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高考英语动词短语大汇总


1 come about 发生,产生 come across 偶然相遇 come along 来,随同,进展,加油 come 1.高考高频动词短语 at … 向……袭击 come back 回来,想起来,复活 come (1)act 短语: down 下来,下落,传下 act as 担任……职务,起……作用 come down to… 到达,从一处来到另一处 come for…

来拿,来取 come from … 来自,出生于 (2)break 短语: come in 进来,进入 come break away 摆脱,脱离 break into being 形成,产生 away from … 脱离……,奋力挣脱…… come into use 使用起来 come break down 出故障,坏掉,中止,累垮,分解 off 脱落,从……离开 break in 打断,插话,闯入,强行进入 break into … come on 过来,跟我来,加油,来吧,赶快 闯入……,破门而入 come out 露出,出来,出现, 出版,发 (芽) , (花) break (sth) off (使某物)折断,中断某事物,突然 开 停止 come over to… 过来,顺便来访,从一个地方来到 break out (战争、火灾)突然发生,爆发 另一个地方 break out in tears 突然大哭 break the rule 违反规定 come round / around (非正式)来访,串门 break through 突围,冲跨 break up 分解, come to … 来到,出现,提及,达到,共计,结果 分裂,拆散,碎开 是,苏醒 come to an end 结束,终止 come to (3)bring 短语: know 逐渐地知道 come to life (变得)活泼,苏醒过来 come to bring about 引起,导致,使发生 bring light 显露,为人所知 along 把……带来,领来 come to bring back 拿回来,使恢复 bring sb come to oneself 苏醒过来,恢复知觉 / into power 当权,上台 back 送回某人 bring sth / sb back to life 使……生动/活泼,使…… come / go to ruin = fall into ruin 变成废墟 come to terms with… 甘心忍受 苏醒 come true 变为现实,成为事实 (比较:sth / sb come back to life 复苏,苏醒) come bring down 使……降低,减少,使……倒下,使……落下 up 被提出,上来,走来,上升,抬头,长出 bring down / up (the price) 降价/提价 [比较:(the 来 come up to sb 朝某人走来 price ) go down / up 价格下降 /上涨] 想出 (主意) , 找出 (答案) , bring in 引进(技术) ,赚钱,带来(收入) ,吸收 come up with … 提出, 赶上 bring on 发展,引起,导致,使前进 bring out 拿出,出版,生产,揭露,阐明,使表现 出 (6)cut 短语: bring to 使苏醒 cut away 切除,剪去 cut down 砍 bring / carry sth to / into effect 实施……(比较:sth 倒,砍下,削减 come / go int o effect 开始实施) cut in 插嘴,加塞,插入 cut … into bring up 抚养,培养,哺育 pieces / halves 把……切成碎片/切成两半 cut off 切断(线路) ,中断(供应) cut out 删除, (4)call 短语: 剪下来 cut up call at (sp) 访问(某地) ,拜访(某地) [比较: cut the cost of … 降低……的成本 切碎,剪碎,剁碎,齐根切掉 call on (sb) 拜访(某人) ,访问(某人)] call back 回电话 call for 提倡,号召,要求,需要,去接某人,接走 (7)do 短语: 某人 do and don’t 要与不要 do a good deed 做一件 call / shout for help 呼救 call in 请 好事 来,召集,来访,打电话 do a lot of walking 走很多路 call off 取消 call on / do a word puzzle 猜字谜 upon 号召 do an experiment / experiments 做实验 call out 大声呼喊,叫喊 call do body-building 做健身操 do sb…for short 简称某人…… housework 做家务活 call sb names 谩骂某人 call up do make-up 化妆,打扮 给……打电话,使人想起,号召 do one’s best 尽某人最大努力 do one’s homework 做作业 do (5)come 短语: research on… 从事……研究工作 do sb a favour 帮某人一个忙 高考英语高频动词短语及句型归纳

2 do sb honor = do honor to sb 礼遇某人,对某人表示 be used to do sth 被用于做…… 敬意 used to do sth 过去常常做) do sb the favour to do sth 帮某人一个忙做某事 get / be dressed 穿衣服 do some reading 读书,阅读,看点书 get / be engaged (to sb) (与某人)订婚 do some shopping = go shopping 购物,买东西 get / be lost 丢失了,迷路 do sports = have / play sports = take exercise 进行体 get / be married (to sb) = marry (sb) (与某人) 结婚 育运动,做运动,进行锻炼 get / be stuck 陷进去,被困住,被难住,遇到困难 do sth in turn / by turns = take turns to do sth / in get / be tired of 对……感到厌倦,对……失去兴趣 doing sth 轮流做某事 do telephone interviews 进行电话采访 (9)give 短语: do the laundry 洗衣服 give away 赠送,给予,背弃,泄露,分发 do well / better in… 在……方面干得好/更好 do with 处理,处置,对付 give in do wrong 做坏事,做错事(比较:do right = do the give back 归还,送回 投降,让步,屈服 right thing 做得对) give off 释放,发出,放出 (烟、光、热等) give out 用完,耗尽,分发,发放 give (8)get 短语: over = hand over 转交,移交 get a better understanding of China 更好地了解中国 give up 放弃,辞去 give a get a full mark / full marks 得满分 get a lot concert 开音乐会 of satisfaction 得到满足 give a description of… 描述…… give / get at 意指,本意是 get make a speech 演讲,讲话 around = get about 四处走动,活动 give a talk 演讲,做报告 give get away 移走,拿走,逃脱,逃离 get away birth to 生婴儿,生产,造成 from 逃脱,逃离 give close attention to 密切关注 give get back 回来,回家,取回,找回,退还 medical care to sb 对某人进行治疗 get close to 接近 get down give shade in summer 夏天时遮阳 give / 下来,降下 lend sb a hand 给某人帮助 get down on one’s knees 跪下 get down give sb a message = give a message to sb 给某人捎 to (doing) sth 开始(做)某事) 个口信 get in 进入,收获,达到 get in a give sb a second look 再看某人一眼 give sb word 插话 a warm welcome 热烈欢迎某人 get into… 进入…… get sb give sb some advice on sth / doing sth / how to do sth into… 使某人陷入 就……向某人提出建议/忠告 get it 接(电话) ,应(门) ,理解,懂得 get off 下车,脱下(衣服等) (10)go 短语: get on 上车,过活 get on / go abroad 出国 go about along with… 进展,与……相处 四处走走,开始做,着手干 get on one’s feet (艰难地)站立起来 get out go about from house to house 挨/逐家拜访 go 离开,出去 get out of 逃避,避免 get over against 违反,违背 go ahead 说吧,干吧,领先,走在前面 go / 克服,恢复,原谅 get up 起床,起身 get across walk around 四处走走 go away 走开,离去 go back 理解,度过 回去 get through 接通(电话) ,完成(工作) ,通过(考 go beyond 超越 go by 试) 走过,经过, (时间)消逝,过去 get to 到达,抵达 get to go down 下来,落下,倒下 go down sleep 入睡,设法睡着 on one’s knee s 跪下 get / gain / take possession of 占有,拥有,占领 go for 为……去,努力获取,主张,适用于 get ready for 为……做准备 (比较:be ready for = be well prepared for = be in go for a hike = go hiking 去徒步旅行 go for a job interview 去面试找工作 go for a preparation for 为……做好了准备) walk / walks 散步 get rid of 除掉,去掉 get sb to go for sb 对某人也一样 go in for do 让某人做 参加,喜欢 get the idea for… 想到……的主意 get the go into 详细调查 go into message across 传播信息 details 细说 get together 相聚,碰头,联欢 go off 走开,离去, (闹钟)闹响 go off to get / be used to sth 习惯于……,适应于…… = be off to = leave for 动身去 (比较:be used as sth 被用作…… go off the air 停止广播(比较:go on the air 开始 be used for sth 被用于……,用来做…… 广播)

3 go on 发生,进行,继续 go / be on have / take a look 看一看 have a diet 在节食 meeting / party 开会/举行晚会 go on (a) holiday 去度假 go on a have a nice / pleasant trip / journey 祝旅途愉快 tour to 去……观光(游览) have (got ) a pain (in the…) (身体某部位)痛 go on a visit to 去……访问(参观) have a part-time job 做兼职工作 have a go on doing sth 继续做某事(同一事) (good) rest 休息 [比较:go on to do sth 继续做某事(另一事) have / take a seat 坐下(比较:have / take one’s seat go on with sth 继续某事] 坐某人的座位) go out 熄灭,出去 ,外出 go over have a stomachache 胃疼,肚子疼 have a 复习,过一遍,仔细检查,审阅 sweet tooth 喜欢吃甜食 go past 从……的旁边过去 go up 上 have a swim 游泳 have a 升,上涨,增长,攀登 table tennis match 举行一场乒乓球比赛 go with… 与……相配 have a test 进行测验 have a go without 忍受没有……之苦,没有……也行,没 try 试一试 有……也能勉强应付 have / show an appetite for… 有……的欲望或爱好 go shopping / fishing / sailing / camping / skating 去 have / make an appointment with sb 和某人有预约, 购物/钓鱼/驾船航行/宿营/滑冰 和某人有约定 go straight along 沿着……一直往前走 have an effect on / upon… 对……有影响,对…… go through 通过,经受,浏览,仔细检查 go 产生作用 through with 完成 (比较:influence… = affect … 对……有影响 go to bed (上床)睡觉 go to have no effect / influence on … 对……没有影响 school / work 上学/上班 have a good / bad effect on … 对……有好/坏影响 go to sea 当水手 go to have a great / little effect on … 对……有很大的影 sleep 入睡 响/影响不大 go to town 进城 go to a have a strong influence on… 对……有很大影响) movie 去看电影 have / take an exam 参加考试 have an go to the country(side) 下乡 go home / eye for 有眼力,有眼光 there 回家/去那儿 have an income of … 有……的收入 go to see a doctor 去看病,去看医生 go bad have access to … 使用(接近……的)权利或机会 变坏 have breakfast / lunch / supper 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭 go wrong 出毛病,不对头,做错事,误入歧途 have lessons / classes 上课 go Dutch 各付各的帐,平摊费用 have mercy on… 宽恕……,对……仁慈,对…… 表示怜悯 have no chance of surviving 没有生存的可能性 (11)have 短语: have no choice but to do sth 别无选择, 只好做某事 have a break 休息一下 have a have none of … 根本不理睬…… have on bright future 有一个灿烂的未来 穿着 have (got) a cold / cough / headache / fever 感冒/咳 have sth on sb 某人身上带着某物 have / 嗽/头疼/发烧 take one’s medicine 服药,吃药 have a conversation with sb 与某人交谈 have some difficulty / trouble / problems with … [比较:have a dialogue with sb 与某人对话 在……有困难/麻烦事 have a talk with sb (about sth) (就某事)与某人进 [比较: have some difficulty / trouble / problems (in ) 行交流 doing sth 做某事有困难/麻烦] have a word with sb = would like a word with sb 和 have something / nothing in common (with…) 某人谈几句,跟某人说句话] (与……)有共同点/没有共同之处 have a gift for… 对……有天赋(比较:have a (比较:have much / a lot in common with… reputation for… 有……名誉/名声) 与……有许多相同之处 have a good flight (坐飞机)旅途愉快 have little in common with… 与……几乎没有相同 have a good knowledge of … 对……很熟悉,通 之处) 晓…… have something / nothing to do with … 与……有关 have a good laugh over… 对……笑了个够 /无关 have a good / great / wonderful time = have (great) fun have to = have got to 不得不,必须 玩得(非常)高兴,过得愉快 have a / the habit of …= be in a / the habit of… (12)hold 短语: 有……的习惯 (比较:get into / form the habit of… 养成……的习 hold a meeting / party 开会/举行晚会 hold 惯 back 退缩,踌躇,阻挡,控制住 get sb into the habit of… 使某人养成……的习惯) hold one’s breath 屏息,不出气 hold on have a hit 风靡一时 have a 等一等,不要挂电话 large population 人口众多 hold on to 抓住,保住 hold out

