 2013 届高三第一次段考英语试题
I 语言知识及应用 (共两节, 满分 45 分)
第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) Ernest Hemingway probably made the best conclusion when he said , “ All modern American literature
comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn.” First published in 1885, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is now 1 to be one of the Great American Novels. However, the book was once labeled offensive by some readers. It was even banned in schools for its 2 of the word “nigger”, which was regarded as a sign of racism . But on the contrary, the novel is in fact against 3 . In the book, Twain 4 the character of Jim, a runaway slave who convinces Huck that African-Americans are 5 the freedom, and that equality is a goal for which we all should be fighting. Mark Twain wrote Adventures of Huckleberry Finn twenty years after the American Civil War. Slavery had been abolished, the North and South were 6 , and America regained peace. So why publish a tale about a system that was no longer in 7 ? Weren’t race issues a meaningless point once slavery was out of the picture? Although the Emancipation Proclamation (《解放宣言》) had been signed over two decades before Huckleberry Finn’s original publication date, African-Americans everywhere were still 8 of oppression and racism. Freedom didn’t mean equality by any means-not legally, socially, or practically. Actually, this isn’t an outdated idea at all. Rules and laws often don’t 9 reflect what’s really going on. From a legal standpoint today, we have equality of race, yet racism is still a problem. Men and women are 10 , yet many still see a “glass ceiling” for women in the workplace, meaning they often have unseen 11 to advancement. That doesn’t mean laws are 12 . Laws may not immediately lead to change, but we’ve seen that they do 13 how people act and change the way we think. We can’t rely on laws alone. We need people like Mark Twain to 14 us not to be self-congratulatory (自鸣得意) for starting a process, but instead to realize that greater change is always 15 . 1. A. considered B. praised C. translated D. discovered 2. A. explanation B. use C. understanding D. example 3. A. war B. ignorance C. separation D. slavery 4. A. wrote B. created C. described D. expressed 5. A. deserving B. enjoying C. limiting D. respecting 6. A. standing up B. making up C. turning up D. waking up 7. A. reality B. advance C. place D. sight 8. A. viewers B. witnesses C. victims D. competitors 9. A. probably B. extremely C. eventually D. accurately 10. A. powerful B. equal C. enthusiastic D. similar 11. A. boundaries B. approaches C. choices D. adventures 12. A. endless B. speechless C. careless D. useless 13. A. arrange B. affect C. determine D. record 14. A. force B. persuade C. require D. remind 15. A. acceptable B. effective C. necessary D. positive 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) Blue jeans represent American culture. Levi Strauss did not invent jeans, but he __16____ (consider) the first person to make and sell great numbers of them.
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He was born in Bavaria, ___17____ area that today is part of Germany. In 1847, he and ___18____ family immigrated to the United States. Levi Strauss opened a small dry goods store, first in New York, then in San Francisco, California. Among the products he sold were jeans. These pants were especially ___19____ (use) to miners in California. They needed clothing ___20____ (make) from a heavy cotton cloth called denim. Levi Strauss partnered with a clothing maker named Jacob Davis. Davis had invented a process for making rivets(铆钉) for jeans. In 1873, the government gave Strauss and Davis a patent for their invention. That meant no one else could legally copy it ___21____their permission. They began producing___22___ they called “copper-riveted waist coveralls”. Today jeans come in blue but also lots of ___23____ colors and in many styles and in all prices. Some designers charge three hundred dollars or more ___24____ a pair of jeans. Some people like to buy jeans that look fresh and new. Others like to buy new jeans ___25___ are torn and look old. What kind of jeans do you like?
