宾语从句即句子作宾语，而不再是一个词或短语 作宾语。 I like my teacher.（名词作宾语) I enjoy playing basketball.(动名词作宾语） I decide to study hard.（不定式作宾语） I know him .（代词作宾语）
I know Mr Li teaches English. (句子作宾语） She asked if the answer was right. (句子作宾语）
连 接 词
1.that引导 2.whether/if引导 3.连接代词
who whom whose what which
4. 连接副词when why
在口语当中往往省略 e.g. he will be back in an hour 1. I hear (that) _______________________. （一小时后他会回来） he missed us very much 2. He said (that) ______________________. （他非常想念我们） the earth moves around the sun 3. The teacher told us (that) ___________________________.
二、由从属连词whether, if 引导的宾语从句
e.g. 1. I want to know __________________________________. if (whether) he will go to the park with us
2. Ask him _____________________. （他是否能来） whether (if) he can come 3. I don’t know ___________________________.（是否要下雨） whether it is going to rain or not
If 与whether 的区别
1. I don’t know _____ he will come or not. 与or not 连用只能用whether 2. I don’t care of ______ he is handsome. 介词后只能用whether 3. He wondered ______ to stay here the next week.
与to do 不定式连用只能用whether 4. ____ he will come is not decided.
三、由连接代词what, whom, whose, which, what及连接 副词 when, where, how, why引导的宾语从句
who could answer the question 1. He asked __________________________. (谁能回答这个问题） whom they are waiting for 2. Do you know_________________________. （他们在等谁） whose handwriting was the best in the class 3. He asked __________________________________.
when we’ll have a meeting 6. Please tell me _______________________. （我们什么时候开会） where he is 7. Can you tell me _______________. （他在哪儿） how I can get to the station 8. Could you tell me ______________________. （我该怎么去车站） why the train is late 9. Would you tell me _________________（为什么火车迟到了）
练习：将下列句子改成陈述句语序： 1.Is there a bank near here?
There is a bank near here
2.Is it on Fifth Avenue? It is on Fifth Avenue 3.Are they doing homework? They are doing homework
（三）时态(时态一致性） 1. 如果主句的时态是一般现在时，宾语从 句的时态根据具体情况来确定，可以是 任何 _________时态。 I don’t think (that) you are right. Please tell us where we’ll go fishing tomorrow. Do you know when Mr. Smith moved here?
2. 如果主句的时态是一般过去时，宾语从句只能用 过去 相应的_________时态（一般过去时， 过去进行 时， 过去将来时，过去完成时）。例如：
He told me that he was born in Beijing in 1992.
He said that he would go back to the U.S. soon.
宾 语 从 句 三 要 素
引导词 if／whether（一般疑问句 ）
主句为一般现在时从句可为任何时态 一般过去时 过去将来时 主句为一般过去时 从句 过去进行时 过去完成时 客观真理 自然现象
公式定理 名言警句 时态不变
１．Do you know __________________? C A. where does she live C. where she lives B. she lives where D. where she live
2. His parents wanted to know what he ______at B that time. A. is doing C. has done B. was doing D. will do
C 3.—We don’t know ______.
-- It is said that he was born in Canada. A. what he is B. when he was born C. where he comes from D. if he lives here 4．Lily’s mother looked for her for half an hour, but could not find ________? C
A. what Lily was B. what was Lily
C. where Lily was
D. where was Lily
A 5 The girls asked if they ____ some food and drink with them.
A. took C. takes B. take D. will take
6 Linda said the moon___ round the earth. C A. travelled C. travels B. has travelled D. had travelled
A 7. Could you please tell me ________ he will come here tomorrow? A. if B. weather C. what D. which
8. Could you tell me ___? C A. when will they leave Beijing B. when would they leave Beijing C. when they will leave Beijing
D. when did they leave Beijing
II.改错： 1.Miss Zhang asked me why was I late for school.
Miss Zhang asked me why I was late for school. __________________________________________ 2.Father told me the sun always rose in the east. Father told me the sun always rises in the east. __________________________________________ 3.He doesn’t know that when she can come back. He doesn’t know when she can come back. __________________________________________
1 时态一致性 ( ) 1 The girls asked if they ____ some food and drink with them. A. took B. take C. takes D. will take ( ) 2 Catherine said that she ___ to Guangzhou. A. has never gone B. had never gone C. has never been D. had never been ( ) 3 The students want to know whether they___ dictation today. A. had B. has . C. will have D. are ( ) 4 She asked Linda if___ go and get some. A. could she B. she could C. she can D. she may ( ) 5 Linda said the moon___ round the earth. A. travelled B. has travelled C. travells D. had travelled
2连接词角度 ( ) 1 Can you tell me___ you were born, Betty? A. who B. what C. when D. that ( ) 2 I don't know ___ they have passed the exam. A. what B. if C. when D. where ( ) 3 I hardly understand.___ he has told me. A. that B. what C. which D. who ( ) 4 She didn't know___ back soon. A. whether he would be B. if would he be C. he will be ( ) 5 I don't know _____ he still lives here after so many years. A. whether B where C. what D.when ( ) 6 Do you know _____ they listened to yesterday evening? A. what B when C why D how ( ) 7 He asked me _____told me the accident.
3陈述句语序角度 ( ) 1.They don't know ______their parents are. A that B what C why D which ( ) 2.Please tell me ______ last year. A.where does your sister work B where did your sister work C where your sister works D where your sister worked ( ) 3.She asked me if I knew ______. A. whose pen is it B. whose pen it was C. whose pen it is D. whose pen was it ( ) 4. You must remember ________. A. what your mother said B. what did your mother say C. your mother said what D. what has your mother said ( ) 5 Did you know ____? A. who he was looking after B. who was he