4 伸出,坚持下去,维持 hold up 阻挡,使停顿,举起,拿起,阻滞 hold together 连在一起,团结一致 来访,参观 look into… 往……里面看,浏览,调查,研究 look (right) into sb’s eyes 直视着 look like… 看起来像…… (比较:look the same 看起来像) (13)keep 短语: look on 旁观,观望 keep away from 避开,别靠近 keep look out = be careful = take care 留神, 当心, 注意, back 隐瞒,忍住,阻止……向前,留下 警惕,提防 keep down 控制 keep off look out for 警惕,留心,找出来 look 勿踏,勿踩 over… 翻阅, (仔细)检查 keep off sb / sth 不接触或不接近某人/某事物 look through 看透,仔细查看,浏览,翻阅,温习 keep on 继续进行 keep out look up 仰视,往上看, (在字典或参考书中)查 不得入内 阅,查寻 keep…out 把……挡住,把……留在外面 keep out look up to sb 敬仰,仰望,尊敬(比较:look down of … 不进入…… on / upon sb 瞧不起,鄙视,轻视) keep up 继续,保持,坚持,使(情绪等)不低落 look / be worried 看上去/感到担心 keep up with… = catch up with… 跟上,赶上 keep a date 赴约 keep a (16)make 短语: healthy diet 保持健康的饮食 keep a record / records 保持记录 make into 制成,作成(后面跟产品,制成品) keep an eye on 注视,留心,注意,照顾 [比较:be made in 在……生产/制造 (比较:keep an eye out for 注视,留心,注意) be made of 由……组成/构成,用某种原材料制成 keep busy doing 忙着做某事 keep fit (物理变化) 保持健康 be made from 由……组成/构成,用某种原材料制 keep…in mind = learn…by heart = remember… 成(化学变化) 把……记住 be made up of = consist of 由……组成,由……构 keep (on) doing sth 继续不停地做某事 成] [比较:keep sb doing sth 使某人一直/继续做某事 make out 理解,看清楚 keep … from doing 阻止……做,不让……做 make up 化妆,打扮,和解,配制,编造,虚构, stop / prevent… (from) doing 妨碍/预防/阻止…… 构成,组成 做,不让……做] make up for 弥补,补充,补偿 made up keep one’s appointment 守约(比较:break one’s one’s mind 下决心 appointment 违约) make a choice 做出选择 make a keep one’s balance 保持平衡 keep commitment 承诺,保证 one’s word(s) 遵守诺言 make a comment / comments (on / upon…) keep safe 保持安全 keep (对……)发表评论 silent over … 对……保持沉默 make a (great) contribution to… 为……做出 (巨大) keep the same look 保持原貌 k eep 贡献,为……捐款 watch 保持警戒,站岗 make a decision 做出决定 make a (no) difference (没)有关系/影响 make a face / faces 扮鬼脸 make a (14)knock 短语: fire 生火 knock at /on 敲打(门、窗等) knock make a film / blockbuster/follow-ups 拍电影/巨片 down 把……撞倒,击倒 /续集 knock into 撞到,撞上某人,偶然碰见 knock sb make a fool of sb = fool sb 愚弄某人(比较:make out (of sth) 淘汰某人 knock over 撞翻, fool of … 愚弄) 撞倒 make / leave / create a good impression (on sb) (给 某人)留下好印象 (15)look 短语: make a mistake / mistakes 犯错误 make (a) noise 制造噪音,发出令人不愉快的声音 look at 看着,注视,检查 make a note / notes of… 记录,做笔记 ,记下来 look at oneself in the mirror = admire oneself in the make a plan (for… ) (为……)制订计划,制订一 mirror 照镜子 个(……的)计划 look after 照顾,照料,照看 look make a point of doing sth 认为做某事重要或有必 ahead 向前看,展望未来 要 look around / about 四处看看,四下环顾 look back make a promise 承诺 回首,回忆,回顾过去 make a record 录制唱片,做记录 look back on… 回顾……,回忆…… look forward to sth /doing sth 盼望,期盼某事物/做 (比较:record a song 录一首歌 set a world record 创造世界记录) 某事 make (a) suggestion (on …) 提出(关于……)的建 look for 寻找,找 look in
[来源:学科网 ]

5 议 put down 扑灭,平息,镇压,记下 make a telephone call 打电话 make / put forward 提出,建议,推荐 put off take a trip / journey to … 去某地旅行 延期,拖延 make conversation 交谈 make put on (戏)上演,放(唱片) ,穿戴 put on a (both) ends meet 使收支相抵 performance 演出 make friends with sb 与某人交朋友 make fun put out 扑灭,熄灭,使……停止燃烧,伸出,出 of… 取笑,嘲笑,和……开玩笑 版,生产 make it(事业上)获得成功 put up 挂起,张贴,举起,抬起,搭起,建立 make jokes about sb 拿某人开玩笑,以某人为笑柄 put up with 忍受,容忍 put into make mistake about… 犯了……错误 make / 使进入,输入,投入 earn money 挣钱 put/translate…into 把……译成 put make oneself at home 不拘束,别客气 make one’s heart into… 全神贯注于…… oneself known 使/让自己出名 put sb in / into prison 把某人关进监狱 put …to make one’s way to… 往……走去 make progress use 使用……,运用…… (in …) (在……方面)取得进步 put a date to sth 注明日期 make sense 有意义,有道理,讲得通 make (比较:set / fix the date 确定日期 sense of… 弄懂……的意思 to date 到目前为止) make sth to (one’s own) measure (按自己的尺寸) put an end to … 结束…… 定做 put …together 把……放在一起 make sure 确保,确认,查明 (21)send 短语: make the adjustment to… 适应…… make the send away 让走开 send for / one’s bed 整理床铺 sb 派人去请某人,请某人来 make (full) use of …= make the most / best of … (充 send in 寄送某处进行处理 send out 分)利用 派遣,发出(信号、通知等) send up 发射,射出,往上送 send sb to sleep 让某人睡觉 (17)pass 短语: send signals by … 通过……发送信号 pass away 去世,死(委婉说法) pass by 通过,从旁边经过 pass down 传下来,流传,使世代相传 ,一代一代 (22)set 短语: 传下去 set about (doing) sth 着手,开始 set aside pass on (to sb) 转交给(某人),传给(某人) 留出,搁/放在一边 pass on from one generation to the next 一代代流传 set down 放下,记下 set off 下来 出发,起程,引起爆炸,激起,引起 pass out 失去知觉,昏厥 pass set out (for…) 出发往(……) ,动身去(……) through 穿过,越过 set out to do 开始做,着手做 set up pass sth from one to another 把某事物从一人传到另 创立,设立,开办,竖起,支起 一人手上 set /give a (good) example to… 为……树立(好) pass the examination 通过考试 榜样 set a goal 设定目标 set fire to sth = set sth on fire 纵火,放火烧 (18)pay 短语: set foot on / in… 踏上……,到达,进入 set one’s pay attention to … 对……注意,留心…… mind to do sth 一心想做 pay a visit to sb / a place 访问,拜访(某人) ,参观 set sail for 起航去…… set sail (某地) from 从……起航 pay back 偿还(借款) ,报答,报复 set sb a good example in … 在……为某人树立榜 pay for 付款, 付费, 付代价 (比较: pay a high price 样 for … 付高价) set sb free 释放某人,解放某人 pay off 还清(欠款) pay sb a visit 拜访某人 (23)stand 短语: pay the bill 买单,付帐单 stand by sb = support sb = take sb’s side 支持某人 stand for 代表,表示,象征,容忍,支持/拥护, (19)pick 短语: 为……的候选人 pick out 挑选,认出 stand out 突出,显眼 stand up pick up 拾起,接收,学会(语言) ,开车去接,康 起立,站起来 复,购买(便宜商品) stand still = stay still 站着不动 (20)put 短语: put away 将某物收拾起来,存钱,储存,存起来 (24)take 短语: take after 与某人相像 take

6 along 带领,携带 take responsibility for … = be responsible for … take … apart = separate … 把……分开 take 对……负起责任 away 拿走,拿去,使离开 take sb in the arms 拥抱,搂抱 take away from… 从……带/拿走 take back take / hold / keep sb prisoner 囚禁/俘虏某人 退回,拿回,收回 (比较:sb be taken / held / kept prisoner 某人被囚 take down 拿下,记下,记录 take 禁/俘虏) for… 当作……,误以为是…… take sb seriously 看重某人 take in 吸收,接纳,上当 take sb some time to do sth 花费某人……时间去做 take off (飞机)起飞,脱掉(衣帽/鞋) ,成名,成 某事 功,很快上升,开始流行/畅销 take sb’s temperature 给某人量体温 take sth take on 呈现 take out along with sb 随身携带某物 拿出,取出 take shelter 躲避 take over 继承,接管,接替 take sides with sb in sth 在某事上支持/偏袒某人 take up 从事,开始,专注于,占去(时间、空间、 take steps / measures / action to do sth 采取措施做 地位等) 某事,采取(……的)行动 take a bank loan 向银行贷款 take a take turns to do sth / in doing sth 轮流做某事 bath 洗澡 take a chance / chances 碰运气,冒险 (25)think 短语: take a critical attitude towards… 对……持批判态度 think about 思考,考虑(是否去做) take a few deep breaths 深呼吸 take / think of 想到,想起,认为,对……有看法/想法 have a degree in … 取得……学位 think take a hands-on approach to education 通过动手实践 think out 想出 over 仔细考虑 的方式来进行接受教育 think through… 思考……直到得出结论 think up take a message (to sb) (给某人)捎个口信 比较:leave a message (to sb) (给某人)留个口信 提出,想出,设计出 take a photo (of …) (给……)照相,拍(……)照 think twice 再三考虑,仔细考虑 think highly / well of = speak highly of = sing high 片 praise for 对……高度评价 take a risk / risks 冒险 take a shower 沐浴,洗澡 (26)turn 短语: take a sip 呡一小口 take a taxi to... = go to ...by taxi 乘出租车 turn against 转而反对,背叛 turn take a walk / ride / holiday 散步/兜风/休假 around / round 转身,转过来 take (an) interest in … 对……感兴趣 turn … away 赶走……,辞退……,把……打发走 (比较:be into = be interested in 对……感兴趣 turn on 打开(灯,气,水,电器等) turn off have / show interest in 对……感兴趣) 关掉(灯,气,水,电器等) take advantage of 对……加以利用 turn up 把音量开大,卷起,翻起,发生,出现, take … by surprise 对……突然袭击,出乎……意料 到达 take care 小心, 注意 take care turn down 关小/调低(音量/热度) ,拒绝 of 照顾,照看 turn over 把……翻过来,翻动,犁翻(土地) ,细 take effect 生效,奏效 take 想 exercise 运动,活动 turn in 交进,上缴,归还 turn into take … for example 以……为例 take / get 变成 / catch hold of 握住,抓住 turn…into… 把……变成……,转变成 turn take it easy 放心好了,别着急,从容,不紧张 to… 转向……,向……求助,查阅 take ... into consideration 顾及,考虑到,体谅 turn out 结果是,生产 turn out (比较:under consideration 在考虑中,在研究中) to be 被证明是, 结果是 take lessons 上课 take turn right / left 向右/向左拐 turn notes 做笔记,做记录 writer = become a writer 成为作家 take notice of 注意 take one’s seat 就座, 坐在自己位子上 (转义为就职)2.以介词或副词为中心的动词短语(便于强化记 take one’s time 从容,不急,慢慢行动 [比较:take 忆) time 花费(时间)] take part 参加 (l)动词+about (比较:take part in… = join in… = part icipate in… speak/talk about 谈论 参加…… think about 思考 take an active part in… 积极参加……) care about 关心,对……有兴趣 take place 发生,出现,举行 bring about 引起,使发生 [比较:take the place of … = take sb’s place 取代, set about 着手,开始 代替(某人的位置)] come about 发生 take pride in …= be proud of… 对……感到自豪