II 阅读 (共两节；满分 50 分)
第一节 阅读理解 (共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) A When the SS Gairsoppa was sunk by a German war boat 70 years ago，it took its huge silver cargo to a watery grave. Today, US divers are working to recover what may be the biggest shipwreck treasure ever. The Florida-based company Odyssey Marine Exploration announced that it had found the Gairsoppa, and cited official documents indicating the British ship was carrying some 219 tons of silver when it sank in 1941 in the North Atlantic, some 300 miles off the Irish coast. Valued then at ? 600,000, the silver today is worth about $ 210 million, which would make it history's largest recovery of precious metals lost at sea. “We've accomplished the first stage of this project — the location and identification of the target shipwreck — and now we're hard at work planning for the recovery stage，” Odyssey project manager Andrew Craig said. Under the terms of an agreement reached between Odyssey and the British government，the company will retain 80 percent of the silver it can recover from the wreck. The 412-foot Gairsoppa had been sailing from India back to Britain in February 1941 carrying a cargo of silver, iron and tea, when a storm hit. Running low on fuel, the ship was forced to change direction and headed for Galway，Ireland，the nearest port of safety. It never made it，sunk by a German torpedo （鱼雷） in the contested waters of the North Atlantic. Of the 85 people on board，only one survived. The Gairsoppa came to rest nearly 15 ,400 feet below the surface, where for decades it was lost to the world. All previous efforts to locate the shipwreck failed. New photographs released by the Oddesy show clear details of the ship，including the hole blown open by the torpedo. The find highlights the influential role that modern technologies， such as global positioning systems and deepwater robots，have come to play in the business of finding shipwrecks. Odyssey president Mark Gordon said, "The majority of the world's ocean floor has not yet been explored. We know more about the surface of the moon than we know about the deepest parts of the oceans. It's exciting to be working at depths like these and to be among the pioneers of this unexplored frontier, ” 26. What caused the ship to sink? A. A dangerous storm. B. A German attack. C. A loss of direction. D. An accidental explosion.
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27. Where was the ship headed when it sank? A. India. B. Ireland. C. The United States. D. Britain. 28. Which of the following about the Gairsoppa is true? A. All the passengers aboard were killed. B. Some of its treasures have already been recovered. C. It is under more than 15,000 meters of water. D. It is officially owned by the British government. 29. Why has it taken so many years to find the location of the ship? A. The required technology was not available before. B. People had completely forgotten the ship had been sunk. C. Search permission had previously been refused. D. Official ship records have only recently been discovered. 30. What does Mark Gordon think of deep-sea exploration? A. It is more difficult than space exploration. B. It is a very expensive activity. C. It is still in its early stage. D. It can make explorers very rich， B You are given many opportunities in life to choose to be a victim or a creator. When you choose to be a victim, the world is a cold and difficult place. “They” did things to you which caused all of your pain and suffering. “They” are wrong and bad, and life is terrible as long as “they” are around. Or you may blame yourself for all your problems, thus internalizing(内化) your victimization. The truth is, your life is likely to stay that way as long as you feel a need to blame yourself or others. Those who choose to be creators look at life quite differently. They know there are individuals who might like to control their lives, but they don’t let this get in the way. They know they have their weaknesses, yet they don’t blame themselves when they fail. Whatever happens, they have choice in the matter. They believe their dance with each sacred(神圣的) moment of life is a gift and that storms are a natural part of life which can bring the rain needed for emotional and spiritual growth. Victims and creators live in the same physical world and deal with many of the same physical realities, yet their experience of life is worlds apart. Victims relish (沉溺) in anger, guilt, and other emotions that cause others—and even themselves—to feel like victims, too. Creators consciously choose love, inspiration, and other qualities which inspire not only themselves, but all around them. Both victims and creators always have choice to determine the direction of their lives. In reality, all of us play the victim or the creator at various points in our lives. One person, on losing a job or a special relationship, may feel as if it is the end of the world and sink into terrible suffering for months, years, or even a lifetime. Another with the same experience may choose to first experience the grief, then accept the loss and soon move on to be a powerful creative force in his life. In every moment and every circumstance, you can choose to have a fuller, richer life by setting a clear intention to transform the victim within, and by inviting into your life the powerful creator that you are. 31. What does the word “they” in Paragraph 1 probably refer to? A. People and things around you. B. Opportunities and problems. C. Creators and their choices. D. Victims and their sufferings. 32. According to Paragraph 2, creators __________. A. seem willing to experience failures in life B. possess the ability to predict future life C. handle ups and downs of life wisely D. have potential to create something new
