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Unit 4 短语

Unit 4 短语、知识点辨析
短语: 1. used to 过去常常 2. be afraid of 害怕 3. from time to time 时常,有时处:21 育名 4. turn red 变红 5. take….up 开始做 6. deal with 对付、应付 7. not….anymore 不再 8. tons of attention 很多关注 9. worry about 为…..担忧 10. be careful 当心 11. hang out 闲逛 12. give up 放弃 13. think about 考虑 14. be alone 独处 14. a very small number of….极少数的… 16. give a speech 做演讲 17. in public 当众 18. all the time 一直,总是 19. on the soccer team 在足球队 20. be proud of 为……骄傲 21. no longer 不再 22. be interested in 对…….感兴趣 23. make a decision 做决定 24. in person 亲自 25. to one’s surprise 令某人吃惊的是 26. change one’s life 改变某人的生活 27. even though 尽管 28. take care of 照顾 29. think of 关心、 想着 30. take pride of 为……感到自豪 31. pay attention to 对…..注意,留心 32. one of…… ….之一 33. in the last few years 在过去的几年里 固定词组: 1.used to do sth.过去常常做某事 2. be afraid of doing sth.害怕做某事 3. give up doing sth.放弃做某事 4. have to do sth.必须做某事 5. make sb. do sth.让某人做某事 6. try to do sth. 尽力做某事 7. adj. + enough to do sth. 足够……而能做某事 8. be prepared to do sth. 准备做某事 9. see sb. doing sth.看见某人在做某事 10.take up doing sth.开始做某事 11.begin to do sth.开始做某事 12. require sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 13. decide to do sth. 决定做某某 14. make a decision to do sth. 决定做某事 15. It’s hard to believe that……很难相信………. 16. It has been + 一段时间 + since + 从句 自从……以来已经有很长的时间了 17. dare to do sth. 敢于做某事 18. It’s + adj. + for sb. + to do sth. 对某人来说做某事是……的 重点句型: 1. I used to be afraid of the dark. 我过去常常怕黑。 2. It’s hard to believe that he used to be a “problem child ” until a conversation with his parents his way of thinking. 很难相信他过去是一个“问题少年”,直到一次和他的父母的谈话影响了他的想法。 3. It’s very important for parents to be there for their children. 父母陪伴在他们的孩子身边是很重要的。 知识点辨析: Section A 1. Mario, you used to be short, didn't you? 马里奥,你以前个子矮,是吗? (1)本句是 used to do 的反意疑问句。 used to do 的反意疑问句的附加疑问句部分要使用 didn't。 如:He used to play the piano, didn't he? 他过去常常弹钢琴,是吗? (2)used to 是固定搭配,意为“以前经常;过去常常”。 如:She used to be quiet. 他过去很文静。 to 为不定式,后跟动词原形,used to do sth. “过去经常做某事”。 used to be used to doing stth. to 为介词, 后跟动名词,be used to doing sth. “习惯做某事”。

被用于做某事,是被动语态不定式表示目的时,用于多种时态。 be used to do sth. 木材被用于建造房子。 Wood _______ ___________ _________ make houses. He_______ _______ live in the countryside, but now he _____ _________ _______living in the city. 他过去住在乡村,但现在他习惯了住在城市。 1)My grandma ________ me stories when I was young. A.was used to tell B.is used to telling C.used to tell D.used to telling 2)Your father used to eat meat, ________? A.did you B.didn't you C.didn't he D.did he used to 的否定结构是 didn’t use to.