7 hear about 听说 worry about 为……担心 (2)动词+at aim at 向……瞄准,旨在 run at 冲向,向……攻击 call at 拜访(地点) tear at 用力撕 look at 看,注视 work at 干……活动(研究) come at 向……袭击 shout at 冲(某人)嚷嚷 stare at 凝视 glare at 怒视 glance at 匆匆一瞥 laugh at 嘲笑 knock at 敲(门、窗等) point at 指向 smile at 冲(某人)笑 strike at 向……打击 shoot at 向……射击 wonder at 惊讶 (3)动词+away die away 逐渐消失 put away 收拾起来,存起来 pass away 去世 wash away 冲走 take away 拿走 give away 背弃,泄漏 send away 让走开 turn away 把……打发走 wear away 磨掉,消耗 throw away 扔掉 blow away 吹走 carry away 拿走,使入迷 clear away 清除掉,消散 break away 摆脱 (4)动词+back keep back 隐瞒,忍住 hold back 控制住 give back 归还 call back 回电话 take back 拿回,收回 look back(on) 回顾 (5)动词+down cut down 削减,砍倒 put down 记下,写下,镇压 take down 记下,记录 turn down 调小,拒绝 slow down 慢下来 pass down 传下来 calm down 平静下来 burn down 烧毁 tear down 拆毁,拆除 come down break down bring down settle down 下落,传下 坏了,垮了,分解 使……降低,使倒下 安家

(6)动词+from die from 因……而死 hear from 收到……来信 learn from 向……学习 differ from 与……不同 suffer from 受……苦 result from 由于 separate…from 把……分离开 keep/stop/prevent…from 不让……做 date from=date back to 始于……时期,追溯到 (7)动词+for run for 竞选 ask for 要求得到 beg for 乞求 wait for 等候 look for 寻找 call for 需要,要求 hunt for 寻找 long for 渴望 care for 关心,喜欢 seek for 寻找 come for 来拿,来取 apply for 申请 stand for 代表,表示 search for 查找 change…for 用……换 charge…for 收费,要价 take…for 误以为……是 hope/wish for 希望得到 (8)动词十 in get in 收获,进入 fill in 填写 cut in 插入 join in 参加 look in 来访,参观 hand in 上交 drop in 拜访 give in 让步 take in 接纳,吸收 call in 召集,来访 bring in 引进,使得到收入 break in 强制进入,插话 result in 导致 succeed in 在……获成功 persist in 坚持 (9)动词十 into run into 碰到 look into 研究,调查,往里面看 burst into 闯入,进发

8 turn into 变成 change…into 把……变成 divide…into 把……分成 put/translate…into 把……译成 (l0)动词+of die of 死于 talk of 谈到 hear of 听说 think of 想到 dream of 梦到 speak of 谈到 consist of 由……组成 approve of 赞成 complain of 抱怨 become of 发生……情况,怎么啦 (l1)动词+out go out 熄灭 set out 出发,着手 try out 试用,试验 put out 扑灭 run out 用完 let out 泄漏,发出(声音) pick out 选出 hold out 坚持下去 wear out 穿破,使……疲劳 make out 理解,看清楚 keep out(of) 使不进入,挡住 find out 查出,弄明白 work out 算出,想出办法等 send out 发出,派遣 give out 散发,分发,用完 look out 当心,提防 hand out 散发,分发 help out 救助 turn out 结果是,生产 come out 出版,出来 cross out 划掉 burst out 进发 carry out 执行 break out 爆发 point out 指出 figure out 算出 bring out 阐明,使表现出 leave out 省略,删掉 speak out 大胆讲出 (l2)动词+over go over 审阅,检查,研究 get over 克服 run over 压死,看一遍 take over 接管,接替 turn over 翻倒,细想 fall over 跌倒,摔倒 roll over 翻滚 look over 翻阅,检查 think over 仔细考虑 watch over 看守,照看 (l3)动词十 to add to 增添 get to 到达 see to 处理,料理 turn to 向……求助,查阅 come to 共计,苏醒 lead to 导致,通向 reply to 答复 refer to 谈到,涉及,参阅 bring to 使苏醒 agree to 同意 object to 反对 point to 指向 write to 写信给 relate to 理解,同情,涉及, (与……)有关 attend to 处理 belong to 属于 supply…to 为……提供 devote…to 贡献给 stick/hold/keep to 坚持,忠于 compare…to 与……相比,把……比作 (l4)三词以上的短语动词 do well in 在……干得好 make up for 弥补 look down on / upon 轻视 break away from 摆脱 keep away from 避开,别靠近 do away with 废除 put up with 忍受 catch up with = keep up with 赶上 fill up with 用……装满 go on with 继续 get on / along with 和……相处 look forward to 盼望 look up to 仰望,尊敬 add up to 总计 live up to 依据……行事;做到;不辜负(期望) get close to 接近 get down to 认真开始 set fire to 放火烧 pay attention to 注意 pay a visit to 访问 take / get / catch hold of 握住 run out of 用完 get out of 逃避,避免 take notice of 注意 take a photo of 拍……照片 take the place of 取代 set an example to 为……树立榜样 3、其他常用短语(按字母表顺序) (1)Aa a balance diet 均衡饮食 best-seller 畅销书 a

9 a bit = a little = a little bit 少许,一点儿,有点儿, 总共,总的来说 稍微 all kinds / sorts of 各种各样的 all night a bit of 一点,少量(修饰不可数名词) long 整夜,通宵 [ 比较:a few 一些,少量(修饰可数名词) all one’s life 终身,一生 all over a great deal of 许多(修饰不可数名词) 到处,遍及,结束 a great / good many = scores of 许多,大量(修饰可 all over the world / country = throughout the world / 数名词) country 整个世界/全国 a handful of 一把,少量的,少数(修饰可数或不可 all right 好吧,行了, (病)好了 all the 数名词) best 祝一切顺利,万事如意 a large / great amount of = large amounts of 许多(修 all the same 一样,同样的 all the 饰不可数名词) time 一直 a large quantity of = large q uantities of 许多(修饰可 all the way 一路上,一直 all 数或不可数名词) together 一起,总共 a lot of = lots of 许多(修饰可数或不可数名词) all (the) year round = all through the year= a mass of = masses of 大量,许多(修饰可数或不可 throughout the year 一年四季,一年到头 数名词) an invitation to… 一张……的请柬/请贴 an a (large / great) number of = large / huge numbers of expert on … ……方面的专家 大量的,许多(修饰可数名词) as a consequence / result 结果,因此 plenty of 大量的,很多,足够的(修饰可数或不可 as a consequence / result of 作为(……的)结果, 数名词) 由于……的结果 a bunch of flowers 一束花 a cloud of as a whole 普遍来说,作为整体 as … as 一团 像,如同 a couple of 一对/双,两三个,一些,几个 as … as possible = as…as one can 尽可能……地 a couple of days / weeks 两三天/周 a cup of as far as (表示程度, 范围) 就/尽…… (=so far as) , 一杯 远至 a day or two = one or two days 一两天 a as far as I know 就我所知,据我所知 as deserted island 荒岛 follows 如下(用以列举事项) a healthy diet = a diet of healthy food(s) 健康的饮食 as if = as though 好像,似乎,仿佛(比较:even if a highly-developed country 高度发达的国家 = even though 虽然,即使,尽管) a kind of 一种,一类 a laid-off as long as 只要(= so long as 引导条件状语从句) , worker 下岗工人 长达 a large sum of money 一大笔钱 a length as much / many as 多达 as soon of … 长…… as 一……就…… a list of 一张……的清单 a live as soon as possible 尽快,尽可能早地 as to / concert 现场直播的音乐会 for 至于,关于,就……而言 a natural disaster 自然灾害 a packet as usual 像往常一样 as w ell of 一盒,一捆,一包 也/还有(= too),同样地,例外 a pair of 一双,一副 a piece of as well as = together with = and 也,以及,和,还, 一件,一块,一张 而且 a row of 一排,一行 a series as with ... 也一样,就像…… of 一系列的,一连串,一套 at all 根本(否定句) ,到底(疑问句) ,竟然(条 a set of 一套,一副 a 件从句) shortage of teachers 教师资源的缺乏 at a loss 茫然,不知所措 at an a third of = one third of 三分之一 a total early age 年轻时 failure 一个彻底的失败者 at any moment / time 随时 a total of 总数(量)为 a two-day [ 比较:after a moment = after a while / minute 过 trip 一次两天的旅行 了一会儿 a variety of = varieties of = various 种种的,种类繁 a moment ago = just now 刚才,不久以前 多的 a moment later 片刻之后 a waste of (time) 白费(时间),浪费(时间) a man of at the moment = at the time 此刻,现在,在那时 name 知名人士 at the very moment 就在那一刹那 a world of magic and wonders 充满魔力和神奇的世 for a moment = for a while / minute 一会儿 界 for the moment = for the time being 暂时,目前 after all 毕竟,终究 after a in a moment = in a while /minute / second 过一会 short while 不久以后,没多久 儿,立刻,马上 after a time 一段时间以后 after the moment / minute (that) ... 一……就 ……] class / work / school 下课/下班/放学之后 at any risk 不顾一切 all alone = all by oneself 独自,独立 all at [比较:at risk 处于危险中 once = all of a sudden 突然,忽然 at the risk of (doing sth) 冒着(可能做某事)的危 all day = all day long 全天,终日 all in all 险