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33. What can we learn from Paragraph 3? A. Creators and victims face quite different things in life. B. Creators and victims are masters of their lives. C. Victims can influence more people than creators. D. Compared with victims, creators are more emotional. 34. The examples mentioned in Paragraph 4 show that __________. A. strong attachment to sufferings in life pulls people into victims B. people need family support to deal with challengers in life C. it takes creators quite a long time to get rid of their pains D. one’s experiences determine his attitude toward life 35. What is the author’s purpose in writing this passage? A. To define victims and creators. B. To evaluate victims against creators. C. To explain the relationship between victims and creators. D. To suggest the transformation from victims to creators. C Two friends have an argument that breaks up their friendship forever, even though neither one can remember how the whole thing got started. Such sad events happen over and over in high schools across the country. In fact, according to an official report on youth violence, “In our country today, the greatest threat to the lives of children and adolescents is not disease or starvation or abandonment, but the terrible reality of violence”. Given that this is the case, why aren’t students taught to manage conflict the way they are taught to solve math problems, drive cars, or stay physically fit? First of all, students need to realize that conflict is unavoidable. A report on violence among middle school and high school students indicates that most violent incidents between students begin with a relatively minor insult. For example, a fight could start over the fact that one student eats a peanut butter sandwich each lunchtime. Laughter over the sandwich can lead to insults, which in turn can lead to violence. The problem isn’t in the sandwich, but in the way students deal with the conflict. Once students recognize that conflict is unavoidable, they can practice the golden rule of conflict resolution: stay calm. Once the student feels calmer, he or she should choose words that will calm the other person down as well. Rude words, name-calling, and accusations only add fuel to the emotional fire. On the other hand, soft words spoken at a normal sound level can put out the fire before it explodes out of control. After both sides have calmed down, they can use another key strategy for conflict resolution; listening. Listening allows the two sides to understand each other. One person should describe his or her side, and the other person should listen without interrupting. Afterward, the listener can ask non-threatening questions to clarify the speaker’s position. Then the two people should change roles. Finally, students need to consider what they are hearing. This doesn’t mean trying to figure out what’s wrong with the other person. It means understanding what the real issue is and what both sides are trying to accomplish. For example, a shouting match over a peanut butter sandwich might happen because one person thinks the other person is unwilling to try new things. Students need to ask themselves questions such as these: How did this start? What do I really want? What am I afraid of? As the issue becomes clearer, the conflict often simply becomes smaller. Even if it doesn’t, careful thought helps both sides figure out a mutual solution. There will always be conflict in schools, but that doesn’t mean there needs to be violence. After students in Atlanta started a conflict resolution program, according to Educators for Social Responsibility, "64 percent of
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the teachers reported less physical violence in the classroom; 75 percent of the teachers reported an increase in student cooperation; and 92 percent of the students felt better about themselves". Learning to resolve conflicts can help students deal with friends,. teachers. parents, bosses, and coworkers. In that way, conflict resolution is a basic life skill that should be taught in schools across the country. 36. This article is mainly about__________. A. the lives of school children B. the cause of arguments in schools C. how to analyze youth violence D. how to deal with school conflicts 37. From Paragraph 2 we can learn that________. A. violence is more likely to occur at lunchtime B. a small conflict can lead to violence C. students tend to lose their temper easily D. the eating habit of a student is often the cause of a fight 38. Why do students need to ask themselves the questions stated in Paragraph 5? A. To find out who to blame. B. To get ready to try new things. C. To make clear what the real issue is. D. To figure out how to stop the shouting match. 39. After the conflict resolution program was started in Atlanta, it was found that__________. A. there was a decrease in classroom violence B. there was less student cooperation in the classroom C. more teachers felt better about themselves in schools D. the teacher-student relationship greatly improved 40. The writer’s purpose for writing this article is to__________. A. complain about problems in school education B. teach students different strategies for school life C. advocate teaching conflict management in schools D. inform teachers of the latest studies on school violence D The Pacific island nation of Nauru used to be a beautiful place. Now it is an ecological disaster area. Nauru’s heartbreaking story could have one good consequence — other countries might learn from its mistakes. For thousands of years, Polynesian people lived the remote island of Nauru, far from western civilization. The first European to arrive was John Fearn in 1798. He was the British captain of the Hunter, a whaling ship. He called the island Pleasant Island. However, because it was very remote, Nauru had little communication with Europeans at first. Then whaling ships and other traders began to visit, bringing guns and alcohol. These elements destroyed the social balance