2014 天津市高三英语模拟题 命题人：石明亮
本试卷共分为第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题） ，满分 130 分，考试时间 100 分钟。考试结束后， 将第Ⅱ卷和答题卡一并交回。
选择题（共 95 分）
己的姓名、准考证号用铅笔涂写在答题卡上。 2．选出答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应的题目的答案标号涂黑，如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再 填涂其它答案，不能答在试卷上。 第一部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 1. —Do you like a house with no garden? .—________. But anyhow, it’s better to have one than none. A. Not really B. Not especially C. Not a bit D. Not a little 2. To make members of a team perform better, the trainer first of all has to know their ________ . and weaknesses. A. strengths B. benefits C. techniques D. values 3. Food supplies in the flood-stricken area . We must act immediately before there’s left. A. have run out B. are running out C. have been run out D. are being run out 4. Tsinghua University, in 1911, is home to a great number of outstanding figures. A. found B. founding C. founded D. to be founded 5. That’s the new machine parts are too small to be seen. A. that B. which C. whose D. what 6. Teachers prefer to measure our performance the efforts we make rather than the intelligence we have A. in addition to B. in terms of C. in honor of D. in response to 7. At the evening party the host said was able to solve the riddle could get a nice present as a reward A. whoever B. who C. no matter who D. whomever 8. I don’t believe what he told us about meeting Yi Zhongtian. I think he was the story. A. making up B. taking up C. putting up D. bring up 9. I was much impressed by great changes and fast pace of life in Shanghai I visit this fantastic city. A. at the first time B. for the first time C. by the first time D. the first time 10. You can’t go out because it is a stormy night; , your homework hasn’t been done. A. therefore B. moreover C. however D. otherwise 11. Mum disliked when I behaved badly in front of the guests. A. it B. that C. this D. one 12. ---Jeff is sure to win the match! --- It’s hard to say. You know, anything happen even in the last minute. A. should B. need C. can D. must 13. The color of that T-shirt and made all the other clothes pink. A. went B. disappeared C. ran D. fell 14. ---I felt left out at the party last night. --- Really? , you should have said something. A. If possible B. If so C. If necessary D. If any 15. the help from the doctor, the little boy his life.
A. Apart from; should have lost C. But for; could lose B. Without; could have lost D. Except for; would have lost
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从 16-35 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项并在答题卡上将其涂黑。 James McKay, an eighty-year-old retired tailor, spent Saturday night in jail after 16 thirty-year-old Keith Smith over the head 17 his walking stick. McKay’s wife, Laurence, told us that while McKay is usually a 18 person, he had been 19 to this act of violence by getting wet just once too often. Smith lives above the McKays and it appears that not only is he a keen gardener, he is also a 20 collector. Unfortunately for him, the water he sent over his balcony every day ended up on the McKay’s, or too often, on the McKays 21 . “For the last fortnight, since Smith moved into the flat above us, we have hardly dared to go to our 22 ,” said Laurence. She added that it wasn’t so much the water falling onto their balcony from Smith watering his plant 23 bothered them, it was more the way he cleaned his fish tanks. “We’d be 24 there happily reading our newspapers, when 25 so much water would come from above that we’d be as wet as if we’d 26 with our clothes on! Neither could we get rid of the 27 of fish!” And on Saturday evening it was just too 28 . “It was James’s birthday,” explained Laurence, “and I’d made him a birthday cake. The candles were a great sight as you can imagine, but James didn’t get to blow them out.” 29 , Smith emptied one of his larger tanks over his balcony and both the McKays and the cake were wet 30 . Rarely had Laurence seen McKay move so fast. “I couldn’t 31 him. He was up there in a flash. It was the fastest I’d seen him move since 1964.” Smith is not going to take things further with the police. He has also promised to change his 32 from now on. And what of James McKay? 