Tony 以前不常踢足球。 Tony _______ ________ _________ play soccer. ________ you use to play the piano? A.Can B.Do C.Are D.Did They used to be on the soccer team. ( 改否定句 ) They ________ ______ ______ be on the soccer team. He has plenty of humorous stories to tell.他有许多幽默故事要讲。 (3) 这是一个反义疑问句。反义疑问句的特点是:前肯后否,前否后肯。而且附加问句的动词在 时态,人称和数等方面必须与前半句的动词相呼应。如果陈述部分为否定句的反义疑问句时,附加 反问部分 “yes” 表否定, “no” 表肯定。 如果陈述部分带有否定的词语 “little, nothing, few, seldom” 等,附加疑问部分要用肯定形式。 ----Jim had nothing for breakfast this morning, ______________? -----___________. He got up too late. A. Had he; Yes B. hadn’t he; Yes C. did he; No D. didn’t he, No ---You didn’t go to school, did you? ----Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. 不, 我去了。 / 是的, 我没去。 2. humorous adj. 有幽默感的;滑稽有趣的。 是由 humor+ous(形容词后缀)构成的派生词。其名词 形式: humor 幽默;滑稽。 She likes telling jokes. She is a ______________ (humor) person in our minds. 3. She was always silent in class.她在课堂上总是很沉默。 silent adj. 不说话的;沉默的; keep silent 是固定搭配,意为“保持沉默”。 同根词: silently adv. 沉默地; silence n. 沉默, in silence 老师要求我们保持安静。The teacher asked us to ________ ________. We felt strange about his ___________ (silent) at the party as he used to be very active. 4. Let past experiences provide you with helpful advice for the future. 让过去的经历为你的将来提供有 用的建议。 helpful adj. 有用的;有帮助的; 是由 help+ful(形容词后缀)构成的派生词。 以“ful”为后缀的形容词还有: care n. 小心 use n. 用途 beauty n. 美丽 peace n. 平静;和平 thank n. 感谢 careful adj. 小心的 useful adj. 有用的 beautiful adj. 美丽的 peaceful adj. 平静的;和平的 thankful adj. 感谢的

Our teacher gave us a lot of __________ (help) books in math. 21*cnjy*com 5. For this month's Young World magazine, I interviewed 19yearold Asian pop star Candy Wang. 为了这个月的《青年世界》杂志,我采访了 19 岁的亚洲流行歌手坎迪?王。 interview v. 采访;面试 n. 面试;访谈 面试进行得非常顺利。The __________went well. interview 既可作动词,还可作名词。 派生词:interviewer n. 面试者;采访者 interviewee n. 被访问者;被采访者 They are going to have an ____________ (采访) tomorrow morning. 6. She was never brave enough to ask questions. 她不够勇敢,不敢问问题。 brave enough 意为 “足够勇敢” enough 修饰形容词或副词时, 要位于所修饰的形容词或副词的后面。 enough 还可以修饰名词,此时,它可以位于名词之前,也可以位于名词之后。 我们有足够的时间阅读这些书。We have ________ _________ (or _______ _______) to read the books The boy is ________ to take care of himself. A.enough old B.enough young C.old enough D.young enough 7. It's been three years since we last saw our primary school classmates. 我们已经有三年没见到我们的

小学同学了。 1)It’s been + 一段时间 + since + 从句 = It’s + 一段时间 + since + 从句 , 意为“ 自从….. 以来已经有多长时间了。 自从我开始学英语已经有 5 年的时间了。 It ha been five years since I began to learn English. = It’s five years since I began to learn English. 2)since 是连词,意为“自从;从??以来”。本句由 since 引导时间状语从句 we last saw our primary school classmates,从句的时态是一般过去时,主句是现在完成时。 since 还可以作介词,意为“自从;从??以来”。如: She has been ill since last Sunday. 从上星期日以来,她一直在生病。 —The local living conditions(条件) have improved a lot ________ China set up the city of Sansha. —And more and more people would like to go there for business. A.before B.when C.since D.after 8. We think of this matter from time to time. 我们时常会想起这个问题。 from time to time 时常;有时; 和 sometimes, at times 是同义表达。 常见的 time 短语有: what time 几点; for the first time 第一次; all the time 一直,总是; at times 不时,有时; in time 及时; on time 按时,准时; at the same time 同时; at any time 随时; have a good/great/wonderful time 玩得开心; in no time 立即,马上 9. I used to see him reading in the library every day. 我以前天天看到他在图书馆看书。 see sb. doing sth. 看到某人正在做某事 , 其中 doing sth.是宾语补足语。 see sb. doing sth. see sb. do sth. 表示“看到某人正在做某事”,强调动作正在进行。 表示“看到某人做某事”,强调动作经常发生或看到动作发生的全过程。 D.to walk