of the twelve family groups on the island. A ten-year civil war started, which reduced the population from 1,400 to 900. Nauru’s real troubles began in 1899 when a British mining company discovered phosphate (磷酸盐) on the island. In fact, it found that the island of Nauru was nearly all phosphate, which is a very important fertilizer for farming. The company began mining the phosphate. A phosphate mine is not a hole in the ground; it is a strip mine. When a company strip-mines, it removes the top layer of soil. Then it takes away the material it wants. Strip-mining totally destroys the land. Gradually, the lovely island of Nauru started to look like the moon. In 1968, Nauru became one of the richest countries in the world. Every year the government received millions and millions of dollars for its phosphate. Unfortunately, the leaders invested the money unwisely and lost millions of dollars. In addition, they used millions more dollars for personal expenses. Soon people realized that they had a terrible problem — their
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phosphate was running out. Ninety percent of their island was destroyed and they had nothing. By 2000, Nauru was financially ruined. Experts say that it would take approximately $433,600,000 and more than 20 years to repair the island. This will probably never happen. 41. What might be the author’s purpose in writing the text? A. To seek help for Nauru’s problems. B. To give a warning to other countries. C. To show the importance of money. D. To tell a heartbreaking story of a war. 42. What was Nauru like before the Europeans came? A. Rich and powerful. B. Modern and open. C. Peaceful and attractive. D. Greedy and aggressive. 43. The ecological disaster in Nauru resulted from _______. A. soil pollution B. phosphate over-mining C. farming activity D. whale hunting 44. Which of the following was a cause of Nauru’s financial problem? A. Its leaders misused the money. B. It spent too much repairing the island C. Its phosphate mining cost much money. D. It lost millions of dollars in the civil war. 45. What can we learn about Nauru from the last paragraph? A. The ecological damage is difficult to repair. B. The leaders will take the experts’ words seriously. C. The island was abandoned by the Nauruans. D. The phosphate mines were destroyed. 第二节：信息匹配： （共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 首先，请阅读下列商品的信息和下列顾客的信息，然后匹配商品与顾客： A. Hometown Favorites 1950's Nostalgic（怀旧的）Candy Gift Box: $26.99 ? Handpicked collection of candies from the 1950’s with a “Back in the 1950’s” insert ? Contains over three pounds of candy from the 1950’s ? Over 30 pieces of hard-to-find treats ? Gift box features full-sized versions of the original candies ? Perfect gift for holidays, birthdays, and/or anniversaries B. The all-new Kindle - Lighter, smaller, faster: $139 ? 30% lighter, less than 6 ounces ? 18% smaller body, same 6" screen size - fits in your pocket ? Most advanced E Ink display, reads like paper ? Built in Wi-Fi - get books in 60 seconds ? Massive book selection, over 800,000 titles are $9.99 or less C. Nikon’s D3100 digital camera: $479 ? Capture beautiful pictures and amazing movies with sound and full-time autofocus. ? Assure breathtakingly rich image quality, managing color, contrast, exposure（曝光）and noise. ? You can also select from 6 Automatic Exposure Scene Modes: Portrait, Landscape, Child, Sports, Close-up or Night Portrait for stunning results in otherwise challenging conditions. ? Easily capture the action other cameras miss with a fast start up time and split-second （瞬间） hutter release. D. Stainless Steel and Glass Bead Stretch Bracelets, Set of 3: $26.99 Adorn（装饰）your wrist with a unique combination of stainless steel and glass. The Stretch Stainless Steel and Glass Bead Bracelets combine a pattern of round stainless steel beads and crystals in blue, purple and pink hues. Wear the pink and silver bangle to showcase your elegant side, the silver and blue with your favorite daytime look, and the black and silver to accent your style. Mix and match or wear all three.
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E. Crayola 8ct Washable Watercolor Markers: $4.22 ? Great color variety ? Includes 8 conical tip broadline markers ? Comes completely off clothes and skin. ? Makes thick and thin lines in bold colors F. Philips SensoTouch Electric Shaver: $89.99 ? Smooth flat surface with rounded edges to provide an extra-close shave with less irritation ? Aquatec seal（水技术封条）on the razor（刀片）which allows for use with or without shaving cream ? Battery lasts for 40 minutes or approximately 14 shaves; has a 2-level battery display 46. Richard is picking a birthday present for his wife. Being a student of literature in the past, his wife is a now a business woman who is always on business trips. It would be wonderful if the present Richard sends can help her deal with boredom she always suffers on the train or plane. It’d better be portable as well. 47. On this coming Fathers’ Day, Kate has decided to select a present for her father. To make up for the time she fails to provide for her father, Kate thinks a practical gadget（小工具）that can help him with daily detail would be the best choice. 48. Susan’s son Eric is about to graduate and Susan is shopping for a gift to make the graduation special for him. Eric is an active member of the photography club in college. Quite well-off, Susan is not price-sensitive. 49. In order to throw a party for her parents’ 30th wedding anniversary, Sarah has been shopping for a while. Now everything is set except for snacks with which the guests will enjoy their tea with. Her parents grew up in the 1950s and would appreciate their childhood favorites. 50. Jack’s grandson is going to kindergarten this coming fall. An artist himself, Jack is eager to develop his grandson’s potential. To help him get familiar with colors would be a good starting point.
