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高中英语外研版必修4 模块6习题及答案


1. One should keep _____ facing danger. A. quiet B. calm C. still D. silent 2. Attention, please, everybody! Please keep __ for a moment while I take your photograph. A. still B. silent C. ca

lm D. quiet 3. Listen! There’s a lot of noise from next door. They ____ a party. A. could have had B must be having C. should have had D. can be having 4. These toy bricks are _____ different sizes, shapes and colors, but they are exactly the same _____. A. in; in weights B. in; of weight C. of; in weight D. of; of weights 5. There __ many people __ in the office, but now nobody is allowed to. A. used to be; smoking B. used to have; smoking C. used to be; smoke D. used to have; smoke 6. — Were all the passengers in the bus injured in the accident? — ______ only four who got hurt. A. No, there are B. Yes, there were C. No, there were D. Yes, it is 7. — Excuse me, is this building the city library?— Sorry, I’m not sure. But it _______ be. A. can B. must C. might D. will 8. The bird came to the window; but I moved suddenly and __ it away. A. afraid B. frightened C. scared D. forced 9. Dear sir, it is so generous __ you to share your room and food __ me. A. of; with B. for; with C. of; to D. for, to 10. Don’t be so ____ with the children. A. hard B. sharp C. fond D. kind 11. The swimmer __ into the swimming pool from the diving-board. A. dived B. died C. divided D. diving 12 Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage ___ the girl and took her away, ___ into the woods. A. seizing; disappeared B. seized; disappeared C. seizing; disappearing D. seized; disappearing 13. Look! The black clouds are gathering, which _ that it will rain soon. A. indicates B. explodes C. claims D. thinks 14. I ____ have been more than six years old when the accident happened. (2005 天津) A. shouldn’t B. couldn’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t 15. It’s ____ to get a satisfying job in the competitive society, so each of us should value what we’ve got. A. nothing B. anything C. everything D. something 第二部分 完形填空(每空 1 分,共 20 分) He must have been completely lost in something he was reading because I had to tap on the windshield to get his attention. “Is your taxi 1 ?” I asked when he finally looked 2 at me. He nodded, then said 3 as I settled into the back seat, “I'm sorry, but I was reading a 4 .” He 5 as if he had a cold . “I am not in a hurry,” I told him. “Go ahead and finish your letter.” He 6 his head. “I've read it several times already. I guess I 7 know it by heart.” “Letters from home always mean a lot,” I said. “From a child?” “This isn't 8 ,” he replied. “Although it 9 just as well have been family. Old Ed was my oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each other 'Old Friend' when we'd meet. I'm not much good at 10 .” “I don't think any of us keep 11 our correspondence (通信) too well,” I said. “I know I don't. But I take it he's someone you've 12 quite a while?” “All my life. We were kids together, went to school together and all the 13 through high school.” “There are not too many people who've had such a long friendship,” I said. “ 14 ,” the driver went on, “I hadn't seen him more than once or twice a year over the past 25 or 30 years because I 15 away from the old neighbourhood and you kind of lose touch 16 you never forget.” “You said 'was'. Does that mean—?” He nodded. “ 17 a couple of weeks ago.” “I'm sorry,” I said. “It's no fun to lose any friend—and losing a real old one is 18 tougher.” He didn't 19 to that, and we rode on in silence for a few minutes. But I realized that Old Ed was still on his mind when he spoke again, almost more to himself than to me: “I should have kept in touch.” “Well,” I agreed, “we should all keep in touch with old friends more than we do. But things 20 and we just don't seem to find the time.” When I got to my hotel room I didn't unpack right away. First I had to write a letter and mail it. 1. A available B. acceptable C. beneficial D. occupied 2. A. down B. up C. to D. off 3. A.unexpectedly B. curiously C. apologetically D. definitely 4. A. booklet B. novel C. book D. letter 5. A. sounded B. spoke C. seemed D. continued 6. A. hung B. nodded C. shook D. kept 7. A. anyhow B.hardly C.almost D. really 8. A. friendship B family C. leadership D. colleague 9. A. could B. might C. maybe D. would 10. A. writing B.reading C.talking D. earning 11. A. up B.with C.on D. in 12. A. found B.written C.known D. seen 13. A. curriculum B coincidence C life D. way 14. A. Eventually B.Actually C.Additionally D. Besides