They saw a boy ________ across the street slowly. A.walks B.walked C.walking

10. Candy Wang told me that she used to be really shy and took up singing to deal with her shyness. 坎迪?王告诉我,她以前真的很害羞,后来开始唱歌来应对害羞。 take up 开始从事; 占用; take up doing sth 开始做某事 这张桌子占了太多空间。 The table ________ __________too much __________ . 常见的 take 短语有: take care 当心; take care of 照顾; take part in 参加; take off 起飞,逃脱; take away 拿走,带走; take out 掏出; take turns 轮流; take down 记下,写下; take place 发生; take a walk 散步; take a look 看一看 I decide to ________ doing exercise to keep fit. A.take up B.take off C.take out D.take away 11. I have a huge pile of letters to deal with. 我有一大堆信件要处理。 deal with 对付;应付 deal with 和 do with 都表示“对付;应对”,但 deal with 多和 how 搭配,do with 多和 what 搭配。 你知道怎样处理这个问题吗? Do you know how to ______ ______ the problem? 12. However, too much attention can also be a bad thing. 然而,太多注意力也可能是一件坏事。 too much 意为“太多”,修饰不可数名词。 词条 too much too many much too 含义 太多 太多 太 用法 修饰不可数名词 修饰可数名词 修饰形容词或副词 —Well, I have __________ homework to do.21 教育名师原创作品

—Why are you so tired these days?

A.too much B.too many C.much too D.many too 13. You have to be prepared to give up your normal life. 你不得不准备放弃你的正常生活。 give up 意为“放弃”,give up doing sth. 意为“放弃做某事”。 give 短语: give in 屈服, 让步; give up 放弃; give sb. a hand 帮某人忙; give away 捐献, 捐出; give out 分发,散发; give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. 给某人某物。www-2-1-cnjy-com It was a difficult time for the quakehit victims in Ya'an, but they didn't ________ hope. 21*cnjy*com A.give up B.give off C.give in D.give out 14. Only a very small number of people make it to the top. 只有一小部分的人能够成为佼佼者。 a number of 意为“许多;大量”,number 前可以用 large, small 等形容词修饰。 【版权所有:21 教育】 a number of the number of 表示“许多;大量”,修饰可数名词。a number of?结构作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。 表示“??的数量”,修饰可数名词。the number of?结构作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

_______ ___________ _______ students is fifty. 学生的数量是 50。www.21-cn-jy.com He has already visited _____ ____________ ______different places in Australia. 他已经参观过澳大利亚的很多地方了。 2· 1· c· n· j· y Now the number of Chinese people working in Africa ________ more than one million. A.is B.are C.was D.were Section B 1. It’s hard to believe that he used to be a “problem child ” until a conversation with his parents his way of thinking. 很难相信他过去是一个 “问题少年” , 直到一次和他的父母的谈话影响了他的想法。 It’s hard to believe + that 从句 很难相信……, it 是形式主语,that 从句是真正的主语。 2. He has great influence on the government. 他对政府有很大的影响力。 influence v. & n.影响 influence 可以作名词,也可以作动词,意为“影响”。 have (an) influence on 对??有影响。 What we read __________ our thinking. 我们所阅读的书本会影响我们的思想。 Believe in yourself. Don't let others i________ your decision. As a small child, he seldom gave his parents any problems, and they were proud of him. 3. 当他还是小孩子的时候,他很少给他的父母惹麻烦,他的父母为他感到骄傲。 1)seldom adv. 不常;很少; 近义词:hardly adv. 意为“几乎不”。 My uncle doesn't like fast food, so he ________ eats it. A.always B.often C.sometimes D.seldom 2)give sb. problem 给某人惹麻烦 = cause problem / trouble for sb. 4. He was often absent from classes, so he failed his examinations. 他经常逃课,所以考试不及格。 absent 是形容词,意为“缺席的;不在的”, be absent from 意为“缺席”。 反义词:present adj. 出席的;到场的 absent n. 缺席,不在 他那天没上班。 He ________ ___________ __________ work that day. 5. We tried but failed. 我们试过,但失败了。 fail v.不及格;失败;未能(做到) fail to do sth.未能做某事。 反义词:succeed v. 成功 pass v. 及格;考试通过 If you don't work, you _______ __________ _________ pass the exam. 如果你不学习,你考试就会不及格。 He was unhappy, because he ________ his driving test. 【来源:21·世纪·教育·网】 A.succeeded B.failed C.missed D.passed 6. The woman was proud of her son's success. 那个女人为她儿子的成功而骄傲。 be proud of 为??骄傲;感到自豪 ; proud 是形容词,意为“骄傲的;自豪的”;