33 he left the police station, a large crowd of supporters sang him, “Happy Birthday”. “ 34 the most exciting birthday 35 !” said the cheerful old man. “The best since my adolescence I’d say!” 16. A. tapping B. hitting C. pushing D. touching 17. A. with B. by C. through D. via 18. A. quiet B. sensitive C. stubborn D. peaceful 19. A. accustomed B. taken C. driven D. attracted 20. A. fish B. seed C. plant D. newspaper 21. A. itself B. himself C. herself D. themselves 22. A. bathroom B. balcony C. bedroom D. kitchen 23. A. which B. what C. that D. whether 24. A. sitting B. exercising C. sleeping D. eating 25. A. regularly B. suddenly C. precisely D. unconsciously 26. A. swum B. watered C. showered D. drowned 27. A. taste B. smell C. feeling D. sense 28. A. little B. soon C. late D. much 29. A. Instead B. Besides C. Otherwise D. Consequently 30. A. over B. across C. through D. down 31. A. stop B. blame C. ignore D. stand 32. A. views B. attitude C. minds D. ways 33. A. While B. As C. Until D. Since 34. A. Sincerely B. Impossibly C. Previously D. Definitely 35. A. before B. already C. ever D. since 第二部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2.5 分，满分 50 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。
? Plan ahead to make your family trip run smoothly
Family vacations are cherished memories. Keeping children entertained on the road or during a flight, however, can be challenging. The best way to cut down on anxiety? Plan ahead. ? Avoid giving children snacks that contain sugar and caffeine Sweet treats keep them happy and quiet for five minutes, as it fills them with unusable energy that will turn into crankiness(暴躁，古怪) when the sugar wears off. Bring fun, small snacks like flavored baked chips, apple sauce, raisins, and granola bars----and top it off with a little protein like cheese sticks to keep the blood sugar levels nice and steady. ? Bring plenty of plastic or paper bags This is the perfect time to put those spare bags around the house to use. Store them in your purse or pocket, as well as in the car. This is a quick solution for garbage, diaper(尿布) wrapping or motion sickness. ? Avoid extra costs on bulk(大宗的) items you will need during the trip When flying, purchase bulk items like diapers, formula(乳品), and wipes at your destination. In the past, it was convenient and free to check these items. Now, each checked luggage item costs $25 or more on average. When driving, do the opposite; take your bulk items to avoid extra trips to the store when you arrive, which can help you avoid unnecessary travel purchases. ? Bring a full change of clothing for each child Keep these items within family easy reach. When a spill or mess happens, this will help parents avoid unexpected and un-budgeted clothing purchases. Travel planning can help make family vacations what they are supposed to be: Fun! What are some of your favorite strategies for saving time and stress while traveling with children? 36. Which of the following can keep the blood sugar levels nice and steady? A. Coffee B. Apple pie with sugar in it C. Candies D. Cheese sticks 37. Why should you bring plenty of plastic or paper bags during vacation? A. Because you can use them to keep garbage, motion sickness and wrap diaper. B. Because they can prevent you from being stolen. C. Because big bags can hold more items, which brings you much convenience. D. Because they can save you $25. 38. Where is the proper place for you to buy bulk items when driving? A. At the destination. B. At wherever you can buy cheaper ones. C. At the place you just go out of the things you need. D. In the stores near your house. 39. What should parents do to avoid unexpected clothing purchases during their vacation? A. Do not let children make their clothes dirty. B. Bring a full change of clothing for each child. C. Wash the dirty clothes frequently. D. Do not allow children to eat during their vacation. 40. For whom is this passage written? A. A guide for travelling children. B. Children going travelling with their parents. C. Travelers with kids. D. Travel agency. B Piggy, a paralyzed(瘫痪) dog from Salt Lake City, Utah, provides comfort for hospitalized children with similar disabilities. Several years ago, Salt Lake City lawyer April Hollingsworth went to a local animal shelter, looking for her missing cat. She had had no intention of coming home with a dog companion, but when she caught sight of Piggy, the dog smiled at her. “I’ d never seen a dog smile before, so I decided to have her,” she said.