15. A. removed B.left C.headed D. moved 16. A. even though B.as though C.when D. whereas 17. A.Died B. Suffered C. Choked D. Survived 18. A. ever B.even C.fairly D. quite 19. A. appeal B. reply C.adapt D. talk 20. A.take up B. pick up C. come up D. break up Memory, they say, is a matter of practice and exercise. If you have the wish and really made a conscious(自觉的)effort, then you can quite easily improve your ability to remember things. But even if you are successful, there are times when your memory seems to play tricks on you. Sometimes you remember things that really did not happen. One morning last week, for example, I got up and found that I had left the front door unlocked all night, yet I clearly remember locking it carefully the night before. Memory “trick” work the other way as well. Once in a while you remember not doing something, and then find out that you did. One day last month, for example, I was sitting in a barber 理发师) ( shop waiting for my turn to get a haircut, and suddenly I realized that I had got a haircut two days before at the barber shop across the street from my office. We always seem to find something funny and amusing(有趣的)in incidents caused by people’s forgetfulness or absent-mindedness. Stories about absent-minded professors have been told for years, and we never got tired of hearing new ones. Unfortunately, however, absent-mindedness is not always funny. There are times when “trick” of our memory can cause us great trouble. 1. If you want to have a good memory, . A. you should force yourself to remember things B. you should make a conscious effort of practice and exercise C. you should never stop learning D. you should try hard to remember tings 2. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. One night the writer forgot to lock the front door. B. One night the writer forgot having locked the front door. C. The writer remembered to lock the door. D. the writer remembered unlocking the front door. 3. From the sentence “We never get tired of hearing new ones”, we can infer that . A. we enjoy hearing new stories about absent-mindedness of professors B. we don’t want to know anything more about absent-mindedness of professors C. we will never get tired of listening to new stories about absent-mindedness D. absent-mindedness happens not only to professors but to many other people 4. In the passage, the writer seems to tell you . A. forgetting things is serious and dangerous B. always forgetting things is understandable C. forgetting things at times is natural D. the way to protect yourself from memory “tricks” 5. The best title for this passage is . A. How to Get a Good Memory B. “Tricks” Of Memory C. Forgetfulness and Absent-mindedness is Dangerous D. Get Rid of Absent-mindedness B Everybody has one of those days when everything goes wrong. This is what happened to Harry. He got up one morning very late because he had forgotten to wind up his alarm clock(闹钟). He tried to shave(刮脸) quickly and cut himself. When he got dressed he got blood all over his clean shirt, so he had to find another one. The only other shirt that was clean needed ironing(熨), so he ironed it. While he was ironing it, there was a knock at the door. It was the man to read the electricity meter(表). He showed him where the meter was, said good-bye and found that the iron had burnt a hole in his shirt. So he had to wear the one with the blood on it after all. By this time it was very late, so he decided