10 take / run a risk / risks 冒险 recognize … as… 认为……是…… risk one’s life (to do sth) 冒着生命危险(做某事) view / see / know … as… 认为……是…… risk doing sth 冒险做某事)] consider … as … / consider … (to be…) 认为…… at birth 出生时,一生下来就 at 是…… breakfast 在吃早饭 look on … as… 视……为 at hand 近在手边,在附近 at home refer to … as… 把……视为 在家 think of… as… / think … (to be…) 认为…… (at) home and abroad 在国内外 at last 终 是……] 于,最后 accept sb’s apology 接受某人的道歉 at length 最后,终于,详细地 at accuse sb of sth / doing sth 指控某人为……/ 做某 midnight 在半夜 事 at night 在夜里,天黑时 at noon achieve one’s goal 达到目的 achieve 在中午 success 获得成功 at once = right away = right now 马上,立即 act as 担任,充当 adapt to at one go 一口气 at present (改变以)适应 = at the present time 现在, 目前 adapt oneself to 使自己适应于 adapt to at sea 在海上,航海中,茫然 the new environment 适应新环境 (比较:by sea 乘船 add to 增加,添加 by the sea 在海边 add …to… 把……加到……上 in the sea 在海里 add up 加起来 add up on the sea 在海面上) to 总计达到 at stake 在危险中 at such a adjust to (调整以)适应 adjust to great height 在如此高的高度 these extreme conditions 适应极限条件 at table 在吃饭(比较:at the table 在桌前) admire sb as… 钦佩某人是…… at times 偶尔,有时 admire sb for… 钦佩某人的……, 因……钦佩某人 (比较:at that time 那时 at the same time = meanwhile 同时 advance the deadline 提前最后期限 advance at the correct / wrong / best time of year 在一年里合 towards… 朝……前进 适/不合适/最佳时候) advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事 at various academic levels 不同的学术层次 agree with sb / sb’s opinion / sb’s idea 同意某人 (意 at war 处于战争/交战状态 at work 见,看法) ,与某人看法一致 忙于工作 [ 比较:agree on sth 对……达成共识 at the age of ... 在……岁的时候 at the art agree to (the plan) 同意(计划等)] festival 在艺术节上,在艺术节期间 aim at 向……瞄准,旨在,针对 allow at the base 在底部 for 顾及,为……做准备 at the (very) beginning of ... 在……开始时,在…… answer for… 对……负责 之初 apologize to sb (for sth) = make an apology to sb (for at the bottom of 在……下端/底部 at the sth) (因某事)向某人道歉 cost of 以……为代价 appeal to 有吸引力,呼吁,上诉 appeal at the end of 在……末端,到……结束时 to their emotions 投合他们的喜好 at the foot of 在……的脚下 at the apply for 申请,请求 apply to front desk 在前台,在服务台 应用,适用 at the head of 在……最前面 at a high appoint sb as… 任命某人当…… approve /low price 以高/低价 of 赞成 at the latest 最迟 argue about 争论某事 argue at (the) least 至少 [比较:at (the) most 最多] with sb about sth 因某事和某人争执/争论 at the mercy of 任由……摆布/控制,在……的掌握 arrive in / at 到达某地 ask after 中 sb 问候某人 at the opening /closing (ceremony) of ... 在……开/闭 ask for 要求得到 ask for a 幕式上 day off 请一天假 at the rate of 以 ……的比率 at the ask for a leave 请假 side of 在……的旁边 associate…with… 把……与……联系起来 at the speed of 以……速度 (比较:at full / high attach to 加在……之上,使喜爱,使依恋,参加, speed 高速) 附着 at the top of one’s voice 大声地 at the attempt to do sth 试图做某事 attend weekend 在周末 school / university 上学/上大学 accept … as… 认为……是……,承认……是……, attend the meeting 出席会议 attend to 把……当作…… 处理,照顾,关照,倾听 [比较:regard … as… 认为……是 attract / draw / call sb’s attention 吸引某人注意 treat … as…把…… 当作 above all 首要的是,尤其是
[来源 :学&科 &网 Z&X&X&K]

11 according to 根据 do good to sb = do sb good 对某人有好处 action film / movie 动作片 advanced do harm to sb = do sb harm = harm sb = be harmful mathematics 高等数学 to sb 对某人有害,伤害某人) again and again 一次又一次,一再,反复 be honored for… 因……受到尊敬 be against the wall 靠着墙 intended for 为了 ahead of… 优于,超过,比……早,在……的前面 be late for 迟到(比较:be late with sth 某事做得 alarm clock 闹钟 along 晚) with… 和……一起 be to blame for 因……受到责备 be and so on 等等 and carved in rock 被刻在岩石上 things like that ……之类的东西 be caught in (a rain / a traffic jam / the earthquake) another day 改天 any more 突然/偶然遇到(雨/交通堵塞/地震) 再,又 be confident in 在……方面自信 be apart from 除……都,除……以外 effective in 在……方面有效 around the corner 在拐角处,即将来临 be fluent in (a language) 在(某一门语言)方面很 (比较:on the way = in store 即将来临 流利 draw near 即将来临,就要来临,逼近 ) be lost in = lose oneself in 沉浸于, 沉醉于 be poor / low in 在……方面不足 be quick in mind and action 思维敏捷行动迅速 (2)Bb be rich / high in 在……方面丰富 be set in be after 寻找,追踪,追求 be /act 以……为背景 against 违背,违反,反对 be strong in heart and mind 意志坚强,头脑聪明 be from 从……来,是……人 be next to be trapped in 被困在……(比较:be trapped by 在……隔壁,紧挨着…… 被……所困) be off / leaving 离开 be out be afraid of = be terrified of 害怕,恐惧(比较:be (灯火)熄灭, (人)外出 afraid to do 害怕去做,不敢做) be out of 没有,用完 be up 起 be ashamed of 为……感到羞愧/惭愧 be 床 aware of 意识到,知道 be up against 面对 be up to be fond of = care for = like = enjoy 爱好,喜欢 sb 由某人决定 be full of = be filled with 充满了,装满 be be up to sth 忙于某事,从事于 be upon jealous of 嫉妒 逼近,临近 be short of = be lacking in 缺乏,缺少 be sure be anxious about … 为……而忧虑/着急/担心 of / about 对……有把握 (比较:be anxious for … 渴望,非常希望 be uncertain of / about 对……没把握 be be concerned about / for… 为……而忧虑/着急/担心 accustomed to (doing) sth 习惯于…… be concerned about / with… 对……关切/关注/感兴 be addicted to 沉溺于 趣) be loyal to = be faithful to = be devoted to 忠诚于 be careful about / of / with sth 注意,留意,当心 [比较:be careful (not) to do sth 小心(不)做某事] be opened to 向……开放 be clear about 对……清楚 be crazy be reduced to 30% 减少到百分之 30%(指最后的 about 对……着迷 结果) be curious about = have the curiosity about 对……感 [比较:be reduced by 30% 减少了百分之 30%(指 到好奇 与原来相对而言)] be excited about 对…… 感到兴奋 be be similar to 与……相似,与……相像 be angry particular about 对……挑剔 with sb for sth 因某事生某人的气 be amazed at 为……感到惊讶 be be armed with 以……武装 be experienced at 对……有经验 burdened with 为……所累 be present at 出席 be be busy with sth 忙于某事 shocked at 对……感到震惊 (比较:be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 be common for 对……来说是很普通的 be occupied with sth 忙于某事 be eager for … = long for… = be dying for… 渴望得 be occupied in doing sth 忙于做某事) 到…… be covered with / by 被……所覆盖 be (比较:be eager to do sth 急着想做某事) crowded with 挤/塞满了…… be famous for 因……而闻名,由于……而出名 be diagnosed with 被诊断为 (比较:be famous as 作为……而闻名 be equipped with 具有,装有……设备,为……做 be famous to 对……来说很出名) 好准备 be fit for = be suitable for 适合 be faced with 面临……,面对…… be be good / bad for sb 对……有好处/坏处 familiar with 对……很熟悉 (比较: be good at 善于……, 擅长于……, 在…… be fed up with 对……感到厌倦 be 方面做得好 honest with 对……诚实 be good to sb 对某人友好 be mean with 对……吝啬
[来 源:Zxxk.Com]

12 be pleased / satisfied with 对……感到满意 be stressed out 紧张的,有压力的 be upset (比较:be content with 对……感到满意,满足 沮丧,伤心 于…… be well received 很受欢迎 be (well) be content to do sth 愿意做某事) worth doing(很)值得做 be popular with 受到 ……的欢迎 be [比较:be worthy of sth / of being done / to be done pressed with 被刻印/铸压上 值得(做)……] be strict with sb 对某人严格要求 (比较: be strict in by accident = by chance 偶然地, 碰巧,意外 sth 对某事严格要求) by air / boat / bus / train 乘坐飞机/小船/公共汽车/ be surrounded with / by 被……围绕 be about 火车 to do sth 正要做某事 by and by 不久以后,逐渐地 by be delighted to do sth 高兴做某事 appointment 按约定 be determined to do = determine / decide to do sth 决 by choice 出于选择(比较:for choice 要选就选) 心做…… by day / night 白天/ 晚上 by fax be due to do sth 预定/到期应该做某事 (比较: due to 通过传真 sth 因为/由于……) by force 靠武力 by hand be forced to do sth 被迫做某事 be free to = with one’s hands 手工 do sth 任意去做,悉听尊便 by law 根据法律 by mail be likely to do sth 很有可能做某事 be 通过邮寄 supposed to do 被认为/被期望/应该做某事 by means of (doing) sth 通过,借助于……手段 be willing to do = like to do 愿意做某事 be able to (比较:by all means = in all ways 不惜一切 do 能,会 by no means = in no way 决不,一点也不 be absent from 缺席,旷课 be asleep by this means = in this way 用这种方法) 睡着(比较:be awake 醒着) by mistake = in error 由于错误或疏忽,错误地 be awarded a Nobel Prize 获得诺贝尔奖 by weight 按重量计算(比较:by the hour / day 按 be badly off 潦倒,贫困(比较:be well off 富有) 小时/天计算) be badly treated 受到虐待 be born by the end of 到……结束为止,到……底为止 出生,出世 by the nearest exit 从最近的出口出去 by the be / become endangered 频临危险 side of 在……附近 be in contact with 与……有交往 by the time 到……的时候(后接状语从句) (比较:make contact with 与……联络 by the way 顺便说,顺便问一下 lose / break contact with 与……失去联系 [ 比较:by way of … 经由,经过, 通过……的方 lose touch with = be out of touch with 与……失去联 法 系 in a way = in one way = in some way 在某种程度上 be in touch with = stay / keep in touch with 与……保 in no way 决不, 一点也不 持联系 in the / sb’s way 挡道,妨碍 get in touch with = get into contact with sb 与……取 in this / that way 以这种/那种方式,这样/那样 得联系 in … way = in the way of 以……的方式 bring … into touch with 使……接触,使……认识 this / that way 这样/那样(直接做状语) keep track of… 与……保持联系, 了解……的动态,on one’s way here / there / home (adv.) 在(到这里/ 记录……) 去那里/回家)的路上 be in possession of = take possession of 持有,拥有, on one’s way to doing sth 即将做某事 占有,占领 on one’s way to someplace (n.) 在去某地的路上 (比较: be in sb’s possession = be in the possession of on the way 在路上,在来/去的行进中 sb 被某人占有/拥有 on the way home 在回家的路上,即将来临 come into sb’s possession 被某人占有/拥有) out of the way 不挡道 be in the charge of 在某人的掌管下,由某人经营/ feel one’s way 摸索着道路(前进) 照顾 fight one’s way 挣扎着前进,经(奋斗或努力)开 (比较:be in charge of 掌管,管理,照顾) 路或获得(某事物) be mentally disturbed 精神失常 be of find one’s way to 设法找到去……的路 benefit 有利的,有好处的 lose one’s way 迷路 be of (no) effect 有(无)效 make one’s way to 朝……走去 be of different sizes / weights / shapes 大小不一/重 push one’s way 挤过去 量不同/形状各异 struggle one’s way 艰难地行进] (比较:be of the same size / weight / shape 大小/重 base on sth 以……为基础 (比较: be based on / upon 量/形状相同) 以……为基础) be of great importance / value 非常重要,有重要性 beg for 乞求 become be of high / good quality 高质量的 (比较: be of poor of 发生……情况,怎么啦 quality 质量糟糕的) believe in 信赖,信任,信仰 (真理,宗教,原则), be of (no) use 有(无)用 be on 支持,赞成 good terms (with sb) 与某人关系好 bend over 弯腰,俯身