Piggy loved to run and play, but the dog’s life changed three years ago when she was almost killed by a car outside of Hollingsworth’s. Hollingsworth came out to find her dog covered with blood, unable to move. When she took Piggy to the veterinarian, the news wasn’t good. “It wasn’t until I picked her up that I really understood that she was paralyzed,” Hollingsworth said. Hollingsworth decided that she would give her dog as much care and help as possible. She bought the dog a cart(二轮车)that was tied to her body, letting her walk without use of her back legs. Now Piggy is pretty good at getting around on her own---and her favorite place to go is Children’s Hospital, where she is a popular therapy dog(治疗犬). Piggy visits children who are also dealing with paralysis. “As soon as the children see her, they all gather around the dog at once and Piggy will smile at them, which makes the children very happy,” said Andrea Mathers, a doctor at the Children’s Hospital. “I think that is what makes her unique coming here to the hospital, so it is really something that these kids look forward to.” “I have this great dog who spreads happiness wherever she goes. I think I am lucky because I have something to give the world to make people happy,” said April Hollingsworth. 41. April Hollingsworth went to a local animal shelter in order to ____________________. A. look for a dog companion B. search for her lost cat C. throw her paralyzed dog away D. play with lovely animals 42. Why did April Hollingsworth decide to take Piggy home? A. Because Piggy was the cleverest dog she had ever met. B. Because she was told that Piggy was a therapy dog. C. Because she thought Piggy was so pitiful. D. Because Piggy smiled at her when she saw her for the first time. 43. What do you know about Piggy? A. She has been in the Children’s Hospital since she got hurt. B. She is a pitiful dog that lost her two back legs in an accident. C. She is unable to move around without aid after the accident. D. She was quiet little dog that only stayed at home all day long. 44.It can be known from the passage that_______. A. April takes pride in what her little dog has done B. Piggy was trained as a therapy dog by April Hollingsworth C. Piggy is popular with the doctors in the Children’s Hospital D. the children at the Children’s Hospital loved playing with dogs 45. The passage is mainly about ______________. A. how to train a paralyzed dog to be a popular therapy dog. B. a paralyzed dog that brings happiness to children with paralysis. C. an effective way to make a paralyzed dog walk normally again. D. a Children’s Hospital which uses paralyzed dogs to treat paralysis. C Of all the websites, one that has attracted attention recently is myspace.com. Most of this attention has come from the media and tells every reason why the website should be shut down. The threat of Internet predators(掠食者) is indeed a tough reality, but shutting down the site is not the answer. If myspace.com were shut down, another site would quickly take its place. Therefore, the right way is to teach teens how to use the site safely and educate them about who may be predators and how to avoid them. The key to staying safe on the Internet is to make sure that your profile is secure. The simplest way is to change the privacy setting on your profile to “private”, which protects your information so that only the people on your friend list can view it. Although this is effective, it is not perfect. Predators can find ways to view your profile if they really want to, whether through hacking(非法侵入) in or figuring out their way onto your friend list. Thus, you should never post too much personal information. Some people actually post their home and school addresses, date of birth, and other personal information, often letting predators know exactly where they
will be and when. The safest information is your first name and province. Anything more is basically inviting a predator into your life. Another big issue is photos. I suggest completely skipping photos and never posting a photo of a friend online without asking permission. Most importantly, never, under any circumstances, agree to a real-life meeting with anyone you meet online. No matter how well you think you know this person, there are no guarantees that they have told the truth. But you could feel free to chat with people you meet on the site, but just remember that not everyone is who they say they are. Hopefully, the next time you edit your profile, you’ll be more informed about the dangers of Internet predators and take the steps to defend yourself. Lastly, do not send money to anyone you meet online. A common scam among Internet criminals is to request to pay for “expensive Internet charges” or “excessive Internet cafe fees”. While it is indeed true that many countries in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and South America do not yet have Internet service readily available in all cities and towns, a genuine friend from one of these countries will be more than happy to pay their own Internet charges. Never, under any circumstances, should you send money to a stranger from another country(or within your own country for that matter) who claims monetary assistance is required to continue their contact with you. 46. What is this passage mainly about? A. Personal safety. B. Predators’ tricks. C. Web hackers in the past. D. Web safety for teens. 