he couldn’t go to work by bus. He telephoned for a taxi to take him to work. The taxi arrived and Harry got in and began to read the newspaper. In another part of the town, a man had killed a woman with a knife and was seen to run away in a taxi. When Harry’s taxi stopped outside his office, a policeman happened to be standing there. He saw the blood on Harry’s shirt, and took him to the police station. He was kept till 3 o’clock in the afternoon before the police were sure that he was not the man they wanted. When he finally arrived at the office at about four, his boss took a look at him and told him to go away and find another job. 6. Harry had . A. a lucky day B. an unlucky day C. a busy day D. a good day 7. Put the following sentences into correct order according to the passage. a. The man who read the electricity meter came. b. Harry ironed his shirt. c. Harry got blood all over his clean shirt. d. There was a knock at the door. e. Harry wore the shirt with blood on it. A. a, b, c, d, e B. b, a, d, c, e C. b, a, c, d, e D. c, b, d, a, e 8. Why did Harry wear the shirt with blood on it? A. He had only one shirt. B. The only other needed ironing. C. The iron had burnt a hole in his clean shirt. D. He cut himself and got blood all over his shirt. 9. Harry was taken to the police station because . A. his taxi stopped outside his office and a policeman happened to be there B. there was blood on his shirt and he was in a taxi C. a man killed a woman with a knife D. the murderer(杀人犯) was seen to run a away in a taxi 10. His boss told him to go away and find another job because . A. he had been kept by the police B. there was blood on his shirt C. he was late for work D. he had killed a woman

C After the violent earthquake that shook Los Angeles in 1994, earthquake scientists had good news to report. The damage and death toll (伤亡) could have been much worse. More than 60 people died in this earthquake. By comparison, an earthquake of similar intensity that shook America in 1988 claimed 25,000 victims. Injures and deaths were relatively less in Los Angles because the quake occurred at 4:31 a.m. on a holiday, when traffic was light on the city’s highways. In addition, changes made to the construction codes in Los Angeles during the last 20 years have strengthened the city’s buildings and highways, making them more resistant (有抵抗力的) to quakes. Despite the good news, civil engineers aren’t resting on their successes. Pinned to their drawing boards are blueprints (蓝 图的) for improved quake-resistant buildings. The new designs should offer even greater security to cities where earthquakes often take place. In the past, making structures quake-resistant meant firm yet flexible (柔韧的) materials, such as steel and wood, which bend without breaking. Later, people tried to lift a building off its foundation, and insert rubber and steel between the building and its foundation to reduce the impact (影响) of ground vibrations (颤动). The most recent designs give buildings brains as well as concrete and steel supports, called smart buildings, the structures respond like living organisms to an earthquake’s vibrations. When the ground shakes and the buildings tip forward, the computer would force the building to shift in the opposite direction. The new smart structures could be very expensive to build. However, they would save many lives and would be less likely to be damaged during earthquakes. 