III 写作 (共两节，满分 40 分)
第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题，满分 15 分) 据报道， 西安某小学将学生分为两类： 成绩好，表现好的学生佩戴红领巾； 而那些成绩差，表现欠佳 的学生则佩戴绿领巾。 此事引起社会的广泛关注，绝大多数家长极力反对该校的做法， 而校方解释这 样做是为了激励学生。 假设你是校报小记者， 为此进行了一次采访。以下是采访的情况： 时间：本周三 对象：教育专家张敏教授（男） 主题：关于西安某小学让学生佩戴绿领巾的问题 专家解读： 1． 原因：现行教育评价考核体制的弊端 2． 影响：让学生产生自卑感，伤害他们的自尊心，最终导致学生厌倦学校生活，拒绝受教育 3． 措施：教育部门应禁止任何学校将学生分等级 【写作内容】 请你根据以上内容， 用英文写一篇文章，内容包括： 1． 采访的时间，对象和主题； 2． 专家对此事件的解读。 【写作要求】 1． 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容 2． 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称 【评分标准】句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯 参考词汇：自卑感 a sense of inferiority 教育评价考核体制 educational evaluating system
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绿领巾 green ties 第二节：读写任务（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Being the only child in his family, Tom was a privileged child and he felt that anything out of his comfort zone was bad. He always learned and based everything on what his parents did and taught him. As a kid, he didn’t have a say in anything. His parents made decisions about everything from the food he ate in the morning to the clothes he wore at night, because they thought that he was not old enough to take care of himself and needed protection. Tom couldn’t help complaining all the time. Once he complained about his life and how things were so hard for him. He did not know how he was going to make it and wanted to give up. He was tired of fighting and struggling. One day, after school, he hung out the mall with his classmates, but that made his parents get very angry. So he felt upset, complaining that they didn’t respect him and didn’t give him any space to do what he liked. 【写作内容】 1）以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容； 2）然后以约 120 个词就“抱怨父母”发表你的看法，内容包括： a）你是否也埋怨过父母。为什么？ b）记述一次你（或你身边的人）抱怨父母的经历及感受； c）谈谈你对抱怨的看法。 【写作要求】 1）在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原 文中的句子； 2）作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
佛山一中 2013 届高三第一次段考英语试题 2012 学年度第一学期高三级英语科月考试题答案
I. 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 1-----5 ABDBA 6----10 BCCDB 11------15 ADBDC 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 16. is considered 17. an 18. his 19. useful 20. made 21. without 22. what 23. other 24. for 25. which/ that II. 阅读 （共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节 阅读理解（共 20 小题，满分 40 分） 26---30 BBDAC 31---35 ACBAD 36---40 DBCAC 第二节 信息匹配 （共 5 小题，满分 10 分） 46---50 BFCAE III．写作 (共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题，满分 15 分) This Wednesday, I had an interview with Professor Zhang Min, an educational expert, concerning the report that a primary school in Xi’an requires students who don’t do well in their lessons and don’t behave well to wear green ties. He says that the phenomenon is caused by the disadvantages of current educational evaluating system. In his opinion, what the school does will hurt the children’s self-respect and cause them to have a sense of inferiority. Eventually, they’ll get tired of school life and refuse to be educated. He points out that the education department should ban schools from grading students. 第二节 读写任务 (共 1 小题，满分 25 分) Tom was an only-child in his family and his parents made all the decisions for him. As a result, Tom didn’t know how to face the difficulties in life. He always complained and had disagreements with his parents. As for me, I always complain about my parents’ high expectation on me and their ignoring my real feelings. What’s more, I take it for granted that my parents should do everything for me. I remember that my mother always prepared breakfast for me every morning when I was in high school. One morning, my mother got up a little late but she still cooked some noodles for me. Thinking that I was going to be late for school, I shouted at my mother. On the way to school, I realized that I shouldn’t complain and shout at my mother. As a matter of fact, we shouldn’t complain when something goes wrong. We should learn to handle the issue however difficult it is.