13 benefit from = profit by / from 从……吸取教训, chain stores 连锁店 change 从……中获益 A for B 用 A 换 B blow away 吹走 blow out change A into B 把 A 变成 B,把 A 转换成 B 吹灭 change one’s mind 改变主意 charge… for blow the fire off 熄火,把火吹灭 brush 收费,要价 one’s teeth 刷牙 charge sth with… 使某事物充满……(情感) (比 build up 逐步建立,增进,增加,加强,扩大 较:be charged with 充满……) burden sb / oneself with sth 加负担于某人 / 自己 chat on line 网上聊天 check in burn down 烧毁,烧成平地 burn 登记,报到 down… to the ground 把……烧成平地 check out 查明,核查,结帐 check burn up 消耗,烧掉 burst into information 审核情况 闯入,突然破门而入 cheer sb on 为某人加油 cheer sb burst into sth = burst out doing 迸发,突然而猛烈地 up 使某人高兴起来,使某人振作起来 产生某种情况 chemical factory 化工厂 child (比较:burst into laughter = burst out laughing 突然 laborer 童工 大笑起来 Christmas card / tree / Eve 圣诞卡/树/前夕 classical burst into tears 眼泪夺眶而出 music 古典音乐 burst into cheers 突然欢呼) classify … into … 把……分类成…… clean burst out (doing ) 迸发出来,突然开始(做) out 清除,打扫干净 bed time 就寝时间 Beijing clear away 清除掉,消散,清除打扫,整理 Opera 京剧 clear up 打扫卫生,梳理整齐, (天气)放晴,露 before long 不久以后 (比较: long before 很久以前) 出喜悦的表情 belong to sb / sth 属于某人/某事 belo w / close friends 密友 close above zero 零度以下/上 down 倒闭 body building 健美 body close up (尤指暂时)关闭,使靠近 close to language 身势语 靠近,接近 boiled water 开水 both … combine…with… 把……和……结合起来 and … 两个都,既……又…… comment on / upon… 对……进行评论 commit business hours 营业时间 bus the / a crime 犯罪 common sense 常 station / stop 汽车站/公共汽车站 识,情理 but for 如果不是,倘若不是 communicate sth to sb 使某事物被人知晓,传送某 Better late than never. 迟做总比不做好。 事物给某人 communicate with… 与……交流/联络 compare notes 交换意见,交流看法 (3)Cc compare … to… 把……比作… compare calculate the distance between… 计算出……的距离 with … 与……相比 calm down 平静,镇定 can’t help compete against… 与……相对抗 compete but do sth 忍不住做某事 for… 为……而竞争 can’t help doing sth 禁不住做某事, 情不自禁做某事 compete in 参加(竞赛) compete carbon dioxide 二氧化碳 card with… 与……竞争/比赛 games 纸牌游戏 complain of 抱怨…… care about 对……感兴趣,关心,担心 computer / video games 电子游戏 (比较:care for 喜欢,关怀,照顾,照料 congratulate sb on sth 祝贺某人某事 care for sb to do sth 愿意某人做 connect to 连接,相连(比较:be connected to care to do sth 愿意做) 与……有关系) carry away 拿走,使入迷 carry off connect with … 与……相连接 夺走,携走 contribute to 有利于,贡献,捐款给,为……投稿 carry on 继续进行,坚持下去 carry on cool off 变凉,冷却,冷 copy research 进行研究 sb’s example 仿照某人,照某人的样子做 carry out (an experiment / a plan / an order / a survey) cover an entire continent 覆盖整个大陆 cover 开展或执行(实验/计划/命令/调查) the events 采访事件,报道事件 cast away 抛弃 catch a create a positive / negative effect 产生积极/消极的 glimpse of 瞥见 作用/影响 catch fire = be on fire 着火,开始燃烧 cross out 划掉 crowd catch / find sb doing sth 发现/发觉某人正在做某事 around (许多人)围着 cause damage to… 对……造成破坏 cell cultural relics / sites 文化古迹 current phone 移动电话,手机 affairs 时事 centre on / upon… 将……当做重点或中心 Cheer up. 振作起来。提起精神。 Come (比较:centre / concentrate / fasten / fix / focus one’s on! 来!快呀! attention on 把注意力集中于)

(4)Dd

14 (5)Ee

dance to the music 伴随音乐起舞 each other 互相,彼此(比较:one another 相互, date from = date back to 始于……时期,追溯到 彼此 ) day after day 日复一日(强调重复) day by earn / make / gain a / one’s living 谋生 earn / day 一天天地(强调逐渐变化) make money 挣钱,赚钱 day and night 日日夜夜地 deal with eat up 吃完,吃光 = do with 处理,解决,对付 either…or … 或者……或者……,要么……要 depend on / upon = rely on / upon 依靠, 依赖, 信赖, 么…… 靠……来决定 [比较:neither … nor … 既不……也不…… develop a lifelong friendship with sb 与某人成为终 not…but… 不是……而是…… 身朋友 not only …but also… 不仅……而且……(前句用 develop the photos 冲洗照片 于句首时,须倒装)] devote … to… 把……贡献给……, 献身于……, 专 end up with … 以……结束/告终 心于…… (比较:begin / start with 以……开始 [比较:be devoted to (doing) sth 投身于 close with 以……结束/告终 be devoted to sb 喜欢某人] end up 结束,告终,最后得到……的结局/下场 die away 逐渐消失,减弱(以至感觉不到) ,淡化 end in failure / prison 以失败/坐牢而告终. die down 逐渐降低,减弱,消失,平息 end in a tie 以平局结束) die from 因……而死,死于(除了疾病或情感以外 engage to sb 与某人订婚 的原因,及某种具体疾病) English-speaking countries 说英语的国家 die of (illness, hunger, grief, etc.) 因……而死,死于 enjoy equal rights 享有平等权利 enjoy (疾病,饥饿,悲伤等情感内因) oneself 过得愉快,玩得开心 die off 一一死去,先后死去 escape from 免于/逃脱……,从……泄露出 die out = become extinct 灭绝,绝迹,消失 every day 每天 differ from = be different from 与……不同,区别于 everyday use 日常使用 dig up 挖出,掘起 dining every few years 每隔几年 room 餐厅 (比较:every four years = every fourth year 每四 dip into sth 把……放入液体中,浏览,翻阅 年,每隔三年 display one’s deep sympathy 表达某人深切的同情 every two years = every second year = every other distinguish A from B 显示 A 和 B(两者)的差别, year 每两年,每隔一年) 使 A 和 B 有所不同 every now and then 不时地 ever (比较:distinguish between A and B 区别/辨别 A since 从……以来,从那时起 和 B) except for 除了……之外 divide … into 把……分成,使……分隔开 exchange student 交换生 divide up 分配 double exist in 存在于…… one’s efforts 加倍努力 experience life 体验生活 dozens of 几十 draw a experiment with 进行实验,进行试验 conclusion 得出结论 explain sth to sb = explain to sb sth 向某人解释某 draw attention to 对……表示注意 draw 事 back 后退 express oneself 表达自己的意思 Excuse draw up 起草,拟定 dream of me. 对不起。 梦到 Everything / All goes well. 一切顺利。 dream of / about doing sth 梦想做某事 dress up 化装打扮,乔装打扮 (6)Ff dress up as… 打扮/装饰成…… drink a face to face 面对面 (比较:hand in hand 手拉手, toast 祝酒 drink to sb / sth 为……而干杯或祝福 drive off 密切关联) fail in doing sth 没做成某事 fail to 击退, 把(车)开走 do sth 无法做某事 drop by 访问,拜访 drop in fall asleep 入睡 (比较: fall ill 病了, 患病, 病倒) 顺便走访,拜访 fall behind (成就,成绩)落后于 fall drop in on sb 顺便拜访某人 drop in at down 摔下来,倒塌 sp 顺便拜访某地 fall in love with sb 爱上某人 (比较: be in love with drop off 放下(某物) ,下车 drop out sb 与某人相爱) (of…) (从竞赛、活动等)退出,辍学 fall into 陷入,落入 fall off drop sb a line 给某人写短信 during 跌落,下降 the day 在白天 fall over 跌倒,摔倒 fall to / during / in the 1980s / 1980’s 20 世纪 80 年代 into pieces 垮台,崩溃,解体,倒塌 during / in / throughout one’s lifetime 在某人的一生 fairy tale 童话 family 中 name 姓氏

15 family tree 家谱 fax fr om that moment on 从那时起 machine 传真机 from … to … 从……到…… from far away 遥远,很远 far time to time 有时,不时,偶尔 from… 远离…… from one country to another = from country to fasten / tie … to… 把……栓/别在……上 feast on sth country 从一个国家到另一个国家 宴饮,尽情地享受…… from one generation to another 一代接一代地 feed … on 喂养,饲养(比较:feed on / upon … full dress 盛装 further 以……为食) education 进修,深造 feel down 感到闷闷不乐 feel like doing sth 想做某事 (7)Gg feel well / terrible / better / weak 感觉好/糟/好些/虚 gain weight = put on weight 发福,增加体重,增肥 弱 (比较:lose weight 减肥) fight against 与……作斗争/打架/打仗 gas station 加油站 fight for sth 为……而斗争,争取获得某事物 generally speaking 总的来说,一般来说 fight over 为……而战,因……而争吵/争斗 gift money 压岁钱 given / fight sb / sth off 抗击某人/某事物, 击退某人/某事物 first name 名字 fight with 与……并肩作战 glare at figure out 理解,想明白,算出 fill in 填 glance at 匆匆一瞥 怒视 空,填写 fill out 把……填好 fill with graduate from… 毕业于…… greenhouse effect 温室效应 用……填充 green tea 绿茶 grow up fill A with B 把 B 装进 A 里,把 A 装满 B 生长,长大 fill up with… 用……装满 Good find out 获知,查明,查出,弄明白,发现,了解 grow up to be… 长大后成为…… luck! 祝你好运! fire escapes 安全梯 fire exit Good morning / afternoon / evening! 早上/下午/晚 安全出口 上好! first aid 急救 fish farms 渔场 (8)Hh fit in 被他人接受,相处融洽 fit in (with sb / sth) 与(某人/某事物)相适应/相协 had better (do) 最好(做) hand 调 down 流传下去 fix a time / date for 为……确定时间/日期 hand in 交上去,提出,面交 hand out fix up 搭起,安装,修理,修补 folk song 散发,分发,发放 民歌 hang on 等一等,别挂电话 hang up follow customs 随俗,按照习惯 follow 挂断电话 sb’s instructions 遵从某人的指示 hang out (俚语)闲逛 follow / take sb’s advice 听某人的劝告 follow harmony with others 与其他人和睦相处, 与其他人 the rules 按照规则去做 相处和谐 forget about 忘记了 hear about / of 听说,知道 hear for a period of several weeks / months 在几周/几个 from sb 收到某人来信 月的一段时间里 heart and soul 全心全意地 here and for ever = for good 永远 there 各处,处处,四处 for example = for instance 例如 (比较:such as … help sb out 救助, 帮助某人解决困难,帮助某人摆 例如……,像……这样) 脱困境 for free = free of charge = without payment 免费(比 help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事 high 较:at one’s own charge / expense 自费) school 中学,高中 for once 就这/那一次 for one hit sb on the head / in the face 打某人的头部/脸部 thing…, for another 首先……,其次…… hold/keep / stick to 坚持,忠于 hold for the first time 第一次,初次,首先 together 连在一起,团结一致 [比较:at first = in / at the beginning 起初,首先 home cooking 家常做法 home at first sight 第一眼,乍一看,初见之下 village 家乡 first of all 第一,首先,最重要 hope / wish for 希望得到,对……怀着希望 in the first place (用于列举理由时)首先,第一, host the Olympic Games 主办奥运会 hour 原先 after hour 一小时又一小时 the first time 第一次,初次(后接状语从句)] how many / much 多少(可数名词)/多少钱(或不 for the reason 因为 可数名词) for the sake of 由于,为了……的利益,为了……起 how far 多远 how 见 long 多久 free from 不受……的影响,没有……的 how often 多久一次,多常 how old from now on 从现在开始,今后 from then on = 几岁