11. One reason why the loss of lives in the Los Angeles earthquake was comparatively low is that ____ . A. new computers had been installed in the buildings B. occurred in the residential areas (居民区) rather than on the highways C. large numbers of Los Angeles residents had rushed into Los Angeles for holiday D. improvements had been made in the construction of buildings and highways 12. The function of the computer mentioned in the passage is to ____ . A. counterbalance an earthquake’s action on the building B. predict the coming of an earthquake with accuracy C. help strengthen the foundation of the building D. measure the impact of an earthquake’s vibrations 13. The smart buildings discussed in the passage ____ . A. would cause serious financial problems B. would be worthwhile though costly C. would increase the complexity of architectural design D. can reduce the ground vibrations caused by earthquakes 14. It can be inferred from the passage that in minimizing (最小化) the damage caused by earthquakes attention should be focused on ____ . A. the increasing use of rubber and steel in capital construction B. the development of flexible building materials C. the reduction of the impact of ground vibrations D. early forecasts of earthquakes 15. The author’s main purpose in writing the passage is to ____ . A. compare the results of the earthquakes that occurred in the US B. encourage civil engineers to make more extensive use of computers C. outline the history of the development of quake-resistant building materials D. report new developments in constructing quake-resistant building 参考答案与解析(module 6) 第一部分 语法和词汇知识(每题 1 分,共 15 分) 1. B keep calm 意为“(面对危险)保持冷静; keep quiet 保持安静 ;keep silent 保持沉默;keep still 呆着不动。 2. A keep still 的意思是“保持不动” ,再如:stand still,sit still,lie still。 句意为:各位,注意了!我给你们拍照时 请不要动。 3. B 依据前句的时态和句意判断,此处表示对现在正在发生的事情的肯定推测。故选 B。 4. C be of different sizes, shapes and colors 表示“大小, 形状, 颜色上不同”; the same in weight 表示“在重量上相同”。 be 5. A 本题考查 there be 结构。 “过去曾经有??” “There used to be…” 用 表示; “有人干某事” “There be someone doing 用 sth.”表示。故选 A。 6. C 问话人问的是 all the passengers,而答话人说 only four,所以排除 B、D 项;A 项时态错误。故选 C。 7. C 依据句意和结构判断,此处考查情态动词表示肯定推测的用法。从 Sorry, I’m not sure.可知,答话人对这个事没 有把握。故选 C。 8. B 句子意思为“那鸟儿飞到窗前,可我的身子突然一动,把它吓走了。 ”afraid 用于 be afraid of ;scare 常为儿童 用语,引起惊恐的原因可以是作游戏,开玩笑,看电影等。 9. A generous 属于表示主语内在品质的形容词,其后应用介词 of; share sth with sb 表示“与某人分享某物”。

10. B be sharp with =be hard on sb. 对某人苛刻;be fond of 喜爱;be kind to sb. 对某人心好。 11. A 句意为:“游泳运动员从跳板上潜入游泳池。” 12. D 从句子结构看, 连接两个谓语, and 依据 and 后的谓语 took 判断, seize 应该用过去时; 第二空应该用 disappear 的现在分词形式,作伴随状语。 13. A 本题考查动词词义的用法。关系代词 which,代替的是前面整句话,这种现象“表明”天要下雨。故选 A。 14. B 从句意和时间状语从句的时态判断。本句是对过去否定情况的推测。故选 B。 15. D 句意为“这年头有一份令人满意的工作确实不错”。“something”表示“有价值或重要的人或物”。 第二部分 完形填空(每空 1 分,共 20 分) 1. A 根据下文找答案 as I settled into the back seat 说明车是空着的。 2. B 根据上文 He must have been completely lost in something he was reading because I had to tap on the windshield to get his attention.说明他低头专注的看着什么,我敲车的挡风玻璃,他应该是抬起头来看我。 3. C 下文有 I'm sorry, but I was reading 说明了他说话的口气应该是表示歉意。 4. D 下文有 Go ahead and finish your letter 暗示答案。 5. A 这儿不是从外表上看似乎(seemed)感冒了,而是从他说话的声音来推断的。 6. C 下文说 I've read it several times already. I guess I 42 know it by heart.几乎能背下来了,所以谈不上继续把信看 完。 7. C 上下文逻辑关系推断答案。 8. B 这不是一封家信=a family letter。 9. B 尽管本来也可以算是家信的。 10. A 我不那么擅长写信。 11. A 12. C 我认为我们中任何一个人都不会保持通信那么好…..我知道反正我不行。但是我猜想/认为/相信他是你相当了解 的人了? 13. D 一直/自始至终。 14. B 事实上/C/D 同义。eventually 最后。 15. D remove from the city to the countryside,=move away from 16. A 纵然你不会忘记他,你也似乎有可能与他失去联系. kind of thought he would come.我似乎感到他会来的。kind of 有点儿/有几分的意思。 17. A You said 'was'. 上文中有 Old Ed was my oldest friend.说明 Old Ed 已经去世了。 18. B 更加令人伤感(tough 不愉快的) 。 19. B reply to。 20. C 事情往往就是这样发生的,我们似乎找不到时间。 第三部分 阅读理解(每题 2 分,共 30 分) 1. B 根据第一节前两句我们知道记忆能力的培养是一个有意识的练习过程。 2. A 本题是一个直接题,依据在第二节 Sometimes you remember things that really did not happen.。 3. D 4. C 全文中没有对遗忘现象提出很多的责怪,即认为是自然的现象。 5. B 6. B 根据故事第一句话可选准答案。根据全文可进一步证实答案的准确性。 7. D 本题考查细节理解及思维的顺序性,须按动作发生的先后排列。 8. C 答案依据为第二段倒数第四、五句。 9. B 一男人持刀杀人后乘出租车逃跑,恰巧 Harry 乘坐出租车且衬衣上有血迹,警察自然怀疑其为凶手。 10. C Harry 从警察局出来时,已弄清他不是凶手,故可排除 D。按常识,老板解雇他是因为他上班迟到。 11.D 本题为推理判断题。由第三段第二句可知该城市的建筑和公路等增加了对地震的抵抗力,从而导致死亡人数的下 降。 12.A 本题为推理判断题。由短文第五段最后一句“When the ground shakes and the buildings tip forward, the computer would force the building to shift in the opposite direction.”可知电脑的功能不是为准确预报地震的来临、加固建筑物的根 基和测量地震结果,而是为了平衡地震对建筑物的作用。因此答案为 A。 13.B 本题为细节考查题。短文最后一段告诉我们这种新型的智能性建筑虽然造价高,但可以拯救很多人的生命等,从 而得出答案 B。 14.C 本题为推理判断题。本题判断正确答案的依据为第五段第二句话。 15.D 本题为主旨大意题。选项 A 只是涉及到文章的一个方面,故排除;选项 B、C 涉及的内容,包含了文中未提到内 容,故排除。只有 D 项恰当地概括了文章的大意:报道建造抗震建筑的新发展。


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