47. Kids can avoid web predators successfully by __________. A. learning different ways to try other sites B. attracting more public attention C. recognizing and getting away from them D. shutting down the “myspace.com 48. The safest basic personal information that you can share online is __________. A. your home address and birthday B. your school address and first name C. your first name and province D. your province and cell phone number 49. The underlined word “scam” in the last paragraph probably means __________. A. An illegal plan for making money B. An unpleasant task that tests one’s ability C. A possibility of something happening D. A thing that you can have two choices 50. What can we learn from the passage? A. Only you and your friends can view your personal profile. B. Not everybody you meet online is honest and reliable. C. It is not acceptable to post a photo of a friend online. D. It is not safe to chat with grown-ups on the website. D I think it was a famous city planner who said that if you build a statue or a sculpture or some similar object and put it on the sidewalk, you will often find several people looking at it and talking to each other about it, even if they don’t know each other. The object is a perfect conversation starter. So I have developed a theory----the theory of the third----which says that neither person should start a conversation by talking bout himself or the other person directly. Instead, you have to find a third subject, a third person, or an object to begin the conversation. I had a perfect example the other night, I was doing a crossword puzzle(纵横填字谜) while waiting in line for a movie, and the guy next to me, whom I didn’t know, said, “Well, you’re four days late,” because it was the Sunday crossword and that day was a Thursday. And of course, even though he was commenting on something I was doing, it wasn’t a question about me. It wasn’t invasive----“What do you do?” “Who are you?” “What’s your name?” It was something in between that we could talk about. At the same time, that guy was a little impolite----he was looking over my shoulder----and I liked that, too, but the fact is, he wasn’t commenting on what I was wearing or really on anything about me. And since he just talked about the puzzle, it led to a conversation. The theory of the third explains why the weather is such a common topic. Unfortunately, it’s so common
as to be old and boring, but at least it’s an attempt at neutrality (中立)----like commenting on the interesting color of the wall you’re standing next to. And that’s the best way to start a conversation, with an attempt at neutrality. And by the way, the guy from the movie line? We’re going to have lunch. 51. The main purpose of the author is to tell us ____. A. how he made friends with an unknown guy B. strangers had better talk about crossword puzzles C. how to break the ice with a stranger D. how he developed the theory of the third 52. Which of the following best explains the author’s theory of the third? A. Talking about himself or the other person directly. B. Finding a third person or object to start a conversation. C. Talking about something familiar to the third person. D. Talking about something on how to find the third. 53. Which of the following is a proper way to start a conversation? A. Commenting on a person’s clothes. B. Asking about one’s job. C. Asking about one’s name. D. Commenting on a building nearby. 54. What happened between the author and the guy he met in the movie line in the end? A. They surely became good friends. B. They often gathered to do crossword puzzles. C. They would never like to meet each other again. D. They remained the same strangers as before. 55. I can be inferred from Paragraph 3 that ____. A. we shouldn’t show our audiences when we’re talking with someone B. we shouldn’t invade someone’s privacy when trying to start a conversation C. no matter whom we are talking with, the weather is never a good topic D. we don’t need to choose our topics carefully when starting a conversation 第三部分：写作 第一节：阅读表达（共 5 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读短文，并按照题目要求用英语回答问题。 In a classroom in any country, the teacher teaches more than art or history or language. He or she teaches what is known as the “hidden course”---- the culture of that country. In a society such as the United States, people with different history, culture and language join together and they highly value individualism. Their education, as a part of the society, also values this greatly. Teachers try to make each student special. Students do not have to memorize a lot of information; instead, they work individually and find answers by themselves. There is often discussion in the classroom. At an early age students learn to form their own ideas and opinions. Their education encourages personal thought. The importance is placed on how to arrive at an answer and not simply to get the correct answer. In most Asian countries, people have the same language, history, and culture. Perhaps for this reason, the education there shows society’s value in group goals and purposes rather than individualism. Children in China and Japan often work together and help each other on homework. In the classroom, the teaching methods are often very traditional. The teacher says, and the students listen. There is not much discussion. Instead, the students repeat rules of information that they have been taught in order to keep them in mind. In many ways these differences come from different educational psychology. In Western countries teachers are taught to nurture (培养) students. They make it easier for the students to learn for themselves. In the Orient, however, teachers often feel that their task is to pass knowledge to students, or the students can’t learn anything. 56. What does the passage mainly tell us? (Within 20 words) 57. What does the underlined word “Orient” in the last paragraph mean in English? (Within 5 words)
58. What do the people in the West value? And what about people in Asia? (Within 20 words) 59. What’s the reason for these differences? (Within 5 words) 60. Which kind of education do you prefer? Why? (Within 20 words) 第二节 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 61． 3 月 1 日下午（星期四） ，一个美国中学生代表团将到你校访问，师生一行十几人将在参观学校之 后与你班进行一个小型座谈会， 历时约一小时。 你代表学校就此次活动写一篇不少于 100 词的英语口头 通知，并征求建议。 要点如下：座谈会主要内容：1）相互介绍各自的基本情况; 2）班长将代表中方学生谈传统节日文化； 3）美方学生代表 Tom 谈兴趣爱好； 4）自由交流。 注意： 1．可适当增加细节，使文章内容连贯，语言流畅。 2．通知格式已给出，不计入总词数。 3．代表团 delegation Dear classmates, May I have your attention, please?