16 human being 人,人类 hundreds in peace = peacefully 安静,宁静 in of 几百,成百上千的 public 当众,公开地,公然,在公共场所 hunt animals 狩猎 hunt for in return 作为回报 (比较: in turn 转而, 反过来, = search for 搜寻,寻找 轮流) hurry up 赶快,快点 Hands up. in silence 安静地,无声地 in 举起手来。 society 在社会上 Help oneself to sth 请随便吃。 How are in space 在太空 (比较: in outer space 在外层空间, you? 你(身体)好吗? 在外太空) How do you do! 你好! How is it in store 贮藏着,准备着,就要来到 going? 情况怎么样? in style 流行的,时髦的 Here you are. 给你。 (比较: There you are. 你来 (比较: out of style = out of fashion = out of date 过 了。 ) 时的 come into fashion = be in fashion 流行的) in surprise / astonishment 吃惊,惊讶地 (9)Ii in time 及时(比较:on time 准时) ice cream 冰淇淋 iced te a in trouble 处于困境中 in use 冰茶 在使用中 ice skating 滑冰 ID card in vain 徒劳,白辛苦 身份证 in chains(指囚犯)用链锁住的,不自由,被囚禁 if necessary = if it is necessary 如果需要的话 in ruins 成为废墟 in tears if only 要是……就好了(常用于虚拟语气) 哭泣,掉泪 impress on sb 给某人留下好印象 in other aspects 从其他方面 (比较:be impressed by / with 对……留下印象) (比较:in terms of 就……而言 in a few days = in a few days’ time 几天后 in a flash 立刻,很快,立即 in a good in large amounts 大批地,大量地 mood 心情好 in the eyes of 在……看来) in a hurry = hurriedly 匆忙地 in a row in anxiety of 担心,担忧 一个接一个地,连续不断地 in case of 假使,以防 in a slightest 一点也,根本 in a … (比较:in case 万一,以免 state 处在……的状态/情况下 in that case 既然那样,假若是那样的话) in a straight line 沿着直线 in a very in front of 在(某人/某物)前面 short while 马上,立刻 (比较:in the front of 在……的前部 in a whisper 小声地 in front 在前方,在正对面) in a word 总之,简言之,一句话 in honour of 出于对……的敬意, 为庆祝/纪念…… (比较:in other words 换句话说,换言之 in praise of 称赞,赞赏 in in one’s own words 用自己的话说) search of 寻找 in an act of revenge 作为报复 in all = in in spite of = despite = regardless of 尽管,不管 total = altogether 总共,总之 in view of 鉴于,考虑到,由于 in want / in class 在课堂上 in need of … 需要,缺少…… common 共同,共有 in agreement with 与……意见一致 in in condition = in good health 身体好,身体健康 conversation with 与……谈话中 (比较:out of condition = in poor health 身体不好 in harmony with 与……协调 in in bad / good condition 处于坏的/好的状态) relation to 与……有关的 in darkness 处于一片漆黑 in reply to 回答,答复,回应 in in danger 处于危险中 exchange for 交换,互换 (比较:out of danger 脱离危险 in the direction of 朝……的方向(比较:in all in danger of 面临……的危险) directions 四面八方) in debt 欠债 in in the form of 以……的形式 in the demand 有需要的 heart of 在……的中心/核心部分 in detail 详细地 in in the hope of (doing) sth 抱着(做某事)的希望 disorder 混乱 in the name of 以……的名义, 代表 (比较: name … in English 用英语(表达) after 给……取名,命名) in fact = in reality = as a matter of fact 事实上,实际 in the process of 在……的过程中 in the 上 day / daytime 在白天 in general 一般说来,通常 in history in the end = at last = finally = eventually 最后, 终于 在历史上 in the future 在未来,将来(比较:in future 以后, in hospital / prison / church 住院/坐牢/做礼拜 今后) in … order = in order of 按顺序 in / during / over the last / past ten years 在过去的 in order to do = so as to do 以便,为了,为的是(so 十年 as to do 不置于句首) in the past = in the old days 在过去 in /
[来源:学+科+网 ] [来源:Z.xx.k.Com]

17 during the rush hour 在交通高峰期 learn …(all) by himself = teach …oneself 自学…… in ancient / modern times 在古代/现代 in the air learn from… 向……学习,从……中学习 在空中 leave alone 不管,不打扰,不理会,随……去 in the open air 在户外 in the leave behind 忘带,留下 leave rain 在雨中,冒雨 out 省略,删掉,不考虑 in the shade 在阴凉处 in the sun leave sb by himself 把某人独自留下 在太阳下 leave sb where he / she is 把某人留在原地 leave in the wild 在野外,在自然环境下 in one’s school 离开学校,辍学,毕业 (personal) opinion 依某人之见 less than 少于,不足 let down in one’s teens 十几岁时 in one’s 不支持,使失望,使沮丧 youth 年轻时 information desk let in 放进,让……进来 let out 问讯处 放掉,泄露,发出(声音) instead of… 代替……, 而不是……, 作为……的替 lie down 躺下 lie in 换(比较:rather than 而不是) 在于,位于 insist on sth / doing sth 坚持某事/坚持做某事 lie to sb 对某人撒谎 light intend to do sth 打算做某事 bulb 电灯泡 intend sth for … 把某物供给……用(比较:sth be light a fire 点火 light up intended for… 供……用) 照亮,使放光彩,点上(烟)吸起来 involve sb in… 使某人参加,使某人陷入……(困 limit … to … 把……限制在…… listen to 境) ,使某人牵涉到…… 听…… (比较: be involved in… 参与, 有关 联, 忙于某事)little by little 逐渐地 live in It depends. =That / It (all) depends. 要看情况而定。 poverty 生活在贫困线上 I dare say…. 我认为……。我估计……。 I’m sorry. live life on the go 过着忙碌的生活 对不起。 live on 以…… 为主食,靠……谋生,继续存在, 继续活着 live one’s dream = try to realize one’s dream 努力实 (10)Jj 现梦想 join hands 携手,联手,合伙 join in live through 活过,经过(困难,危险)之后仍旧 参加,加入 活着 join sb (in doing sth) 和某人一起做某事 join the live up to 依据……行事,做到,不辜负(期望) line 排队 live up to sb’s expectation = meet sb’s expectation join up 联合起来 不辜负某人的期望 judge sb by sth 依据某事物判断某人,断定,认为 live with 忍受,与……一起住 (比较:be judged by 靠……来判断) lock sb up 将某人监禁起来,将某人锁于某处不得 junk food 垃圾食品 just as 进出 恰如 lose control = be out of control 失去控制 just now 刚才,现在 just so-so lose heart 失去信心,泄气,灰心 lose 一般 one’s life 牺牲某人的生命 just then 正在那时 lose one’s sight / voice 失明 / 失声 Let me see. 让我想想。 (11)Kk kick the habit 戒除某嗜好 稍微,有点儿 know about 对……了解 听说过 (12)L labor force 劳动力 lack of sleep 缺少睡眠 later on 后来,随后,以后 laugh at 嘲笑,讥笑 lay down one’s life 献出生命 lay off 解雇,不理会,使下岗 lay the table 摆桌子 lead / have / live a cosy / an active life 过着舒适的/ 活跃的生活 lead sb to do sth = cause sb to do sth 使某人做某事 lead to = result in 通往,导致 learn about… 了解,学习有关……知识 kind of know of (13)Mm major in 主修,专研 match …with … 把……和……相配 main course 主菜 man-made satellite 人造卫星 means of transport 交通方式 care 医疗保健 midfield player 中场球员 East 中东 millions of 成百上千万 one’s turn 错过 mistake / take A for B 错把 A 当成 B 混合在一起 mix …with … 把……和……混合 phone 可移动电话 morning paper 晨报 stars 电影名星 more and more 越来越多

medical Middle miss mix up mobile movie more or

18 less 或多或少 more than = not only 不仅,不只,多于,十分 (比较:more A than B 与其说 B,不如说是 A no more than = only 仅仅,只不过 not more than 不超过,至多) most of 大多数 multiply … by … ……乘以…… musical styles 音乐风格 My goodness! 天啊! (14)Nn native language = mother tongue 母语 neck and neck 并驾齐驱,不分上下,不相上下 next time 下次 next to 紧接着,相邻,在旁边,次于 nine out of ten = nine in ten 十分之九 no doubt 无疑地 no longer / more = not…any longer / more 不再,已 不 no matter 不论……,无论…… not as / so… as 不像,不如 not at all = not a bit 一点也不, 绝非 (比较: not a little = very much 很,非常) not later than 不迟于 not …till / until… 直到……才…… now and then 偶尔,时而 now that 既然 Nice to meet / meeting you. 很高兴见到你。 (15)Oo obey / break the rules 遵守/违反规定 obey / observe the law 遵守法律 object to 反对 occur to sb 使某人突然想到 offer advice about / on … 提出关于……的建议 of course 当然 of late = lately 最近,近来 of one’s own 属于自己的(比较:on one’s own = by oneself 独自,单独地) on a large scale 大规模地,大范围地 on a team 在一队/组,加入一队/组 on (an / the) average 平均,按平均计算 on an open fire 露营 on all sides 在各方面,到处 on and on 不停地,不断地 on condition that = if 如果 on board 在(船/飞机)上 on business 出差 on display 展览,陈列 [比较:on show 展出,在上 演(放映)] on duty 值日,值班 on earth 在地球上,究竟 on end 直立,竖立 on foot 步行 on holiday 在度假 on purpose = by accident 故意地 on sale 上市,出售,廉价出售,减价 on watch 值班,守望 on the air 正在播出的 on the contrary 相反地,反之 on the front page 在头版 on the go 奔波,忙忙碌碌的,四处奔走 on the Internet 在互联网上 on the march 在游行 on the phone 在通话,用电话交流 on the point of 就在……的时候 on / over the radio 通过收音机 on the top of 在……的顶端 on one’s arrival / return (某人)一到达/回来 on (the) one hand…, on the other hand … 一方面, 另一方面 once in a while 偶尔,有时 once more / again 再一次 once upon a time 从前,很早以前 one day (过去/将来)有一天,某一天 one after another 一个接一个 one by one 一个一个地,逐一 one-child policy 独生子女政策 opera house 歌剧院,艺术剧院 open up 打开,开启,开创,开辟,开设,开放 operate on sb 给某人动手术 opposite to 在……对面 or else 否则,要不然 or rather 或者 or so 大约,……左右 ought to 应当,应该 out of 由……里面向外,在……之外 out of breath 上气不接下气 out of danger 脱离危险 out of order 运转不正常,出毛病 out of work 失业 out of one’s reach 够不着 over and over again 多次,反复地,一再 over there 在那边 owe sb sth = owe sth to sb 把……归功于,感谢, 欠(债) owe thanks to sb for sth 因为某事感谢某人 (16)Pp parking lot 停车场 pay phone (投币式)公用电话 pen friend / pal 笔友 pencil case 文具盒,铅笔盒 pencil sharpener 转笔刀,削笔刀 people with disabilities = disabled people 残疾人 personal affair 隐私 persist in 坚持 phone number 电话号码 physical education 体育 pile of (homework) 一大堆(作业) ,一大批,一大 团 places of (great) interest 名胜 pop music 流行音乐 post office 邮电局 play against … 同……比赛 play / act the role of sb = play sb 扮演某人的角色 play a part / role in … 在……中起作用 play a trick on sb 开某人的玩笑,耍弄某人