be proud of=take pride in 。 —Mom, I was the first to reach the top of the mountain. —Good job, Jack! I'm ________ of you. A.careful B.proud C.tired D.afraid 7. Finally, his parents made a decision to send him to a boarding school. 最后,他的父母决定把他送到一所寄宿学校。 make a decision 作出决定 decision 是名词,意为“决定;决心”。decision 的同根词:decide v. 决定; decide 的常见短语:decide to do sth. 决定做某事 1)我们已作出了一个好的决定。We have ________ ____ ______ __________. 2)我们最终决定还是不离开。We've __________ ______ ____ go away at last. 8. The head teacher advised his parents to talk with their son in person. 校长建议他的父母亲自和儿子谈一谈。 advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事 advise 是动词,意为“建议;提议”。 advise sb.(not) to sth. 意为“建议某人(不要)做某事” 。 advise 的名词形式是 advice. Mary advised me ________ the English club. A.join B.joining C.to join D.joined 9. He will be present at the meeting in person. 他将亲自参加会议。 in person 意为“亲自;亲身”,与“for oneself”同义。 你必须亲自来这里。 You must come here ____ ____________. 10. To everyone's surprise, this conversation changed Li Wen's life. 令所有人惊讶的是,这次谈话改变了李文的生活。 surprise n. ,意为“惊讶”。surprise 还可以作动词,意为“使惊讶”。 To one’s surprise 令某人惊讶的是; in surprise 惊讶地; 派生词: surprising adj.令人惊讶的; surprised adj. 感到惊讶的。 (1)令我们惊讶的是,他考试没有及格。____ ______ __________, he didn't pass the exam. (2)我们对这则消息感到吃惊。 We ______ __________ ______ the news. (3)他吃惊地问:“难道你以前没看过这部电影吗?” He asked ______ ____________, “Haven't you ever seen the film before?” 11. I took care of my little sister when my parents were not at home. 当我父母不在家时,我照顾我的妹妹。 take care of 意为“照顾”,与“look after”和“care for”同义。 take good care of 意为“好好照顾”,其同义表达为“look after…well”。 They promised to take care of /________ ________ my dog. 12. There were so many rules, and he used to break them all the time. (学校)有如此多的规定, 他以前一 直都不遵守它们。 so many rules 意为“如此多的规定”,如果名词前有 many 修饰,要用 so,而不用 such。 so 与 such so 和 such 都可表示程度,意为“如此,这样”。 (1)such 是形容词,修饰名词,而 so 是副词,修饰形容词或副词。 (2)当名词被 many, much, little, few 修饰时,其前只能用 so,不能用 such。 (3)当 that 前是单数可数名词且该名词前面有形容词修饰时,so 与 such 可以互换。即 so+adj.+a/an +n.=such+a/an+adj.+n.。如:21 教育网 She is so good a teacher that we all love her.=She is ________ _____ __________ teacher that we all love her. 她是一位好老师,我们都爱她。 13. He has been working hard and is now one of the best students in his class. 他学习一直很努力,现在他是班里最好的学生之一。