19 play football / basketball 踢足球/打篮球 给某人回电话 play the piano 弹钢琴 play with ring off 挂断电话,停止讲话 ring up 玩耍,游戏 sb = ring sb up 给某人打电话 primary school = elementary school 小学 point at rise / come to fame 成名 roll over 指示,指向 翻滚,倒转 point to 指向 point out round up 使集合在一起,使聚拢 rock 指出,使注意 prefer A to B 相比 band 摇滚乐队 B 更喜欢 A prepare sth 准备 roller skating 滑旱冰 running water 自来水 prepare for sth 为某事做好准备 ruin sth = bring sth to ruin 使……变成废墟 prepare sb for sth 使某人为某事做好准备 produce / run after 追赶,追求,追逐,在……之后跑 make electricity 发电 run at 冲向,向……攻击 protect sb from / against … 保护某人免受……(伤害 run away 流失,逃跑,逃走,失控 等) run away from school =drop out of school 逃学 provide sb with sth = provide sth for sb 为某人提供 run for 竞选 某物 run into / across = come across = meet …by chance = (比较:supply sb with sth = supply sth to sb 给某人 happen to meet 偶然遇见 提供某物 run off 跑掉,迅速离开 offer sb sth = offer sth to sb 为某人主动提供某物) run out of sth 用完…… [比较:(sth) run out 耗尽, pull down 拆毁,拆除,摧毁,推翻 pull on 用光,用完] 随便穿上 run over 压死,看一遍,跑过去 run a pull out of 从……中退出, (火车) 驶离车站, 从…… business 做生意 拉出来 run / start a restaurant 开餐馆 pull sb up 把……往上拉,把……拉上来 rush sb off one’s feet 使某人忙得不亦乐乎, 使某人 push open 推开 push (sth) 忙得不可开交 over (使车船等)闪到一边 rush out 冲出去 rush pros and cons 赞成与反对,正面和反面 pretty through 掠过,快速通过 well 相当好,几乎,差不多 (19)Ss (17)Qq satisfy / meet the needs of … 满足……的需要 quarrel with sb (about sth) (因某事)和某人吵架/ 争吵 quite a few 许多,大量 quite a lot / a bit 许多,大量 save money 存钱 save sb’s life 挽救某人的生命 say “no” to … 拒绝,否认,不同意 say thanks to … 向……表示感谢 say to oneself 心里想,自言自语 school day 学校上课时 school play (18)Rr 校园剧 school things 学习用 raise money for (good cause) 为(做好事)而筹款 具 school / field trip 郊游 rank high / low 排名高/排名低 rank third search for 搜查,寻找,查找 位居第三 self rescue 自救 see for rather than 宁可,而不是,非,与其……宁愿…… oneself 自己去看,亲眼看 raw material 原料 record see sb off 为某人送行(比较:meet sb 接某人) card 成绩单 see to 处理,料理,照顾 see to it record holder 记录保持者 reach out that…= make sure that… 确保,务使 (for sth) 伸手去(拿,碰) seek after 追求 seek for reach out (to sth) 伸出手以触到或抓到、拿到某物 寻找 read about 读到有关…… receive / sell out 卖完,出卖 sense of get one’s doctor’s degree 获得博士学位 responsibility 责任感 recommend … to sb 向某人推荐…… sentence / beat sb to death 判处某人死刑 / 把某人 refer to 提到,查询,参阅,指的是,谈到,涉及, 打死 有关 separate … from … 把……和……分离开 relate to 理解,同情,涉及,与……有关 (比较: serve as 作为,当作 serve in be related to 与……有关联/关系) the army 服役 remind sb of sth 使某人想起某事 reply to serve the dishes 上菜 serve 答复 the people 为人民服务 respond to 回应,反映,响应 settle an argument about… 解决关于……的争论 result in 产生某种作用或结果,导致 settle down 定下心来,安家落户,定居,平静下 [比较:result from 由于, (因而)发生,产生,出 来 现] settle for 勉强同意,接受 settle in return to normal 恢复正常 ring back

20 (使)习惯(环境等) ,定居 stop … (from) doing sth 阻止……做某事] settle up 付清,结账 shake hands with sb 和某人握手 strike at 向……袭击/打击 struggle share (in) sth 分享 share sth against… 同……做斗争 with sb 与某人分享…… struggle to one’s feet 挣扎着站起来 struggle shop assistsant 售货员 short to do sth 挣扎着(竭力去)做某事 wave 短波 succeed in… 在……获成功 shoot at 向……射击 (比较:succeed in doing sth = be successful in shout at (sb) 冲(某人)嚷嚷 [比较:smile at (sb) 冲 doing sth 成功地做了某事) (某人)笑] suffer from… 受……苦 suit … show off 炫耀 show up to … 使……适合于…… 出席,露面 support / raise the family 养家 surf the show respect for sb 对某人表示尊敬 show sb internet 上网冲浪 how to do sth 教某人做某事 sweep away (风)吹走,(浪)卷走 sweep show sb out / in 送某人出去/ 迎某人进来 down 吹倒,席卷,冲倒 show sb to the door 带某人到门口 shut sweep the floor 扫地 switch down 关闭,把……关上 on /off 开/关(电灯、机器等) shut up 闭嘴 silver swimming pool 游泳池 screen 银幕 Say “Hi” to sb for me. = Give my regards to sb sign an agreement with… 与……达成协议 =Remember me to sb 代我向某人问好。 sit down = be seated 坐着,坐下 sit up 熬 Say goodbye to sb 向某人告辞/告别。 See you 夜 soon / later. 再见。 side by side 肩并肩,一起,相互支持 social problems 社会问题 (20)Tt soft drink 清凉饮料,软饮料 solar table manners 餐桌礼节,用餐规矩 table system 太阳系 tennis 乒乓球(运动) soup opera 肥皂剧,连续剧 so far = talent show 天才表演 tape up till now 到目前为止 recorder 磁带录音机 some day 将来某一天,来日 some … , talk show 访谈节目 talk others … 一些……,另一些…… about 谈论,交谈,议论 sooner or later 迟早,终归 sound talk of 谈到 talk … like 听起来像…… through (充分)讨论,详细讨论 space / train station 太空/火车站 speed talk to 与某人交谈/谈话 talk skating 速滑 with 和……交谈 speak about 谈论,交谈 speak telephone booth 电话亭 against 发表抨击 telephone number 电话号码 speak of 谈到 speak out tennis racket 网球拍 tear at 大胆讲出 用力撕 speak to 谈话,与……通话 speed by tear down 拆毁,拆除 tear sth 飞驰而过 into pieces 把某物撕成碎片 speed up 加快速度(比较:slow down 减缓,减速, tear up 撕毁,取消(合同) tell a lie 慢下来) 说谎 spend … (in) doing sth 花(钱,时间) 做某事 tell … apart 识别,辨别,区分开 tell… spend …on sth 在……花费(钱,时间) spread from … 把……和……分开 out 伸开,铺开 stage name 艺名 standing tell the truth 说真话 tell the difference between A and B 说出/分辨 A 和 room 立足之地 B 的区别 stone by stone 一块石头一块石头地 straight tend to 趋于,朝某方向 test on away 立刻地,毫不犹豫地 在……做实验 stare at 凝视,盯着看 start a test the blood 验血 fire 引起火灾 Thanksgiving Day 感恩节 starve to death 饿死 stay away thanks for…因为……而感谢 不在家,外出 thanks to… 多亏了,幸亏,由于,因为 stay away from… 与……保持距离 stay the (比较: due to = owing to = because of 由于, 因为) same = remain the same 保持不变 than usual 比平常…… stay up 挺住,站立,开夜车,醒着,不睡,熬夜 stick to 粘住,坚持,忠于 stick with the Antartic 南极 [比较:the South / North (Pole) 南/北极] 继续支持,保持联系 the Arctic Ocean 北冰洋 stop doing sth 停止做某事 (比较: the Atlantic Ocean 大西洋 [比较:stop to do sth 停下来做某事

21 the Indian Ocean 印度洋 too many 太多 too the Pacific Ocean 太平洋 much 太多,过分,太 the Yellow River 黄河) too … to = so … that 太……以至于不能 tongue the butterfly 蝶泳 twister 绕口令 the Capital Stadium 首都体育馆 track and field 田径 traffic [比较:the Great Wall 长城 lights 交通指挥灯,红绿灯 the Palace Museum 故宫(博物馆) travel agent 旅行社 trial and the People’s Republic of China 中华人民共和国(简 error 反复实验,不断探索 称 PRC)] trade for 交易 trade in the day after tomorrow 后天 the day 以交易方式购入 before yesterday 前天 trade … with sb 与某人做……交易(买卖) the entrance to ……的入口 (the) long transform … into… 把……转变成…… treat sb / high jump 跳远/高 badly 虐待 the Maglev Train 磁悬浮列车 the treat sb to sth 请某人吃…… trip over majority / minority of people 大多数/少数人 (被……)绊倒 the (more) …, the (more) … 越……,越…… trust (in) = have trust in = rely on 信赖,信任 the next morning 第二天早上 the other try on 试穿(衣,鞋,帽等) ,试试看,耍弄(花 day 前几天,某日 招) the other way around 相反地,用相反方式 try out 试验,尝试,试用 try one’s the Olympic Games / the Olympics 奥林匹克运动会 best 竭尽所能 the problem with … 关于……的问题 the same TV series 电视连续剧 TV as 与……同样的 station 电视台 the same to 对……也一样 the twice the size of 是……的两倍之大 Thank United Kingdom 英国 goodness! 谢天谢地! the United Nations 联合国 the This way, please. 请走这边。 It’s time United States 美国 to do…. 该做……了。 the way to do sth / of doing sth 做……的方法 the working people 工人,劳动人民 the World (21)Uu Championship 世锦赛 under this very night 就在这个晚上 thousands under arrest 被拘留 attack / fire 被攻击 of 成千上万 under construction / control / discussion 在建设/ Three Gorges Dam Project 三峡大坝工程 three 控制/讨论中 meters deep = three metres in depth 三米深 under repairs 在修理中 through thick and thin 不顾艰难 under the command of 在某人控制之下,在……的 throw light upon / on 阐明某事,使某事显得很清楚 指挥下 throw about 四处乱扔 throw at under the direction of 在……的指导下 unite as 向……扔去 one 团结一致 throw away 扔掉 throw up upside down 颠倒着,倒转着 up and 吐出(事物) ,呕吐 down 来回,上上下下,来来往往 tie A to B 把 A 绑在 B 上 tie … up up to 正在做,从事于,大约,多达 up to 系,栓,捆 date 现代的,时新的,据目前所知的 tie up (one’s hair) = do up (one’s hair) (头发)扎起 use up…. 用完……,用尽…… 来 tire out 筋疲力尽 tire (22)Vv oneself out 使自己疲惫不堪 time and time again = over and over again 多次, 不断 VCD player 影碟播放机 very 地,反复 much = a lot 很,非常,十分 time area 时区 toast to the New Year 为新年干杯 (23)Ww to begin with = to start with 首先,作为开始,第一 wait for 等待,等候 点 to be honest = honestly speaking 老实说,说实在的 wait / stand in queue = wait / stand in line 排队等侯 to make matters / things worse = worse still 使事情/ waiting room 等候(候车)室 wake up 醒来 wake sb 情况更困难/危险,更糟糕的是 to … degree 达到……程度 to one’s up 把某人吵/叫醒 walk / run up to = go / come up to 上前去 want all knowledge 据某人所知 to one’s regret / sorrow / surprise / joy 使某人遗憾/ day off 请假一整天 wash away 冲走 wash 悲伤/惊讶/高兴的是 down 冲走,冲垮 to the north of 在……以北 to the washing machine 洗衣机 watch point 中肯,扼要,切中要害