has been working 属于现在完成进行时的结构。 现在完成进行时的结构是 “have/has+been+动词的现 在分词”。 我对这个问题已经考虑好几个星期了。I _________ ____________ _____________about this question for weeks. 现在完成进行时表示动作从某一时间开始,一直持续到现在,或者刚刚终止,或者可能仍然要继续 下去。该时态与 since 或 for 连用时,常常表示动作会进行下去。 我们一直滑冰滑了三个小时。We ________ ________ ____________ for three hours. 21· cn· jy· com 14. His parents love’s made him feel good about himself. 他父母的爱让他对自己有信心。 made him feel…属于 make sb. do sth.的结构,表示“使某人做某事”,其中 do sth.是 make 的宾语补 足语。 make 的常见搭配有: (1)make+sb./sth.+动词原形。 他让我和他待在一起。He _______ _______ ___________ with him.21 世纪教育网版权所有 (2)make+sb./sth.+adj. 如: 这则好消息使我兴奋。 The good news __________ ___________ ___________【来源:21cnj*y.co*m】 (3)make+sb./sth.+n. 如: 只学习不玩耍,聪明的孩子也变傻。All work and no play _________Jack a dull boy.21cnjy.com 当把 make sb. do sth.结构的句子变为被动语态时,要把省略了的 to 补出来。如: 她哥哥把她弄哭了。Her brother made her cry.→She was made to cry by her brother. 他的父母让他整天学习。 His parents made him study all day.→He was made __________ all day by his parents. (1)过多的家庭作业使我疲惫不堪。Too much homework ________ ____ ______. (2)他妈妈让他每天洗脸。His mother ________ ______ ______ his face every day. ( )We're made ________ the words again and again. A.read B.reading C.to reading D.to read 书面表达: 本单元的话题是“谈论生活变化”。该话题是中考常见话题之一,该话题贴近学生生活,更容 易引起学生的共鸣。在谈论生活变化时,描述过去的生活可以使用一般过去时或 used to,描述现在 的生活要用一般现在时。写作时要注意使用合适的时态。 常用表达 1.But technology has changed everything. 2.Better technology has changed that. 3.Flyovers have changed the face of the city. 4.My life has changed a lot. 某中学生英文报正在开展关于家乡生活变化的征文活动,请你根据下表提示,以 “Changes in Our Hometown”为题,用英语为该报写一篇稿件,简述社会、家庭、学校及个人生活中的若干变化,展 望未来生活及该如何为此努力。 道路 生活 变化 学校 学生 愿望 打算 旧房→新教学楼 通过书本学习→通过网络学习 小路→宽阔的公路 步行、骑车→乘公共汽车、自驾

更加美好的生活(或自拟一些内容,说明自己的理想生活) 自拟一至两点内容,说明将如何为实现自己的愿望而努力

参考范文: Changes in Our Hometown With the rapid development of China's economy (经济), great changes have taken place in our hometown in the past few years. 21·世纪*教育网 My hometown ________ have small paths, but now it has wide roads. People used to walk or ride bikes to work, but now they often take buses and many even ________ their own cars. In schools, students used to study in old houses, but now they sit in new teaching buildings and learn there. Students used to ________ from books, but now they learn on the Internet. I hope we will live a better life in the future. I will study much harder so that I can realize my dream.

习作: 随着时间的流逝,我们的外貌和性格都会发生许多变化,而且我们的生活也会发生许多变化。 请你根据你的实际情况,描述你的外貌、性格和生活方面发生的变化。80 词左右。 As time goes by, my appearance, character and life have changed a lot. 2-1-c-n-j-y I used to be short, but now I am very tall. I used to be quiet. At that time I was afraid to talk with others. But now I am out going. I like to meet new people and make friends with them. My life has also changed a lot. I used to stay at home and watch TV. Watching TV for a long time is bad for my eyes. Now I like to do some outdoor activities with my friends.

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