22 out (for…) 留神,提防,注意 高考英语动词短语大汇总 watch over 看守,照看 watch TV l.动词+about 看电视 speak/talk about 谈论 think wear away 磨掉,消耗 about 思考 wear out 穿破,把……穿旧,磨坏,使……疲劳 care about 关心,对……有兴趣 bring [比较:be worn out (衣服等)穿破/被损坏, (人) about 引起,使发生 疲惫不堪/感到疲劳] set about 着手,开始 come what else 而且 about 发生 what if… 倘使……将会怎样,如果……将会怎样 hear about 听说 worry win … prize 获得……奖 win the about 为……担心 first place (比赛)得了第一名 come across 偶然遇到 win sb 把某人争取过来(比较:beat / defeat sb 打 2.动词+away 败某人) throw away 扔掉 blow wipe out 去除,消灭 wish each away 吹走 other good luck 互相祝福 carry away 拿走,使入迷 clear wish … every success 祝…… 成功 without a away 清除掉,消散 sound 悄无声息地 die away 逐渐消失,减弱 pass without limit 无限地 without away 去世 luck 运气不好 wash away 冲走 take with the help of=with sb’s help 在……的帮助下 away 拿走,使消失 with the purpose of 有……的目的 wonder at put away 收拾起来,存起来 give 对……感到惊讶 away 背弃,泄漏,赠送 word for word 逐字地 work as wear away 磨掉,消耗 break an actress 做女演员 away 摆脱 work at 从事,致力于 ,干……活动(研究) send away 让走开 turn work on … 继续工作,从事于……,忙于……,不 away 把……打发走 断做…… 3.动词+back work out 算出,解决,想出(办法) ,制定(计划) , keep back 隐瞒,忍住 look 结局,至最后 back(on) 回顾 work with … 对……起作用 work hold back 控制住 give permit 工作许可证 back 归还 worry about 为……担心,烦恼 would call back 回电话 take like 想要(婉转表达个人的想法、看法) back 拿回,收回 would rather 宁愿,宁可 wrap sth 4.动词+for in 用……把某物包起来 run for 竞选 ask wrap up 包好,伪装 write for 要求得到 down 记下,写下 wait for 等候 stand write to 写信给 Well for 代表,表示 done / said! 干得好/说得好! long for 渴望 hope/wish What a pity! 多可惜!真遗憾! What a for 希望得到 shame! 太不好意思了!太遗憾了! care for 关心,喜欢 beg What / How about…? ……怎么样?……好不好? for 乞求 What becomes of … ? ……变得怎样了? search for 查找 look What kind …? 何种……? What for 寻找 time …? 几点……? call for 需要,要求 hunt What’s on? 发生了什么事? What’s for 寻找 the population of …? ……有多少人口? change…for 用…… What’s up? 怎么啦? What’s 换 charge…for 收费,要价 wrong / the matter? 怎么了? apply for 申 Would you mind…? 你介意……吗? 请 take…for 误以为……是 seek for 寻找 come for 来拿,来取 (24)Yy 5.动词+down year after year 年复一年,年年,每年(重复) burn down 烧毁 break year by year 一年年(逐渐变化) down 坏了,垮了,分解 Young Pioneer 少先队员 take down 记下,记录 turn You’re welcome. 不用谢。不客气。 down 调小,拒绝 cut down 削减,砍倒 slow (25)Zz down 慢下来 pass down 传下来 put zebra crossing 斑马线

23 down 记下,写下,镇压 pay off 还清 carry off 携 calm down 平静下来 bring 走带走,赢得 down 使……降低,使倒下 get off 脱下(衣服等) give off settle down 安家 come 散发出 down 下落,传下 turn(switch) off 关掉 tear down 拆毁,拆除 10.动词+on 6.动词+at depend on 依靠 rely come at 向……袭击 shout on 依靠 at 冲(某人)嚷嚷 insist on 坚持 carry run at 冲向,向……攻击 work on 继续,进行 at 干……活动(研究) keep/go on 继续 tear at 用力撕 look spend…on 在……花钱 at 看,注视 put on 穿上,戴上,上演 call stare at 凝视 glare at 怒 on 拜访 视 move on 继续移动,往前走 live glance at 匆匆一瞥 laugh on 以……为生 at 嘲笑 feed on 以……为生 bring knock at 敲(门、 窗等) point at 指 on 使……发展 向 take on 雇用,呈现(新面貌等) try smile at 冲(某人)笑 strike on 试穿 at 向……打击 have on 穿着 pass aim at 向……瞄准 shoot on 传授,传递 at 向……射击 look on 旁观 wonder at 惊讶 call at 拜 turn(switch) on 打开 访(地点) 11.动词+out 7.动词+from break out 爆发 point out 指出 differ from 与……不同 suffer pick out 选出 figure out 算出, 理 from 受……苦 解 hear from 收到……来信 die burst out 进发 bring out 阐明, 使 from 因……而死 表现出 keep/stop/prevent…from 阻止…… learn carry out 执行,进行 help out 救助 from 向……学习 hold out 坚持下去 set out 出发, 着 result from 由于 date from 始 手,摆放 于……时期 wear out 穿破,使……疲劳 turn out 结 separate…from 把……分离开 果是,生产,培养 8.动词+of make out 理解,看清楚 come out 出 think of 想到 dream of 梦到 版,出来 consist of 由……组成 speak of cross out 划掉 leave out 省 谈到 略,删掉 approve of 赞成 die of 死 keep out(of) 使不进入,挡住 work out 算 于 出,想出办法等 talk of 谈到 hear of 听 find out 查出,弄明白 give out 散 说 发,分发,用完 complain of 抱怨 become of try out 试用, 试验 look out 当心, 发生……情况,怎么啦 提防 9.动词+off put out 扑灭 speak out 大胆 start off 出发 set off 出发 讲出 leave off 中断 show off 炫耀 hand out 散发 send out 发出, get off 下车 take off 脱下, 派遣 起飞 run out 用完 go out 熄灭 see off 送行 ring off 挂断 let out 泄漏,发出(声音),出租 die out 灭绝 电话 12.动词十 in put off 延期,推迟 come off 脱 give in 让步 hand in 上交 落,褪色 bring in 引进,使得到收入 drop in 拜 cut off 切断,断绝 fall off 跌 访 落,掉下 result in 导致 succeed in 在……获 keep off 避开,勿走近 go off 消 成功 失;坏了,爆炸,不喜欢 join in 参加 take in 接纳, knock…off 把……撞落 break 吸收,改小 off 打断 get in 收获,进入 break in 强制

24 进入,插话 找出 fill in 填写 call in 召集, 来访 bum up 烧毁 catch up 赶上 cut in 插入 persist in 坚持 hurry up 赶快 fix up 修理, 安排, look in 来访,参观 装置 13.动词十 into keep up 保持 hold up 耽搁, 使停 look into 研究,调查 turn into 变成 顿 burst into 闯入,进 send up 发射 ring up 打电话 发 divide…into 把……分成 open up 开创,开辟 divide up 分配 change…into 把……变成 put/ break up 分解 translate…into 把……译成 17.动词十 through run into 碰到 send sb to/into get through 通过,干完,接通电话 sleep 使进入状态 look through 翻阅,看一遍,仔细查看 14.动词+over go through 审阅,检查,学习 turn over 翻倒, 细想 think over 仔细 put…through 接通电话 see through 识 考虑 破 go over 审阅,检查,研究 look over 翻 check through 核对 pull through 渡过 阅,检查 危机,康复 get over 克服 run over 压死, 18.动词+with 看一遍 deal with 处理,对付 do with 处理, take over 接管,接替 watch over 看 需要 守,照看 meet with 遇到,遭受 talk with fall over 跌倒,摔倒 roll over 翻滚 同……交谈 15.动词十 to agree with 同意,与……一致 compare belong to 属于 object to 反对 with 与……相比 refer to 谈到,涉及,参阅 point to 指向 combine with 与……相联 turn to 向……求助,查阅 stick/hold/ 合 equip…with 以……装备 keep to 坚持,忠于 cover…with 用……覆盖 begin with see to 处理,料理 come to 共计, 以……开始 苏醒 end up with 以……结束 supply…with reply to 答复 get to 到达 以……供给 bring to 使苏醒把……比 provide…with 以……供给 play with 作 compare…to 与…相比;把…比作 玩,玩弄 agree to 同意 write to 写信给 19.三词以上的短语动词 supply…to 为……提供 lead to 导致, add up to 总计 break away from 通向 摆脱 add to 增添 attend to 处理,专 keep away from 避开,别靠近 do away 心,照料 with 废除 devote…to 贡献给 look down on 轻视 look up to 仰 16.动词+up 望,尊敬 grow up 成长,长大 give up 放弃, put up with 忍受 catch up with 赶 献出 上 build up 建立 set up 架起、 建立 keep up with 赶上 run out of 用完 put up 搭起,架起,安装,住宿,张贴,盖起 make up for 弥补 go on with 继续 do up 整理,包装,打扮 get on(along) with 和……相处 look go up 增长,上涨 get up 起床,站起 forward to 盼望 pick up 拾起,学会,用车,来接,收听到 get close to 接近 take hold of 握住 bring up 抚养,呕吐,提出 出现 get out of 逃避,避免 get down to 认 turn up 开大(音量等),出席 真开始 stay up 挺住,熬夜 set fire to 放火烧 pay attention to take up 开始学,从事,占据 注意 sit up 熬夜 eat up 吃完 take notice of 注意 set an example to use up 用完 tear up 撕碎 为……榜样 lay up 储存 make up 构成,组成 do well in 在……干得好 pay a visit to 编造 弥补 访问 cut up 切碎 join up 联结起来,参 take a photo of 拍……照片 take the place of 军 取代 end up 总结 come up 上来,长 出,出现 speed up 加快速度 throw up 呕吐 clear up 整理,收拾,放晴 look up 查找,


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